Skip to main content

Full text of "The girlhood of Queen Victoria : a selection from Her Majesty's diaries between the years 1832 and 1840"

See other formats


THE GIRLHOOD OF 
QUEEN VICTORIA 




in- the. hoode 



THE GIRLHOOD OF 
QUEEN VICTORIA 

A SELECTION FROM HER MAJESTY'S 

DIARIES BETWEEN THE YEARS 

1832 AND 1840 

PUBLISHED BY AUTHORITY OF 
HIS MAJESTY THE KING 

EDITED BY VISCOUNT ESHER, G.C.B., G.C.V.O. 



IN TWO VOLUMES 
VOL. H 



/6>8? 
3o. i 



LONDON 

JOHN MURRAY, ALBEMARLE STREET, W. 

1912 



Dft 

552 



A Mi RIGHTS RESERVED 



CONTENTS 

VOL. II 

CHAPTER XI 

September, 1838 

PAQB8 

Court etiquette Lady C. Bellasyse Lord Durham's de- 
spatch French and British in Canada On the 
Terrace Lord Melbourne's family Queen Caroline 
George III .'s Ministries Fox and Pitt The French 
Revolution French books Prints at Cumberland 
Lodge Wellington and King Leopold Count 
Erdody Riding at Windsor Sir C. Metcalfe 
Fall from a horse Sir George Villiers Dropmore 
Estimates Amnesty at Milan The Church 
Wilberforce Treaty with Turkey Mole and Louis 
Philippe Canadian Boundary Question France 
and Russia Lord Palmerston Review at Windsor 
French affairs The Army Lord Portman Eat- 
ing and drinking Duke of York The Spaniards 
and Slave Traffic George IV. and Lord Melbourne 
Lady Holland's letter Lord Melbourne on fighting 
Spanish affairs French plays Madame de Stael 
Grace Darling Lady Holland's beliefs Com- 
munication with the Pope Drawings Lord Mel- 
bourne on Eton On Flowers The Queen Dowa- 
ger's journey Brougham's article The Georges 
Scottish Universities The Lyttelton family Royal 
marriages A Council ...... 1-45 

CHAPTER XII 

October, November, and December, 1838 

Lord Auckland and Indian affairs Duchess of Suther- 
land Children and sleep Belgian affairs Louis 
Philippe and Spain German Princes General C. 
II 1* v 



vi CONTENTS 

PAGES 

Fox Royal titles Walpole and Pulteney Learn- 
ing Latin Revenue and Corn duties Lady Ashley 
Books Domestic expenses Royal miniatures 
Lord Ashley and duels Religious beliefs English 
kings Flogging at school Paley Lord Brougham 
and the Georges A question of sex Dislike of 
Brighton Lord Glenelg Troubles approaching 
French royalties Afghan troubles Lady Caroline 
Lamb Boys at school And thieving Lord John 
Russell Charles II. The Duchess-Countess Lord 
Melbourne's ancestors Lady Holland's history 
Lady Spencer Harcourt politics Army and Navy 
Promotion purchase Church services Cabinet 
discussions The Fox family Charles X. The 
Conyngham children Lord Clanricarde and Russia 
Duchess of Portsmouth Belgium and Luxem- 
bourg Lord Ligonier Lord Palmerston's work 
About death General Keppel Dr. Goodall Sir 
H. Taylor Pictures and artists Novel reading 
Actresses Women writers Dress Reynolds's pic- 
tures ..... , ... 46-87 

CHAPTER XIII 

January y February r , and March, 1839 

Oliver Twist The stage Ladies in Waiting Dislike 
of Windsor Fables Barante's History Dogs 
Warrants Lord Ho wick on Canada Royal dinners 
Sedan chairs Lord Melbourne's and other houses 
George IV's spirits Engravings " Perdita " 
Douglas Trial The French Ministry Lady 
Holland's manners Lord Duncannon Clocks 
Chantrey's works Mrs. Jordan And her charms 
Vaccination The Arabian Nights Princess Char- 
lotte The Queen's Ladies Knowles's plays The 
Corn Laws Van Amburgh and his lions Dislike of 
Latin Lord John Russell's views West Indian 
affairs Lord Howick and resignation Downing 
Street Queen Caroline Lord Glenelg Resigna- 
tion troubles Risk of changes Royal duties Pro- 
nunciationThe Queen's Speech Lord Glenelg's 



CONTENTS vii 

PAGES 

resignation Lord Aberdeen Charles II. and the 
House of Lords Public Schools Sir George Grey 
King Lear Normal schools Lord Douro The 
power of music Full dress Russian plots 
Marriage with relations Bishop Sumner The 
Prince of Orange Marriage Plans Rings Riche- 
lieu Lord Melbourne's birthday " Islay " Arch- 
bishop Harcourt Ministers' Levees Crime in Ire- 
land Lord Roden's Motion Metropolitan Police 
Bishops and their Palaces Government defeat 
and course of action Confidence in Lord Melbourne 
Lord Normanby Brougham's bad behaviour 
Dislike of the Tories Hope in the Commons En- 
couraging the Queen Lord Melbourne troubled 
Buckingham Palace Gardens Beauvale peerage 
April fools Banti, the clown Grassini Duelling . 88-141 

CHAPTER XIV 

April and May, 1839 

French politics Foreign ambassadors Oliver Twist 
Goethe Marks of respect Anecdote of Napoleon 
Afghan affairs and Ran] it Singh Crisis in Asia 
Queen Charlotte Lord Melbourne's doubts on 
Education Lord Palmerston and Louis Philippe 
Peel's amendment Princess Augusta of Cambridge 
Hope of a majority The Sheridan family King 
Leopold annoyed English plate The question of 
marriage with Prince Albert His eligibility Ob- 
jection to marriage Whig majority in the Commons 
King Leopold's letter Spanish affairs Copyright 
Bill Bishopric of Peterborough Grand Duke of 
Russia The Tudor Sovereigns Parliamentary 
crisis Fears of resignation fulfilled The Queen's 
Household Distress at losing Lord Melbourne 
Interview with Wellington And with Peel The 
Queen's letter The Household trouble The Queen 
firm The proposed Cabinet Difficulty of the 
Ladies Wellington's views The Queen refuses to 
agree A State ball Lord Melbourne and the Cabinet 
support the Queen Popularity with the crowd 



viii CONTENTS 

PAGES 

Dislike of Peel Lord Palmerston on Power Con- 
cerning cookery Kandahar Manners Russia and 
India Lord Howe Peel's speech Russell's report 
Discussion of the Household question A Levee 
Peel's absence Twentieth birthday Lord Hertford 
State dinner and ball at Windsor Excitement 
and health Departure of the Grand Duke Prece- 
dence . . . . '"." I . . 142-192 

CHAPTER XV 

June, July, and August, 1839 

Wellington's characteristics The Dutch princes Sir 
H. Fleetwood's motion Russell and Ho wick The 
Grand Duke's charities Engravings of royalties 
Concerning titles The Czar Howick and resigna- 
tion Prince Ferdinand and his family Fleetwood 
motion defeated Howick' s attitude Opinions on 
Russell's conduct J. B. Buckstone and dress 
Temporary settlement The Household a pretext 
for resignation Lord Moira Lucrezia Borgia 
Secrecy in voting Feelings of irritation Women 
and influence Lord Melbourne's governess Ques- 
tion of the Queen travelling The Grand Duke's 
letter The Queen's dislikes The Ballot Motion 
Dr. Kay on treatment of the poor Non-interference 
Dissenters Accession Day Lady Westminster's 
ball Lord Winchilsea's fight Marriage rumours 
Lady Clanricarde and Russia Lord Melbourne's 
groom and gardener Queen Adelaide Commander 
of the Lightning Concerning Silence Talk of 
Prince Albert Concerning gardens Russian mar- 
riages Ministerial changes Macaulay Queens 
Dowager Queen Elizabeth Mary Queen of Scots 
Peel's character Queen Adelaide and precedence 
Lady Holland London and Country Grant's 
picture Sir C. Metcalfe Concerning umbrellas 
Egyptian affairs Contradicting rumours Brough- 
ham's and other speeches Italian opera Women 
and politics Concerning trees Hyde Park 
Eglinton tournament Louis Philippe's proposed 






CONTENTS ix 

PAGES 

visit Normanby and Ireland Lady Seymour 
Dance at Windsor Lord Sidmouth The Russian 
Vase Stafford House Lyndhurst and Brougham 
Games The Royal Assent William III. Resigna- 
tions Dislike of Tories The House of Lords 
Charles Wood Ho wick and Grey Holland House . 193-245 

CHAPTER XVI 

September, October, November, and December, 1839 

The Mensdorff family George IV. 's excuses for his ac- 
tions American Independence Visit of the King 
and Queen of the Belgians At Woolwich On 
board the Lightning Departures Concerning bats 
Alexander Mensdorff Concerning church-going 
Eton boys and the Queen A dance The Czar 
and Louis Philippe Brunow The tedious life of 
Sovereigns Concerning civility to Tories Ranjit 
Singh's death Lord Grey's feelings Lord Ho wick ,: 
Macaulay's election Concerning rooks Queen 
Elizabeth Russia's proposition French attitude 
on Turkey Concerning Macaulay Games Lord 
Palmerston's marriage The Queen's views Pitt 
and Canning Concerning sleep Arrival of Princes 
Ernest and Albert Concerning dress Praise of 
Prince Albert The marriage question Napier's 
letter Lord Melbourne and marriage Sir Frederick 
yC&mb " Dearest Albert " The question of time 

/ Prince Albert's position Rumours of marriage 
The Proposal The Queen's happiness Love 

V Lord Huntingdon Talk of marriage Declaring the 
TKftrriage Exchange of rings The Pagets Report 
of Brougham's death Prince Albert's views Pre- 
cedents Declaration formalities Lady Cowper on 
marriage Telling the Duchess of Kent Prince 
Albert and a peerage More marriage rumours The 
Queen's Ladies Discussing the ceremony Mar- 
riage precedents Protestant William and Mary 
Queen Anne A Marriage Treaty Naturalization 
Prince Albert's precedence Difficulties The 
Queen's rights The Chancellor's answer The 



x CONTENTS 

PAGES 

Prince of Wales Prince Albert on Ancestors Peel's 
behaviour Dr. Goodall Lady Seymour Lord 
Melbourne's past Prince Albert's strictness . . 246-287 

. CHAPTER XVII 
1840 

The Russians and Belgium Thankfulness Lady Jane 
Grey and Queen Elizabeth Russian dislike of 
Coburg family Letter from Prince Albert The 
end of franking Changes at Buckingham Palace 
Stockmar and arrangements about Prince Albert 
Concerning Regencies Penny Postage The 
Page family system Abusive speeches Discussing 
wedding arrangements Melbourne on Stockmar 
Questions of precedence The Opening of Parlia- 
ment Debates on the Address William and Mary 
Mary Queen of Scots Burleigh, Essex, and 
Leicester Stockmar and the Marriage Treaty 
Trouble over the Prince's Household Concerning 
languages Assam tea Miss Martineau's Deerbrook 
Lord Lilford's family The Royal Dukes Princes 
and the House of Lords Lord Wellesley's letter 
The Prince's precedence And its limitation 
Wellington's attitude His opinion of Melbourne 
^HPrecedence difficulties again Invitations for the 
j wedding Naturalizing the Prince Arrival of the 
I Prince at Dover Concerning marriage Flow of 
\ popularity The Prince's arrival at Windsor 
I Preparing for the wedding The Procession The 
Ceremony Return to Buckingham Palace The 
(wedding breakfast " I and Albert alone " . . 288-321 

AppENmxT" 

Mr. Gladstone's Estimate of Lord Melbourne . . 822 
Lord Melbourne's Family .... . 322-323 

INDEX . . . . .... . 825 381 

GENEALOGICAL TABLES : FACING PAGE 

Pedigree No. I. The House of Hanover . . 324 

No. II. The Ancestry of Prince Albert . 824 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS 

VOL. II 

VISCOUNT MELBOURNE. From a portrait by Sir E. Landseer, 

R.A., in the possession of the Earl of Rosebcry, K.O. Frontispiece 

FACING PAGH 

*H.M. LEOPOLD I., KINO OF THE BELGIANS. From a portrait 

by Diez, 1841 . . . ... . 12 

H.R.H. PBINCE GEORGE OF CAMBRIDGE. From a portrait at 

Windsor Castle V . 60 

BARONESS LEHZEN. From a sketch by the Queen before her 

accession ......... 64 

*H.M. Louis PHILIPPE, KING OF THE FRENCH. From a por- 
trait by F. Winterhalter 100 

"H.R.H. PRINCESS SOPHIA MATILDA OF GLOUCESTER. From a 

portrait by Dalton, after Sir O. Hayter . . . .114 

MADAME VESTRIS. From a sketch by the Queen before her acces- 
sion 140 

*H.S.H. ERNEST, DUKE OF SAXE-COBURG-GOTHA, FATHER OF 
PRINCE ALBERT. From a portrait by Dickinson, after 
Ruprecht 154 

THE DUKE OF WELLINGTON AND SIR ROBERT PEBL. From a 

picture by F. Winterhalter in Buckingham Palace . .164 

*H.R.H. THE DUCHESS OF GLOUCESTER. From a portrait by 

Sir W. Ross 182 

*H.S.H. PRINCESS VIOTOIRE OF SAXE-COBURG, DUOHESSB DB 

NEMOURS. From a portrait by Sir W. Ross . . .198 

*H.M. MARIE AMELIE, QUEEN OF THE FRENCH. From a por- 
trait by Dalton, after Sir W. Ross . . . . 232 

xi 



xii LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS 

FACING PAQB 

*H.S.H. COUNT ALEXANDEB MENSDOBFF-POUILLY. From a 

portrait by Sir W. Boss . y . - .246 

"H.S.H. PRINCE ERNEST, AFTERWARDS DUKE OF SAXE-COBUBG- 
GOTHA, BROTHER OF PRINCE ALBERT. From a portrait by 
R. Thorburn 274 

*H.R.H, THE DUCHESS OF KENT. From a portrait by F. Winter- 
halter . . . . . 296 

*H.R.H. PRINCE ALBEBT. From a portrait by Dalton, after 

F. Winterhalter . ^. . . . . .316 

*H.M. QUEEN VICTOBIA. From a portrait by Dalton, after 

F. WinterhaUer ' . , 322 

NOTE. Illustrations marked * are taken from the Queen's private portrait 
albums. 



INTRODUCTORY NOTE TO CHAPTER XI 

LORD MELBOURNE had now reached the climax of his career. 
It is as the tutor, secretary, and guardian of the young Queen 
that his fame is firmly established among the Prime Ministers 
of Great Britain. Not that he was in character or intellect below 
the average of the statesmen who have held that great office. 
Although sometimes frivolous in speech and unconventional in 
manner, he was, according to the universal testimony of those 
who knew him best, firm and earnest of purpose. His shrewd 
appreciation of men was only equalled by his keen sense of the 
political requirements of the people he was engaged in govern- 
ing. He was a convinced but moderate reformer. His Whig 
training confirmed the traditional instinct for government with 
which, like so many aristocrats of that day, he appeared to be 
endowed. His mind was cultured in the broad sense of the 
term. He was a scholar, but not a pedant. He was a firm 
believer in the doctrines of Christianity, but not " religious." 
He elected to call himself a quietest. It was a favourite phrase. 
He had been described as pensive and solitary. It was not the 
popular conception of him, but it is probably the true one. 

As a Minister he belonged to a caste that, although passing 
away and depreciated by modern Britons, has done glorious 
service for our country. He was an aristocrat of a fibre fear- 
less, prompt, arid haughty. As of Lord Salisbury in after-years, 
so of him. He was something different from a " clerk raised 
to the nth." 

His task was not an easy one, but he carried the burden of 
government lightly, and with consummate tact, through those 
difficult years from 1834 to 1840, when the middle classes, con- 
scious of power, but as yet ignorant of its uses, were initiating 
the great series of economic changes that in the course of 
thirty years converted the Kingdom of Great Britain into the 
British Empire. To that Empire, as we know it to-day, the 
Monarchy was essential. Awe of the Throne, and respect for 
its occupant, were elements necessary to the growth of Imperial 
sentiment and racial unity. When Queen Victoria succeeded 
her uncle, William IV., the Monarchy had been, for many years, 
associated with failing powers and with low ideals. That the 
young Princess when she ascended the Throne should have found 
Lord Melbourne at her side was a piece of singular good fortune. 
These Journals prove it ; but if any doubt arises, let the reader 
imagine what might have happened if, during those few impres- 
sionable years before her marriage, the Queen had been associated 
with and controlled by a Minister with the hard precision of a 
Strafford or the rash timidity of a Bute. 



CHAPTER XI 
1838 

Saturday, 1st September. Spoke of my going to 
Bushey and Bagshot which I disliked ; of my hating 
morning visits ; of the habit I had when a little girl 
and visited my Aunts, of praising every thing, in 
order to get it, which made Lord Melbourne laugh 
very much. Speaking of red-legged partridges, he 
said to Lady Normanby, " Haven't you any of those 
red-legged fellows in Italy ? I don't mean Cardinals," 
he said. Spoke to Lord M. of the former very severe 
etiquette in George III.'s and Queen Charlotte's 
time, which Lord M. said they introduced very much. 
The Duchess of Brunswick, 1 he said, used always to 
lay it to Queen Charlotte's account and used to say 
indignantly, " For a petite Princes se to give herself 
airs, which my Mother and my Grandmother never 
did ! " Lord M. said that all the Ladies dined with 
the King and Queen and Family, but no gentlemen, 
except perhaps on very particular occasions the 
Archbishop of Canterbury and the Lord Chamberlain. 
He said that Lady Charlotte Bellasyse, 4 his Cousin, 
who was Lady to the Duchess of Gloucester when 

1 Augusta, sister of George III. and daughter of Frederick Lewis, 
Prince of Wales, and his wife, Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha. She 
married Charles William Frederick, Duke of Brunswick. 

2 See Vol. I., p. 314. 

2 



1838] 



LORD DURHAM'S DESPATCH 3 



her husband, Mr. Bellasyse, came down, he dined at 
the Equerries' table and came up after dinner ; she 
dined with the King ; I said the Princesses were 
very fond of her ; " She was a good creature," 
said Lord M. Spoke of the Princesses, their 
high spirits ; of the King's not allowing them to 
marry ; upon which Lord M. asked if they ever 
showed an inclination to marry ; " For, that's a 
thing," he said, " which can't come of itself ; you 
must either let people see one another, or you must 
negotiate," which is very true. 

Sunday, 2nd September. I gave him Uncle Leo- 
pold's letter to read, and when he had done reading 
it, he said, " It is very kind." Lord M. said he had a 
letter from Lord John who will be down here on 
the 12th. Lord M. then said that here was this long 
Despatch from Durham, which he offered to read 
to me, and did read. But before he read it, he said 
that I must know that Canada originally belonged 
to the French and was only ceded to the English in 
1760, when it was taken in an expedition under Wolfe ; 
" A very daring enterprize," he said. Canada was 
then entirely French, and the British only came 
afterwards ; they divided it into Upper and Lower 
Canada, and allowed the French to keep their par- 
ticular rights and Institutions ; and in a little while 
gave the country Executive and Legislative Assem- 
blies like in England. Lord Melbourne explained 
this very clearly (and much better than I have done) 
and said a good deal more about it. He then read 
me Durham's despatch, which is a very long one 
and took him more than | an hour to read. Lord 
M. read it beautifully with that fine, soft voice of 
his, and with so much expression, so that it is 
needless to say I was much interested by it. 



4 WALKING ON THE TERRACE [*r.i9 

Lord M. had intended to ride, but on hearing 
I meant to walk, most kindly gave it up and said he 
would walk with me. Wrote my journal. Read in 
Durham's despatch. At 5 I walked out with all 
my ladies and gentlemen ; I had not been out many 
minutes when Lord Melbourne joined me, and 
walked near me the whole time. We walked down 
to Adelaide Cottage. Lord M. asked me if Uncle 
Leopold was very angry with Mamma ; I said Pretty 
well ; upon which Lord M. observed laughing, " I 
think he's afraid of her," which I fear is the case. I 
asked Lord M. if he thought I should walk round 
the Terrace ; " I think it would be better," he 
replied. In going up to the terrace, there is a very 
steep hill which is a dreadful pull, and Lord M. and 
I were quite blown in coming up. I then walked 
round the terrace, crowded to an amazing degree 
with people, between Lord Melbourne and Lord 
Torrington, Lady Normanby just behind me, and 
also the other ladies ; and my 3 other gentlemen 
in front ; it was hot work. We then walked up 
and down the Terrace (the private part) for a 
few minutes, listening to the band, and came home 
at 6. 1 It was a beautiful evening. Read in Durham's 
despatch. 

At a J to 8 we 13 dined. Lord Melbourne led me 
in, and I sat between him and Lord Torrington. 
Lord Melbourne said he wasn't tired. Spoke with 
him of various things ; of my tight sleeves which 
he admired ; of some excellent red deer we had 
at dinner ; of being able to manage animals by 
feeding. Lord M. said, "You can do anything 
almost by feeding, from a man down to a goat or 

1 This custom the Queen adhered to up to the time of the Prince 
Consort's death. 



1838] LORD MELBOURNE'S ANCESTORS 5 

a deer," which made us laugh much and which 
I wouldn't allow. Spoke of Irvingism ; and Lord 
M. said, " People should be quite sure, when they 
have any of these revelations, from what quarter 
they come." After dinner, before we sat down, 
Lord Melbourne, Lord Torrington, Major Keppel, 1 
Lady Normanby (and I listening), talked of 
rowing, and Matches ; and Lord M. said, " I don't 
like any pleasure which is drudgery " ; he thinks row- 
ing very laborious. " Why, you might as well dig." 
I asked Lord Melbourne who his paternal grand- 
mother was 2 ; a Miss Coke of Melbourne, he replied ; 
she was a great heiress, and through her came all 
that property. She was the daughter of Thomas 
Coke, Vice-Chamberlain to George 1st, who was 
the descendant of a famous Sir John Coke. Her 
brother died, and all the property came to her. 
Lord M. never saw her, as she died before his father 
could remember her ; his father was born in 1745, 
and she died about 1751 ; " she was very pretty," 
he added. Spoke of Queen Caroline, and of the 
feeling for her ; "I never saw anything like it in 
my life," said Lord M. ; " it was very alarming ; 
it even spread to the Troops." " George IV. never 
was popular," Lord M. said. And whatever Queen 
Caroline did, had no weight with the people, for, 
they said, it was all his fault at first. Lord M. 
continued, that it was quite madness his (George IV.) 
conduct to her ; for if he had only separated from 
her, and let her alone, that wouldn't have signified ; 
but he persecuted her, and " he cared as much 

1 George Thomas Keppel succeeded his brother in 1851 as sixth Earl 
of Albemarle. He was a groom-in-waiting to the Queen. He served 
in the 14th Regiment at Waterloo, and lived till 1891. 

2 For Lord Melbourne's ancestry, see the Appendix, 
II 2 



6 CONCERNING ANIMALS [r.i9 

about what she did, as if he had been very much 
in love with her," which certainly was very odd. 
" He (George IV.) was a clever man," Lord M. 
said, but he thinks that he never was honestly 
advised about Queen Caroline ; though, he con- 
tinued, he very often disliked advice that was 
contrary to his wishes, and resented it ; yet Lord 
M. thinks one can do anything with clever people, 
and if he had been properly talked to he might 
have listened. 

We spoke of animals for a long time ; Lord M. 
said a horse was a most powerful and formidable 
enemy if he were to attack you ; and Lord M. 
said, "his neck is clothed in thunder"; he con- 
siders a dog the most courageous animal, and 
the one that helps man the most ; and " he 
assists you, and will go through thick and thin 
with you." 

Monday, 3rd September. Lord M. said that Lord 
North was Minister when we lost the United Provinces, 
but didn't make the peace. The Marquis of Rocking- 
ham l came in, but died soon, and was succeeded by 
Lord Shelburne (Lord Lansdowne's father). Then, 
Lord M. continued, Mr. Fox and Lord North formed 
the Coalition and turned out Lord Shelburne ; they 
came in, and were beat upon the India Bill, upon which 
which Mr. Pitt came in. Lord M. said that after 
Lord North went out the first time, the Marquis of 
Rockingham came in ; his Government comprised 
Lord Shelburne and Mr. Fox ; and Mr. Fox expected 



1 Charles Watson-Wentworth, second Marquess of Rockingham, 
during North's Ministry had declared for recognition of the inde- 
pendence of the colonies. In 1782, on the fall of North, he formed 
a coalition Government with Lord John Cavendish, Shelburne, and 
Fox. 



1838] GEORGE III.'S MINISTRIES 7 

to come in, Lord M. continued, but Lord Shelburne 
is supposed to have intrigued very much. " Then 
Mr. Fox and Lord North, being in the Opposition, 
formed the famous Coalition, which was extremely 
unpopular ; and they beat him upon the Peace, 
and they forced themselves in ; the King was very 
unwilling to take them and fought very hard, but 
however at last he took them ; and he took the 
earliest opportunity to trip them up." It was upon 
the proposition of the India Bill, which was very 
like the present Government of India, by Commis- 
sioners here (India having been badly managed before, 
and there having been a great many malversations), 
but it was considered as taking away from the Pre- 
rogative of the Crown ; " and the King turned them 
out ; and he received the thanks of the Country, 
and the House of Commons went with him," Lord 
M. said. Mr. Pitt came in then, and was Minister 
for 18 years ; till the King turned him out upon the 
Catholic question. I observed the King did a great 
deal himself ; Lord M. replied, " That's what he 
is accused of ; but he strenuously denies it in these 
letters ; he said he always gave his Minister his 
confidence." Lord M. thinks he did while they were 
his Ministers ; " If he disliked them, I don't wonder 
he tried to get rid of them," said Lord M. He 
couldn't bear Fox, Lord M. said, and he don't know, 
but he thinks it dates from a very early period ; 
" Mr. Fox was very much in love with Lady Sarah 
Lennox," and Lord M. thinks that may have had 
something to do with it. 1 Mr. Pitt, Lord M. said, 
was a tall, thin man, with a red face ; drank 
amazingly ; so did Mr. Fox, Lord M. continued, 

1 See The Life and Letters of Lady Sarah Lennox, by Lady Ilchester 
and Lord Stavordale, passim. 



8 INDIAN CUSTOMS AND CASTE [*T. 19 

and that neither had the slightest restraint over 
himself ; they died the same year ; Fox 13th 
Sept. 1806, aged 54 ; Pitt aged 47. Lord M. thinks 
Lord Holland (who is Fox's nephew ; the late Lord 
Holland being Fox's elder brother) very like Fox, 
both in appearance and character ; only that Fox 
was always very shy, which Lord Holland is not. 
Lord Melbourne told all this in such a delightful 
manner. He told me an anecdote of some Officers 
who saw a man on the banks of the Ganges, put 
there to die ; and one of them had a bottle of 
lavender water with him ; he put it to the man's 
lips, " who sucked it down " ; and having only been 
accustomed to water and a little rice, this spirit 
quite revived him, and the man recovered and 
was taken home. The next day he came to the 
Officer and said, " You must maintain me, for I've 
lost my Caste " by being thus restored to life. 
Spoke of the custom of burning the Widows, which 
Lord M. said " is not a good custom " and is very 
nearly abandoned. Mr. Macaulay went to India in 
'33, as Counsel ; he is 40 years old, and a very clever 
man, Lord M. says. 

We then looked at 2 vols. of portraits of the 
Characters concerned in the French Revolution, 
which are very fine and very interesting. It was 
quite a delight and treat to look at them with Lord 
Melbourne, for there was hardly one character 
whom he did not know everything about, what 
they did, who they were ; and he has such a 
charming, agreeable way of telling it all. When we 
came to Cambaceres, 1 Lord M. said " he was a 

1 Cambaceres and Lebrun were the second and third Consuls in 
the Constitution of December 1799. In 1804 the former became 
Arch-chancellor of the Empire and President of the Senate. 



1838] FRENCH AND GERMAN LITERATURE 9 

great gourmand ; and Napoleon used to keep him 
at the Council while his dinner was spoiling." And 
one day, Napoleon saw him writing a note, " and he 
insisted on seeing it ; it was to his Cook : ' Sauvez 
les rotis ; les entremets sont perdus.' ' We were 
about an hour looking at them. Lord M. told me 
that Sir John Coke (who was father to Col. Coke, 
who was a good deal engaged in the Revolution and 
who (Col. Coke) was grandfather to his (Ld.M.'s) grand- 
mother) lived in the time of Charles I. and James I. 
I said I feared Lord M. must be so bored here, 
and he answered most kindly, " Oh ! I assure you 
not the least." Spoke of the State rooms here, and 
we agreed what a pity it was they shouldn't be 
used. 

Tuesday, kth September. I returned Lord Mel- 
bourne Munster's book which I had read through. 
I said I liked French books ; he observed, 
" They write shortly and clearly, and very concise, 
with a great deal of nettete" " The English books," 
he continued, " are so very long ; they are apt to 
be prosing, and one gets to read without attending, 
and not to know what it's all about," which is most 
true. He added that long books alarmed one. I said 
that I couldn't understand the German books ; Lord 
M. mentioned Schiller's Thirty Years' War (which he 
has read the Translation of) as a very good book. 
' They are apt to be misty and obscure, the Germans, 
and cloudy," he said laughing. Spoke of my dis- 
liking Ancient History ; of my having read many 
dull books ; of my having disliked learning formerly, 
and particularly Latin, and being naughty at that, 
and at my Bible-lessons ; Lord M. said it was a 
good thing to know a little Latin, on account of the 
construction of English ; Greek he thinks unneces- 

II 2* 



10 CONCERNING PRINTS AND SKETCHES DET. 19 

sary for a woman, as there are many other things 
more necessary. 

Read Despatches. Read in UHistoire de la 
Revolution d? Angleterre, 1 which is extremely well 
written and highly interesting. Lord Melbourne 
rode out at J p. 3 with Murray to Cumberland Lodge 
to see the Prints, and came home at J p. 6. He said 
it was a most splendid collection. There are 37 
books of Domenichino's Original Drawings, some of 
Raphael's, some beautiful Michael Angelos, Lord M. 
said (all sketches), some of Albert Diirer's, a book 
of Holbein's drawings, which he told me Horace 
Walpole routed out in a drawer at Kensington, they 
having been lost for some reigns. I said I had seen 
in the afternoon a book of beautiful sketches by 
Guido, and one of Domenichino's. Lord Melbourne 
said they were kept in 2 rooms, in cases ; that there 
were every sort of print, and most valuable, and that 
it was impossible to look at them all ; we spoke of 
all this for some time, and of the use Lord M. said 
these original drawings would be to Artists ; Lord 
M. said there was a collection of Theatrical Prints, 
of every sort of Actor and Actress that ever existed ; 
and an account drawn up of each ; collected by Sir 
Hilgrove Turner * ; " Not the most proper book in 
the World," said Lord M., " but very entertaining." 
Every sort of print of Nell Gwynn in every char- 
acter ; I asked if she was a celebrated Actress ; in 

1 By Guizot. 

2 General Sir Tomkyns Hilgrove Turner, a distinguished soldier. 
He was present in 1801 at the capitulation of Alexandria. It fell 
to his lot to take charge of the famous Rosetta stone, part of the 
booty, which he conveyed to England. He was an antiquarian, 
and had a fair knowledge of the mysteries of ancient chivalry and 
of armour. 



1838] WELLINGTON AND KING LEOPOLD 11 

some characters, Lord M. replied. Lord M. said 
she was twice mentioned in Mme. de Sevigne's 
letters ; Nell Gy wnn was Mother to the Duke of 
St. Albans, and a Mrs. Waters to the Duke of 
Monmouth. Lord Melbourne and I looked at three 
books of curious, old, and very fine prints por- 
traits which came from Cumberland Lodge and 
which seemed to interest Lord Melbourne. He 
made his clever observations about each ; and 
thought there were (as there are) a great many 
Bishops and Monks. Lord Melbourne said George 
III., though accused of the contrary, was excessively 
fond of the Arts ; he made the greater part of this 
splendid Collection. He had, Lord M. said, Canaletto 
and Zucarelli over here, to paint ; spoke of portrait 
painting ; of there being so few, or hardly any 
Portrait Painters now ; Lord M. said that it was in 
human nature to have portraits painted, either 
from good or bad motives, from vanity or from 
affection. 

Wednesday, 5th September. I said how civil the 
Duke of Wellington always was to Uncle Leopold. 
I observed that I thought the Duke didn't like 
Uncle's going to Belgium, and Lord M. said : " I 
don't think he did ; but he would be more stu- 
diously civil for that." I remained in my habit 
till a J p. 7 when my beloved Uncle Leopold and 
Aunt Louise arrived. They are both looking re- 
markably well and in good spirits, and very kind. 
I took them to their apartments, and then hastened 
to dress. 

Thursday, 6th September. Uncle praised my ex- 
cellent friend Lord Melbourne much to me during 
dinner ; he really appreciates his inestimable quali- 
ties. Uncle remembers his Mother, as a clever 



12 COUNT ERDODY [JET. 19 

agreeable woman, and his father as a good-natured 
old man. Lady Caroline he also knew, and says she 
was very clever, but mad. After dinner I made 
the rond des Messieurs. We were seated as the 
night before ; that is, Uncle part of the evening near 
me, and then Aunt Louise the greater part, and Lord 
Melbourne replacing Uncle. Count Erdody l was 
good enough to play on the piano beautifully ; he 
improviseed most beautifully, and played some 
Valses of his own composition ; some of Lanner's and 
Strauss's, with such a light yet powerful touch. He 
then came and sat down next Lord Melbourne. He 
is a very agreeable person, quiet yet lively, and 
speaks English perfectly. Spoke to Lord Melbourne 
of various things ; he was excessively surprised when 
Aunt Louise told him that her father had his large 
carriages made in England (unknown in France), sent 
to Ostend, and smuggled to Paris by them (Uncle 
and Aunt). Spoke to Lord Melbourne of Durham ; 
and when we got up I spoke to him and to Lord 
Palmerston of some curious letters of Lord John 
Hay's* which they had sent me to read in the after- 
noon, and which proved what a blow this loss at 
Morella 3 would be to the Queen's cause. I took 

1 Antoine Charles Palffy d'Erdody, hereditary Count Palatine of 
Pressburg, born in 1793, was Chamberlain to the Emperor of Austria : 
from 1821 to 1828 he was Austrian Envoy at the Court of Saxony. In 
1803 he married the daughter of Prince Alois Kaunitz. 

2 Rear-Admiral Lord John Hay, third son of George, seventh 
Marquess of Tweeddale, at this time commanded a small squadron on 
the north coast of Spain, landing from tune to tune a command of a 
naval and marine brigade. He was M.P. for Windsor, and a Lord of 
the Admiralty in Lord John Russell's Administration of 1846. 

8 In February of this year, Morella, a considerable town in Valencia, 
fell into the hands of the Carlists. Accordingly, a great attempt to 
retake it was made in the summer by the Christines, and it was 
invested by General Craa ; but to the disappointment of the 




n\ 

r&m a, bw&tu An* -JJ^c^ 18J+1 . 






1838] RIDING AT WINDSOR 13 

leave of Prince Schwartzenberg, Prince Windisch 
Gratz and Count Erdody, and expressed my hope of 
seeing them and the Princess again. Stayed up 
till 20 m. to 12. 

Friday, 7th September. I dressed for riding and 
at a to 5 rode out with Lord Melbourne, Lord 
Palmerston, Miss Anson, Lehzen, Lord Falkland, 
Lord Portman, Lady Forbes, Col. Wemyss, and 
the Equerry and Groom. Came home at 7. I rode 
Tartar who went beautifully. We had two showers 
when we first went out and had to take shelter 
under Oak Trees twice ; during the last shower 
Lord Melbourne said, " It is the heaviest rain 
with the clearest sky I ever saw." We had but 
little rain afterwards, though the sky looked most 
gloomy, and it poured at the Castle. We came 
home at an amazing pace ; it was a delightful ride. 
Lord Melbourne rode near me the whole time, and 
we talked a good deal together. Lord Palmerston 
also rode near me on the other side for some little 
time and admired Tartar very much. When we rode 
past Cumberland Lodge Lord Melbourne said that 
he had been staying there at the end of '27; the King 
had ordered a room for him in the Cottage, but 
there was some mistake about it, and the King was 
very angry. He had an immense party staying 
there then, Lord M. said ; Durham and Lord Jersey, 
who used, he said, at one time to be a very great 
favourite of the King's. The King paid Lord Jersey's 
debts once. We spoke of Van de Weyer's marriage 
to a Miss Bates, 1 a great match in point of money, 
which Lord Palmerston said was a great thing. 

Queen's adherents, all assaults on the town failed, and the siege was 
raised. 

1 See ante, Vol. I., p. 73. 



14 THE QUEEN'S MISHAP DET.IQ 

Saturday, 8th September. Lord M. said he had seen 
Sir Charles Metealfe, 1 whom he had never seen before ; 
and that he thinks him an odd-looking, though not 
an ugly man. " He was next boy to my brother at 
Eton," said Lord M. ; his brother George he meant ; 
he knew him very well. Sir Charles went to India, 
he told Lord M., in 1800, and came home in '38, never 
having been home since ! He went when he was 15, 
as a Writer, and is now 53 ! What a change. " He 
says he is very happy," continued Lord M., " but 
that he feels the want of being useful," which Lord 
M. thinks is a slight hint to be employed. " He 
remembers me at Eton," said Lord M. Lord M.'s 
brother George was five years younger than himself, 
he told me. 

We rode round Virginia Water. As I was 
galloping homewards, before we came to the Long 
Walk, on the grass and not very fast, Uncle left my 
side and I went on alone with Lord Melbourne, when 
something frightened Uxbridge, who was alarmed 
at being left without his second companion, and he 
swerved against Lord M.'s horse so much, that I 
came off ; I fell on one side sitting, not a bit hurt 
or put out or frightened, but astonished and amused, 
and was up, and laughing, before Col. Cavendish 
and one of the gentlemen, all greatly alarmed, could 
come near me, and said, " I'm not hurt." Lord 
M.'s horse shied away at the same moment mine did ; 
he was much frightened and turned quite pale, kind, 
good man ; he said, " Are you sure you're not 

1 Sir Charles Metealfe, an Indian administrator, who during an inter- 
regnum acted as Provisional Governor -General, during which time 
the heavy restrictions on the Indian press were removed. The Ministry 
would not give effect to the wish of the East India Company to con- 
tinue him permanently in the office, but in 1839 he became Governor 
of Jamaica. 



1838] SIR GEORGE VILLIERS 15 

hurt ? " I instantly remounted and cantered home ; 
Lord M. was rather alarmed again and thought 
Uxbridge was inclined to shy. I sat between 
Uncle and Lord Melbourne. Uncle talked much, and 
praised me for my behaviour during my feat of falling ! 
Lord Melbourne said most kindly and anxiously, 
" Are you really not the worse ? " He repeated this 
twice. We spoke of how it happened ; he said he 
didn't see me fall, but heard me fall ; he said it was 
fortunate his horse jumped away, else I might have 
been hurt. 

Sunday, 9th September. Sir George Villiers 1 came 
and sat down near us, when we were just at the end 
of the Album, looking at some Spanish drawings. 
Sir George told us that the Spaniards could drink 
a gallon of wine without stopping, pouring it down 
as if they didn't swallow ; and he spoke of the 
extreme cruelty of Bull-fights. 

Uncle and Sir George then spoke for a long while 
of Spain and its state, and Lord Melbourne and I 
listened, and occasionally joined in. Sir George 
said it was quite dreadful the state of misery in 
which the poor Nuns and Monks were in who had 
been turned out of their Monasteries. He said he 
had supported some Nuns at Madrid, the youngest 
of whom was 85, and the eldest 91 ! and these 
poor people have lived in a convent since they were 
children, and now they turn them out and tell them 
they may have their liberty ! " It's cruel mockery," 
said Sir George. The Monks are likewise very badly 
off ; for, Lord M. observed, to men who have been 
accustomed to pass their lives in Prayer, to be told 
to dig, is very hard. 

1 Sir George Villiers (afterwards Earl of Clarendon) was British 
Minister in Spain 1833-9. See Vol. I., p. 229. 



16 DROPMORE AND CLIVEDEN r^r. 19 

Monday, Wth September. When Uncle came, he 
praised Sir C. Metcalfe, and Lord Melbourne said, 
" He is a very able man ; the most able we have ; he 
is a very bold man he introduced the freedom of the 
press in India, which was a very bold step ; but didn't 
do as much harm as we expected. He is extremely 
liberal," Lord M. continued, he was quite one of 
Lord William Bentinck's followers ; " William Ben- 
tinck is a very reckless man, who doesn't mind 
what follows if he thinks his reason good." 

Wednesday, 12th September. Spoke of Dropmore 
being such a pretty place, and that we could ride 
over there one day. " It's a lovely place," Lord 
M. said. It belongs to Lady Grenville, 1 who he told 
me was a Miss Pitt, Lord Camelford's sister ; he 
(Lord Camelford), Lord M. told me, was killed in a 
fatal duel with a Mr. Best. Spoke of Cliveden, 8 on 
the Thames, now Sir George Warrender's, as being 
also very pretty. " It's the place that belonged to 
the Duke of Buckingham, which is mentioned in 
Pope." It belonged to Villiers Duke of Bucking- 
ham, Charles II. 's favourite. 8 . . . Uncle and Lord 

1 Lord Grenville was a nephew of Hester, Lady Chatham, wife of 
the great commoner. He held many high offices of state under the 
younger Pitt, beooming Foreign Secretary 1791-1801. He was First 
Lord of the Treasury, February 1806-March 1907. His wife was 
sister and heir to the second Lord Camelford, and on her death in 
1864 devised her estate (including Booonnoo in Cornwall) to the Hon. 
George Matthew Fortescue. 

8 It was afterwards sold to the Duke of Sutherland, then to the 
Duke of Westminster, and now belongs to Mr. Waldorf Astor. 

8 Lord Shrewsbury died in 1668 of wounds received in a duel with 
Buckingham, a duel said to have been concerted between Buckingham 
and Lady Shrewsbury. This enterprising lady, in the disguise of a 
page, is said to have held the Duke's horse during the fight. Pope's 
lines referred to are the following : 

" Gallant and gay in Cliveden's proud alcove, 
The bowor of wanton Shrewsbury and love." 



1838] ESTIMATES IN PARLIAMENT 17 

M. spoke of James II., Louis XIV., and then Uncle, 
Lord John, Lord Melbourne, and Lord Palmerston 
also joined in, spoke most agreeably about the Sessions 
of Parliament, and of anecdotes of Tierney, 1 but 
I've not room or time to record them. They 
spoke of the fatigue of Sessions ; and Lord M. said 
it was less fatiguing to be obliged to attend than 
not to attend. Lord M. said the hard Sessions began 
in 1816. Lord M. and Lord John said that formerly 
there used to be great debates always upon the 
Estimates, and Lord Palmerston remembers having 
had 13 nights of it ; and whenever a new person came 
in, who, as Lord M. said, ought to have been there 
before, the Secretary at War had to explain the 
same thing over again, sometimes 8 or 4 times. 
Hume used, Lord John said, to make the same 
speech every year, and so they used to tell him he 
had been answered the year before. " And now," 
Lord M. said, " the Estimates are passed, without 
one word being said ; which is very extraordinary." 
They spoke of Tierney, his speaking so well ; and 
Lord M. said he thought him a very honest man ; 
that he used always to say, " such a person told me 
so and so, by which you may judge that that is 
the opinion of all the people of that class and 
calibre " ; " This appears to me sound reasoning," 
said Lord M., but that it had been very much 
condemned. 

Thursday, 13th September. Lord M. said he had 
seen Lord John, whom he thought in good spirits, 

1 George Tierney (1761-1830), a well-known Parliamentarian. 
He went into opposition to Pitt, and took pleasure in provoking that 
Minister to the use of language in debate which led to a duel on Putney 
Heath. Tierney took office under Addington and later under 
Canning. 



18 CHURCH QUESTIONS [r.io 

and " He begins to see the great difficulties of a 
change in the Government very strongly." We 
agreed the difficulties were very great. I said Lord 
John had been to see Uncle. 

Lord M. said he saw by the papers that the 
Emperor of Austria had proclaimed a general Amnesty 
at Milan on the occasion of the Coronation, 1 with 
permission for those to return who had been obliged 
to leave the place, which Lord M. said was very 
important. Lord M. begged me to get a quiet horse 
for Lord John to ride, as Lord M. didn't like asking 
Cavendish about it, after all that had passed. Lord 
M. said, in speaking of Lord John : " He is very 
much impressed with the difficulties we shall have to 
encounter from the Ballot " ; that the declaration 
Lord John made at the beginning of last Session 
had rather weakened his influence with his fol- 
lowers, and that it would be rather disagreeable 
if our friends were to vote against us, on that 
subject. 2 

Uncle Leopold and Lord M. then spoke about the 
Church ; and Lord M. said, " My intention is to 
stand by the Established Church, but to keep the 
Church to her own principles as established at 
the Reformation." Then Lord M. said, "Upon the 
whole our Church is the best Church, the least med- 
dling"; and speaking of Dissenters, Lord M. said, 
" The Church is still very strong." He spoke of 
the various changes which have taken place in it, 

1 The Austrian Emperor, Ferdinand I., was invested at Milan, on 
September 6th, with the iron crown of Lombardy. See Vol. I., p. 256. 

2 In the course of the debate on the Address at the end of 1837, 
Lord John had stated that he considered the ballot, the extension of 
the suffrage, and triennial parliaments " as nothing else but repeal of 
the Reform Act, and placing the representation on a totally different 
footing." 



1838] THE LIFE OF WILBERFORCE 19 

and which he would have been content to have done 
without, but that " the cry for Reform came from 
the bosom of the Establishment itself." Lord M. 
spoke of this Sulphur Monopoly, 1 which he repeated 
would much affect our merchants ; and he said they 
(monopolies) had been given up here in Queen Eliza- 
beth's time, for that when she saw there was any 
difficulty about them, " she with her usual sagacity 
gave them up." Lord John spoke of Wilberforce's 
Life, which he is reading ; and Lord M. said he 
disliked Wilberforce ; though he felt it was ungrateful 
to say so, " as he liked me very much and was always 
wanting me to come more forward." Lord John 
said, in this Life there is a letter of Lord M.'s 
published, to him, about Lord John, which made 
Lord M. laugh very much. Lord John said, it is 
also mentioned that Canning had said that Lord 
Melbourne would have done very well as Speaker ; 
Lord M. said he believed Wilberforce to be a good 
man, and to be actuated by good motives and 
opinions ; " but they were very uncomfortable 
opinions for those who acted with him," and he used 
to leave his friends in difficulties. 

Friday, lUh September. Lord Melbourne spoke 
of this Treaty with Turkey, 2 which he says is to settle 
the duties, and to do away with the Monopolies ; it's 

1 A monopoly of working the sulphur mines in Sicily was granted 
to a Frenchman named Taix in August 1838. The abolition of it 
was demanded by the British Government in 1840, and refused by 
the Government of the Two Sicilies, but conceded a few months later 
in response to the mediation of France. 

2 On November 16, 1838, a treaty between Great Britain and 
Turkey was ratified, whereby the duty on import of British goods 
was regulated, and a charge was levied on English shipping entering 
the Dardanelles and the Black Sea. English goods passing through 
Turkey for exportation were allowed to go free. 



20 LORD J. RUSSELL AND RESIGNATION DET.IQ 

to settle the Duties according to the value of the 
articles. It is a great step, we both agreed. Lord 
Melbourne had sent me a box full of despatches from 
Constantinople, which he said I needn't read all 
through ; that the private letters and Mr. Bulwer's l 
despatch would show what it was intended to do. 

Saturday, I5th September. Lord Melbourne said 
he must get Lord Granville to speak to Louis Philippe 
about this Mexican and Buenos Ayreian business, 
and explain to him the feeling there is here about it ; 
Lord M. said, "Mole 2 is so touchy and so jealous " ; 
that if there had been Broglie, or any other Minister, 
they would have accepted the mediation of England. 
I said to Lord Melbourne I had been rather surprised 
at Lord John's saying to me, that he should be very 
sorry to leave the Government, but thought if he 
was obliged to do so, that another could be found to 
replace him. Lord Melbourne said, " It's what he 
said to me ; but I think he sees now that wouldn't 
do." Lord M. continued, that Lord John meant 
by that, that having lost a good deal of influence 
by the strong declaration he made in the early part 
of last Session, if he was to retire from the Govern- 
ment, another leader could be found, who hadn't 
pledged himself, and " who would regain the con- 
fidence of that party." " But I told him," con- 
tinued Lord Melbourne, " that would never do ; it 
would never do for me to give the Government a more 

1 See post, p. 22. 

2 Mole was Louis Philippe's Prime Minister at this time. Somewhat 
exacting demands having been made upon the Mexican nation by 
the French Government, followed by the despatch of a blockading 
squadron, there were protests against the interruption of commerce 
stimulated by English and American merchants. A naval force was 
consequently despatched to Mexico to protect British interests. See 
Vol. I., p. 394. 



1838] CANADIAN BOUNDARY QUESTION 2i 

radical character." Lord M. told him that he need 
make no declaration now, before Parliament meets, 
but wait till then, and see what course it will be best 
to pursue. Of course, Lord John don't like if many 
of our friends vote against him ; Lord Melbourne 
said 50 did, last session, principally belonging to 
the Government. " We must put it to them," said 
Lord Melbourne, " that if they do vote they'll most 
probably break up the Government ; and then see 
what they'll do." 

Spoke then about Canada, and Uncle said that 
the Boundary Question l would give us trouble, 
which Lord M. said it already did ; of the number 
of Troops there 10,000 which Uncle said it would 
be good to keep there ; Lord M. agreed in that, 
but said the difficulty would be great, the empire 
being so large, and so spread all over the world ; 
" The question is," Lord M. said, " whether the 
country is up to it ; whether the feeling of the 
country is such." And, in which Uncle agreed, 
" Such an Empire as this must go on ; it can't 
stand still, else it goes back," he added. Lord Mel- 
bourne said the British Army at any time never 
amounted to 60,000 men. Then they spoke of 
Russia, and the difficulty to act against it. " She 
retires into inaccessibility," said Lord M., " into 
her snows and frosts." 

Sunday, I6th September. He then read over that 

1 For fifty years there had been difficulties between Great Britain 
and the State of Maine with respect to the frontier line of New Bruns- 
wick, and President Van Buren, in his message to Congress in December 
1837, said that a settlement seemed as remote as at the time of 
signing the treaty of peace in 1783. This dispute led to serious 
consequences in January 1839, when some lawless citizens of the 
State of Maine invaded the debatable territory and made extensive 
fellings of timber. 
II 3 



22 FRANCE AND RUSSIA c*r.i9 

part of Mr. Bulwer's l despatch which I couldn't 
quite understand, and explained it to me. He told 
me yesterday that the only thing against Bulwer 
was, his being considered such a Radical abroad ; 
" Metternich would view any thing coming from him 
with suspicion," said Lord Melbourne, and he added 
laughing, "He (Metternich) would hardly think it 
safe to be in the same room with him." 

Monday, 17th September. He then told me that 
Uncle had spoken to him on a very delicate matter, 
namely, about maintaining our Alliance with France. 
Uncle, he said, told him that if Russia were to change 
her tone and to say to France, " Why, let us look to 
our own interests, let me go on with my conquests 
in my part of the Globe, and you may take Savoy 
and the Rhine and Belgium " Louis Philippe would 
be rather impressed with it ; and Uncle told Lord 
M. that " we ought to manager Louis Philippe " ; 
for, Lord M. agrees, that an Alliance with Russia 
would be most pernicious to us ; and it seems by what 
Lord M. told me, that the King (L.P.) is somewhat 
hurt and annoyed at Lord Palmerston, and much hurt 
at not having been mentioned in the Speech, Uncle 
told Lord M. ; that is, it's not having been stated 
that we were on good terms with France. Lord M. 
said, " I must say I think that's as well got rid of ; 

1 Henry Bulwer (afterwards Lord Balling), an elder brother of the 
author of Pelham. He was Secretary of Embassy at Constantinople, 
and had just achieved a diplomatic success in negotiating a com- 
mercial treaty with the Porte. After a short time spent as charge 
d'affaires at Paris, he was appointed British Ambassador at Madrid, 
where he was at the time of the " Spanish Marriages." Many of his 
various diplomatic activities are recorded in his Life of Palmerston. 
He was a man of keen discernment but of variable temper. He was 
one of the first public men to note the rare tact and diplomatic skill 
of the Prince of Wales, afterwards King Edward VII. 



1838] QUESTIONS OF ALLIANCE 23 

it's invidious to the others, and is always repeating 
the same Cuckoo song." 

Tuesday, 18th September. Lord Melbourne said, 
" I asked Palmerston if the King had spoken to him 
about his own affairs," and Lord P. said he had not, 
but that Van de Weyer had told him (Ld. P.) that 
he meant to do so, as he (the K.) thought it would 
appear odd if he didn't do so. Lord M. said he 
fancied Uncle was a little angry with Lord Palmer- 
ston ; and " The King of the French is a good deal 
nettled at Palmerston " ; Lord M. said Uncle told 
him that the Alliance with England wasn't very much 
liked in France, as they got nothing by it, and as 
we wouldn't let them take anything. " They say," 
continued Lord M., " ' Austria has got a good deal, 
Prussia has got all along the Rhine, and Russia has 
got Poland, but we've got nothing.' " That conse- 
quently an Alliance with Russia would be very much 
liked. Lord M. thinks that even when France and 
England were so much opposed to each other, the 
French and English never hated each other. 

Dressed in my Windsor uniform, and cap, like 
last year, and at a J to 2 I mounted Leopold, and 
rode to the ground with Uncle en grande tenue, Lord 
Hill, the Duke of Wellington, Lord Portman, Lady 
Portman, Col. Fremantle, Capt. Hill (Aide-de-Camp 
to Lord Hill), Sir William Lumley, 1 Sir G. Quentin, 
all in uniform, Col. Cavendish and his son, the 
Page of Honour preceding us, and Lord Palmer- 
ston and Lord Cowper not in uniform, and Lord 
Falkland and Lord Torrington in the Windsor 
uniform, with an Escort. The others went in 

1 Gen. Sir William Lumley, G.C.B., son of the 4th Earl of Scar- 
borough. He had been A.D.C. to the Duke of Wellington during the 
Peninsular War. 



24 A PRETTY REVIEW DET.IG 

carriages, as follows : First carriage : Aunt Louise, 
Mamma, Mme. d'Hogvorst, Lady Mary ; 2nd, Lady 
Cowper, Lady Forbes, Miss Paget, and Lady Gar- 
diner ; 3rd, Lehzen, Miss Anson, and Lord Melbourne ; 
4th, Van de Weyer, Aerschot. We received the 
Salute, and then cantered up to the Lines, when 
Leopold (I can't think why) went such a pace that I 
thought he was running away, but he went beautifully 
down the Lines and between the ranks, the drums 
beating and bands playing in his face ; but when I 
cantered back to the Standard he played me the 
same trick, and I could hardly stop him ; but he 
amply made up afterwards by standing like a lamb, 
throughout the Review, in which there was a good 
deal of firing. It was a very pretty Review, and 
the Troops did admirably ; the Duke of Wellington 
said that it was as pretty a one as he had ever 
seen ; I was stationed between Uncle and Lord Hill, 
the Duke being next Lord Hill. I expressed my 
satisfaction with the Troops to Sir James Hope 1 
after the Review ; and I rode up to the carriage in 
which Aunt Louise, &c., were, and the one in which 
Lady Cowper, &c., were, and to the one in which 
Daisy and my good Lord Melbourne were. We rode 
back to the Castle at a J p. 4 ; put on my usual 
habit, and all the other gentlemen took off their 
uniforms, and at a J to 5 I rode out with Uncle, 
Aunt, Mamma (who didn't ride the whole way), Lord 
Melbourne, the Duke of Wellington, Lord Cowper, 
Lord Palmerston, Lord and Lady Portman, Lord 
Torrington, Lady Forbes, Col. Cavendish, and the 
Page of Honour, and came home at J p. 6. I 

1 Sir James Archibald Hope (1785-1871), had been Assistant 
Adjutant-General in the Peninsula. From 1814 to 1839 he was 
Lieut. -Colonel in the 3rd Foot Guards (now Scots Guards). 



1838] THE FRENCH IN ALGIERS 25 

rode Tartar, who went delightfully ; it was a very 
pleasant though short ride. I rode the whole time 
between Uncle and Lord Melbourne. Spoke to Lord 
Melbourne of Leopold's running away a little bit, 
which he said he thought he observed ; of Mamma's 
horse going so slowly, and Lord M. said, " We came 
a pretty good pace " ; of my wishing to have a 
monkey, which Lord M. has a great horror of. I 
forgot to say that Lord M. showed me in the morning 
a letter from Lady Holland from Paris, who com- 
plains of his being " stubbornly silent." I told 
Lord Melbourne that Uncle had been somewhat 
surprised at the Duke of Wellington's having spoken, 
after dinner, against the French having Algiers * ; 
Lord M. said, " The King is favourable to that ; 
we dislike it very much here ; and the Duke does 
particularly." I said Uncle said that the French 
must have a place to fight in, and go to. Lord M. 
said, " There is something in that." Spoke of Uncle's 
having said that the Life Guards and Household 
Troops ought to be stronger ; Lord M. replied, " It 
would be as well," but that the expense would be 
so great ; the King wants them to be 600 strong, 
whereas they are only 300. The Empire is so great, 
Lord M. said, that the Army must be spread all 
over the World ; the whole Army altogether don't 
exceed 90,000 men, he told me. There are 15,000 
men in Canada, and 15 or 16,000 in Ireland, which, 
as Lord M. says, isn't too much. 

Wednesday -, I9th September. Lord M. spoke of the 

1 The African expedition of the French had been successful, and 
Constantino was captured, the Due de Nemours being present. In the 
French Chamber, however, there was much difference of opinion upon 
the policy pursued by the French Ministers. The occupation of Algiers 
was not popular in France. 
II 3* 



26 LORD PORTMAN'S WEALTH t*x.i9 

people's great civility to me now, whereas they were 
rude to the King and put on their hats when they 
saw him, particularly in Buckinghamshire, " which 
used to annoy the King very much " ; " but there 
was nothing to be done for it." 

Thursday, 20th September. Lord M. said that 
Uncle was so much surprised to hear of Lord Port- 
man's great riches, but Lord M. thinks they must 
have exaggerated it in saying he had 100,000 a 
year ; Lord M. said all his riches consist in 
property in London ; Portman and Bryanston 
Squares belong to him ; his grandfather, Lord M. 
told me, was very asthmatic and bought a Farm in 
Portman Square, then considered the Country, in 
order to live out of London, and thus originated his 
great wealth. 

Friday, 21st September. Spoke of eating and 
drinking, and dessert being unwholesome ; as one 
eats it without real appetite ; " and I am of that 
opinion," said Lord Melbourne ; that he believed 
what one ate after dinner, and the few glasses of wine 
one drank, hurt one, and that if one was to get up 
before that it would be much better. " That's why 
I should like to get up with the ladies," said Lord 
Melbourne ; " but it never has been the practice 
here." I said it was a very bad habit that of the 
gentlemen sitting in that way after dinner. He 
remembers, in the country, in the houses of fox- 
hunters, sitting till 11 or 12, and " coming in and 
finding all the women yawning." " I can't bear it," 
said Lord M., " though I did like it too, formerly. I 
believe the ladies like it ; they like to have a little time 
to arrange their hair, and to talk." I said I didn't. 
He continued, " Of course the men were very much 
elevated by wine ; but it tended to increase the 



1838] CONCERNING CHURCH-GOING 27 

gaiety of society, it produced diversity." " In 
every party," said Lord M., " there were generally 
10 or 12 in that state." Lord M. said he never 
saw any body eat and drink so much as George IV. ; 
in 1798 it was beyond everything ; and his spirits 
and love of fun beyond everything, too. Of doing 
business. " All depends on the urgency of a thing," 
said Lord M. " If a thing is very urgent, you can 
always find time for it; but if a thing can be put 
off, why then you put it off." 

Saturday, 22nd September. Spoke for some time 
of church-going ; and Lord Melbourne said he never 
used to go, after he left Eton ; " My Father and 
Mother never went," he said. " People didn't use 
to go so much formerly ; it wasn't the fashion ; 
but it is a right thing to do." He said Uncle, last 
year, wanted me to go twice, but Lord M. assured 
him (as it is) that that was unnecessary. George III., 
Lord M. believes, never went twice, though a strict 
man ; and wasn't at all for all those Puritanical 
notions ; and he's the person, Lord M. said, to look 
to in all these matters. Lord M. said it wasn't 
well to puzzle myself with controversies, but read 
the simple truths ; the Psalms he thinks very difficult 
to understand, and he thinks very probably not 
rightly translated. 

Sunday, 23rd September. We spoke of the Duke 
of York, and when he died. " We didn't think he 
was dying," said Lord M., " he always thought he 
would outlive the King ; for I know he told to people 
whom I know, what he intended to do." Lord M. said 
if he had become King, he never would have consented 
to the Catholic Emancipation, he would have sacri- 
ficed anything sooner than have done it. I observed 
George IV. disliked it, which Lord M. said he cer- 



28 THE SPANIARDS AND SLAVERY DET.IO 

tainly did, but he did it. " He was a much cleverer 
man," said Lord M., " and saw the necessity of 
giving way." 

Monday, 24<th September. Spoke of the Spaniards 
still carrying on the Slave Traffic under their own 
Flag ; though we have a Treaty with them ; Lord M. 
said, " We can prevent that, for we have the mutual 
right of search " ; and he added also, " by the article 
of equipment," which means, he said, if a Vessel 
is found which can instantly be recognised as a 
Slaver by its peculiar equipments, bolts to fasten 
the Chains to, we can seize it. Lord M. said, Bux- 
ton's l notion of our taking country along the coast, 
and establishing Ports in order to prevent the Traffic, 
would never do, for, he said, if we told the French 
they mightn't conquer about Algiers, we couldn't 
say that, "if we are taking the Coast ourselves." 
Speaking of Mr. Buxton, Lord Melbourne said, 
" He certainly is a clever man and a rational man " ; 
and a great follower and friend of Wilberforce's ; 
Lord M. said he heard Wilberforce's Life was very 
entertaining ; spoke of their (his two sons) having 
published things about people which they oughtn't 
to have done ; Lord M. told me the letter of his 
they had published was in answer to one Wilber- 
force had written to him about Queen Caroline ; 
" They shouldn't have published that letter," said 
Lord M., " for it was quite confidential." He was a 
very little man, Lord M. said, " with a pretty 
expression, benevolent." " He had a beautiful 
voice," said Lord M., " very melodious ; he sang 
very well ; but he gave that up ; he didn't think 

1 Thomas Fowell Buxton (1786-1845), co-operated with Wilber- 
force in his exertions to abolish slavery. He was created a baronet 
in 1840. He married Hannah, daughter of John Gurney of Earlham. 



1838] RECOLLECTIONS OF GEORGE IV. 29 

that right ; he sang Psalms, but he used to sing 
after supper." Lord M. told me (what he had 
already done when we looked at some pictures in 
the morning) that he wore his hair long, as all boys 
then did, till he was 17 ; (how handsome he must 
have looked) ; but that " it was always dirty " ; 
a boy, he said, can't comb his long hair as a girl can, 
and that it got matted, so that no comb would go 
through ; he only cut it just before he left Eton. 
I asked him if his hair was always so dark. He said, 
" It was about the colour of Your Majesty's hair, I 
should say, when I was a child." He thinks mine 
so much darker than it was, which it certainly is. 
Spoke of Uncle Leopold, whom he still thinks hand- 
some ; " he has a fine expression," he said ; and 
Uncle Ernest he also admires ; he likes Uncle 
Leo's low voice, and thinks it very agreeable. 

Lord M. never saw Knighton. Spoke of George IV. 
with Lord M. for a long time ; it is so interesting 
to talk with Lord M. on all subjects, and he knew 
George IV. so well, that it's peculiarly curious. He 
said George IV. seemed to be a Whig before he came 
to the Throne, but that " he did it from opposition 
and not from principle." " His principles all along 
were the contrary," Lord M. added some time 
afterwards. Lord M. did not see much of him latterly ; 
Lord M. came into office for the first time in 1827, 
and entered Parliament in 1806. The Duchess of 
Devonshire and all those Whigs " were the leading 
people of fashion," said Lord M., " and he (Prince 
of Wales) naturally fell into all that." George IV.'s 
income as Prince of Wales, Lord M. said, was settled 
in 1783 at 50,000 a year, and he got into debt, and 
came to have his debts paid in '87. He had to pay 
his Establishment out of it ; but, Lord M. said, an 



30 LADY HOLLAND'S LETTER urr.i9 

Establishment then didn't cost near so much as it 
does now. Lord M. said, " The Prince of Wales is 
born Duke of Cornwall ; he isn't made, but is born 
so," and the revenue is his. " It vests in the 
Sovereign now," he continued, " as there is no 
Prince of Wales." George III. educated George IV. 
out of this. Lord M. continued, that he thinks 
George III. might have managed George IV. better, 
for that the latter was very much afraid of his 
Father, and yet very fond of him. 

Tuesday, 25th September. Lord M. then gave me 
a most amusing letter from Lady Holland to read, 
which made us both laugh very much. She is ill, 
and unable to go out, and in a great state. She 
writes to Lord Melbourne : " Please write a line to 
say you pity me." The 4 last words are repeated 
twice. Her account of Mole, too, is amusing ; he 
was handsome, she said, and now he is " under jawed 
and ugly." She likewise says Lord Coke l (Lord 
Leicester's son) is at Paris, with a French Tutor, 
to learn French, recommended by Guizot, but who 
is so taciturn that he never speaks at all, and so she 
says the boy has little chance of learning French. 
I told Lord M. that in returning from the Review, 
I said jokingly to Uncle, " It's a pity I cannot wear 
a Uniform," and he replied that I must be a Prince 
to do that, and added quite seriously, "It's a great 
pity you are not a Prince." This made Lord Mel- 
bourne laugh much, and he said, " You didn't like 
that ? " I replied, " I said I thought so too." 
Spoke to Lord Melbourne of his being at Eton, which 
he liked pretty well, but home much better ; of 
his being fagged, but never a regular fag. I asked 
him if the boys ill-treated him much. " Not much," 

1 Thomas William, afterwards second Earl of Leicester (1822-1909). 



1838] SPANISH AND PORTUGUESE AFFAIRS 31 

he replied ; " they beat me sometimes, but that was 
to be expected." He didn't like fighting much, 
particularly with big boys. " I never stood to be 
licked." " I remember going out to fight with a 
boy once," he continued, " and after the first round I 
gave it up ; he was a tall boy and had much longer 
arms and pounded me amazingly ; and I saw I 
never could beat him ; I stood and reflected a little, 
and thought to myself, and then gave it up ; I thought 
that one of the most prudent acts, but I was reckoned 
very dastardly for it." This showed already his 
good sense, and gentle temper. Spoke of there never 
being quite 500 boys at Eton ; of Harrow, where 
Lord Palmerston was. Stayed up till 20 m. p. 11. 

Wednesday, 26th September. Of Spain, affairs 
looking so very ill there. Lord M. said Lord Palmer- 
ston is still sanguine, and attributes most of the bad 
success of the Spanish Government to France ; for 
that the Queen Regent does not wish to have an 
Exaltado Government for fear of displeasing Louis 
Philippe. " But I'm afraid," said Lord Palmerston, 
" that neither Exaltado or Moderado have any 
talent " ; and he added what a bad thing it was for 
the country to have a succession of Governments, 
one weaker than the other. Spoke of the length of 
time that this unhappy state of affairs has been 
going on ; Ferdinand died in '33, and the Quadruple 
Treaty * was concluded in '34 ; spoke of the mis- 
fortune of Don Carlos's having escaped from here, 

1 The Quadruple Alliance of 1834 was signed by England, France, 
Spain, and Portugal. It confirmed Dona Maria on the throne of 
Portugal, which she had gained by the aid of English troops in oppo- 
sition to her usurping Uncle Miguel. This treaty was Palmerston's 
answer to that of Munchengratz, by which Russia, Prussia, and Austria 
had agreed to support one another against the liberalizing tendencies 
resulting from the revolutions of 1830. 



32 THE FRENCH STAGE c*x. 19 

which nobody thought he would have had the 
courage and determination to do. " Nothing so bad," 
said Lord M., " as overrating the weakness of an 
enemy." Spoke of Louis Philippe's fear of Spain. 
Lord M. said he couldn't bear to take an active 
part in the affairs there, "as he considers it always 
to have been the grave of French Armies, as 
it has been"; and then he fears any revolution 
taking place there, as that would affect him. . . . 
Spoke of the impious and dreadful things the French 
now introduced upon the stage, whereas formerly, 
Lord M. said, they never killed any body on the 
stage, and accused us of doing so ; and Lord M. 
said, he believed that in none of Racine's or Corneille's 
Tragedies, anybody was ever killed on the stage. 
Spoke of these French Tragedies which Lord Mel- 
bourne admires very much ; and though he says that 
Corneille had the most power, I'm glad he agrees with 
me in admiring Racine the most, and he said " that 
for beauty of feeling and taste " he thought there 
was nothing like Racine ; he mentioned Phedre and 
Athalie as his finest ; spoke of Voltaire's Zaire and 
Semiramis ; he said that Voltaire copied a good 
deal from the English, " like a great Master he infused 
the same spirit," without taking the same words. 
Zaire was very like Othello, and Semiramis very 
like Hamlet, he said ; he admired the acting of these 
Tragedies, and Mme. Duchenois' l acting as very fine, 
though herself so ugly. 

Thursday, 27th September. He told me he had 
got a letter from the Duke of Wellington (Lord 
Melbourne had written to the Duke to ask him for 
the Will of George IV.) ; who said he had got the 
Will in London, and that if it was immediately 

1 Catherine Josephine Duchenois (1777-1835), a French actress. 



1838] MADAME DE STAEL 33 

wanted he would go up to Town for it, if not, he 
would send it when he next went to Town, to the 
Lord Chancellor. He also said in the letter that the 
King of Hanover had written to the Duke of Cam- 
bridge asking him several questions about these 
Jewels, 1 and that the Duke of Cambridge asked his 
(the Duke of Wellington's) advice as to what he was 
to do ; the Duke of Wellington said he should not 
answer or meddle with it, as this was an affair which 
ought only to go through Ministers. Then Lord 
Melbourne gave me a Medal (of myself) which the 
City Remembrancer sent to me (and of which we 
looked at a silver one last night), and I observed it 
was very like ; " It's a fine head," said Lord M., 
" the nose cut up, which gives a good deal of 
finesse to the look," which made me laugh. Spoke 
of the Duchesse de Broglie, who, Lord M. said, spoke 
English like any English person, and was very 
pretty. He knew her Mother, Mme. de Stae'l, very 
well, when she was here in '14 ; she was very ugly, 
he said ; though she had fine eyes ; she had a 
great deal of folly and showing off, but still, Lord 
M. said, " She was a very superior woman." Napo- 
leon couldn't bear her, nor she him, he said ; and 
Lord M. told me the famous anecdote ; when she 
was making a long discourse to Napoleon, he abruptly 
said, "Est-ce que vous nourrissez vos enfants?" 

1 The King of Hanover claimed the Crown Jewels which had been 
left under the will of Queen Charlotte to the eldest living representative 
of the House of Hanover. The matter was inquired into by a Com- 
mission presided over by Lord Lyndhurst, the other members being 
Lord Langdale and Chief Justice Tindal. Lords Lyndhurst and Lang- 
dale differed in opinion, and the Chief Justice died before the award 
was made. It was not until 1857 nearly twenty years later that 
a decision was given, under which the greater part of the jewels claimed 
were handed over to the King of Hanover. 



34 MADAME DE STAEL'S WORKS DET. 19 

Then, Lord Melbourne said, she had been great friends 
with Talleyrand, and then broke with him, and he 
told me the following funny anecdote, which is said 
to have given rise to the Quarrel. Mme. de Stael 
and Talleyrand and Mme. de Souza (Flahaut's 
Mother) were all in a boat together, and Mme. de 
Stael said it would be the proof of love to save a 
person in danger ; and she asked which of the two 
he (T.) would save ; he said to her, " Madame, vous, 
qui savez tout, savez nager." 

Friday, 28th September. Spoke of Pozzo's speak- 
ing such odd, and not always quite intelligible, 
French ; of Lord Melbourne's disliking to speak it, 
which he told me last night, and again this morning, 
he did ; he said last night, when one spoke in 
language one wasn't master of, " one feels quite 
in prison and in chains." I asked Lord Melbourne 
if he admired Mme. de Stael' s works ; he said he did, 
and that her conversation was very agreeable and 
clever ; Schlegel he saw here with her, but he won't 
allow that Schlegel gave her the most of the fine 
notions in her books, with the exception of a book 
upon Germany, which he says Schlegel did help 
her in. Corinne he admires. Talleyrand said 
of Mme. de Stael, Lord M. told me, " Elle est in- 
supportable ; elle n'a que ce defaut-la." She was 
not tall, he said, had fine, full arms which she was 
fond of showing, fine eyes, a large and ugly mouth and 
nose, a square face, and not an agreeable expression. 

Spoke of Pozzo ; " He can't bear to be contra- 
dicted," said Lord Melbourne ; and that " you must 
listen to him, and then just put in what you have 
to say," saying, There's a good deal in that, 
but you must admit so and so. Spoke of Lady 
Holland ; " She has no religion, but she has every 



1838] RELIGION AND DEATH 35 

sort of superstition," said Lord M. I asked if she 
disbelieved in religion ; he said she did. How un- 
happy must this be in the end, for a person, " in 
the hour of death and in the day of judgment," 
when reliance on an all-powerful God and an all- 
merciful Redeemer is such a balm, and such a conso- 
lation ! Lord M. spoke of the gallant behaviour of 
a girl called Grace Darling, the daughter of a man 
who takes care of a light-house on the Northumber- 
land coast; a steamer was lately blown up there, 
and a number of people perished and this girl went 
out in a boat by herself and saved nine people. 1 
Spoke of the book Lady Holland had sent him, which 
led us to speak of her fear of dying, which Lord 
Melbourne said was so very great, and haunted her 
night and day, though she had no apprehension as 
to what was to become of her hereafter. I said 
I thought people who didn't believe in religion 
had always more fear of death. " They generally 
have," Lord M. replied. Lord M. don't think there 
is such a total disregard of religion in France as 
there is said to be ; though he thinks France is the 
country in which there is the greatest disregard for 
religion ; I said I thought England was the one in 
which there was the most feeling for it, in which 
Lord M. agreed ; he don't like, he said, those wild 
notions which have sprung up lately in some parts 
of Germany ; "I like what is tranquil and stable," 
he added. 

1 Grace Darling was twenty-three years old, the daughter of the 
lighthouse keeper on the Fame Islands. In point of fact the girl 
was not alone in the boat, but helped her father to row it. She was 
granted a gold medal and 50 by the Treasury ; but a sum of 750 
was raised for her. In return she was obliged to cut off nearly all 
her hair, as tokens of remembrance, for her admirers. She died of 
consumption in 1842. 



36 COMMUNICATION WITH THE POPE C*T.IO 

Saturday, 29th September. Lord M. told me he 
had seen Esterhazy, who was rather anxious about 
this Belgian business, and Lord M. said it was rather 
awkward to have to return and to be unable to state 
any progress to his Court. Said Lord Palmerston 
had complained of receiving no answer from the 
Belgians ; and that Van de Weyer had told him 
Uncle rather wished the Confederation to take 
possession by force of Luxembourg (which they would 
be obliged to do) and which Lord P. said he doubted 
Uncle could wish ; Lord M. doubted it also, but said 
Uncle might possibly wish to prove to the Belgians 
how impossible it was for him to prevent it, and thus 
get out of it. Lord M. told me Lord Clifford l had 
been with him a long time, so long that he thought 
he never would go. He wants us, Lord M. said, to 
establish a communication with the Pope, and to 
settle with him about sending Priests to India, for 
that all the Catholics there were in the hands of the 
Portuguese Priests, 2 who were very depraved and 
taught everything that was bad ; he wants us to 
repeal the Law, which renders it criminal to have 
any thing to do with the Pope, and have an Ambas- 
sador at Rome, which Lord M. thinks he would like 
to be himself ; Lord M. said it certainly was a great 
inconvenience to be unable to have any communi- 
cation with the Pope, who was still a great man in 
Europe ; (there has been no communication since 
James II.'s time). 3 " And it would be a very good 

1 Hugh Charles, seventh Lord Clifford of Chudleigh (1790-1858), 
a supporter of Lord Melbourne's Government. A Roman Catholic, 
he ultimately resided almost entirely in Italy. 

2 From Goa. 

3 In James II.'s time Roger Palmer, Earl of Castlemaine, husband 
of Barbara Palmer, was sent on a mission to reconcile England to the 
Vatican. On this he was subsequently indicted, and was one of the 



1838] DRAWINGS AND PRINTS 37 

thing to repeal that law, but it wouldn't do to try 
in this country " ; that the feeling was still so great. 

I then, with Lord Melbourne, looked over a book 
of very fine old original Drawings (of which I told 
him before we began to look, some weren't quite 
eligible and were tacked together) ; he admired them 
much ; one, he said, represented ^neas with the 
Sibyl ; which I remembered reading in Virgil ; and 
I asked Lord M. if he didn't think Virgil very hard ; 
he said the hardest author there was, which is a 
consolation. We then looked at some very fine old 
prints, portraits, heads, amongst which was Car- 
dinal Borromeo's ; he is preserved at Milan and seen 
through a Crystal Tomb ; and Lord M. said Lord 
Dudley wrote once from Milan : " I've this morning 
seen Cardinal Borromeo, and Rogers, both in an 
equal state of Preservation." Lord M. said George III. 
bought all these Drawings for 25,000 Crowns ; they 
belonged to Cardinal Albani's Collection ; and 
George IV. spent 40,000 in prints. 

Sunday, 30th September. Lord M. spoke of some 
of the Eton boys ; of Mr. Anson, 1 whom he likes 
very much ; of the late Duke of Norfolk's having 
taken into his head once, the strange fancy of giving 
a dinner to all the descendants of the Jockey (I 
think) Duke of Norfolk, 2 in Richard's time ; and he 

victims of Titus Gates. He defended himself with spirit, and was 
acquitted. Towards the end of the nineteenth century, the Govern- 
ment of Mr. Gladstone sent Sir George Errington, M.P., on a mission 
to Pope Leo XIII. 

1 George Anson, son of the Very Rev. Frederick Anson, sometime 
Dean of Chester. At this time he was Private Secretary to Lord 
Melbourne, and afterwards to Prince Albert. 

2 Sir John Howard (1430-85), a close adherent of the house of York, 
who was killed at the Battle of Bosworthwith his master Richard III., 
who had created him Duke of Norfolk in 1483. He was famous for 

II 4 



38 SCHOLARSHIP AT ETON t*r.i9 

went on till he found 6,000 ! ! and then he thought 
it was time to stop ! 

Sunday, 2nd October. Spoke of Lady Lyttelton, 
who Lord M. said wasn't very young when she married, 
about 23. I said I thought 23 quite young enough to 
marry ; " So do I," said Lord M., " but girls begin 
to be nervous when they are past 19," and think 
they'll never marry if " they are turned 20." We 
spoke of Eton, the different forms. Lord M. said, 
" I was a deuced good scholar when I entered the 
5th form ; but I went a very bad one into the 
sixth." Spoke of the Masters, and its being such 
dreadful work to have to look over 60 or 70 exercises ; 
said nothing the Masters used to dislike so much as 
when the boys used to come with an exercise of 
perhaps 50 or 60 Iambics, to look over ; " My tutor 
used to complain of that," said Lord M. " He said, 
* Why do you bring me this so late at night ? ' " 
He spoke of a very odd boy of the name of Harry 
Drury, who was at school with him, and who, in 
order to plague his Master, used to pick out all the 
oddest and most " cramped words " from Cicero, 
and put them into his exercises, and then puzzle 
his Master, who asked, c What authority have 
you for this ? ' ' Cicero,' he answered then." 
Lord M. said, " I never felt so lowered as when I 
came back (home) and had no power " ; for, Lord 
M. said, that a head boy has immense power ; a 
look of his is like the law to another boy, who would 
never think of disobeying ; and many tyrannize 
amazingly, he said. Spoke of the different ways of 
fagging, though he never was, or had, any par- 
ticular regular fag. There were 24 boys generally 

the large number of high offices which he held, and was known as the 
Jockey of Norfolk. 



1838] CONCERNING FLOWERS AND FARMING 39 

in the Upper School, he said. His brother Frederick 
went to Eton when he was about eight, and so did 
his brother George. . . . 

Wednesday, 3rd October. Lord M. said that if 
the Head of all didn't like or care for a thing, it 
couldn't thrive ; George IV. and King William neither 
cared for flowers ; Lord M. said if the Queen Dowager 
didn't care for flowers, it was useless expense keeping 
them up. " That's why I think," he added, " people 
should never have what they don't like." Spoke of 
the Farms ; George III.'s liking them ; old George 
Villiers * having managed them for him ; of George IV. 
having let them, which was very inconvenient ; 
of its being impossible to keep up Game without 
corn fields, or without feeding them, of pigs, which 
I thought ugly, which he didn't, and he said they 
were not so dirty as they were supposed to be. 

Thursday, Ath October. Spoke of the Queen 
Dowager's having embarked ; of my having got a 
letter from Feodore in the morning, who complained 
of headaches, and Lord M. said funnily, " When those 
people get back and among their children, they 
don't dress, and nothing's so bad for a woman." 
He said Esterhazy told him that the late King of 
Naples 2 was a coward, and he told him, to prove it, 
that he went out shooting one day, and a wild boar 
came out after him, and he climbed up a tree and 
said, " Non e paura ma antipatia naturale." Now 
Lord M. don't think which is true that this is a 
proof of cowardice. . . . 

1 George Bussy Villiers, fourth Earl of Jersey and seventh Vis- 
count Grandison (1735-1805), known as " The Prince of Macaronies." 
He held various court appointments, culminating in those of Lord of 
the Bedchamber and Master of the Horse to George IV., when Prince 
of Wales. 

2 Francis I., " King of the Two Sicilies," 1825-30, 



40 THE ROYAL GEORGES [*x. 19 

Friday, 5th October. Lord M. said Brougham 
had written an answer in The Edinburgh Review to 
Taylor's pamphlet (as we both predicted) maintaining 
his ground and attacking George IV. very violently. 
Lord M. has only seen the extract of it in the papers. 
George IV. hated Brougham, he said, and he hated 
George IV. The latter disliked very much his 
(B.'s) having the Silk Gown, Lord M. said, which 
however he did get, in Canning's administration ; 
Taylor said that Queen Charlotte never intrigued, 
upon which Brougham answered, " George III. 
wouldn't have allowed it and would have treated 
her as George I. did his wife " ; of which, Lord M. 
said, there is an account in Walpole ; but Brougham 
is wrong, Lord M. said, in saying George I. murdered 
her. We both agreed, however, that George I. and 
George III. were very different characters. Said I 
thought George I. was rather a weak man. " Clever- 
ish man," replied Lord Melbourne. " George I. was 
brought to this country by one party, and he had 
difficult cards to play." Spoke of Prince Doria's 
marrying Lady Mary Talbot l ; of his having been 
advised to come over and marry her, and that I 
thought such marriages seldom succeeded. Lord M. 
said, " It's not what happens before the marriage ; 
but what happens after it, that is of consequence. 
They say," he continued, " that the happiest mar- 
riages are those where the woman's taken by force." 

Spoke of my having read in Walpole about 
George II. 's death ; of his fondness for Sir Robert, 
of his hunting in Richmond Park, and then dining 

1 Lady Mary Alathea Beatrix Talbot, daughter of the seventeenth 
Earl of Shrewsbury, married Philip Andrew, Prince Doria Pamphilj 
Landi, an$ was raised to the rank of a Princess by the King of 
Bavaria, 



1838] SCOTTISH UNIVERSITIES 41 

with Sir Robert at the Lodge ; of his always talking 
in Latin with Sir Robert. Lord Melbourne said 
when he (Ld. M.) was at Glasgow, they always were 
examined, questioned, and lectured, in Latin ; and 
" we answered in Latin." He went to Glasgow 
immediately after he left Cambridge. Asked him 
if it was his own wish or if he was sent there. Lord 
M. replied, " It was a good deal my own wish, but 
it was very much promoted by the Duke of Bedford 
and Lord Lauderdale, who were great friends of 
ours ; Francis, Duke of Bedford." Lord Melbourne 
said there is " more study " there ; " less mathe- 
matics and more politics." Lord M. said there were 
" very few gentlemen " there, then, but much fewer 
still now, as the Universities were very much gone 
off now, and were then famous for the people at the 
head of them, who were of the greatest eminence. 
Lord Palmerston, Lord Lansdowne, Lord John 
Russell, and Dugald Stuart, were all at Edinburgh, 
he said. Lord Kinnaird was at Glasgow. 

Lord Melbourne looked at a picture of Queen 
Charlotte which was put up in the drawing-room 
on trial, and said she was very plain and small, 
" Well made and a good figure, though she had had 
many children ; and very civil ; a good manner." 
Lady Lyttelton asked leave to put on spectacles 
for working ; and Lord M. said, her asking leave 
showed she understood etiquette, for he said formerly 
nobody was allowed to come to Court in spectacles, 
or use glasses ; that Mr. Burke, when he was first 
presented at Court, was told he must take off his 
spectacles ; and that Lord M. said he remembered 
as long as anything, that no one (man) was 
allowed to wear gloves at Court. 1 I praised Lady 

1 These customs have never been abandoned, and still obtain. 
IT 4* 



42 THE LYTTELTON FAMILY [*T. 19 

Lyttelton and said she was such a nice person ; 
in which Lord M. quite agreed ; Lord M. said he 
knew her before her marriage, which took place in 
1810, he thinks ; (she came out he thinks in 1804, 
the same year as his sister did, and they are just 
the same age), but he didn't know her, he said, 
" before I married." Spoke of her feeling Lord 
Lyttelton's death much, of Lord Lyttelton's being 
younger than Lord Melbourne, which I should never 
have believed ; "he was a good man, but an odd 
man " ; Lord M. said it was an old and distinguished 
name ; that there had been one distinguished for 
his great piety and another for great profligacy, who 
was called " the wicked Lord Lyttelton," l and who, 
Lord M. thinks, was great-uncle to the late Lord. 
The pious one " wrote the Life of Henry II., a very 
good book, and he also wrote some tracts ; his son 
was very different and went quite the other way, 
and made the country stand on ends by what he 
did." Spoke of the present Lord being a nice young 
man." 2 

Saturday, 6th October. Told Lord M. that Lehzen 

1 Thomas, 2nd Baron Lyttelton (1744-79), known as "the 
wicked Lord Lyttelton," succeeded his father George, who, after 
holding the office of Chancellor of the Exchequer, was made a peer 
in 1737. The first Lord was the author of several books, including 
A Monody to the Memory of a Lady lately Deceased, Dialogues of the 
Dead, and a Life of Henry II., which was reviewed by Gibbon. His 
wicked son was the author of two novels, and is one of the persons 
to whom the Letters of Junius are attributed. 

2 George William, fourth Lord Lyttelton, a brilliant scholar. He 
married a daughter of Sir Stephen Glynne, a sister of Mrs. Gladstone. 
His mother (see ante, Vol. I., p. 208) was Lady Superintendent to the 
Queen's children, and a writer of delightful letters which were 
privately printed by her grand-daughter Lady Frederick Cavendish. 
The fourth Lord Lyttelton was chiefly known to fame as the father 
of a family of sons remarkably distinguished in the domain of 
cricket, and subsequently in the graver service of the nation. 



1838] QUESTIONS OF ROYAL MARRIAGE 43 

and I had been disputing about the right the Sove- 
reign had here, of preventing any of the Royal Family 
marrying after they were of age, and that they must 
all ask his or her leave ; Lehzen maintained that 
she had seen in Blackstone that after they were of 
age they might marry any Prince or Princess not a 
subject without the Sovereign's leave. 1 Lord M. 
said he was almost certain they could not, " but one 
can never be quite sure," and that we had best ask 
the Chancellor about it ; and he believes the Princess 
Charlotte could not have married Uncle if she was 
of age, without her Father's permission. The Prince 
or Princess wishing to marry give notice to the Privy 
Council of their intention, and if it isn't objected to 
for a year, it may take place. Spoke of Charles I.'s 
intended marriage to the Infanta of Spain, which 
Lord M. said " was extremely distasteful to the 
nation," as they wished a Protestant Princess, 
and this marriage was broken off by the Duke of 
Buckingham, who quarrelled with Cardinal Olivarez, 
and they offended the Spanish Court amazingly ; 
Buckingham then took Charles I. back by Paris, 
where he formed the match with Henrietta Maria, 
" which was not half so much " disliked as the other, 
though, Lord Melbourne said, the Country always 

1 By the Royal Marriage Act, 1772, no descendant of George II. 
(other than the issue of Princesses married into foreign families) 
can marry without the Sovereign's consent, signified under the Great 
Seal and declared in Council. A marriage without that consent is 
void, and certain penalties attach to persons present or assisting at it, 
But any such descendant, if over twenty-five, may, after one year's 
notice to the Privy Council, marry without the Sovereign's consent, 
unless both Houses of Parliament shall, before the year is out, express 
disapproval of the proposed marriage. Two points are noticeable 
here : 1st, no distinction is drawn between a marriage with a subject 
and one with a person of royal blood ; 2ndly, a marriage in defiance 
of the Act is void, not merely " morganatic." See Vol. L, p. 390. 



44 WALPOLE AND QUEEN CAROLINE [*r.i9 

suspected Charles when he asked for money to defend 
the Elector Palatine, that he would use it in France 
against the Protestants ; they urged him, Lord M. 
said, to assist the Elector Palatine, and then would 
give him no money ; " they always suspected him 
of having a leaning for the Roman Catholic Religion, 
and I suppose he had," continued Lord M. James I., 
Lord M. said, was far too proud to think of " marrying 
his son to a little German Princess," and there were 
hardly any Protestant Kings then ; and he wished 
a great match. Spoke of Catherine of Braganza, 
" who was a quiet inoffensive woman " ; Anne Hyde, 
he said, became Roman Catholic when she married 
James II. 

Lord M. said, " Have you read much in Guizot ? " 
Replied I had not, and wanted first to finish Walpole. 
" I'm afraid that Walpole's a dull book." l I agreed 
it was very ill written ; said the account of Queen 
Caroline (George II.'s wife) was very curious. " And 
I believe that's very true," he said. Spoke of her 
great cleverness, rigidness, learnedness ; of no person 
succeeding who tried to gain favour with the King 
by paying court to other people than the Queen. 

Saw Lord Lansdowne. At J p. 2 I held a Council 
at which were present the Lord Chancellor, Lord 
Melbourne, Lord Lansdowne, Lord Palmerston, Lord 
John Russell, Lord Glenelg, and Sir John Hobhouse. 
Lord Melbourne told me after the Council that Mr. 
Rice was not coming. Lord Melbourne talked a good 
deal with me about many things. He said Lord 
Lansdowne had come 70 miles, Lord John 40, and 
Sir J. Hobhouse 80, this morning. 

Lord Melbourne sent me a very nice, prettily 

1 Memoirs of the Last Ten Years of the Reign of George II., by 
Horace Walpole. 



1838] CONCERNING MARRIAGE 45 

and cleverly written little letter from Wilhelmine 
Stanhope 1 to read; written from Cadenabbia, Lago 
di Como, and giving an excellent account of Sir 
Frederic 2 who was staying with them. They never 
went into Milan ! ! At 8 we dined. I sat between 
the Lord Chancellor and Lord Melbourne. I asked 
the Chancellor if any one of the Royal Family, when 
of age, could marry any body without my leave ? 
He replied, " Certainly not" I turned to Lord Mel- 
bourne and told him he was quite right. Spoke of 
its being rather severe. I said fortunately there 
was no law which gave the Sovereign the power to 
make any of them marry by force ; Lord M. said there 
was no such power ; though people often forced their 
daughters to marry, by their influence ; and he 
knew many girls would obey, if their Parents told 
them it was for their best, and for their happiness. 
Said I liked best to judge for oneself in such 
matters. Spoke of something I had been reading in 
Walpole ; spoke of sleep, and the Chancellor said he 
scarcely ever got 5 hours 9 sleep, and yet was quite 
well ; 3 o'clock was a very early hour to go to bed 
for him ! After dinner I sat on the sofa part of the 
evening with Lady Lyttelton ; and with Princess 
Augusta for the last 20 minutes ; Lord Melbourne 
sitting near me the whole evening, and the Lord 
Chancellor, Lord Lansdowne, Lord Palmerston, some 
of the ladies, being seated round the table. 

1 See Vol. L, p. 188. 

2 Lamb. Afterwards Lord Beauvale. 



INTRODUCTORY NOTE TO CHAPTER XII 

IN the month of October Lord Melbourne's prescience divined 
the early fall of his Administration. The portents were fairly 
obvious. A weakening Parliamentary majority and internal 
dissensions, coupled with the obvious murmurs of Chartist dis- 
quiet at home and the failure of the Government to give con- 
sistent support to a great public servant in Canada, pointed 
unerringly to political change. Lord Melbourne warned the 
Queen to hold herself prepared. She was naturally alarmed. 
To this young girl of nineteen, charged with such high and 
onerous concerns, it seemed a terrible thing that the statesman 
to whom she looked up "as a father " should be torn from her 
side, and that she should find herself surrounded by new faces 
and listening to strange voices. The clouds, however, blew over 
for a while. 

During the closing months of the year, after the gaieties of 
the Coronation had become a memory, the Queen was engrossed 
with the troubles of her Uncle Leopold in Belgium and of her 
cousins in Portugal. The tiresome controversy as to the pos- 
session of Luxembourg was revived, and the civil war in Spain 
spread unrest throughout the whole of the southern Peninsula. 
The education, however, of the Queen, at the hands of Lord Mel- 
bourne, progressed rapidly. In spite of the fact that, as these 
Journals reveal, her Minister saw the Queen daily, his letters on 
public business became fuller and more careful in detail. Her 
replies acquired more strength and clearness. She began to 
realise more and more the duties of her position, and its serious- 
ness. 

Meanwhile the death of Lady John Russell had touched the 
Queen with pity for a Minister whom she had hitherto regarded 
with admiration, but with no special degree of affection. This 
was now changed. Not only was the Queen suddenly made 
aware of the political danger likely to accrue, should Lord John 
Russell's sensibility and grief lead him to retire from active 
politics, but she was moved by his human sorrow, by its simple 
expression in letters to herself, and by the emotion stirred in the 
susceptible heart of Lord Melbourne, who seemed to share to 
the full the grief of his colleague. For a while it was thought 
that Lord John's resignation was inevitable. Though " dread- 
fully shaken," he faced the future, and continued unshrinkingly 
to fulfil his duties. Thus another peril to Lord Melbourne's 
Administration, and to the Queen's peace of mind, was tem- 
porarily averted. 

46 



CHAPTER XII 

1838 

Sunday, 7th October. " We've had a long sit of 
it," Lord Melbourne said to me. And he said they 
had agreed that Sir J. Hobhouse should write to 
Lord Auckland, that no expedition should be sent 
into Persia (which they hope and are almost certain 
Lord Auckland has not done), but to strengthen and 
protect our Indian Possession on the side of Afghanis- 
tan and Cabul ; and that Lord Palmerston should 
write a Despatch to Pozzo strongly remonstrating 
with Russia ; Lord M. said these were the principal 
points of the conversation ; and that they were " all 
for strong measures." Asked him if Lord John or 
he (Ld. M.) should sit next to me at dinner ; and he 
said, " Oh ! Lord John ! " which I was very sorry 
for, though Lord John is an agreeable man. Said it 
surprised people (foreigners) that the Prime Minister 
should not take precedence ; Lord M. said that many 
Prime Ministers had had no rank at all; Pitt, he 
said, was only the Hon. William Pitt. 1 

Monday, Sth October. Spoke of the Duchess of 
Sutherland, who he thought looking well. Went to 
look at the Duchess of Sutherland's two children 
asleep, who looked like two cherubs. We were 
seated much like the night before ; the Duchess of 

1 The office of Prime Minister was given high precedence by King 
Edward VII. The holder takes rank after the Archbishop of York and 
before Dukes (other than Royal). See ante, Vol. I., p. 299. 

47 



48 BELGIAN AFFAIRS [*x. 19 

Sutherland on the sofa, and Lord Melbourne near 
me the whole evening ; and some of the other 
Ministers, round the table. Spoke to Lord Mel- 
bourne about the Duchess's dear children ; of 
children's sleep being so deep that you might hold 
a candle to their face and it wouldn't wake them, 
which I said no grown-up person could bear ; Lord 
Melbourne said a tired labourer would, and that 
formerly they might have done almost anything 
of the kind to him. Said I thought he didn't 
like children, which he wouldn't allow, and he said, 
"I like to speak to them in my own way; not if 
children are brought in to be paid attention to ; 
that's a great bore." 

Tuesday, 9th October. Lord P. told Lord Mel- 
bourne that these Belgians had come with a Pro- 
position to settle the Syndicate first, and to leave 
the other negotiation to a future time ; " which is 
a proposition for delay " ; and Lord M. continued 
that Uncle had written to Van de Weyer stating 
how much they had suffered since the separation, 
upon which Lord M. observed with great truth, that 
if they had suffered so much since then, why then 
they had better never have separated? 

Spoke to him of Villiers' making excuses in his 
letter to Lord Palmerston for staying so long at 
Paris ; of Louis Philippe having told Villiers, Upon 
no account would he ever marry any of his sons to 
the little Queen of Spain, not that he despised the 
Crown of Spain, far from it, but that he knew the 
jealousy it would excite ; at the same time he said 
he never would permit an Austrian Prince to marry 
her, but wished that Don Francisco's eldest son 

1 This alludes to the separation of Belgium and Holland. See 
Vol. L, p. 387. 



1838] CHARLES FOX'S LOVE AFFAIRS 49 

should, to which Villiers said there were great 
difficulties. Lord M. thought they couldn't marry 
her till 16. He continued, " I think that was 
a very nice letter of the Princess's this morning " ; 
and he observed he hoped she would write more, 
and that it would be a very good thing if she would 
give me some account of the feeling in Germany. 
Prussia was very inimical, he said, and Austria 
was the only really friendly one. Bavaria and 
Wurtemberg were quite on the French side during 
Napoleon's time. Spoke of Lady Ashley ; its being 
so difficult to get a match just as one likes ; of 
Frederick Robinson's love of Lady Ashley; "It's 
the violent feeling of a boy, which often wears 
off ; but which kills others," he said. He then 
told me a story of C. Fox's * to prove the violence 
of feeling. Charles Fox, he said, " was engaged 
to marry Lady Erroll and was excessively in love 
with her " ; well, he went abroad (to Malta, I 
think), and one day somebody said, " Oh ! I see " 
(by the papers) " one of the Fitzclarences is married." 
He felt his heart coming to his mouth, and he said, 
" Which is it ? " " Oh ! I'm sure I don't remember," 
said the man. " Is it Sophy ? " * No." " Is it 
Mary?" "No." So at last he gulped out, "Is 
it Eliza ? " " Yes, it's Eliza, she is married to 
Lord Erroll." And he fell down to the ground as 
if he had been shot. They had told him nothing of 
it. He afterwards came home and married Mary. 
Wednesday, Wth October. Shewed Lord M. a very 
pretty letter which I had got from Ferdinand in the 
morning, giving an account of George Cambridge's 

1 General Charles Richard Fox, Receiver-General of the Duchy 
of Lancaster. Married Lady Mary Fitzclarence. 

* Sophia Lady De L'Isle. See ante, Vol. I., p. 99. 



50 WALPOLE AND PULTENEY [*T.I 

visit to Lisbon, but his incognito was so strict (quite 
absurdly so) that it was with great difficulty they 
persuaded him to dine with them. " It's a lively 
letter," Lord Melbourne said. Spoke of George 
travelling under the name of Earl of Culloden (Baron, 
not Earl, I see by the Peerage) ; which led us to 
speak for some time of all the Titles borne by 
Members of the Royal Family ; York, Clarence, 
and the Earl of Cambridge, are old royal titles ; but 
the Earldoms of Sussex and Cumberland were never 
borne by any of the Royal Family ; the last Earl of 
Sussex, Lord M. thinks, was a great favourite of 
Queen Elizabeth's ; spoke of Henry VII.'s descend- 
ants, &c. ; and of how confused all those des- 
cendants of my Ancestors are ; Lord M. said it was 
all very well explained by Hallam ; spoke of Walpole, 
his quarrels with Pulteney, who Lord Melbourne 
said was afterwards Lord Bath, and a very rich man ; 
Sir Richard Sutton, he said, now possesses his estate. 
Lord M. said it was a most extraordinary thing, that 
after driving Walpole from the Ministry, Pulteney 
would accept no office. " He was a worthless man," 
Lord M. said. Said I thought Walpole occasionally 
gave way to low feelings of revenge and party ; Lord 
M. said, " He was a good man and a kind-hearted 
man, but his fault was that of lowering the country, 
and pursuing rather a low policy, of every man having 
his price." Speaking of learning, and Latin, Lord 
M. asked me if the Dean ever made me do Latin 
Exercises, which I said he did, but no Latin Verses, 
which I protested against. Made Lord M. laugh by 
an account of the Dean's horror at my false quanti- 
ties ; and spoke of the anecdote of Lord North's 
awaking on hearing Burke say Vectigal, and solemnly 
saying Vectlgal and going to sleep again ; said I 




pf- (^xnvui^LcLa^ 



1838] SCHOLARSHIP: REVENUE 51 

began with Eutropius, then with Caesar's Commen- 
taries, which Lord M. said are very hard, and too 
hard for a beginner ; then read part of Virgil, 
also hard, part of Ovid, which he says is very fine 
but very hard, and part of Horace. Said I thought 
I had benefited but little by what I had learnt, 
for that I could not construe any quotation ; but 
Lord M. said, " Oh ! yes you have " (benefited). 
" You know that there are such books and such 
authors, and what they are about," which is very 
true. Before this we spoke of pronunciation ; Lord 
M. says Room and Goold, for Rome and Gold ; I 
pronounce it in the latter way ; asked him if it was 
right to spell Despatches with an i or an e ; he said 
he spelt it Despatches, though that was quite modern 
and came from Depeches ; asked him about how to 
place who and whom, which I said puzzled me. 

Thursday, llth October. The revenue of this year 
exceeds that of last year. Mr. Baring writes that 
Mr. Rice formed two calculations ; the least san- 
guine is considerably exceeded, and he thinks that 
by next April it will probably come up to his most 
sanguine expectations ; the Excise seems to have 
greatly increased, but Mr. Baring says, that comes 
from its being collected from several quarters ; 
" That often happens," said Lord M., " that that 
swells one quarter when it has been collected later." 
The great deficiency is in corn ; Lord M. said it is 
an ascending and descending scale, in proportion 
as the price rises the duty falls, until the price rises 
to 70s. and it is brought in for Is., and it has been 
that ; Lord M. said it is now about 10s. 6d. He then 
explained to me that the corn is brought in without 
duty, but then bonded, and the duty paid when 
taken out. Spoke of Pitt's dislike for music being 



52 WILBERFORCE: LADY ASHLEY [*r.i9 

mentioned in Wilberforce's Life ; Lord M. said he 
believed that much dislike for music arose from want 
of attention to it ; " I'm sure that's the case with 
me " ; said I thought music was a talent and a gift; 
he said, "It is often in a person, and can be awak- 
ened." Asked if he ever drew ; he replied, never, 
though always fond of pictures and understands 
them ; " That again can be taught," he said. He 
agrees with me that there is too much of Wilberforce's 
own meditations in his life ; spoke of W.'s dislike 
or rather, as Lord M. said, pity, for Fox, whom he 
considered a fallen person ; speaking of W., Lord 
M. said, " There evidently was a great struggle in 
him ; the Devil had a good tussle with him." Spoke 
of one of Lady Ashley's dear boys (the 2 eldest 
are here) having fallen on the Slopes and cut his 
nose ; " blundering fellow," said Lord M. ; "I think 
a boy should always be licked when he falls, or puts 
himself in danger," which made us laugh. Spoke of 
Lady Ashley's knowing Windsor well ; and Lord 
M. said he thought it was in the winter of '28 that 
they were here, and not in '29, when George IV. 
was already very ill ; " It was the year of the 
Catholic Emancipation, and he was very sulky and 
saw nobody ; when he was annoyed about anything, 
he used to go to bed. Lord M. didn't see him after 
the year '28. 

Friday, I2th October. Spoke of this book about 
the South Seas, by Williams, 1 which Lord Ashley 
said was very curious and which Lord M. means to 
run through. Lord Ashley then spoke of a book by 

1 John Williams (1796-1839), known as " the Martyr of Erromanga," 
at which place he was killed by the natives among whom he had 
worked for over twenty years as a missionary. In 1838 he published 
A Narrative of Missionary Enterprise in the South Sea Islands. 



LIGHTING AND WARMING EXPENSES 5$ 

a Captain or Mr. Yates, 1 about the New Zealanders ; 
said they were such a fine people, with one single 
exception they eat men ; Lord Ashley says, " When 
they have a certain number of daughters, as many 
as they want, they eat the rest." 

Saturday, 13th October. Spoke of the bad weather 
the Duchess of Sutherland would have for her jour- 
ney ; of its being so expensive to get good fires in 
France ; they only burn wood ; Lord M. said he 
heard that people who had a small fire in a small 
grate, could do with 2 chaldrons of coals a whole year ; 
at Paris it would cost you, with wood, 2 a week. 
Told him Murray was stingy and wouldn't have fires 
in the Corridor in the morning, which Lord M. 
thought wrong, and said all Scotchmen were rather 
economical ; but " it's a good thing to have economy 
in the Department." Lord M. said the expense of 
fires in this Castle must be very great, for that there 
must be " several 100 fires " ; lighting and warming 
are the great expenses. Said it oughtn't to be more 
than in the late King's time ; for he lived almost 
always at Windsor, and that when I lived in London, 
nothing need be kept up here ; but Lord M. said 
that when the King did come to Town, he had very 
little lighting. 

Spoke of the dulness of the great dinners at 
St. James's and their awkwardness before dinner ; 
told him Aunt Louise told me how dull they 
were at Brussels ; after dinner she and all the 
women sitting, and the King and all the men stand- 
ing ; which Lord M. said was a great convenience 
to Uncle, but must tire some of the old men a good 
deal. " The Queen of the Belgians," Lord M. said, 

1 Account of New Zealand and of the Church Missionary Society's 
Mission to the Northern Island by Rev. William Yatee, 1836. 
n 5 



54 STUART LOOKS [*r.i9 

" doesn't seem to me to be like a French person, shy, 
and rather more of an English character." Showed 
Lord M. two small miniatures I have of George III. 
and Queen Charlotte, in bracelets ; spoke of their 
children being handsome ; said the Princess of Wales 
(George III.'s Mother) I believed had been good- 
looking ; he said James I. and his Wife, from 
whom we all come, had been very ugly ; Charles I., 
a fine head ; Charles II., very ugly ; James II. 
not so, when young ; "Queen Mary " (his daughter) 
" was the most beautiful woman in Europe," Lord 
M. said. Queen Anne, plain and large, but he 
observed having " repeated children." Her Mother, 
Anne Hyde, of whom he has a picture at Mel- 
bourne, was ill-looking ; he has also a picture 
of the Duke of Gloucester, Charles I.'s son. Lord 
Ashley said he had been to see Sir J. Wyattville, 
who showed him a remonstrance from Queen Eliza- 
beth's Maids of Honour, which had been found 
amongst some old papers ; which showed the un- 
couthness of those times ; they lived all in one room, 
which was separated from the gentlemen by a par- 
tition which didn't reach to the Ceiling, and they 
begged it might be made to reach the Ceiling, as 
the gentlemen climbed up and looked over the 
other side. This made us all laugh very much, 
particularly Lord M., who said, " It was very right 
feeling of the Maids of Honour." 

Sunday, I4>th October. Spoke of Lord Ashley's 
strictness ; Lord M. said, he told him the other 
day that nothing would ever make him fight a Duel ; 
he (Ld. A.) was very much bullied by a man who said 
he would post him for refusing to fight ; upon which 
Lord Ashley said, " You need not give yourself the 
trouble, I will do so myself, I've no objection to let 



1838] UNITARIAN DOCTRINES 55 

the world know I'll never fight a Duel." At the 
same time Lord Ashley says, " I must take great care 
not to give offence, as I refuse to give satisfaction." 
Lord M. said to him, " But what would you do now, 
if you were betrayed into a passion ? " " Why, 
make an apology " ; and Lord M. said, " That's the 
best way and the right way." Spoke of Wilberforce's 
piety being quite sincere ; and Lord M. said, " It 
was of a very mild character " ; that his greatest 
friend, William Smith, was a Unitarian whom he 
pitied but loved ; Lord M. said, " It is very difficult 
to be a Unitarian according to the Scriptures " ; 
for, Lord M. said, they deny " the atonement of 
Christ " ; with respect " to the nature of Christ," 
Lord M. said, "there may be a question, but how 
they do without the atonement I don't know." He 
said, they say the New Testament was added and 
didn't belong to the Bible ; this, Lord M. said, is a 
very dangerous doctrine. Spoke of Evans' book on 
the Sects, 1 which Lord M. said " is a very clever little 
book." Lord M. said the Wesleyan Methodists 
were the most numerous Sect now ; that they 
differed but little from the Established Church, but 
were followers of Arminius and believed more in 
works, whereas the Calvinists do in faith alone ; 
the latter, I said, was highly dangerous, for then 
some might say that, as they had faith, it did not 
signify how wicked they were ; Lord M. said " that's 
antinomianism " ; that the Calvinists didn't go so far, 
but said if there was true faith there could be no 
wicked works ; I said one could get oneself quite 
puzzled by thinking too much about these matters, 

1 A Sketch of the Denominations of the Christian World, by Dr. 
John Evans, a Baptist minister. The book had reached its fifteenth 
edition by the time of the author's death in 1827. 



56 WORK AND FLOGGING AT ETON tex.iS 

and that I thought it wrong to do so ; Lord M. 
quite agreed with me, and said, " It is best to 
believe what is in the Scriptures without considering 
what Christ's nature was, for that isn't comprehen- 
sible ; the Trinity isn't comprehensible." This is 
all just as / feel ; I know I have written at great 
length, more perhaps than I ought, but the con- 
versation was such an interesting one, and Lord 
M.'s feeling so right, just, and enlightened, that I felt 
I couldn't do otherwise. 

Of Uncle's letter ; Edward II. was the first Prince 
of Wales, Lord M. said ; born at Carnarvon ; Henry 
5th was born at Monmouth, he said. " A very 
clever man," he said Edward was, " but very ruth- 
less." The Black Prince he thinks the mildest 
of these ; Edward III. very cruel and ruthless ; 
Henry IV. and Henry V., he said, were very religious, 
" but Henry V. became very much elevated with 
success." Spoke of when Henry VI. was born. 
Lord Conyngham spoke of his boy being too much 
worked at Eton. Lord M. said if there was too 
much work, the only way was not to do it ; 
but he owned they were flogged for it ; he was 
sometimes flogged at Eton, he told me, and that it 
had always an amazing effect on him ; his Private 
Tutor used to flog him, and he said, " I don't think 
he flogged me enough, it would have been better if 
he had flogged me more." He said he was a very 
assiduous master, and that he (Ld. M.) should have 
learnt more if he hadn't always been trying to get 
away ; he said, " I liked it " (being there) " very 
much when my Father and Mother were in London," 
which he said they often were ; but when they 
were only 3 miles off, he was always wishing to be 
at home ; he was there 3 years ; his eldest brother 



1838] PALEY AND HIS WORKS 57 

had also been there. Said, flogging was so degrading ; 
he said that never was thought so by the boys ; 
I observed they didn't like it. "Didn't like the 
pain of it," he replied. Sir J. Herschel 1 sat near 
Lord Melbourne who talked to him a good deal, 
which / did not profit by, as much as I ought, for 
I was stupid. Lord M. said to me, " He's mon- 
strously frightened," which he seemed to be ; for 
Lord M. had great difficulty in persuading him to 
sit still ; he guessed his age 40. Lord M. spoke 
to Sir J. Herschel about new discoveries, and he 
(Ld. M.) said, " I don't mind your discovering stars, 
if you don't discover men." Asked Lord M. if he 
admired Paley's works, " Not very much," he said ; 
said, I had read his Natural Theology and his Moral 
Philosophy, which Lord M. said are considered rather 
loose in point of religion. Lord M. continued that 
when Dr. Barrington, Bishop of Durham, gave him a 
Living, he said to him, " I don't give you this for 
your Natural Theology and your Moral Philosophy, 
but for your Christian Evidences and for your Horce 
Paulince." Lord M. agreed with me that his Ana- 
tomical descriptions in the Natural Theology were 
very disagreeable. His Moral Philosophy I liked 
better, but, as Lord M. truly observes, he puts every 
thing in such a Philosophical light as to create 
doubts ; " You ought to do what's right, because 
it's right," said Lord M., and Paley puts the reasons 
against, and the reasons why, you should do it, and 
Lord M. says, if people see a doubt raised, they become 
disinclined to do what is right. Lord M. said, 
6 The Rooks are my delight," watching them out 
of his window, and hearing their cawing ; there are 
numbers of them here, and he was quite surprised 

1 He had discovered 77 Argus in the previous year. 
II 5* 



58 GEORGE IV. AND QUEEN CAROLINE DET.IO 

at my disliking them. He also likes the large Clock 
in the court here, to me so melancholy, which puts 
him in mind of the Eton clock. 

Tuesday, 16th October. Lord Melbourne told me 
he had been reading a long article by Mr. Macaulay 
about Sir William Temple ; "a very good article," 
he said, in The Edinburgh Review. Spoke of the 
article in it Brougham has written in answer to Sir 
H. Taylor's remark, and of which Lord M. has only 
read the extracts. George IV., Lord M. said, " was 
very fond of his father, and monstrously afraid of 
him." Spoke of a letter which Lord M. said George IV. 
wrote to Queen Caroline, when he separated from her, 
in which he said, " Love and affection weren't in 
their power," but that he hoped civility would remain 
between them ; and that there was no tie left be- 
tween them. This he sent her by Lord Cholmondeley. 
Spoke of George III.'s blindness ; my fear for my 
eyes * ; George III. had no private Secretary till he 
grew blind, and Lord M. mentioned an instance of 
how much he used to write. 

Wednesday, 17th October. Spoke of Mr. Pitt's 
sister, Lady Eliot,' who died and who Wilberforce 
mentions ; one of his (Pitt's) sisters s was Lord 
Stanhope's Mother, Lord M. said, and he says Lord 
Stanhope certainly speaks very like Pitt. " His 
manner, his voice, and the form of his sentences are 
the same, but with this difference between them : 

1 The Queen had no cause to fear. She retained her powers of 
vision far beyond the normal period. 

* Lady Harriet Pitt married Edward James Eliot, M.P., son of 
the first Lord Eliot. 

8 Lady Hester Pitt married Charles, third Earl Stanhope, and died 
before his succession to the peerage, but there was no son by this 
marriage. The fourth Earl Stanhope's mother was the only daughter 
of the Hon. Henry Grenville, Governor of Barbadoes. 



1838] DISLIKE OF BRIGHTON 59 

when Mr. Pitt spoke, no one breathed, or thought 
when it would end, whereas you can't listen to 
Lord Stanhope for two sentences without being 
tired to death ; that's the difference between them," 
said Lord M. 

Friday, 19th October. Said, I feared I teased him 
often so much by asking him so many questions, and 
often I feared very indiscreet ones. " Oh ! never," 
he replied most kindly, and continued in such a 
warm affectionate manner, " You must ask ques- 
tions, it's your right, and it's my duty to answer you ; 
pray don't ever think that ; any thing but that." 
I said he was too kind, for that I feared I was so 
young and often inconsiderate. I said I was very 
sorry he went ; " I'm very sorry, too," he replied, 
and that I should miss him very much in my rides. 
Spoke of my dislike to go to Brighton ; and he 
said, " I wouldn't go if I didn't like it." Said, as 
I had a Palace there I thought it was necessary I 
should go ; he said not at all, for that it was only a 
fancy of George IV.'s to go there, nobody ever went 
there before. Said I thought it would vex the 
people if I didn't. 1 

Monday, 22nd October. Asked Lord M. if any- 
thing had been done about changes in Government, 
or if it had been talked about. " Talked a good deal 
about it," Lord M. said, " and a good many for it." 
Sir John Newport 2 is better, but wishes to resign. 
" If Lord Glenelg could be made to accept that 
place, he would be safe," Lord M. said ; but of 
course that would lead to other changes ; he says 

1 The Pavilion was sold to the town of Brighton in 1849. 

8 Sir John Newport (1756-1843). An Irish banker. Chancellor 
of the Irish Exchequer, 1806, and Comptroller of the Exchequer in 1834. 
He was a man of considerable ability, and a typical Whig placeman. 



60 POSSIBLE OFFICIAL CHANGES c*r. 19 

Lord G. is not active enough ; and that his present 
affliction makes him still more dilatory. But how 
to replace him ; make Rice l a Peer and put him 
there, Lord M. replied ; but then there's a difficulty 
to replace Rice ; Mr. Baring is certainly fit for it, 
Lord M. said. Asked if Lord Glenelg would accept 
the place ; Lord M. don't know, but rather doubts 
it ; it's sure for life, he said, and G. is very poor ; 
his father, C. Grant, 2 Lord M. said, might have 
made at the utmost 50,000 or 60,000, and that, if 
divided, would soon vanish with an election or two. 
" Then there's another project," said Lord Mel- 
bourne, " which some people are for, and which is 
very much instigated by Normanby, which is to 
send the Duke of Sussex to Ireland, but it would 
be extremely dangerous." 3 

Thursday, 25th October. Received a letter from 
Lord Melbourne, which is too long to copy here, 
therefore I shall only transcribe the beginning and 
end : " Lord Melbourne presents his humble duty 
to Your Majesty and begs to acquaint Your Majesty 
that Lord John Russell did not come to Town 
yesterday, but that he will come up to-day and 
remain until to-morrow. This will prevent Lord 
Melbourne from returning to the Castle till to- 

1 See ante, Vol. L, p. 199. 

2 Charles Grant (1746-1823), father of Lord Melbourne's much- 
abused Colonial Secretary. A clansman of Speyside, born on the day 
Culloden was fought, he spent the best years of his life, after the 
fashion of his family, in the Indian Civil Service. Later, as M.P. for 
the County of Inverness, he took a leading part in Indian debates, 
and was ultimately elected Chairman of the East India Company. He 
never acquired wealth, but he was rich in evangelical faith, and with 
Zachary Macaulay was a member of the Clapham sect. 

3 The project of sending a Royal Prince as Viceroy to Ireland has 
frequently been discussed, but Prime Ministers have hitherto taken 
Lord Melbourne's view. 



1838] TROUBLES APPROACHING 61 

morrow. Lord Melbourne has received another letter 
from Lord John strongly pressing as early a Meeting 
of Parliament as possible, but Lord Melbourne upon 
consultation with Lord Glenelg, Lord Palmerston, 
Mr. Rice, and Lord Duncannon, finds them all much 
opposed to the measure. If Lord John perseveres 
in his opinion it will be necessary to assemble the 
Cabinet without delay, but in that case Lord Mel- 
bourne does not think that the Majority or any con- 
siderable portion of the Members will be induced to 
concur with Lord John Russell." ..." I am afraid 
that times of some trouble are approaching 1 for 
which Your Majesty must hold yourself prepared ; 
but Your Majesty is too well acquainted with the 
nature of human affairs, not to be well aware that 
they cannot very long go on even as quietly as they 
have done for the last sixteen months." 

Friday, 26th October. After dinner we were 
seated as usual, Lord Melbourne sitting near 
me the whole evening. Showed him some litho- 
graphs, Aunt Louise sent me, of Soult, 2 Talley- 
rand, 3 Fitzjames, 4 Benjamin Constant. 5 Talked of 



1 One of the causes of disquiet was the Chartist Agitation, now 
beginning, which only finally came to a head and collapsed on April 10, 
1848. 

2 Marshal Soult, Duke of Dalmatia, had been the most popular figure 
at the Queen's Coronation a few months before. He was now 69, but hale 
and vigorous. He lived another thirteen years. See Vol. I., p. 309. 

3 Talleyrand had died in the preceding month of May, recon- 
ciled to the Church of which he had been a prelate, after a 
kaleidoscopic interlude of forty-seven years. At the age of eighty, 
only four years before his death, he had been the most conspicuous 
ornament of King William's Court, to which he was accredited Am- 
bassador by the son of Egalit6. 

4 The Due de Fitzjames married the sister of Mademoiselle Montijo, 
afterwards Empress of the French. 

6 Benjamin Constant had died in 1830, aged sixty-three. His 



62 LOUIS XIV.'S FAMILY [JET.IS 

Marie's l illness ; of the Orleans being strong till this 
generation ; Louis Philippe's Mother 2 was heiress to 
the Due de Penthievre, Lord M. said, and very rich ; 
talked of Louis XIV. being very strong, and so was 
his brother. The Regent Orleans was also very 
strong, but died from indulgence ; he married one of 
Louis XIV.'s natural daughters; Lord M. thought 
Mdlle. de Blois, 3 but was not quite sure. The Prince 
of Orange, father of our William III., wished to 
marry her, Lord M. said, but Louis XIV. wouldn't 
allow it, and William said, " Well, I've tried to 
have him as a friend, but as I can't do that, I 
must try what I can do with him as an enemy." 
The Duchess of Orleans was very proud, Lord M. 
said, and St. Simon used to call her " Madame 
Lucifer." 

Sunday, 28th October. Talked of poor Lady Ux- 
bridge 4 ; of perfumes; Lady Holland desires her 
Maltre d'Hotel to take away people's pocket-hand- 

psychological novel Adolphe, a new departure in introspective litera- 
ture, had earned for him some fame. His inexplicable attachment to 
Madame de Stael, and his more easily comprehended infatuation for 
Madame Recamier, obtained for him a greater notoriety. He, in com- 
pany with many other distinguished Frenchmen of that era, oscillated 
in his allegiance to political principle, and while his pamphleteering led 
him into many duels, he fought his last one, as a cripple, seated in a chair. 

1 Wife of Duke Alexander of Wiirtemberg. See ante, Vol. I., p. 78. 

2 Louise Marie Adelaide de Bourbon, daughter of the Due de Pen- 
thievre. He was descended from the Comte de Toulouse, natural 
son of Louis XIV. and Madame de Montespan. 

8 Mademoiselle de Blois was a sister of the Comte de Toulouse. 
Louis Philippe was thus doubly descended from Louis XIV. and 
Madame de Montespan. 

4 The second Lady Uxbridge was daughter of the Rt. Hon. Sir 
Charles Bagot, at one time Minister to the United States, afterwards 
Ambassador at St. Petersburg and eventually Governor-General of 
Canada. Lord Uxbridge's first wife (Eleanora, daughter of John 
Campbell of Shawfield) had died in July, 1838. 



1838] AFGHAN AND PERSIAN AFFAIRS 63 

kerchiefs when they have any scent upon them, 
and Lord M. said she had quite a quarrel with 
Lord Alvanley l about it, once, who wouldn't give 
up his. 

" Don't you feel uneasy at the movement of these 
two great armies ? ' he said ; I replied it was very 
serious, and asked him if he was ; he said not, but 
"It is a great crisis ; it is a stroke for the Mastery 
of Central Asia." 2 These armies, he said, are gone 
to Candahar and Cabool ; the danger, Lord M. said, 
is that it may convulse the Mahrattas behind. Talked 
of the siege of Herat being raised ; "If the Shah 
has raised the siege, then it'll all subside," he said ; 
that if this was the case, it was all owing to the brave 
and heroic defence of the Afghans ; and he quite 
agrees with McNeill that we ought to assist them 
and to stand by our friends ; Lord M. says Lord 
Auckland has done quite right in moving this army ; 
" It's in fact," he said, " revolutionising Cabool and 
Candahar " ; upsetting the present Chiefs, and put- 
ting on the Throne whoever we choose and whoever 
may be friendly to us. It may perhaps, if the siege 
of Herat is raised, be brought to an accommodation, 

1 William Pepper Arden, second Lord Alvanley (1789-1849). Pos- 
sessed, in a high degree, that least tangible of intellectual gifts, a 
fine wit. Sir Walter Scott found him the most entertaining of men. 
His powers were considerable, his achievements slight. 

2 Some years earlier Dost Mohammed, having usurped the throne 
of Afghanistan, drove the Ameer, Shah Sooja, into exile. Lord Auck- 
land, the Governor-General, sent Captain Burnes (who had been pre- 
sented to the Queen before her accession and had described to her many 
of his adventures : see Vol. I., p. 89) on a mission to Cabul. The Ameer 
received him civilly, but afterwards somewhat unceremoniously dis- 
missed him. Accordingly Lord Auckland decided on the restoration 
of Shah Sooja, and in the autumn of this year published a proclama- 
tion dethroning Dost Mohammed. A military expedition was forth- 
with sent across the frontier. See ante, p. 47. 



64 POCKET-MONEY AT ETON DET.W 

he says. The army Lord Auckland has put under 
arms consists of 25,000 men ; and Runjeet Singh, 1 
Lord M. said, on whom we depend, but who is old, 
has agreed to furnish 50,000 ; in all 75,000 men ; 
but Lord M. said an Indian army of 75,000 men is 
in fact one of 500,000 ; for that each person has 
such numbers of servants with them. Talked of 
boys who go to Eton getting money. Lord M. said 
he generally got 9 or 10 guineas after each Holidays, 
to go to Eton with ; " Besides that, my father told 
the old man at the Inn, Kendal, to give me ^ a 
Crown every Monday and every Thursday ; that's 
five shillings a week," Lord M. said, which he thought 
a very odd way of giving it, quite independent of 
the Tutor or any body. He generally spent it at 
the Pastry Cooks, and later too to Dog-fighters, 
rabbit-catchers, and boatmen. 

Monday, 29th October. Lady Lyttelton, who is 
a most agreeable amiable woman, talked to me a 
good deal of Lady Caroline Lamb, who was her 1st 
Cousin ; she had a very pretty slight figure, but 
very red hair, and her face a little en beau like Lady 
Mary Stopford. She was amazingly in love with 
Lord M., which, handsome and agreeable as he was, 
was no wonder, but acted the gentleman's part and 
told him of her passion ; he could not marry her 
as long as his eldest brother lived, but when he died 
he married her. 

Sunday, 4th November. At a J p. 4 I walked 

1 Ranjit Singh (1780-1839). "The Lion of the Punjab," strong- 
willed and energetic, uneducated but acute, he created for himself a 
kingdom out of incongruous elements, and maintained his authority 
unchallenged. He is said to have preferred the " Koh-i-noor " diamond 
to all his conquests. This was the penultimate year of his life. After 
his death in 1839, the Punjab was plunged for years into a state of 
anarchy, from which it was rescued by British annexation in 1849. 




BARONESS LEHZEN. 
From a sketch by the Queen before her accession. 



1838] SCHOOLBOY MORALITY 65 

out on the Terrace with Lord Melbourne and all 
the ladies except Lady Barham and Lehzen, and 
all the gentlemen, and came home at 5. It was 
a fine bright evening, and a good many people out. 
I walked between Lord Melbourne and Lord Surrey. 
Lord Melbourne came out in his Windsor uniform, 1 
which I told him I was delighted to see (all my 
gentlemen wear theirs when I go to Church and 
walk on the Terrace). 

Tuesday, 6th November. Talked to him of a re- 
port (which I fear is quite true) of 's boy, who is 

at Eton, having stolen some money ; ic It is better 
to treat it as a childish trick," he said ; " and I 
should speak seriously to the Boy." This is very 
true ; when he was there a boy stole a pair of 
buckles, and is now grown up, a very gentlemanly 
man, but it disgraced him for the time. Said, I 
heard this boy hadn't had enough money ; if a boy 
couldn't pay a Pastry Cook's bill any more, the boy 
kept away from the shop, Lord M. said, a very good 
thing, and was dunned whenever he came near it. 
Talked of boys telling lies whenever they had done 
wrong at school, which wasn't considered wrong, and 
which Lord M. said was the same thing as pleading 
not guilty at the Bar, which everyone would do. 
Lord M. talked to Alava 2 of a person of the name of 

1 This custom was continued for many years after the Queen 
married. See Vol. I., p. 351. 

2 Don Miguel de Alava (1770-1843). One of the many modern 
soldiers of distinction who, like Sir Evelyn Wood and Sir John French, 
began his career as a sea-officer. Alava was present at Trafalgar, in 
the Spanish flagship, but this did not hinder him from becoming 
A.D.C. to the Duke of Wellington in the Peninsula and serving on the 
Duke's staff at Waterloo. He was Spanish Ambassador in London 
in 1834. He was one of the few distinguished men during the tem- 
pestuous years of the Napoleonic era, who retired into exile from 
sheer weariness of taking new oaths of allegiance. 



66 THIEVING AT SCHOOL [*r.i9 

Montrond, 1 whom Louis Philippe gives money to, to 
gather news for him ; he is a man of bad character, 
Lord M. said ; was a great friend of Talleyrand's, 
and of Lady Holland's ; he has had several fits, and 
Lord M. said, " When he had one of these fits one 
day, and was grasping the ground, Talleyrand who 
stood by him said, * II veut absolument descendre.' " 

Wednesday, 7th November. We then talked about 

this affair of 's boy during the greater part of 

dinner time, Conyngham telling us what he heard 
from Slane about it ; how they bullied the little boy, 
knocking off his hat, kicking him, and calling him, 
" Thief who sharped 5," which he did from several 
boys. " They are like so many demons boys," 
said Lord M. " I should have taken the boy away." 

was sent for, but left the boy; the boy stole 

125. at a private school, and came with this reputa- 
tion to Eton ; Lord M. said it certainly was doing 
it "in a systematic way," stealing it from various 

boys ; two of poor 's boys did the same thing, 

and were obliged to be taken away, but weren't 
flogged ; Lord M. thinks he would have tried the 

effect of giving little a good flogging. He 

knows the boy, who is very clever and studious ; 
it's a great disgrace, he said, and would hurt his 
parents very much. " Bad thing to take him away 
too," said Lord M., " for they'd say, That boy was 
taken away from Eton for thieving." 

Thursday, 8th November. Talked of Alfred Paget 
and his sisters, who Lord M. thinks such complete 
Cadogans ; George he thinks the best-looking. 
Talked of George IV.'s liking Lord Anglesey, which 
Lord M. said he did, only that he was jealous of 

1 Proteg6 of Talleyrand, and notorious roue. He married the 
Duchesse de Fleury. He died in the odour of sanctity. 



1838] LORD AND LADY JOHN RUSSELL 67 

him ; of his figure, and used to say to the Tailor, 
" Why don't you make my coats fit like Paget's ? " 
which made us laugh, as the King might well think 
his own figure wasn't quite as slim as Lord Angle- 
sey's ; Lord M. said they all tried to vex him by 
having their things made better and tighter than 
his, particularly some "leathern clothes " (breeches) 
which people wore then, and which annoyed the 
King. Lord M. turned and looked at the picture of 
George IV. by Gainsborough in my room, and said, 
" I think that's like you," which it is ; told him I 
was reckoned very like him when I was little. 

Friday, 9th November. Asked Lord M. if he really 
thought Lord John meant to retire; Lord M. said, 
" I don't know ; that wouldn't at all do what he 
proposes." Lord M. says that with rather a diffi- 
cult task before him, meaning the Ballot, Lord John 
might be a little discouraged. " His wife l had 
influence with him," Lord M. continued ; " she was 
ambitious, she would have prevented his retiring ; 
she restrained his eagerness, being against any thing 
tending to radicalism in her heart ; it's a great break- 
up for him ; he was very happy and thought himself 
settled for life ; it loosens all that again." 

Thursday, 15th November. Lord M. looked at 
2 Annuals, talked of the Author of Junius never 
being known ; and Lord Holland told us a curious 
story of what happened in Spain to (he thinks) 
Philip IV. ; whenever he sat down to dinner he 
found a sheet of satirical verses about his Court, in 
his napkin, and this went on for several days ; he 
very angry, and nobody could discover who did it ; 
one day, a curtain fell down and another copy of 

1 The first Lady John Russell, widow of the second Lord Ribbles- 
dale. She had died on 1st November of this year. 



68 DUCHESS OF PORTSMOUTH i* T .i 

these verses appeared ; at last they appointed a 
commission to try and find it out, and for six weeks 
it ceased ; but then it began again, and it never 
had been discovered. Lord Holland also told some 
other curious mysterious anecdotes. Talked of the 
Duchess of Portsmouth, 1 whose pictures Lord Hol- 
land said were " very Dolly " ; she lived to be 
ninety or a hundred ; Lord Holland's grandfather saw 
her in 1729; and she believed Charles II. to have 
been poisoned ; Lord M. said he died of apoplexy. 
Talked of its being seldom that people were really 
poisoned ; Lord M. thinks that the Duchess of Orleans, 2 
Mme. Henriette, was poisoned in a glass of chicory 
water, for that she died immediately after taking it. 
Talked of Prussic Acid ; Lord M. said it won't kill if 
it's alloyed, but otherwise one drop is certain death. 

Friday, IQth November. Talked of Lord Holland ; 
of Lady Holland's talking of going to Bowood ; Lord 
M. said he thought she would move about " once 
she has got on her legs again." Formerly she 
wouldn't go in a carriage ; when she does travel, 
he says, she chooses her own horses, and her own 
boys whom she has taught to drive as she likes. 
Of the Duchess-Countess 3 and her complaining of 
her poverty, and that she hadn't more than 12,000 
a year of her own; that she had 32,000 a year in 
all, but was obliged to spend all but the 12,000 in 

1 Louise Rene de Qu^roualle, created by Charles II. Duchess of 
Portsmouth in England and by Louis XIV. Duchesse d'Aubigny in 
France. 

2 Henrietta, Duchess of Orleans (1644-70), daughter of Charles I. 
She married the only brother of Louis XIV. It was an unhappy 
marriage, and her sudden mysterious death at the age of twenty-six 
led her contemporaries to think that she had been poisoned by order 
of her husband. Bossuet preached her funeral sermon. 

3 I.e. of Sutherland. See ante, Vol. L, p. 68. 



1838] LORD MELBOURNE'S ANCESTORS 69 

Charities. Lord M. said he thought that was true. 
Talked of his elder brother's name having been 
Peniston, but they called him Pen ; it was also 
his father's name, but where the name originally 
came from he don't know. "All I know is," he 
said, " that in 1670 there was born at Southwell 
a fellow called Peniston Lamb, in very humble 
circumstances ; he went up to London, studied the 
law, and became a Conveyancer and an Agent, and 
made a very large fortune ; he died in 1734, and 
bequeathed his fortune to his nephews, Matthew 
Lamb and his brother Robert ; how they were his 
nephews and who their father was I haven't the 
least idea, nor have I ever been able to find out." 1 
Lord M. told this so naively and simply. " Matthew 
Lamb also studied the law," he continued, " and 
then he married Miss Coke of Melbourne, who was a 
great heiress ; he became Sir Matthew Lamb, and 
left a very large fortune to my father, who con- 
trived to get rid of it very speedily ; still he has left 
a good fortune ; my father was somehow connected 
with Lord Bute, and through the interest of Lord 
North and the Prince of Wales, he was made, first 
Baron, then Viscount Melbourne ; and in the year 
'15 he was made a Peer of England, also by the 
Prince of Wales ; that's the History of the thing." 
This of course interested me exceedingly ; and to 
hear it related by this great and excellent man, and 
in this unostentatious, delightful manner, rendered 
it still more so. He reverted again to his not know- 
ing who his grandfather's father was. The family 
of the Cokes, he said, was well known ; they were a 
very ancient and highly distinguished Family. His 
great-uncle, Robert Lamb, Bishop of Peterborough, 

1 See appendix to this volume. 
II 6 



70 THE HOWE FAMILY to. 19 

had no children ; Lord M.'s only relations on his 
father's side are the Binghams and Wombwells. 
Asked Lord M. who that old Mrs. Howe was, who 
I heard him mention ; he said she was sister to 
Lord Howe ; she had 3 brothers, one (whom I 
forget about), Lord Howe who so eminently dis- 
tinguished himself on the 1st of June, and William, 
afterwards Sir William Howe, who, Lord M. said, 
was not so distinguished ; " as brave as a Lion but 
no more of a Commander than a Pig," he said, 
laughing. That had always been said of him, Lord 
M. said. They were descended from Sophia Wal- 
moden, "Countess of Yarmouth," he said; "it was 
the last time that a title was given to such a 
person." Mrs. Howe married her cousin, and Lord 
M. said, was a very clever woman, though very 
rough, and more like a man than a woman always ; 
George III. and Queen Charlotte, Lord Melbourne 
said, treated her always like a relation. Talked of 
when Lord M. first knew Lord Holland ; at Eton, 
though Lord Holland is 6 years older than Lord 
M., and when Lord M. left Eton, Lord Holland 
asked him to Holland House. He formed this con- 
nection at Florence, Lord M. said ; Lady Holland 
was a Miss Vassall, 1 daughter of Mr. Vassall, a great 
Proprietor in Jamaica, married Sir Godfrey Webster 
when she was only 16 ; " she was very handsome, 
hated her husband, was a very ambitious woman, 
and thought it would be a very good thing to marry 
Mr. Fox's nephew." 

Talked of Mr. Harcourt 2 (Lady Elizabeth's hus- 
band), who, Lord M. said, was a very strange man, 
though a clever man. He was a Whig but is now an 

1 See Vol. I., p. 101. 

2 George Granville Harcourt. See ante, Vol. I., p. 132. 



1838] ARMY PURCHASE AND DISCIPLINE 71 

adherent of Stanley's. Lord M. said that when his 
brother Frederick was over here last, he went to 
Nuneham to see Elizabeth, and when he came back 
he said, " What a country this is," that there were 
only 3 people in the Family, but that there were 3 
parties : Elizabeth herself, a great Wellingtonian ; 
Lord Norreys, 1 a most violent ultra Tory ; and Har- 
court, a follower of Stanley's ; and all so violent that 
they would hardly speak to each other. 

Sunday, 18th November. Talked of Clark's boy 
wishing to have gone into the Navy, but that the 
risk was so great and the promotion so slow, as there 
is no buying as in the Army ; talked of the buying 
seeming to be a bad system, and Lord M. said quite 
unlike any other Army ; that there was no discipline 
and system like ours in the World, that it had " every 
possible defect and yet it certainly has produced 
one of the finest armies," which it certainly has. 
Speaking of the Army, Lord M. said, " It's a depart- 
ment of the Government I don't understand very 
well," which I won't allow, for there is hardly any 
thing he don't understand ; but he said he believed 
the Army to be on a much better principle than the 
Navy, that there was less favouritism in the Army ; 
he is quite alarmed, he says, at the numbers of Pagets 
and Russells there are in the Navy ; he thinks the 
Navy belongs more exclusively to the Aristocracy 
than the Army. " I always supported Lord Hill 
and Fitzroy Somerset 2 from the beginning of Lord 

1 See ante, Vol. L, p. 132. 

8 Lord Fitzroy Somerset (1788-1855), afterwards first Lord Raglan, 
was a son of the fifth Duke of Beaufort. An officer described by 
the critical historian of the Peninsular War as of gracious manners, 
discreet, and of sound judgment. Wounded in the arm at Waterloo. 
He asked the surgeon not to " carry away that arm " until he had 
taken off the ring given him by his wife. Courageous, high-minded , 



72 RELIGION AND CHURCH SERVICES UBT. 19 

Grey's Government," he said. Lord M. likes Lord 
Hill and thinks he managed well ; if there had been 
any other great commander to put in his place 
perhaps he wouldn't have hesitated removing him, 
he said ; but there is nobody, but people like 
Lord Anglesey, who never would do, and Lord 
William Bentinck, 1 " who is a worthy man as can 
be, but a wild-headed man." Talked of the fire at 
the Chapel, which I said gave him so much trouble ; 
of the stove, as he said, giving no warmth ; Lady 
Barham talked of how churches should and could 
be warmed, and Lord M. said, " Those very religious 
people always make everything very comfortable." 
And we talked for some time about the Sermon, 
church-going, our Liturgy, most cleverly and agree- 
ably. Lord M. said he remembers churches never 
being warmed, or people ever thinking about their 
being warmed or not ; Lord M. said there was for- 
merly more real feeling for religion, " less show " ; 
not " ostentatious." " You should be humble." 
Lord M. said, " I was thinking this morning how I 
should curtail it " (the Service) ; " I think I would 
have the Psalms and the concluding Prayer " ; 
not the Lessons, as they are detached ; the Com- 
mandments he would also have ; but he don't think 
it would be well to change it at all. He admires the 
Psalms very much, thinks them very fine, but that 

and with a noble and intrepid spirit that suffered but never quailed 
before hostile criticism. He bore the brunt of the Crimean struggle 
as Commander-in-Chief of the British Force, and died in harness 
before Sebastopol. "His loss," wrote the Prince Consort, "is irre- 
parable." 

1 Lord William Bentinck (1774-1839). This judgment of BemV'nck 
is curious, if compared with the eulogy of Macaulay engraved on the 
base of the Governor-General's statue at Calcutta, in which such ex- 
pressions occur as "wise, upright, paternal, simple, moderate, prudent, 
honest, and benevolent." 



1838] CABINET DISCUSSIONS 73 

there are some odd things in them, and he thinks 
some of the translations were imperfectly done, the 
language not being so well understood 200 years ago 
as now ; but he said, it would not do to attempt 
to translate them again. Talked of Mant's Bible, 
which I used to read, with Notes ; " I've got that 
book," he said, " it's a very good book," and done 
in a manner to avoid cavil ; it's done by Mant, 1 
Bishop of Down (I think), and Dr. D'Oyley, 2 Chap- 
lain to the Archbishop of Canterbury, who Lord M. 
knows. 

Begged him to be kind enough to let me hear 
from him what was going on ; and he turned to- 
wards me and said, " I'll take care you shall be in- 
formed of all ; one feels a little nervous meeting 
them all, what they may do " ; and I begged he 
would also let me hear what else of importance 
might be going on, and he promised he would, 
as I said I was always very curious, and heard very 
little when he was not here. " Oh ! it's right 
you should know," he said. Talked about what 
they would discuss in the Cabinet ; about the 
measures for next Session and the general aspect of 
Affairs, he said, not about changes in Government ; 
" You can't discuss those in the Cabinet," he said, 
as they concern the Cabinet itself too much. " I 
must talk to them separately about that." In 
reply to a question of mine about Lord John's 
absence, he said, Lord John's being away was an 
inconvenience, for that he had great influence, on 

1 Richard Mant, Bishop first of Killaloe, afterwards of Down, 
Connor, and Dromore, a voluminous writer of verse and theological 
essays. 

2 George D'Oyly, for many years Rector of Sundridge, Kent, and 
of Lambeth. He was treasurer of the S.P.C.K., for which the anno- 
tated Bible here referred to was prepared. 

II 6* 



74 LOUIS XVIII. AND CHARLES X. [JET.IQ 

account of his situation people looked to him ; there 
was a great deal in Situation, Lord M. said. 

Monday, 19th November. Talked of Lady Mary 
Fox, 1 who dislikes Lady Holland very much, Lord 
M. says, and vice versa. Lady Holland likes C. Fox, 1 
he says, but has quarrelled with him very much ; 
he has very much her temper and " spars in a 
moment." That she was particularly anxious to 
prevent Henry Fox's going to Florence, and begged 
Lord M. to oppose it, he believes merely because 
H. Fox wishes it. Talked of the late King's having 
known Lord Holland, but Lord M. thinks he never 
liked his Politics ; Lord Holland was too fond of 
the French ; George IV., Lord M. said, feared the 
French Politics, but liked French Society; made 
much more of Louis XVIII. than George III. ever 
did ; Lord M. had only seen Louis XVIII. at 
Carlton House, but didn't know him ; the Comte 
d'Artois (Charles X.) he knew ; had been in the same 
house with him, had been out shooting with him 
at Lord Talbot's. 2 Lord M. said he was a very 
lively, agreeable, pleasant man, and very easy ; used 
to keep Maigre very strictly and used to reprimand 
the Due de Berry for not doing so ; he, Lord M. 
said, was proud and harsh ; talked of the Duchesse 
de Berry 3 being very strange, of there having been 
an intention at one time of Uncle's marrying her, 
but that he couldn't make up his mind to it. 

Begged Lord M. not to forget about his sister's 

1 General Charles and Lady Mary Fox. See ante, p. 49. 

2 Charles, second Earl Talbot, K.G. He was appointed by Peel 
in 1817 Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, but had to give way to Lord 
Wellesley in 1822. He opposed Catholic emancipation, but supported 
the repeal of the Corn Laws. 

8 Caroline Louisa, daughter of King Ferdinand I. of the Two 
Sicilies. 



1838] LORD CONYNGHAM'S CHILDREN 75 

coming down here on Saturday, which he said he 
would not, as also his writing to me. I pressed him 
to take care of himself. I then took leave of him, 
gave him my hand, which he pressed so warmly, 
saying so kindly and affectionately, " God bless you, 
M'am," and then kissed my hand. This was done 
in such a hearty, warm, affectionate yet respectful 
manner, as quite touched me. 

Wednesday, 2lst November. I forgot to say that 
Lord Conyngham's 2 youngest children, Cecilia, 1 7, 
and Francis, 2 who they generally call Peacock and 
sometimes Franky, 5, arrived here yesterday, and I 
saw them when I came home from riding. Peacock 
is a beautiful boy, with long black hair ; Cecilia has 
fine eyes but is not otherwise pretty and is very 
like poor Lady Agnes Byng. 3 Went into the Gallery 
and played with the children for an hour while Lord 
Conyngham and Lehzen stood talking. They are 
charming, delightful children, quite at home with 
me and treated me quite like a playfellow, which 
pleased me much ; played at ball with them, and 
then I sat in the window-seat and looked at picture- 
books of animals with them, and told them the 
names of the animals. They would hardly let 
me go. 

Saturday, 24th November. Talked of a letter of 
Clanricarde's 4 which we think curious ; he (C.) owns 
the Emperor's power of fascination, and that he 
took him twice by both his hands, which Lord Pal- 

1 Afterwards wife of Sir Theodore Henry Brinckman. 

2 Afterwards Lieutenant R.N., and M.P. for Co. Clare. 

3 Daughter of first Marquess of Anglesey and wife of Hon. G Byng 
(see Vol. I., p. 205), afterwards second Earl of Strafford. 

4 Uliok John, first Marquess of Clanricarde, Ambassador to St. 
Petersburg. In 1858 he served as Privy Seal in Lord Palmerston's 
Administration. See Vol. I., p. 318. 



76 BELGIAN DIFFICULTIES tex.19 

merston told Lord M. he hears he always does in his 
eagerness in conversation ; that when Lord Clanri- 
carde broached the subject of Persia, the Emperor 
said, " I'm so glad you've touched on that subject, 
it's just what I wished." The Empress 1 he men- 
tions as plain ; she denied to him ever having 
any things made at Paris, which I know she has ; 
the Grand Duchesses, beautiful. The Cabinet had 
not been very long, he said, it was about these 
Belgian affairs, and Lord Palmerston explained how 
it stood ; it was a little difficult, he said, to restrain 
Biilow and Senfft 2 ; Uncle complains in his letter, 
Lord M. said, of the tone taken in the Conference, 
which he considers as ill-tempered ; and he speaks 
of his great difficulties, and says he went to Belgium 
by the wish and desire of England and not of his 
own accord. Then Lord M. said, Bulow and Senfft 
wouldn't believe what the King of the French said 
about the difficulty he had to restrain the feelings 
of the French Nation, for they would say the King 
of the French can always carry everything he wishes. 
Lord M. thinks Senfft very agreeable ; he met him 
at Lord Holland's, as he did also Alava who dined 
there yesterday. 

Sunday, 25th November. Talked of various things 
and of Lord Holland's grandfather having seen the 
Duchess of Portsmouth, 3 which I thought most 
extraordinary. Lord M. said, both his grandfather 

1 The Empress of Russia, Charlotte Louise (Alexandra Feodorovna), 
daughter of Frederick William III., King of Prussia. The Grand 
Duchesses her daughters were Marie (who married in July 1839, Duke 
Maximilian of Leuchtenberg) and Olga (who married King Charles of 
Wurtemberg). 

2 See ante, Vol. L, p. 388. 

3 Henry Fox, first Baron Holland, was born hi 1705, and the Duchess 
of Portsmouth died in 1734. 



1838] THE RICHMOND PROPERTIES 77 

and grandmother, Lady C. Fox, saw her ; she used 
to go with her father and mother, the Duke and 
Duchess of Richmond, 1 to see the Duchess of Ports- 
mouth at Aubigny ; the Duke was her grandson. 
Talked of there being some difficulty about the Duke 
of Richmond's properties in France ; by the French 
law they ought to be divided amongst every branch 
of the Family, by which Lord Holland would have 
some, and the Beauclerks (who are descended from 
the Duchess of Leinster, who was the handsomest sister 
of Lady Caroline Fox and Lady Sarah Lennox) some. 
Nell Gwynn was Mother to the Duke of St. Albans, 
and Lord M. said she used to ridicule Mdlle. de 
Queroualle, Duchess of Portsmouth, and used to say, 
" Whenever anybody belonging to a great family 
in France dies, she puts on mourning, whereas if 
she thought of it, she ought to die of shame at what 
she is." 

Wednesday, 28th November. Got a letter from 
Lord Melbourne in which besides other things he 
says he sends me a note from Lord Minto, stating 
that Durham had arrived at Plymouth on Monday 
night, but had not yet landed. Lord Melbourne says 
he had " received an answer from Lord Spencer 2 

1 This was the second Duke, who inherited the dukedom of 
Aubigny direct from his grandmother, Louise de Queroualle, at her 
death in November 1734 (Charles II. 's son, the first Duke, had died 
in 1723). Lady Caroline was his eldest daughter; she married Henry 
Fox (afterwards Lord Holland). 

2 John Charles, third Earl Spencer (1782-1845), better known as Lord 
Althorp, in which capacity he led the House of Commons with singular 
force and captivating modesty, was at this time employed in the, to him, 
congenial occupation of losing 3,000 a year by farming at Wiseton. 
No one in public life ever declined high office with greater persistency. 
Like Lord Hartington (eighth Duke of Devonshire), whom he somewhat 
resembled in character and disposition, Lord Spencer inspired confi 
dence in men of both political parties, and was universally respected 
by his fellow-countrymen. 



78 KING LEOPOLD'S PROPOSITION UET.IQ 

decidedly declining both Ireland and Canada." Lord 
M. says also that he had likewise received a letter 
from Uncle Leopold by Van Praet, 1 which he would 
send me, and which was " very kind " ; " but I am 
afraid points at an impracticable arrangement re- 
specting the Territory, namely that Belgium should 
retain it upon payment of a sum of money to 
Holland." 

Thursday, 29th November. He said he had seen 
Van Praet, and that he feared there would be great 
difficulty in this new Proposition of Uncle's, namely, 
to buy part of Luxembourg and Limbourg from the 
King of Holland, the part along the Meuse, and 
Lord M. thinks the others will never consent to this. 
Talked of this for some time, of the danger of force 
being employed ; said I would show him Uncle's 
letter after the Council ; he told me that he had sent 
me this, and that he thought I ought to ask Van 
Praet, but would speak to Palmerston first about 
it. ... 

Sunday, 2nd December. Asked him who Lord 
Ligonier ! (whose bust is in the Corridor) was ; he 
was a French Protestant who entered our Service, 
he said ; was made first Sir John and then Lord 
Ligonier ; " he was quite the right hand of William 
Duke of Cumberland." At the Battle of Fontenoy, 
Lord M. said, he got mixed with the French, and 
thought he could save himself by his being a French- 
man, and leading on the French " en avant," and 

1 Jules van Praet, as Secretary in 1831 of the Belgian Legation in 
London, had been concerned in the negotiations for the offer of the 
Belgian Crown to King Leopold. 

8 John (or Jean) Louis, first Earl Ligonier, a skilful and intrepid 
soldier. He fought in Marlborough's four great battles, and commanded 
a division at Dettingen, Ligonier died in 1770, and was buried in 
Westminster Abbey. 



1838] LADY HOLLAND'S JOURNEY 79 

thus get back ; but they discovered his red ribbon 
of the Bath, and they took him prisoner. . . . 

Wednesday, 5th December. Lady Holland is going 
to Bowood on Saturday, and Lord M. said he found 
her sketching out the road and settling where she 
would sleep. He said to her, " I suppose you will 
sleep at Hounslow the first night and the next at 
Maidenhead ? " She didn't like that at all and said 
" Nonsense." She makes 3 days of it ; Lord M. 
and Lady Cowper made us laugh by talking of all 
she takes with her when she travels, bed, arm- 
chairs ; she puts her coachman, a very clever Italian, 
Lord M. says, called Gigi, who she has had many 
years, on the box, who keeps telling the Postboys 
not to go so fast ; Lord M. said she had excellent 
servants, who were like those in former times and 
put in a word in the conversation occasionally. . . . 

Friday, 7th December. Lord M. says Lord P. [Pal- 
merston] has only one Private Secretary, which is 
little considering what an immense private corres- 
pondence he has ; but the Precis Writer, James 
Howard, 1 Lord Suffolk's son, Lord M. says, helps 
Spencer 8 ; the Precis Writer, he told me, has to 
make the Abstracts of all the Despatches and write 
it on the backs ; said I believed Spencer was very 
clever ; which Lord M. says he is ; told Lord M. 
I heard he took to playing lately ; " So I am afraid, 
from what I hear," replied Lord M., "that he plays 
at Crockford's ; bad thing." 

Friday, Uth December. Lord M. said he had 
seen a boy killed by a waggon which passed over his 
neck and chest and left him quite dead on the road, 

1 James Kenneth Howard, afterwards Commissioner of Woods and 
Forests. 

2 Spencer Cowper, Lord Melbourne's nephew. 



80 LORD BROUGHAM'S LETTER c*r. 19 

without any laceration, and " the face as placid as if 
he was asleep," Said I dreaded anything of the 
kind, and had never seen death. " I can't bear to 
see it," Lord M. said. I observed I thought it was 
right to do so ; he replied not, but it was well to 
accustom yourself to blood ; that Goethe wouldn't 
go and see his greatest friends when they were dead, 
as they say the expression changes so ; said, I 
thought if you were with a person you loved, to the 
last, you wouldn't mind it. 

Saturday, I5th December. Lord M. also told me 
an anecdote of General Keppel 1 (Uncle to Albemarle) ; 
George III. rode very hard, and when he was a 
young man he rode from Windsor to London one 
day, very hard, General Keppel was with him, who 
was very old and fat, and he couldn't keep up with 
the King, and got so knocked up that he was obliged 
to stop at Turnham Green and go to bed. Talked 
of Brougham's letter, 8 which I had read on coming 
home, and which I told him made me angry ; not 
the offensiveness towards me, but the villainy against 
himself ; he said it was in fact an attack on Heredit- 
ary Monarchy. Lord M. then repeated with tears 
in his eyes, and most emphatically, what Lord Eldon 
once said : " The King of England is always King ; 
King in the helplessness of infancy, King in the de- 

1 General William Keppel (1727-82), Commander-in-Chief in 
Ireland and Gentleman of the Horse to the King. 

2 This letter accused the Ministers of deserting their offices in 
Downing Street and Whitehall, and spending their time in the royal 
palace ; of being indifferent to the public service so long as they re- 
tained the Sovereign's favour. Consequently, Brougham argued, the 
due preparation of despatches and State papers is neglected. The 
effect of the letter, apart from its bad taste, was neutralised by the 
well-known malice of the writer and his notorious grievance against 
Lord Melbourne. See Vol. I., p. 244. 



1838] PROVOST OF ETON 81 

crepitude of age." Talked of the Provost of Eton, 1 
and Lord Melbourne said, " I always liked this man "; 
he said he had always very great spii cS which 
Lord M. says is absolutely necessary for a School 
Master ; and that he always made the lessons so very 
agreeable to the boys. He was one of the under 
Masters when Lord M. was at school ; the Head 
Master, Dr. Heath, and the Provost, Dr. Davis ; 
Lord M.'s Tutor, Dr. Langford. Told Lord M. that 
the Provost told Lady Mary he overheard the late 
King saying to somebody, whom he would make 
Provost when he died ; and Lord M. and I observed 
how singular it was he should have outlived the 
King ; Lord M. thinks Dr. Keate ought to be his 
successor 2 ; but he thinks the Provost don't look like 
dying yet awhile. 

Sunday, IQth December. The King wasn't at 
all open with Lord M., he said, though very civil ; 
" he liked me," said Lord M., " he liked me as much 
as any body could, under the circumstances ; that 
was a very disagreeable affair in '34." " I don't 
believe he possibly could have carried it on without 
Taylor ' ; Taylor was a very fair man ; upon my 
honour I don't see how it could have gone on ; the 

1 Joseph Goodall, Provost. See ante, Vol. I., p. 119. 

2 Dr. Keate did not succeed Goodall when the vacancy occurred 
in 1840, and never was Provost of Eton. Kinglake's fine tribute to 
him in Eothen describes Keate as he was a few years before this period. 
He had retired from the headmastership in 1834. He was a Canon 
of Windsor and Rector of Hartley Westpall, where he died 1852. 

8 Sir Herbert Taylor (see Vol. I., p. 394), Private Secretary to 
William IV., died in March of the following year, 1839. He was at 
this time First and Principal A.D.C. to the Queen, and living on a 
pension of 1,000 per annum from the Civil List granted to him by 
George III. for his services as Private Secretary to Queen Charlotte. 
What happened to the correspondence of William IV., which was 
presumably in charge of Sir Herbert Taylor, has never been discovered. 



82 MELBOURNE'S FAMILY PICTURES [*x.i9 

King used to go and talk to Taylor, and Taylor 
softened matters." 

Monday, 17 th December. Lord M. said Hoppner l 
had made 2 pictures of him when he left Eton, and 
was about 17 ; one is at Brocket, and the other, 
which was painted for Dr. Langford and sold after 
his death, was bought by his brother George and is 
at Melbourne ; the Provost was asking after it, and 
Lord M. said, " I know where it was. I could get 
it." Lord M. said it was very like, and " I think a 
very handsome boy," which I'm sure it is, and he 
was ; I regretted much there was no print of it. 
Lord Melbourne has a very pretty head of his sister 
by Lawrence, at Brocket. Talked of the picture of 
her and his other sister, by Hoppner, which is in 
George Street ; of the one of him when a little boy 
of a year old, by Cosway, playing or rolling with 2 
dogs ; and talked of the one by Reynolds, of him 
(when 4 years old), his eldest brother, and his brother 
Frederick, which is also in George Street and a 
beautiful picture, he says ; I've got a print of it. 
" Leslie was talking of it the other day," said Lord 
M., " he says it's like me now," which I think it is; 
Lord M. said, that Leslie told him, and it certainly 
is so, that all the pictures Reynolds painted of 
people when they were children, are like them now. 
Talked of Reynolds being the greatest painter Eng- 
land ever produced ; of his great talent for painting 
children ; of the fine picture he painted of George IV. 
and which George IV. gave to Lord M.'s father in 
'84 ; it is at Brocket. Talked of George III.'s dis- 

1 Hoppner, whom Lawrence in 1810 called " my most dangerous 
rival," died in that year. The portrait of Lord Melbourne painted 
for Dr. Langford is believed to be one which is now the property of 
the King and is in the Corridor at Windsor Castle. 



1838] CONCERNING NOVEL-READING 83 

like of Reynolds, and of his predilection for West. 1 
Lord M. told me that he heard it had been remarked 
that I didn't bow to the Officer when the Escort 
changed ; I thanked Lord Melbourne for telling me 
so, and I said I would take care and do so. One of 
the first things Lord Wellesley told him, he said, 
was that " Lord Plunket * had made a most excellent 
joke." Lord W. asked Lord Plunket what Personal 
Narrative meant, and Lord P. answered, that Personal 
was in general in opposition to real ; Lord M. told 
this so funnily, imitating Lord Wellesley's way of 
speaking. . . . 

Sunday, 23rd December. Read in Eugene Aram* 
for some time while my hair was doing, and finished 
it ; beautifully written and fearfully interesting as 
it is, I am glad I have finished it, for I never feel 
quite at ease or at home when I am reading a Novel. 4 
and therefore was really glad to go on to Guizot's 
Revolution de VAngleterre. 

1 Benjamin West (1738-1820) was Reynolds's successor as Presi- 
dent of the Royal Academy. There are some charming portraits 
of George III.'s family by West, now hung in Kensington Palace, 
to which they were brought from Hampton Court in 1901. Gains- 
borough was a greater favourite with the King than even West. He, 
too, painted a series of portraits of the King's children. They are in 
Queen Mary's audience-room at Windsor, a room beautifully decor- 
ated in the Victorian manner by Grace for the Prince Consort. This 
series of portraits, very little known, is among the best work of 
Gainsborough. 

2 William Conyngham, first Lord Plunket, was Attorney-General 
for Ireland during Lord Wellesley's Lord-Lieutenancy. He was Irish 
Lord Chancellor under Lords Grey and Melbourne, but was induced 
to resign the post in favour of Campbell. 

3 Bulwer Lytton's well-known melodramatic novel. 

* This feeling of doubt as to the propriety of reading novels lingered 
in the minds of young people for another twenty years. It was not 
until Dickens had become a household word, in the 'sixties, that the 
tone of fathers and mothers in regard to novel-reading changed, and 
their rigorous prohibition was relaxed. 



84 ACTRESSES: MRS. JORDAN [*T. is 

Wednesday, 26th December. Lord M. asked if 
Seymour l was gone ; I replied he was to be at Brussels 
last Sunday. . . . 

Friday, 28th December. The first actresses, he 
continued, began in Charles II. 's reign, and were 
Mrs. Ness, Mrs. Marshall, and Nell Gwynn, all women 
of bad character ; there is an account of them in 
Pepys' Memoirs, he says. They were succeeded by 
others in William III.'s and Queen Anne's reigns, 
whose names he mentioned but which I've for- 
gotten ; and they again by Mrs. Yates, " who 
were beautiful actresses, and very clever women, 
some bad, some good." Mrs. Jordan died in '16, he 
said, at Paris, but acted till '13 or '14 ; Mrs. Jordan ' 
was very good-natured, Lord M. said, and George IV. 
liked her. Asked Lord M. if he ever knew her to 
speak to ; he said no, never ; that one day when 
he went behind the scenes with Mr. Lewis, 3 the 
author, they met her just coming off the stage in 
man's clothes ; she had been acting Hippolyta. 

Sunday, 30th December. Lord M. said he felt 
much better. Talked of Anderson's preaching ; 

1 Sir Hamilton Seymour (1797-1880), who held various diplomatic 
posts, including that of British Ambassador at St. Petersburg when 
the Crimean War broke out, was at this time Envoy Extraordinary at 
the Belgian Court. 

2 Dorothy Jordan (1762-1816). Her "good nature" plunged 
this clever and attractive actress into many difficult situations. She 
was equally lavish of her affections and her resources. She bore the 
Duke of Clarence ten children. There are two portraits of her in 
the Garrick Club. 

3 Matthew Gregory Lewis was one of Byron's intimate associates 
in the days of his youthful dissipation. He wrote many plays and 
some poems, and a novel against which legal proceedings were taken 
on the score of immorality. This novel, Ambrosio, or The Monk, 
gave rise to the nickname of " Monk Lewis," by which he is generally 
known. He died of yellow fever on his way home from the West 
Indies in 1818. 



1838] WOMEN WRITERS 85 

and Lord M. said, " I'm afraid to go to church for 
fear of hearing something very extraordinary." I 
laughed and said he never went, and that he always 
managed to be very conveniently either unable to 
come down for a Sunday, or to be ill, which made 
him laugh very much. Talked of when my boxes 
arrived in London, and Lord M. said he always tried 
to prevent their bringing boxes to him when he 
was at dinner at Lady Holland's, for that she was 
always wanting to know what was in it, and would 
say, " What's that ? Let me see what that is." 
That he always made as good a fight as he could, 
but that it was often very difficult to prevent her. 
Lord M. then said, " No woman ever wrote a 
really good book ; no sterling book." Hannah 
More and Mme. de Sevigne" were mentioned, and 
he admitted that those were both exceptions ; 
H. More he thinks a very clever writer, and said 
she drew the distinction between the intellects 
of man and woman uncommonly well ; "a woman 
has a much quicker intellect, much acuter, seizes 
a point much quicker, but somehow or other they 
don't keep it," he said, which made us laugh ; 
Mme. de Stael he thinks the best female writer, and 
that she was very clever, " but she was a great hum- 
bug." Mrs. Somerville, 1 he agreed, was very clever, 
and said that Lord Hare wood said of her, " She is 
good from the attic to the kitchen." When La 
Grange saw her at Paris, Lord M. continued, he said 
that he only knew one as clever as her, and that 

1 Mary Somerville (1780-1872), daughter of Vice-Admiral Sir 
William George Fairfax. A lady of masculine intellect and rare 
scientific attainments, but of so fair and fragile appearance that in 
girlhood she was called "The Rose of Yedburgh," her birthplace. 
She was the most remarkable woman of her generation, if judged by 
the standards usually applied to scientific thinkers of the sterner sex. 
ii 7 



86 GREY HAIRS [*r.i9 

was a Miss Fairfax. " That's me ! " she replied. 
Talked of Miss Edgeworth's writings ; also Oliver 
Twist, 1 which I must say is excessively interesting ; 
of Mr. Pitt's way of dressing, which Lord M. des- 
cribed as being a blue coat, a pair of nankin breeches 
very tight over the knees, blue silk stockings, and 
shoes with buckles ; " that was the dress of a beau 
in those days." Lord M. said he had never had his 
hair dressed, or worn powder, but that he had great 
difficulty to persuade his father to let him crop his 
hair. Lord Normanby reminded Lord M. how very 
black his hair was when he first knew him ; Lord 
M. said it was beginning to turn then ; "I began 
to be seriously alarmed about it," said Lord M., 
" when I was at Paris ; I had all the grey hairs 
pulled out ; I had three women at it, and in a week's 
time there were just as many ; and you have no 
idea how painful it is, when you go on doing it for 
an hour together." He said this so funnily. Be- 
fore Lord M. told us this, he said that when Lord 
Morley cut off his tail, Canning said, " that he had 
heard so much of it, that he wanted to look at it." 
Monday, 31st December. Lord Melbourne and I 
looked at a Vol. of small Prints after Reynolds *s 
pictures. He observed upon each, in his amusing 
manner, knowing who most of them were. Mrs. 
Abington, 8 who was a famous Comic Actress, and 

1 Oliver Twist began to appear in January 1837, and was not 
completed until March 1839, so that the Queen was now more than 
halfway through the novel. 

2 Frances Barton, afterwards Mrs. Abington, was of obscure 
origin, and her early life was full of hard and painful experience. 
She gradually acquired fame in all branches of comedy. Her costume 
and elocution were much admired. At forty, she originated the part 
of Lady Teazle, and to Walpole she appeared the " very person " for 
the part. When past sixty, she acted Beatrice, a feat only equalled 



1838] LADY HOLLAND 87 

who he knew afterwards in society as an agreeable 
woman ; there were several other very handsome 
women ; Lady Charles Spencer, 1 who he said had 
been a most beautiful woman. The Duke of Rut- 
land's mother,' a very great beauty, and who Lord 
M. knew very well, and he said, " She used to be 
very fond of me." Talked of Mrs. Fitzherbert, 8 her 
beauty ; of Lady Holland, her not allowing any 
print to be taken after her pictures; her having 
had 3 children by her 1st husband, and 4 by her 
2nd ; there not being much love between her and 
Henry Fox ; and Lord M. said it was hardly 
possible for people who knew her intimately not to 
quarrel with her. . . . 

by Helen Faucit in after-years, who appeared at much the same age 
in the trying part of Rosalind. 

1 Mary, daughter of Vere, Lord Vere, and sister of Aubrey, Duke 
of St. Albans, married Lord Charles Spencer, second son of the third 
Duke of Marlborough. 

2 Mary Isabella, daughter of Charles, fourth Duke of Beaufort. 

3 Maria Fitzherbert (1756-1837), youngest daughter of Walter 
Smythe, a Roman Catholic country squire. She was twice married, 
and when for the second time a widow met George IV., then Prince 
of Wales. It is a curious coincidence that as a child she had been 
presented to Louis XV. She was married to the Prince of Wales on 
21st December, 1785, but under the Royal Marriages Act the ceremony 
was illegal and the alliance invalid. By George III. and Queen Char- 
lotte and by all the members of the Royal Family she was treated 
with high consideration and much kindness. It was not undeserved. 



INTRODUCTORY NOTE TO CHAPTER XIII 

DURING the first three months of 1889 the Queen's days were 
passed in the normal atmosphere of Lord Melbourne's congenial 
society. Trouble, however, there was, and owing to the in- 
caution and want of prudent reserve shown by some of those 
about the Court, a false accusation made against one of the 
Duchess of Kent's Ladies caused strong private and public 
resentment, which very unfairly reacted against the young Queen. 
For a time her popularity suffered. There were deeper reasons 
for anxiety, due to the Government's lost hold upon Parliament. 
Lord Roden carried in the House of Lords a motion for a Select 
Committee to inquire into the state of Ireland. Lord Melbourne, 
inclined as he was to resign his office, felt that he could not do so 
in the face of the declaration made by him in 1836, that he would 
maintain his post so long as he possessed the confidence of the 
Crown and of the House of Commons. Of the former he was 
assured, but he resolved to test the latter, and the result was a 
resolution of confidence from the Commons by a majority of 
twenty-two votes. That his Ministry, however, was likely to be 
short-lived was now clear to every one, including the Queen. 

Louis Philippe was at this time in considerable difficulty to 
find a serviceable Minister. It was thought in this country that 
Thiers was inevitable, although the King, unwilling to accept him, 
had appointed Soult to the post. It is curious to find the Queen, 
in view of her strong reluctance to face the probable advent of Sir 
Robert Peel into her Councils, writing to her Uncle Leopold that 
" it is a pity that Louis Philippe should show so much dislike to a 
man he must take." As a tribute to the teaching of Lord Mel- 
bourne, and to his unwearied efforts to convince the Queen that 
she should look kindly on the Tories, this phrase from one of her 
letters is illuminating. 

It was at this time, when the young Queen's horizon was 
darkened by the Lady Flora Hastings " incident " and the prospect 
of losing the guidance of Lord Melbourne, that the King of the 
Belgians was eagerly pursuing his scheme for marrying her to her 
cousin Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg. The youthful Prince was 
travelling in Italy under the wing of Baron Stockmar, who had 
been withdrawn from the English Court by Leopold for the 
express purpose of acting as Prince Albert's mentor and travelling 
companion. Although there were rival candidates, and although 
Lord Melbourne looked coldly upon Leopold's choice, the King 
was obdurate and firm. It was arranged that Prince Albert 
should visit the Queen in the month of October. 



CHAPTER XIII 

1839 

Thursday, 1st January. Got up at 9. Most fer- 
vently do I beseech Almighty God to preserve me 
and all those most dear to me safely through this 
year, and to grant that all may go on as it has 
hitherto done, and to make me daily more fit for 
my station. Sir George Grey l must, Lord Mel- 
bourne thinks, be eventually Judge Advocate- 
General 2 ; " but John Russell wishes to have him 
in the House on the Address ; and Lord Glenelg is 
very unwilling to part with him." It will be diffi- 
cult to replace him, Lord M. says, but he is very 
desirous of being Judge Advocate. Talked of my 
getting on in Oliver Twist ; of the descriptions of 
" squalid vice " in it ; of the accounts of starva- 
tion in the Workhouses and Schools, Mr. Dickens 
gives in his books. Lord M. says, in many schools 
they give children the worst things to eat, and bad 
beer, to save expense ; told him Mamma admonished 
me for reading light books. 3 Lord M. took 2 apples 
(Newtown pippins), put one on his plate, and wrapped 
up the 2nd in his napkin, and hid it in his lap ; he 
did this in such a playful manner as made me and 
himself laugh very much. When the one was eaten, 
the 2nd was produced from its hiding place. He 

1 See ante, Vol. L, p. 300. 

2 He was appointed during this year, 1839. 

3 This view of novels was widely held at this time. See ante, p. 83. 
II 7* 89 



90 ACTING: JUDICIAL APPOINTMENTS [*r.i9 

then mentioned Mrs. Jordan as such a charming 
actress, though a little vulgar ; " there was nothing 
like her," he said, her spirits and all. Talked of 
Mme. Vestris, her being half Italian ; Garrick's 
mother being Italian, 1 which Lord M. told us and 
which I never knew. " It's very rare to see a good 
actress," said Lord M., " it's very rare to see a good 
anything, that's the fact." Lady Ashley said, she 
should like so much to act, and Lady Fanny too, 
though neither has ever acted. " Would like to 
smell the lamps," Lord M. said to Lady Fanny ; 
talked of its being easier to sing and act ; Lord M. 
said, it took away from the sameness ; " Music takes 
away the sameness of a tragedy, that is to those 
who like it " ; these last words Lord M. pronounced 
in a very marked and sly manner, and made us all 
laugh. Talked of the Italians' good acting ; Grisi's ; 
of Private Theatricals ; Lord M. was a great actor 
himself, but hasn't acted for many years. 

Wednesday, 2nd January. Lord M. then spoke 
to me about some new Puisne Judge who would be 
appointed, but which I must ask him once more 
about ; I then showed him a letter I had got the 
day before from Sir J. Hobhouse about another 
Judgeship. Lord Melbourne was very cheerful and 
seemed in good spirits when out riding ; I observed 
that he had a green coat on, since he was here, which 
I hadn't observed him wear before ; he smiled and 
said, "Is it a bad colour ? " I assured him quite 
the contrary, but that it was new for him to wear 
it, as also an olive-green velvet waistcoat. 

1 Lord Melbourne probably meant Garrick's grandmother, and not 
his mother. David de la Garrique, the actor's Huguenot grandfather, 
may have married an Italian. Garrick's mother was Arabella Clough, 
the daughter of a vicar-choral of Lichfield Cathedral. 



1839] PORTRAITS OF THE QUEEN 91 

Thursday, 3rd January. He had seen his sister. 
" She says," he continued, " that that picture 1 which 
the Maids of Honour wear, is wrong." That it was 
throwing it away upon them and ought to have been 
given only to the Ladies in Waiting ; I said it was a 
very small picture, and that the Ladies had a picture 
in a bracelet ; he continued that it's considered the 
very highest distinction the Emperor and Empress 
of Russia can give, to wear their Portrait on the 
shoulder with a red ribbon; " She says Mme. de 
Lieven would die of it if she saw it." Talked of 
George IV.'s giving his picture to so few ; Lady 
Conyngham, Lady Cowper, and Lady Aboyne 2 being 
the only 3 English Ladies who had it. Talked of 
my feeling low and ill, which as I had felt it both 
times I was here, at different seasons, was a proof, 
I thought, that the place [Windsor] disagreed, which 
he wouldn't allow. He said very funnily, " You 
have got some fixed fancies ; Your Majesty has 
settled in your mind certain things." Lord M. 
asked if I had got on far with Oliver Twist ; I said 
into the 2nd volume, and liked it so much and 
wished he would read it, which he said he would one 
day ; talked of it, and of the story ; of the Beggars 9 
Opera by Gay, 3 which Lord M. has seen very often, 

1 The " picture " was a miniature portrait of the Queen. The 
Queen always wore up to the time of her death a small miniature 
of herself surrounded by diamonds on a bow of crimson ribbon. 
The Ladies in Waiting wore a bracelet with the Queen's miniature 
up to the time the 2nd Class of the "Victoria and Albert" Order 
was instituted, when the Queen gave the 2nd Class to the Ladies in 
Waiting. The Women of the Bedchamber wore the Queen's monogram 
in pearls and diamonds on a white watered silk bow. 

2 Lord Aboyne, afterwards tenth Marquess of Huntly. Lady 
Aboyne had been Lady Elizabeth Conyngham, sister of the Lord 
Chamberlain. 

3 See Vol. I., p. 330. 



92 FRENCH FABLES AND WRITERS [*T. 10 

and which is coarse ; but he says they have refined 
it down so much and scratched out so much as the 
times got more polished, that there was hardly any- 
thing good left. Gay had some talent, Lord M. 
said ; he was at Court about the Duke of Cumber- 
land, and was offered, Lord M. said, the situation of 
gentleman Usher, which however he didn't think 
good enough, and left the court ; upon which he 
was taken up by the Duchess of Queensberry, 1 a 
great beauty and leading person of the day, but who 
was always in opposition to the Court ; she was 
a Hyde, Lord M. said, daughter to Lord Rochester 
and grand-daughter to Clarendon ; talked of Gay's 
fables which Lord M. knew by heart when he 
was 4 years old ; of children learning fables ; 
their not understanding them " as they are generally 
deep." He thinks the French fables the best. 
He mentioned Lafontaine's, " though he's a writer 
not to be mentioned generally ; he's not a correct 
writer " ; his tales are not to be mentioned, but 
his fables are excellent ; Lord M. thinks him, 
Moliere, and another, the best French writers ; I 
observed Moliere was not very proper ; Lord M. 
said pretty well, that there was a great difference 
in what was so " from the coarseness of the times, 
and what is avowedly so," which is very true. 
Talked of Barante's 8 History of the House of Bur- 

1 This lady died of a surfeit of cherries in 1777. Her correspondence 
with Swift and Gay, her influence over the elder Pitt, her intimacy 
with Pope and Prior, her eccentricity in dress, and her youthful appear- 
ance in old age made her famous. Walpole at Twickenham used to 
thank God that " the Thames is between me and the Duchess of 
Queensberry." 

2 Amable Guillaume Prosper de Barante, Baron de Bongiere, 
born in 1782, held important civil posts in France under the Empire 
and after the Restoration. He was also Ambassador at St. Peters- 



1839] EPISODES IN FRENCH HISTORY 93 

gundy, which Lord M. says is so excessively inter- 
esting, though rather a long book ; " more like a 
novel " ; that there were many things in History 
which he thinks very extraordinary hardly credi- 
ble ; all that about the murder of the Duke of 
Orleans by the Duke of Burgundy (in the book) and 
of the Duke of Burgundy by the Dauphin was very 
curious ; it all arose from an offence given ; the 
Duke of Orleans was a violent man, Lord M. con- 
tinued, and he showed the Duke of Burgundy into 
a room full of pictures, " and he said to the Duke, 
* All these ladies have been my mistresses,' and 
the first was the Duchess of Burgundy." That 
offence was the cause of the Duke's murder ; there's 
the whole account of Joan of Arc in it, " and beauti- 
fully told," Lord M. said ; " I suppose it was en- 
thusiasm at first, but she certainly became an 
excellent commander." Talked of the English be- 
having so cruelly to her ; Lord M. said he really 
wasn't quite surprised, considering the times, and 
how extraordinary it was. Lord Alfred brought in 
his dog ; she is a fine large black dog, half New- 
foundland, half retriever, called Diver, but also 
sometimes Mrs. Bumps ; she's a dear affectionate 
gentle creature and took a great liking to me and 
lay near me ; Lord M. said, " Dogs get so familiar 
that they behave as well as any man, better than 



some." 



Friday, 4tth January. He then gave me a War- 
rant to sign, saying, " I thought it best to bring 
this Warrant myself to you ; somebody ought to 
bring it to you ; the Lord Steward ought by rights." 
It is a Warrant for a sum of money given to a 

burg. His Histoire des Dues de Bourgogne de la Maison de Valois, 
published in 1824, led to his admission to the French Academy. 



94 COURT DINNER ETIQUETTE DET.IO 

number of servants' Widows, from (I think) the Lord 
Steward's Department, and which Murray 1 wanted 
to bring to me himself, and about which I had talked 
to Lord M. when he came out from dinner the day 
before ; Lord M. said it was a large sum, and that 
it rather encouraged servants to marry and not to 
provide for their wives. Lord M. gave me a copy 
of it to keep. He then gave me a note from William 
C. to read ; it was to say that he had set Stanley 
at the newspapers, to prevent their making so much 
noise about the Corn Laws ; it's The Times, I think, 
Lord M. mentioned. He then said, " Here's a very 
long and a very good letter from Lord Howick about 
Canada ; and what is to be done ; I'll leave it with 
you, and perhaps you'll send it me." No one ever 
dined with George III. except perhaps on very great 
occasions the Archbishop of Canterbury and the 
Lord Chamberlain ; George I. used to dine at Rich- 
mond with Sir Robert Walpole, Lord M. said, and 
was very fond of joviality ; George III. introduced 
that very strict etiquette ; "It suited him," said 
Lord M. ; " he dined with great rapidity, was very 
temperate and hardly ate anything it would not 
have suited him " (to have had company) " and he 
would not very probably have made it very agree- 
able to others." . . . 

Tuesday, 8th January. Lord M. again took two 
apples, but only ate one, and put the other before 
him ; I asked him if he meant to eat it ; he thought 
not, and said, " But I like to have the power of doing 
so." I observed hadn't he just as well the power 

1 Charles Augustus Murray (1806-95), diplomatist and author. 
Son of the second Earl of Dunmore. At this time he was Extra Groom- 
in- Waiting and Master of the Household (1838-44). He was afterwards 
a K.C.B., and Minister successively to Persia, Denmark, and Spain. 



1839] SEDAN CHAIRS: DOGS 95 

of doing so, when the apples were in the dish on the 
table ? He laughed and said, " Not the full power." 

Wednesday, 9th January. Talked of Lady Stan- 
hope not having written very often. " Why, pretty 
well," said Lord M., " considering that I've not 
written to her once ; not once." He said he didn't 
answer all the letters he got, which I didn't wonder 
at; "But the Duke of Wellington would," he re- 
plied ; "he would answer all and if he didn't answer 
them all he would at least acknowledge them and 
that's the right way." Talked of Sedan Chairs and 
being carried in one, which Lord M. said " is a very 
pleasant sensation." " My mother used always to 
have her chair, and it was the usual mode of con- 
veyance ; the Town is grown too large for it now." 
Talked of it for some time, and Lord M. said there 
used to be 300 Chairmen in London, all Irishmen, 
very strong and very skilful. " That man oppo- 
site," said Lord M. looking at Pocock, " has very 
often walked before my mother's chair ; he knows 
it all perfectly." He don't like Masquerades much, 
he said, " It's a mixture of profligacy and malignity." 
I had the beautiful picture of the dogs brought in ; 
and then I sent for Dashy who Lord M. accused of 
having crooked legs, which I wouldn't allow ; we 
put him on the table, and he was very much petted 
and patted and admired by Lord M., who was so 
funny about him ; we gave him tea, and Lord M. 
said, " I wonder if lapping is a pleasant sensation," 
for that it was a thing we never had felt. 

Talked of the picture of him and his brothers 
(now Lady Cowper's) not having been his father's ; 
and I said Lady Cowper told me his father was dis- 
pleased with part of his (Lord M.'s) dress ; Lord M. 
said, " I believe my father didn't like to pay for 



96 LORD MELBOURNE'S HOUSE [* T .i9 

the picture." It cost Lord Cowper, Lady C. told 
me, 600, and Lord M. said, the original price was 
300 ; talked of the print of it, and Lord M. said the 
picture was very bright and light. That Leslie said 
when Queen Elizabeth said she wished to be painted 
without any shade in her face, that she meant " in 
an open garden-light," which was too much for the 
artists of that time, and that it was no ignorance 
whatever. Talked of the fine picture Reynolds did 
of his (Ld. M.'s) mother, with his eldest brother, of 
which I said no print was now to be had. He said 
the picture was a very fine one, done soon after she 
was married ; like a Titian. Lady Cowper finds 
her house (which Lord Cowper left her) an expense, 
and 3,000 a year, though considered a good deal, 
Lord M. said is hardly enough. It's a rather large 
house ; larger than his ; his is not a large house 1 ; 
" It wouldn't hold any one else besides me," he 
said ; " No one else ? " I said ; and he replied 
laughing, " No one else ; not by any means " ; 
which made us both laugh very much. He pays 
1,000 a year for it ; " It's all my idleness not 
to look out for another " ; he has had it since 
'30 ; " Mrs. Lamb took it for me." He had lived 
in Dover House, 2 where his father died, ever since 

1 Lord Melbourne's house during his Premiership was 39, South 
Street, Mayfair. 

2 Lord Melbourne's father purchased from the Fox family in 1770 
the fine house in Piccadilly which stood on the site of what is now the 
Albany. Here the future Prime Minister was born in 1779. About 
the year 1790 the Duke of York, who occupied the house situated 
between the Horse Guards and the Treasury, expressed a strong wish 
to exchange houses with Lord Melbourne, and the transfer was carried 
out, including the names, York House in Whitehall becoming Mel- 
bourne house. It has been known since 1830 as Dover House, from 
George Agar Ellis Lord Dover, who purchased it in 1830, and died 
there in 1833. It is now the office of the Secretary for Scotland. 



1839 GEORGE IV.'S SPIRITS 97 

'92 ; having more servants then ; coals cost him 
400 a year then, and 70 now. His father built a 
magnificent house called Albany (which is now 
Chambers) and exchanged it for Dover then Mel- 
bourne House, with the Duke of York, on the Duke's 
marriage. Lord M. said, he can see traces of Albany 
in all George IV.'s Palaces ; talked of George IV.'s 
excessive high spirits and good humour when he was 
young, which last he lost latterly. Lord M. re- 
members meeting him on the stairs in that house, 
and " We had just done our dinner, and the Prince 
said, ' Have you done your dinner ? ' ' Yes, we 
have ' ; c Why, you ought to have only been eating 
your soup in that time.' " His spirits were beyond 
everything, " fit to leap out of his skin a'most." 

Sunday, 13th January. I looked with Lord Mel- 
bourne at 2 vols. of Engravings (small) after Rey- 
nolds' pictures ; and he knew who almost all of 
them were. I shall only name a very few of those 
he observed upon. Mrs. Masters, " She was sup- 
posed to be the handsomest woman that ever lived," 
he said, " I knew her particularly well ; she died 
about 20 year ago," was 65 years old. Sir Joshua 
died in '93, Lord M. thinks. 1 Reynolds was per- 
petually painting those women ; Kitty Fisher, Nelly 
O'Brien. There was a pretty picture of a Miss 
Collier ; a Mrs. Mary Robinson, 2 " She was the 

1 In 1792. 

2 The famous " Perdita," whose intimacy with George, Prince of 
Wales, afterwards George IV., was notorious. She is never likely to 
be forgotten so long as Gainsborough's lovely portrait of her hangs 
in Hertford House. She was not only a beautiful and talented actress, 
but a writer of passable prose and verse. Charles Fox found her society 
as well as her person to his taste, and Garrick liked her as an actress and 
as a woman. After many vicissitudes she died, aged 40, at Englefield 
Green, and was buried in the churchyard at Old Windsor. Gains- 



98 THE DOUGLAS CASE [*x. 19 

1st about whom there was any noise." A Miss 
Emily, a famous picture, as Thais, and a great beauty. 
Lady C. Spencer, 1 whom Lord M. only saw (did not 
know) when she was old, and then a great devote, 
walking with her spaniels. There was the print 
after his mother's picture ; and of him and his 2 
brothers ; and he said, looking at it, " That's me." 
Then there was one of a Mrs. Stewart, 8 who he said 
was very much engaged in the Douglas Quarrel 
Trial, which I never heard of before, but which he 
told me all about. The last Duke of Douglas had 
no children but an only sister ; and if she had chil- 
dren the property was all entailed on them ; if not, 
it went to the Duke of Hamilton. She married a 
Mr. Stewart ; the Court decided in favour of her 
children ; but Lord M. said people are almost cer- 
tain and it is generally believed, that she never had 
any children. " It is supposed," he said, " that she 
purchased two children in Paris and had a feigned 
accouchement." The Courts of Scotland decided 
against her, and against the legitimacy ; but it was 
brought up to the House of Lords, where it was 
decided in favour of her ; and Lord M. said, Lord 
Mansfield is supposed to have behaved rather unfairly 
about it. Talked of Sir H. Taylor's being very ill ; 
and Lord M. said kindly, " Poor fellow ! I had always 
a feeling that it never would do for Taylor to have no- 
borough's sketch for her famous portrait, a work even more 
beautiful than the finished picture, hangs in the Queen's private 
sitting-room at Windsor Castle. 

1 See ante, p. 87. 

2 Lady Jane Douglas, sister of the last Duke of Douglas, was born 
on 17th March, 1698. On 4th August, 1746, she married, as his second 
wife, Colonel John Stewart. When fifty years and four months old 
she gave birth to twin sons. The younger lived to be M.P. for Forfar, 
and was created Lord Douglas of Douglas. 



1839] FRENCH POLITICS 99 

thing to do." Talked of his having a number of the 
papers, which Lord M. hopes he'll be careful about. 1 

Monday, 14th January. Lord Melbourne told me 
in going in, that Lord Holland had sent him a note 
from Lord Granville, in which he said that the 
French Ministry could not stand, he thought ; that 
they had lost many of their supporters ; Lord Hol- 
land is very sorry for it. " I'm sorry," said Lord 
M., " for I'm afraid we shall have Thiers." Lord 
Palmerston and Lord Granville both dislike Mole 2 ; 
Lord M. says Thiers did everything we wanted, but 
then he did it all without telling the King ; and 
Lord M. said, " One never knows what he will do 
next." 

Asked Lord M. if he thought Lady Holland felt 
her being unable to come to court s ; he shook his 
head and said, " Perpetually ; oh ! she feels it very 
much." George IV. knew her, he said, but disliked 
her very much latterly ; and she one day was 
very rude to him (George IV.) when he came into 
her box at the Play ; and he was perpetually 
recurring to that ; " He said to my brother, 
4 Don't you remember, Frederick, when we went 
into the box that night, how she treated me ? ' " 
George IV. was excessively fond of Lord Holland, 

1 This allusion is to King William's correspondence. He was so 
" careful " of the papers that they have disappeared. 

2 Count Mole", who had been President of the Council since 1836, 
dissolved the Chamber of Deputies in 1838, and as the ensuing general 
election gave him an indecisive majority, M. Thiers dexterously 
seized the opportunity of forming a junction with Guizot and opening 
the way to power for himself. His characteristic obstinacy and 
arrogance, however, led to a dispute about appointments to offices, 
and, a popular disturbance ensuing, Marshal Soult was appointed 
President of the Council and Minister of Foreign Affairs in May 1839. 

8 She was the divorced wife of Sir Godfrey Webster. See ante, 
p. 70, and Vol. I., p. 101. 



100 LORD DURHAM'S INTENTIONS [*T. 19 

Lord M. said ; and Lady Holland rather expected 
he would have received her, as he used when Prince 
Regent to go there so often ; said, I thought per- 
haps she mightn't feel the exclusion ; Lord M. said, 
" Oh ! she feels it deeply ; there's nobody who 
doesn't feel it ; I have never known anybody who 
didn't feel it bitterly ; many don't wish to go, but 
they don't like the exclusion." Lord Melbourne 
told me after dinner before we sat down that he had 
seen Duncannon, who had seen Durham ; Durham 
sent for Duncannon, Lord M. said, and Duncannon 
found him very mild, and saying it was a mistaken 
idea that he meant to take a line in opposition to 
the Government, that he never meant to do so, and 
only meant to defend himself ; he is very much 
annoyed, Lord M. says, Duncannon told him, at my 
not having answered the letter Lady Durham wrote 
from Portsmouth. He promised Duncannon to see 
Howick. 

Talked of the French Ministry, and who it was 
likely might replace them, which Lord M. can't at 
all tell ; he don't think the King will name Broglie ; 
probably Guizot. 

Talked of Clocks, Lord Melbourne's never having 
one in his room ; " I always ask the servant what 
o'clock it is ; and then he tells me what he likes," 
said Lord M. Talked of large clocks which strike 
the quarters, which Lord M. likes ; he thinks the 
Eton clock the best in the World. Asked Lord M. 
when George IV. gave his father that fine picture l ; 
in the year '84 or 5, he said ; talked of Lord M.'s 
father having been one of the first of George IV.'s 
Lords, when his Household was first formed in '83. 
Of his having been in waiting when the Prince of 

1 Portrait of George IV. by Sir J. Reynolds. 




frtrrrv 



of- /the/ 



-Ley, 



1839] MRS. JORDAN'S STATUE 101 

Wales married, which he said George IV. did in 
desperation ; Lord M. does not think George IV. could 
have kept Queen Caroline in bounds, even if he had 
treated her well ; they were not calculated to go on 
together for a moment, he said. . . . 

Wednesday, 16th January. Lord M. had seen all 
Chantrey's works in his studio ; and he said, " I 
saw Mrs. Jordan's statue " ; the late King, Lord 
M. told me (Chantrey told him) sent for Chantrey 
about 4 or 5 days after he came to the Throne, and 
desired him to make this statue, which he had 
always intended to have done when he had the 
means for it; the King's Executors tell Chantrey it 
belongs to Munster, but Lord M. said Munster 
doesn't know what to do with it ; it's too large for 
a house ; it's with 2 of the children, and done after 
the picture Beechey did of her when she was quite 
young and thin, and not like what Lord M. remem- 
bers her. Then Lord M. said, they didn't know what 
to write under it, so they called it, " Sacred to the 
memory of an affectionate Mother, Dorah Bland." 
But I asked Lord M., why shouldn't it be Dorah 
Jordan ? Bland was her maiden name ; Lord M. 
said he had no idea who Mr. Jordan was, 1 or if she 
was married to him. Asked Lord M. if he liked 
pictures or busts best ; pictures, he said. That 
Chantrey said their difficulty was the absence of 
colour, and that they were obliged to produce 
by shadow what painters do by colours. Lord 
M. asked him how it was that Sculptors generally 
took fewer sittings than Painters ; " They ought to 
have more," he said ; " but Sculptors are gener- 
ally cleverer fellows than Painters." Talked again 
of Mrs. Jordan. She died at St. Cloud in '16. 

1 Mr. Jordan was a myth. She was never married. 
H 8 



102 THE QUESTION OF VACCINATION [*T. 19 

Her brother, called Bland, was not a good actor, 
but was very like her, and used to act with her 
in the Twelfth Night. " She was beautifully formed," 
Lord M. said, " her legs and feet were beautifully 
formed, as this statue is " ; and she used to be 
fond of acting in men's clothes ; she used to act 
Hippolyta in She Would and She Would Not, and 
Rosalind in As You Like It; "a lovely play," 
said Lord M., " the prettiest play in the world ; 
and her acting in that was quite beautiful." " She 
had a beautiful enunciation," he added. She was 
an Irish girl. 

Sunday, 20th January. After dinner Lord Mel- 
bourne came up to me and said, " I've seen Sir 
James Clark this morning ; he's very anxious about 
this vaccination." Lord M. then talked for some 
time to me about this, urging me to have it done ; 
I resisted. " You'll have it done," he said ; " if it 
doesn't take, why then you're safe ; and if it does, 
it can do no harm." I said I did not mind the 
thing, but thought it quite useless * ; he owned 
there was a degree of fuss ; " You think it's child- 
ish," he continued ; " now that's nonsense ; I 
shall see Halford 2 to-morrow morning ; shall I ask 
him ? " I said he might. Lord M. then looked at 
a new Translation of The Arabian Nights, illustrated ; 
he said it was quite another book to the one he was 
accustomed to read ; " This is an amusing book 
too," he said ; and he read out some accounts of the 
Mahommedan religion given in the Notes, which 

1 Although Jenner's discovery was about sixty years old, vacci- 
nation was by no means universal in 1839, and re vaccination rare. 
It was not made compulsory in Great Britain until 1853. 

2 Sir Henry Halford (originally Vaughan), Bart., Physician to 
George III. and IV., William IV., and Queen Victoria. 



1839] INTEREST IN EDUCATION 103 

put him into fits of laughter. He said The Arabian 
Nights were a very extraordinary production, and 
were first known in England a hundred years ago ; 
Lord M. talked of Wilkinson's 1 book about the 
Egyptians, which he says is so very curious, and he 
said, how very curious it was that the Egyptians 
drew everything. Talked of my disliking Ancient 
History and Rollin, 2 which Lord M. said he never 
did, but most people did ; of reading without atten- 
tion ; and Lord M. said one never learned well unless 
one was interested ; " You can't get on," he said, 
" if you can't enlist the pupil on your side " ; and 
he said that was why some boys got on very well 
at school and others not at all. Said to Lord M. I 
should resist about this Vaccination ; " Oh ! no, 
you'll do it," he said kindly ; I said No, and that 
no one could force me to it ; he agreed in that, 
but strongly urged it and said earnestly, " Do." 
" Think if you were to have it ; think of the re- 
sponsibility, of the scrape you'd get them into ; of 
the scrape you'd get us all into." 

Monday, 2lst January. Talked of poor Princess 
Charlotte's fondness for Uncle, and his for her ; of 
his constantly recurring to those times. "He had 
acquired great influence with her," said Lord M., 
" was very quiet and patient, and that's the only 
way in which a man can have any power with a 



woman.' 1 



Tuesday, 22nd January. Talked to Lord M. again 
about what he had told me the other day, viz. 
that people said I showed no particular liking to any 

1 John Gardner Wilkinson, an explorer and Egyptologist. He was 
knighted in 1839. 

8 It is not surprising that the Queen disliked Rollin, if only because 
her copy of the book was in folio ! 



104 CONCERNING PLAYS DET.IQ 

of the Ladies, and I asked if it included all my 
Ladies and all the Men (of the Court) also ; he said 
it did, and that it "is strange for so young a person 
not to show any preference " ; I said I dared not, 
though I was very fond of some, but that I never 
saw a great deal of them, and never talked of any- 
thing that interested me much, to them. Lady 
Portman, Lady Barham, 1 and Lady Normanby * I 
was very fond of, I said ; Lady Tavistock 2 I also 
liked, I said, as she was very discreet. 

Talked of my going to the Play in State next 
week, and of my having no lady hardly to go with 
me, and that I must write and ask Lady Tavistock 
to come up for it, which he said would be the best 
thing to do. Talked of Sheridan Knowles saying 
I had promised through Lord John that I would 
have one of his Plays acted when I went in State ; 
talked of that, and Lord M. said, "All Sheridan 
Knowles's Plays are very proper." Said I thought 
The Love Chase wasn't quite the thing for me to see ; 
" Perhaps that's the most questionable." I asked 
if he had seen it ; he said, " No, but I think I read 
it " ; but The Hunchback and The Wife he mentioned 
as the prettiest modern Plays that could be ; said, 
they would never let me see The Hunchback, though 
I begged so to see it ; which he was quite surprised 
at; for he said it's a most moral Play. Talked of 
my seeing The Tempest, which I asked his advice 
about ; he advised me to do so. ... 

Thursday, 24<th January. Lord M. said there 
had been rather an important Cabinet yesterday, 
about the Corn Laws, which lasted from 3 till 6. 

1 See ante, Vol. I., p. 175. 

2 Anne Maria, daughter of third Earl of Harrington. See Vol. I., 
p. 202, 



1839] THE CABINET ON CORN LAWS 105 

" There was a good deal of difference of opinion," 
he said, " I hope it'll go no farther." Thomson and 
Howick, he said, were very anxious, and urged it 
very strongly, that the Government should take 
advantage of the present clamour about the Corn 
Laws " and change the present fluctuating duty 
upon corn to a fixed duty of 105." Lord M. said 
that the greater part of the Cabinet were for the 
change, but think it would be extremely unsafe for 
the Government to change at this moment, the 
course the Government has hitherto pursued ; it 
was an Open Question, and everybody voted as they 
liked, he said ; " But they " (Thomson and Howick) 
" urged it very strongly ; it was a very eager de- 
bate, and they may urge it farther." Interests and 
opinions in the country, he says, are very much 
divided upon it ; some think the present system, 
which almost entirely excludes the Importation of 
Foreign Corn, is very injurious to the Country ; others 
just the contrary. At 8 we dined. Besides we 13, 
Lord Conyngham dined here. We came in about 20 
minutes before the Lions came on. Van Amburgh l 
surpassed even himself, and was miraculous ; he 
stayed a much longer time than usual in the 1st 
cage, and all the animals were much more lively 
than usual ; in the 2nd cage, as usual, the little 
lamb was brought in, while he was reclining on the 
Lion's body and head, and put before the Lion's 
nose, which he as usual bore with indifference ; 
when one of the Leopards, the smallest of all the 
animals and a sneaking little thing, came, seized 
the lamb and ran off with it ; all the others, except 
the lion, and all those in the other cage making a rush 
to help in the slaughter ; it was an awful moment, 

1 A celebrated lion-tamer of the day. 
n 8* 



106 VAN AMBURGH, THE LION TAMER [*r. 19 

and we thought all was over, when Van Amburgh 
rushed to the Leopard, tore the lamb unhurt from 
the Leopard, which he beat severely, took the 
lamb in his arms, only looked at all the others, and 
not one moved, though in the act of devouring the 
lamb. It was beautiful and wonderful ; and he 
was immensely applauded ; he held the lamb for a 
few minutes in his arms, and then sent it out of the 
cage, but remained himself some little time in the 
cage, making these animals obey as usual. After 
the Pantomime was over, we waited in a little ante- 
room till everybody was gone, and the house quite 
cleared, and then we all went down on the stage, 
which was walled in by Scenery, and the cages with 
the animals again brought on ; there they were, 
and most beautiful beasts they are, so sleek, so well- 
conditioned and so wild that really Van Am- 
burgh's power seems little short of a miracle. They 
had not been fed since early the preceding day, and 
consequently were wilder than usual ; Van Amburgh, 
who was in plain clothes, is a tall but not very 
powerful-looking man ; young, very modest, quiet 
and unassuming ; with a mild expression, a receding 
forehead and very peculiar eyes, which don't exactly 
squint but have a cast in them. I asked him if 
that had ever happened before with the lamb ; he 
replied, " Sometimes it does ; it did the first time 
I took one in," but the lamb was unhurt ; they then 
fed them, and they roared and fought with one 
another terrifically ; but it was very fine. I didn't 
allow Van Amburgh to go into the cages, but he 
went up to them and stroked them and they obeyed 
him wonderfully ; he told Lord Conyngham that 
they were all full grown but two, when he first had 
them ; the large lion in the furthest cage is the 



1839] CABINET DIFFICULTIES 107 

fiercest, he says ; and the weight of the leopard 
which he carries on his head and shoulders and 
makes it perform every sort of beautiful trick, is 
14 stone. He scarcely ever uses an iron bar to them, 
but only a stick made of Rhinoceros hide, which he 
showed us. ... 

Sunday, 27th January. Talked of Lady Bar- 
ham's boy l disliking learning, which led us to talk 
of children learning; his (Ld. M.'s) having feigned 
to be ill so often when a child ; a Mr. Cuppage 
taught him to write before he went to his Private 
Tutor's ; his having hated learning Latin so, and 
wishing, he said, at the time, he could work in 
the fields instead. " I remember thinking it most 
fervently," he said, " and I used to think how I 
wish I was one of those happy fellows in the fields, 
instead of learning this consumed Latin ! " . . . 

Tuesday, 29th January. . . . Asked Lord M. 
if they had had no Cabinet about the Ballot ; he 
replied that they had not. " This (the Corn Laws) 
has rather superseded the Ballot." Asked him if 
this Question was one of more difficulty than the 
Ballot ; " No, but people are apt to forget it " when 
taken up with a new subject. He thinks there will 
be a good deal at first when Parliament meets ; I 
observed they had got through several long ques- 
tions last year, and Lord M. said, " Oh ! yes ; I 
think the danger doesn't come so much from our 
adversaries as from ourselves." 

Wednesday, 30th January. Lord M. said he was 
well, but I thought him looking pale and black 
under the eyes. He had not seen Lord John this 
morning. Asked why should Lord John resign (as 

1 Roden Berkeley Wriothesley Noel, afterwards Groom of the Privy 
Chamber, 1867-71. 



108 THE JAMAICAN TROUBLE [JET. 19 

Lord M. wrote me last night he meant to do) if Lord 
Howick did ? Lord M. said, he supposed Lord John 
thought it would affect him, and that probably since 
his recent loss he hadn't the same spirits. Talked 
of Lord Howick's saying he was always in a minority, 
which he has often been, Lord M. says ; Lord M. 
said in this West Indian business, 1 which is one of 
difficulty, he started a new Proposition ; the Legis- 
lative Assembly of Jamaica are pursuing the same 
course as the Legislative Assembly in Canada did, 
and refusing to obey and to carry into execution 
what they are ordered to do. " The question is, 
what is to be done ? ' said Lord M. ; it is therefore 
intended, he continued, to empower the Govern- 
ment and Council to do it ; well, Lord Howick 
wishes, Lord M. said, that this should be done for all 
the islands, and a Commission sent out, of 5 Com- 
missioners, to legislate for all the Islands ; now 
Jamaica is the only island that has positively acted 
contumaciously, though the others have done their 
duty inadequately. Asked Lord M. if Lord John 
agreed with Lord Howick upon this ; Lord M. said, 
he did not ; why therefore should he resign, I ob- 
served. Lord M. said because Lord John thought 
that Lord Howick's resignation would be said to 
be on account of his having more popular feelings 
than Lord John, which would weaken Lord John's 
influence ; I asked Lord M. if he thought so ; " No, 

1 Reference has already been made to the apprenticeship question 
in Jamaica, ante. Vol. I., p. 294. The planters' severity in punishment 
had also placed a strain on the accommodation in the prisons, and an 
Imperial Act for their regulation was passed. The Jamaica Assembly 
was opposed to this, and a second house, elected after a dissolution 
by the Governor, Sir Lionel Smith, took the same view. This state 
of things induced the Melbourne Government to introduce a Bill to 
suspend for a time the constitution of Jamaica. 



1839] DOWNING STREET AND THE CABINET 109 

I don't see the least reason why he should do so," 
said Lord M. ; at the same time, it would be in- 
convenient and embarrassing if Lord Howick was 
to resign, as it would be difficult to fill up his place ; 
asked Lord M. if he always gave trouble ; Lord M. 
said he always did, even when out of the Cabinet, 
during Lord Grey's administration, under Lord 
Ripon. Lord M. said, " He is a very clever man, but 
a very obstinate man, and excessively eager about 
what he takes up, and very angry when every body 
don't immediately adopt his views." Lord M.'s 
eyes filled with tears in speaking of England's 
glories ; he loves his country truly. " George III. 
said," Lord M. continued, " 4 I've been both the 
most unpopular and the most popular of monarchs ; 
the first I owe to my Ministers ; the last I owe to my 
son ' ; rather a bitter mot, if he said it." Talked of 
Lord M.'s house in Downing Street, which is a " large J* 
rambling house, badly furnished." l He made a 
contract with a man in '34, just before Lord M. was 
out, for furnishing it for 6 and 20,000, and paid 
300 to be off. They have the Cabinets at his 
house in Downing Street instead of at the Foreign 
Office, now. 8 

Thursday, 31st January. Talked of my going to 
the Play in State again, and Lord M. said, " If you 

1 The official house of the Prime Minister. It was left by Sir 
Robert Walpole to his successors. It has not, however, always been 
used by the Prime Minister. Lord Salisbury, for instance, did not 
occupy it, but gave it to Mr. Balfour, who at that time was First Lord 
of the Treasury and Leader of the House of Commons. 

2 The practice has varied under different Prime Ministers. At 
the present time (1912) the Cabinet Councils are again held in the old 
Cabinet room in Downing Street, in spite of the size of the Cabinet. 
The room has double doors, for the purpose of greater secrecy, and 
a " messenger," by immemorial custom, is stationed at the door. 



110 LORD HOWICK'S RESIGNATION [r. 19 

like it, it's a popular thing." Talked of the stand- 
ing for the Attendants being rather a hard thing ; 
and Lord M. said, he believed George III. and 
Queen Charlotte introduced that, and particularly 
George III. Talked of George III. using to go once 
a week to the Play in State ; George IV. used to go 
often before he became King, and understood acting 
well, Lord M. said. Lord M. said there had been 
hardly any Court till George III.'s time, since Queen 
Caroline (George II. 's wife), 1 and she was only 
Queen for 10 years ; " She had a literary society," 
Lord M. continued ; " Dr. Clark, and Leibnitz." 
Lord M. admires her ; talked of Frederick Prince of 
Wales. Said I thought he was stupid, which Lord M. 
doesn't think, but said, " He wrote ridiculous verses ; 
he was always writing love verses." I forgot to say 
that before dinner I received a letter from Lord 
Melbourne, sending 3 letters from Lord Howick ; the 
1st to Lord John saying he could not alter his mind, 
and enclosing a letter to Lord Melbourne tendering 
his resignation ; and the last (to Lord John), having 
heard Lord John would resign if he did, which shook 
him a good deal in his decision. He had not been 
at the Cabinet, Lord M. said, and Lord M. was going 
to see him at 12 next morning. 

Friday, 1st February. He had seen Lord Howick, 
whom he found calm and reasonable enough ; he 
had written Lord Melbourne a letter before he came 
to see him, which Lord M. had sent to Lord John. 
Lord M. said Lord Howick said, that he did not like 
to take the entire responsibility upon himself of 
breaking up the Government, and that he would 
remain if he was sure that the Government of the 

1 That is, between 1737 (when Queen Caroline died) and 1760, 
when George III. succeeded to the throne. 



1839] HOWICK AND RUSSELL 111 

Colonies would be put on a sure footing, in fact, 
Lord M. said, meaning the removal of Lord Glenelg. 
Lord M. said, " Lord Glenelg certainly does it very 
indolently and loosely, and is so slow about bringing 
anything forward." I observed how inconvenient 
it was, this happening just now, in which Lord M. 
agreed, and Lord M. said, " I said to him (Howick), 
You should have told me this a month or two ago." 
But he replied, he was obliged to wait for a fit 
moment for doing so, which hadn't before appeared. 
I asked again why should Lord John resign ; Lord 
M. said, what he had said before, that Lord John 
fears that if Howick resigns, it would be said it was 
because he had more popular notions than Lord 
John, which Lord J. thinks would lessen his influ- 
ence, and he cannot stand unpopularity, still less 
now that his spirits are a good deal broken. 1 Talked 
of Glenelg's resignation, and his (G.'s) disliking to 
resign. Lord M. said, the only way seemed to be, 
to make Lord Glenelg resign, which I said was a 
disagreeable thing to do, in which he agreed, but 
which he said had been done in the case of Lord 
Ripon ; when Mr. Stanley wouldn't remain in 
Ireland and would only be a Secretary of State, 
Lord M. said, Lord Ripon was made to resign. 2 
Lord M. said, it was a disagreeable thing to do, " but 
it's the only alternative of their resigning." Said I 
thought it not right in Lord Howick bringing this 

1 By the death of his first wife. See ante, p. 67. 

2 This was the more remarkable because Lord Ripon (1782-1859) 
had formerly (under the name of Lord Goderich) been Prime Minister. 
He became a member of the Whig Cabinet in 1830 as Colonial Secretary, 
and under pressure in 1833 gave up that office and became Privy Seal. 
At this time Lord Ripon was out of office, but he became President 
of the Board of Trade in Sir Robert Peel's second Administration 
formed two years later. 



112 MINISTERIAL REARRANGEMENT [*r.i9 

on, just now, and Lord M. said, " No, it's not right, 
it's very awkward " ; and I observed it wasn't right 
in Lord John minding unpopularity. " He shouldn't 
mind it," said Lord M. " / think he's quite mis- 
taken." Lord M. would see Lord John almost 
directly ; there was to be a Cabinet about the 
Speech, and Lord M. had got Lord Howick to come, 
as his absence was observed ; asked if Lord Howick 
did his business well. " Very well," replied Lord 
M. ; " but too actively, quite the opposite extreme 
to Glenelg." Said I regretted so very much Lord 
M.'s having all this trouble ; " Yes, it's a great 
difficulty," he replied, " and what's worse I don't 
see my way through it." 

Got at dinner a letter from Lord Melbourne, in 
which he gives me an account of an arrangement 
to get over our present serious difficulties. This is 
Lord Melbourne's communication : " Lord Mel- 
bourne presents his humble duty to Your Majesty, 
and begs to acquaint Your Majesty that he has seen 
Lord John Russell. Lord John is of opinion that 
the only mode of keeping the Government together 
is to take immediate measures for replacing Lord 
Glenelg at the Colonial Office. He proposes that 
Lord Normanby should be sent for from Ireland and 
receive the Colonial Seals, and that Lord Glenelg 
should have the Privy Seal with a retiring pension. 
Lord Melbourne must speak to Lord Lansdowne, 
Lord Palmerston, and others, before he can decidedly 
submit such an arrangement to Your Majesty, but 
Lord Melbourne fears that there is no other mode 
of preventing the dissolution of the Administration." 

Saturday, 2nd February. Lord M. then said, 
" Now, Ma'am, I wrote to John Russell this morning, 
very strongly, representing the great difficulty of a 



1839] LORD JOHN RUSSELL'S TROUBLE 113 

change at this moment, and how strange it would 
appear, and here is his answer." In this he says 
he thought he had been punished by the dreadful 
calamity he had endured for meddling in other people's 
business, and that he did not mean to bring it for- 
ward again ; but that Lord Howick's opposition 
had roused all his feelings again, and that he would 
resign next week. Lord Melbourne then read over 
the part in which he says he thought himself 
punished by the calamity he had undergone, 1 and 
Lord M. said, proved how full he was of his mis- 
fortune, and that he was always harping upon it ; and 
Lord M. observed that people are always thinking 
why they in particular should be afflicted. "Now 
this looks very unfavourable," said Lord M., but he 
continued that he had met Palmerston (on Constitu- 
tion Hill, which had made him late, he said) whom 
he had desired to speak to Howick ; Palmerston 
said he had conversed fully with Howick ; Howick 
said, though he quite agreed with Lord John upon 
the bad state the Government of the Colonies was in, 
still he knew and saw the impossibility of a change 
now, and therefore he would be content to remain, 
if he could be sure that the Colonial Department 
would be better conducted ; Lord M. said, " So I 
hope to be able to prevent their having a blow up, 
before the Address is over ; and then try and settle 
it with them ; but I don't know." I repeated to 
Lord M. that I thought it not at all right of either of 
them, that they should bring this on just now. " No, 
it isn't right," said Lord M., " and that's what 
Thomson says ; he says, ' You won't have a leg 

1 Lord John's usually well-balanced mind was temporarily un- 
hinged by his domestic loss. He was a man exceptionally sensitive 
and tender in the more intimate relations of life. 



114 ROYAL OBSTINACY [JET. 10 

to stand upon, for if you put it upon the total in- 
capacity of Glenelg, why that's been known for a 
year or two, and if it's only upon this last decision 
of the Cabinet, why that's not ground enough,' " 
which is exceedingly true. I asked Lord M. if 
he thought Lord John would have resigned if his 
Wife were alive; Lord M. thinks certainly not, for 
that she wouldn't have let him do so. 

Talked of the Princess Sophia Matilda ; of the 
Duke of Gloucester being so exceedingly obstinate ; 
of the obstinacy in the family ; George IV. was 
not obstinate, Lord M. said, and could easily be 
managed by his own fancies. Talked of the Duke 
of York, and he said that people relied on his 
word and his steadiness, which he carried to a 
most unfortunate extent, declaring several times 
"he would have gone to the Scaffold " sooner than 
give way about the Roman Catholics ; over-good- 
natured, and allowing people to take liberties with 
him, of which Lord M. gave me several instances. 

Monday, &ih February. Lord M. then told me he 
had asked Lord Palmerston about the Pronunciation 
of the word Guaranteed ; that if I wished to be very 
English I ought to say guarantee, for that the English 
word was warranty and warrantee ; and the French 
way of pronouncing it was garantee, as Lord M. pro- 
nounces it ; the g was introduced in Charles II.'s time. 
Talked of Glenelg ; the letter was to go in the evening. 
Asked Lord M. if Glenelg was at all aware of what 
was brewing ; Lord M. said not, and I asked him 
what would they give him : " We must give him 
the Privy Seal " ; I said, then Lord Duncannon 1 
must give it up. Lord M. said, " He only holds it, 

1 John William, afterwards fourth Earl of Bessborough. See Vol. I., 
p. 73. 







C^U Jl. <y~L. Jsisic&M <^ofiJLLCL< JVLitilcia; of hy 

-J-rtnrv ox b&rtrtuJsJjy ^DalLcms offer o> 



1839] SPEECH-NERVOUSNESS 115 

without having any salary ; he takes the salary 
from the Woods and Forests." . . . 

Wednesday, 6th February. Said, I felt happier to 
read the Speech at the Proroguing than at the Open- 
ing of Parliament ; which he quite understood. But, 
he said, " You seemed more at your ease yesterday, 
seemed less nervous; you were very steady." Said 
I was less so, but that I always felt nervous ; and Lord 
M. said that no one ever got over that, and that 
there were very few who didn't feel the same ner- 
vousness before making a Speech even if you had 
done it a 100 times ; he feels that, he says ; and 
Pitt, he said, never came to the House that he didn't 
feel certain he should break down ; but Lord M. 
said, it is said, nobody speaks well who hasn't that 
feeling. 

Thursday, 7th February. Said to Lord M. I was 
never satisfied with my own reading, and thought I 
put the wrong emphasis upon words ; he said, " No, 
you read very well ; I thought you read it very well 
this morning " ; and I said I often felt so conscious 
of saying stupid things in conversation, and that I 
thought I was often very childish. 1 " You've no 
reason to think that," said Lord M., and that I 
feared I often asked him tiresome and indiscreet 
questions and bored him. " Never the least," he 
replied ; " you ought to ask." 

Friday, Sth February. At 20 m. to 2 came Lord 
Melbourne and stayed with me till 5 m. p. 2. He 
had ridden here ; and said he was " well in health " ; 
he showed me a letter from Glenelg persisting in his 
resignation ; Lord M. said, when I had read it, 

1 The Queen was still in her teens. These Journals show how 
modestly she underestimated her intelligence, her perspicacity, and 
her fine memory. 



116 LORD GLENELG [*T.i9 

" The only way is to say that his resignation has 
been accepted, and to send for Normanby." Said, 
I thought it very hard upon Lord M. all this happen- 
ing at this moment. " It puts us into immense 
difficulties and dangers," he replied, " when once 
such a shake has begun, you never know where it 
may end." Talked of Glenelg's being very much 
hurt at all this ; and Lord M. said, " I never should 
have done it if I hadn't known that nothing but 
that could prevent the dissolution of the Govern- 
ment." I said certainly John Russell and Howick 
had brought all this difficulty upon them, in which 
Lord M. agreed ; and I said it was very wrong of 
them. Talked of people's being like their Parents ; 
and Lord M. said Pitt was the son of Lord Chatham 
by Lord Grenville's sister ; and Lord M. said that 
when he made a speech people could tell exactly 
from which it came ; " That's from Pitt that's from 
Grenville." Talked of what the other Ministers 
would say about Glenelg's resignation ; " I daresay 
it may be better as it is " (these are not exactly his 
words, I think), " but still I should have liked to have 
gone on," he said ; in which I quite agree. Glenelg 
feels it much, we fear ; we agreed Normanby was a 
man who would require more notice to be taken of 
him by me, than Glenelg did. Talked of Glenelg 
having no decision and never being able to decide 
promptly, which in Politics, Lord M. said, is abso- 
lutely necessary ; of his being too late, and never 
ready ; of his being a mild, agreeable man. 

I asked him if Normanby would be sent for soon. 
" I've written to him," replied Lord M. He wrote to 
him yesterday ; he said Normanby was quite ready 
to come, and read me a letter from him ; Normanby 
says O'Connell and Brougham are well matched ; he 



1839] COMPULSORY AND VOLUNTARY EDUCATION 

is desired to come over as quickly as he possibly can. 
The Cabinet he told me was to be about the general 
state of affairs, and the Estimates. Talked of the 
answer from the Russian Government to the Des- 
patch from Lord Palmerston about their reducing 
their Navy, not being very favourable. " Not so 
unfavourable," said Lord M., " it's a clever paper." 
Lord Palmerston, he said, put it (in the Despatch) 
upon what we should say in the House of Commons ; 
and the Emperor replies to that, that they need only 
say the Emperor's great moderation was well known, 
and could well be stated by the known cleverness 
of the English Debaters. . . . 

Sunday, Wth February. Lord M. made us laugh 
very much with his opinions about Schools and 
Public Education ; the latter he don't like, and 
when I asked him if he did, he said, " I daren't say 
in these times that I'm against it, but I am against 
it." He says it may do pretty well in Germany, 
but that the English would not submit to that thral- 
dom ; he thinks it much better be left to Voluntary 
Education, and that people of any great genius were 
educated by circumstances, and that " the education 
of circumstances " was the best ; what is taught in 
Schools might be improved, he thinks. " All this 
was beginning when I was a boy," he said, " when 
I was with a Clergyman at Hatfield, all those Sunday 
Schools were beginning." I asked him if he didn't 
think that Asylum * of Miss Murray's for poor criminal 
children very good ; he shook his head and said, " I 
doubt it." I said they would else commit every 
sort of atrocity and wickedness ; "And so they will 
now, you'll see," he replied. Then he talked of 
those Normal Schools where they are going to 

1 See Vol. I., p. 162. 
H 9 



118 MORE GOVERNMENT DIFFICULTIES &BT.IB 

educate Schoolmasters, and he said, " You'll see 
they'll breed the most conceited set of blockheads 
ever known, and that'll be of no use whatever ; now 
mind me if they don't," he added, turning to me. 

He examined my bouquet and talked of forcing 
flowers, and said in his funny way, " Forcing flowers 
is questionable." I then talked about all these un- 
fortunate difficulties, and Lord M. said this was the 
last of many other difficult things they had to dis- 
cuss ; asked if they agreed well about those. 
" Middling," he replied. Asked Lord M. if Howick's 
resignation were not to be followed by John Rus- 
sell's, would it be a bad thing ? " Why," Lord M. 
said, " it's not good any resigning, as it gives a 
shake, but it would not be a bad thing ; it would not 
be a bad thing." Talked of Lord John's resigning 
and his (Ld. J.'s) reasons for so doing, and Lord M. 
said, " / think it's all nonsense," but that if Lord 
John had once taken a thing into his head it was 
almost impossible to make him change ; and Lord 
M. thinks he is obstinate when he gets such notions ; 
Howick, excessively obstinate and eager." Said to 
Lord M. I regretted so much that I was of no use, 
for that I felt I was of no use. " Oh ! no," he said, 
" quite the contrary " ; and I said I hoped, if he 
thought it would be of any use, he would use my 
name whenever he thought proper. " Thank you, 
Ma'am, I'll do so," he replied ; " I'll do what I think 
right and best about that." Lord M. says he 
believes there will be little difficulty from the 
Opposition ; " the real danger always comes from 
ourselves," and he said he didn't mind being 
helped by the Tories, for that he knew their 
faults and merits as well as he did those of our 
friends, but Lord John dislikes it exceedingly, and 



1839] CHARLES II. IN PARLIAMENT 119 

can't bear unpopularity in his own party. Talked of 
Palmerston's thinking it very wrong of Austria and 
Prussia to have withdrawn their Ministers from 
Brussels, in which Lord M. agreed, and said, " It's 
very rough," and he says Palmerston has written a 
very good draft about it. 1 Lord M. talked of the 
Chancellor 2 who was called to the Bar the same day 
as he (Ld. M.) was ; he is just Lord M.'s age. 

Monday, llth February. He had seen Lord 
Lansdowne last night, and they agreed that either 
Lord Tavistock or Lord Clarendon 3 would be the best 
for a Lord Lieutenant. I am quite of this opinion ; 
Lord M. doesn't know if Tavistock would take it ; 
Lord Clarendon we both think would be very fit 
for it. Lord M. said, " All the Irish Members are in 
despair at Normanby's leaving Ireland," which I 
can quite understand. Talked of Charles II. going 
to the House of Lords during Debates ; " he used 
to stand by the fire and talk with the Peers like 
anybody else," 4 said Lord M. ; but it has never 
been done since. Talked of its being very hard I 
could never go, for that I would give anything to go. 

Wednesday, I3th February. Talked of Lady Port- 
man's little girl, who had been very naughty in the 
morning and had quite resisted and refused to read 
when I asked her to do so, before I went to sit to 
Chantrey ; and Lord M. said, " I never heard of 
such a thing, I never heard of a child who refused to 

1 A dispute as to carrying out what were known as the twenty-four 
articles was in progress between Belgium and Holland, and hostilities 
seemed probable. By the intervention of the Powers, war was averted. 
See ante, p. 48, and Vol. I., p. 387. 

2 Lord Cottenham. See Vol. L, p. 282. 

8 Sir George Villiers (see Vol. I., p. 229) had succeeded to the 
Clarendon earldom in 1838. 

4 While listening to the discussion in Parliament of Lord Ross's 
Divorce Bill, Charles exclaimed that it was " as good as a play." 



120 CHANGES AND APPOINTMENTS [*r. 19 



do what he was asked," which made us laugh very 
much. " That must be a very refractory child." 
" You never hear," he continued, " a boy who has 
been brought up at a public school, say / won't or 
/ wouldn't " ; that those who were brought up at 
Private Schools did so ; I said / always did, and 
most children did, and we asked him if he hadn't 
done so when a child. " Not much, very little, I 
knew I couldn't." " We shall see what this Board 
of Education will do," he added funnily. 

Thursday, I4stk February. He had had a letter 
from Normanby which he read to me, in which N. 
wishes to have the new Bishop of Cashel, 1 one of the 
Lords Justices ; talked of his (N.'s) successor, and 
Lord M. said (what he had already told me the day 
before), " Upon the whole we think Lord Clarendon 
will be the best, but it's not yet finally settled upon." 
Normanby will be here by Monday. Then Lord M. 
said that Sir George Grey was very anxious to be 
Judge Advocate, " and I think we can't well refuse 
him," though it is rather awkward vacating his 
place. " Perhaps you'll leave it to my discretion," 
said Lord M., " whether it ought to be done or not ; 
if so, it may be done to-day." 

At 20 m. to 3 I rode out with Lord Uxbridge, 
Lord Fingall, 8 Lord Alfred, Daisy, Miss Murray, 
Col. Wemyss, Major Keppel, and came home at J 
p. 5. I rode Comus who went delightfully ; and 
rode between Lord Uxbridge and Col. Wemyss ; it 
was a long and pleasant ride, and a most lovely day, 
warm like Summer. We rode 1st through Kensing- 
ton by Addison Road, into the Acton Road, and 

1 Dr. Stephen C. Sandes. 

* Arthur James, ninth Earl, for some time Lord-in- Waiting to 
Queen Victoria. 



1839] "KING LEAR' 5 121 

across into the Harrow Road, and so home by the 
Park. We saw no less than 4 trains pass close to 
us, and had to wait for one where we have to cross 
the rail-road ; once we were lost, or rather mistook 
our way, and had to retrace our steps. 

Friday, I5th February. Lord M. said, " There's 
a great difficulty about this Lord Lieutenancy for 
Ireland ; we rather wish to keep Lord Clarendon 
for Canada." I asked who would they send ; some 
have mentioned Charlemont, 1 Lord M. said, and " I 
think Charlemont would do very well," he added. 

Monday, 18th February. It was Shakespear's 
tragedy of King Lear, acting according to the text 
of Shakespear ; we came in soon after the beginning ; 
Macready acted the part of Lear ; in parts he was 
very fine, particularly in the last Scene where he 
brings in Cordelia's body ; but at times he was much 
too violent and passionate. Miss P. Horton acted 
the fool delightfully. Mrs. Warner ' was Regan, and 
old Mrs. Clifford a shocking Goner il ; Miss H. Faucit, 
Cordelia ; Mr. Anderson, Edmond ; Mr. Elton, 
Edgar, and of course Madrone ; Mr. Bartley, Kent ; 
and Bennett, Gloster. 

Tuesday, I9th February. Saw Lord Glenelg at 
2, to whom (according to what Lord Melbourne had 
written to me to say) I expressed my thanks for his 
services and my regrets to be unable to keep him in 
my Councils, and the high esteem I should always 
entertain for him. Talked to Lord Melbourne of 
my having seen King Lear and its being a fine 
play ; talked of it for some time ; of the way in 
which it was acted now at Covent Garden. " I 
always thought him (Lear) a foolish old fellow," 

1 Francis William, second Earl of Charlemont, K.P. 

2 Mary Amelia Warner, at one time manageress of Sadler's Wells. 
II 9* 



122 TEACHING USEFUL KNOWLEDGE [*r.i9 

said Lord M. " It's a rough coarse play," said 
Lord M., written for those times, with exaggerated 
characters. " I'm glad you've seen it," he added. 

Wednesday, 2Qth February. After dinner before 
we sat down, I talked with Lord Melbourne and Miss 
Murray about Schools, about which he was very 
funny ; talked of these Normal Schools ; " Normal 
Schools, conceited name," said Lord M. " Normal 
means a rule, so a normal school is a school for 
teaching schoolmasters to teach." Talked of teach- 
ing the poor people to cook, and all those sorts of 
things, and Lord M. said Plato never could bear that 
sort of useful knowledge, which he called lowering 
Science. " You'll never teach English people to 
cook," said Lord M., and he added, " Walter Scott 
said, ' Why do you bother the poor ? leave them 
alone ' ; don't you think there's a great deal of truth 
in that ? Nothing's learnt that way." 

Talked of Plays, and Shakespear's ; Lord M. said 
there is a great dispute as to which are the first 
plays that Shakespear wrote, and that it is not easy 
to ascertain ; there are 36 plays acknowledged to be 
written by him, and some more, Lord M. said, which 
are not quite decided to be his. Talked of Fletcher 
who wrote plays at the same time ; of Ben Jon- 
son's plays ; " The only one that keeps the stage," 
said Lord M., " is called Every Man in his Humour" 
Talked of a play called The Honeymoon which Lord 
M. said is written by a man of the name of Tobin l ; 
of Katherine and Petruchio, and Lord M. said, " It's 
a coarsish plot." ... 

Sunday, 24>th February. Talked of Lord Douro's 
marriage to Lady Elizabeth Hay, 2 one of Lord 

1 John Tobin, also author of The Curfew and The School for Authors. 

2 Daughter of eighth Marquess of Tweeddale. She became Lady 



1839] PLEASURE IN MUSIC 123 

Tweeddale's daughters, being settled ; both Lady 
Normanby and I said we should not believe it till 
we saw Lord Douro really married, for that he was 
so very changeable ; they said Lord Douro had been 
out shopping with the young lady ; and Lord M. 
said, " Shopping is very demonstrative," which made 
us laugh ; and " There is a day when even the most 
volage is fixed, and has his wings clipped." Talked 
of the picture of Van Amburgh and the Lions Land- 
seer is making. " Why, he " (V. Amburgh) tfc quite 
brings Daniel down," said Lord M. ; and he talked of 
the Power the ancients had with Music over beasts, 
and passions ; we said that would have no effect 
on him (Ld. M.) ; he said Orpheus would ; which 
made us laugh ; he said the formation of the organ 
of the ear was different, and also that the dislike 
came from want of attention. " I have music in 
me," he said, " if it was awoke ; only I never at- 
tended to it." If he really had liked it, I said, he 
must have attended to it. " I never could dance in 
time," he said ; " I never knew when it began. 
Sir Isaac Newton said," he continued, " * The only 
difference between me and a carter, is attention.' " 
" I despised music when I was young, beyond 
everything," said Lord M., " and everybody who 
liked it ; I was very foolish." It was the fashion, 
he said, then, to dislike music and dancing, and to 
lounge upon the sofas. . . . 

Sunday, 3rd March. Talked of having a Council 
next Wednesday or not ; of the coat he wears at the 
Council, which he says is comfortable ; of his having 
been in full dress the day I came to the Throne, 
which he said was right for him, as the Duke of 

Douro, and afterwards Duchess of Wellington. She outlived the 
Duke (see Vol. I., p. 191) many years. 



124 IMPROBABLE RUSSIAN RUMOUR [*r.i9 

Wellington had been so when he went to William IV. ; 
but none of the others ought to be, as it is a Council, 
he said, which assembles of itself and is not sum- 
moned ; and that, he said, was the mistake when 
George IV. came to the throne, they put in the 
Declaration that he had assembled them. 1 Talked of 
the number there were at the 1st Council, and my 
being less frightened in reading the Declaration, [quite 
the 1st thing I had ever read before many, or any, 
people,] than I had since, &c. He said, " You didn't 
seem much frightened at the 1st Council ; it was a 
trying morning altogether ; you had been up so long." 
Tuesday, 5th March. Lord M. said that he had 
received a letter from the Duke of Wellington the 
day before yesterday, in which the Duke says that 
there is a gentleman in Hampshire whose son was 
Aide-de-Camp to the Emperor of Russia, and that 
he had written over (I suppose to his Father) that 
he had seen a large plan on the Emperor's table of 
an intention to attack the East Indies with his 
fleet, that the Emperor had referred it to his Minis- 
ters, and that he had afterwards seen it on the 
Emperor's table marked " approved " ; the Duke 
says he does not think it at all probable that such 
a large and difficult undertaking should really be in 
contemplation, but he thinks it possible that the 
Emperor would get his Fleet into the Mediterranean, 
and wishes that something should be done to prevent 
their coming out ; the Duke thought this intelli- 
gence ought not to be totally disregarded and there- 
fore brought it before the Government. " I don't 
think it very probable," said Lord M., " but it 
mustn't be totally disregarded." 2 Lord M. then said 

1 This mistake has occurred since. 

2 This ridiculous story was proved afterwards to be a pure fabrica- 



1839] A REMARKABLE MARRIAGE 125 

he was afraid they were in a scrape about the Regis- 
trar's Certificate for a marriage, of which he already 
told me the other night ; it sounds exceedingly 
absurd, a man has married his grandmother ; Lord 
M. told me the case ; an old man of 70 named 
John Payne married a girl of 17 ; he had a grown-up 
son who had an illegitimate son ; and on the death 
of the old man, this same natural son married his 
grandfather's widow, which is, of course, quite 
wrong ; and the mistake arose, Lord M. said, from 
the Registrar saying that an illegitimate child was 
no relation, " nullius nlius," Lord M. said, and that 
therefore he might marry his grandmother ; now, 
Lord M. said, this is quite wrong, and only applies to 
inheritance of property and not to a thing of this 
sort ; " else," he said, " a man might marry his 
Mother or his Sister." 1 . . . 

Sunday, IQth March. I asked Lord M. how old 
the Bishop of Chester 2 was ; he said, older than he 
was, and that he had been in the form above him at 
Eton ; " Crumpet Sumner," said Lord M. he was 
called, " because his face is said to be in the shape 
of a crumpet, like dough," which made us laugh. 
Talked of that, and of his singular voice. " That 
singing manner that all the Methodists have," he 
said ; which Lady Barham wouldn't allow, and said 

tion. It is interesting as an illustration of the type of sensational 
gossip that finds credence in all countries and under all forms of 
government. 

1 The registrar was giving effect to what is still the popular idea 
on the subject. The Courts, however, have decided that a widower 
may not marry even the niece of his dead wife, although the niece's 
mother was illegitimate. 

8 John Bird Sumner (1780-1862), made Bishop of Chester 1828, and 
Archbishop of Canterbury 1848. He was one year younger than Lord 
Melbourne. 



126 A PROPOSED MARRIAGE [JET.W 

that Dr. Chalmers had not ; Lord M. said, " I've 
never heard him ; I don't go to those Presbyterians ; 
I'm an Episcopalian," which he said in such a funny 
way as to make us all laugh. 

Monday, Ilth March. I asked Lord Melbourne 
how he was in going in and he said quite well, and 
I told him I thought I was going to have the Influ- 
enza, as I had pains all over ; he replied most 
funnily, " It's the best time to have it, no Levee ; 
you can't go through the year without being ill." 
Talked of Lord Headfort's having lost 6,000 trees by 
the hurricane at Headf ort, and large trees, which Lord 
M. wouldn't allow, and said, " Can't be ; there are no 
old trees in Ireland." . . . Talked of the late King's 
serious and real intention to marry me to the second 
son of the Prince of Orange ; " He was very eager 
about it," said Lord M., " he was very angry with 
me about that, for I made a great many objections 
to it." Lord M. said the King meant to have managed 
it any how, and he was always afraid of being " fore- 
stalled " about it, which I said he very likely would 
have been. " The Prince of Orange was very anxious 
about it," Lord M. continued ; " he came to me 
about it, and said the King wished it very much, 
but that he knew that wasn't the only thing in 
this country ; and he wished to know if I had any 
decided objection to it." I talked of my Uncle 
being greatly alarmed about it. Pozzo, Lord M. 
said, and all the Russians, were anxious and always 
wishing for the Dutch alliance. I asked Lord M. 
did he think Pozzo was still for it ; Lord M. 
said, of course they always wished for such an 
alliance ; I asked was there in general much said 
about my marrying. " I haven't heard anything," 
he said, " but there will be some day a great deal ; 



1839] HEALTH PRECAUTIONS 127 

but I'll ask." The best way to prevent that, I said, 
was by never marrying at all ; and that I used to 
frighten my relations by saying so. I asked him 
did he think the Country was anxious I should 
marry, for that I wished to remain as I was for 
some time to come ; he said he didn't believe they 
showed any wish for it as yet." . . . 

Wednesday, 13th March. I said to Lord M. I 
knew I had been very disagreeable and cross in the 
morning, which he didn't allow. I said I had been 
exceedingly angry with John Russell for not letting 
me go to Drury Lane ; Lord M. laughed and said, 
" But it can't be." I couldn't get my gloves on, 
and Lord M. said, " It's those consumed rings ; I 
never could bear them." I said I was fond of them, 
and that it improved an ugly hand. " Makes it 
worse," he replied ; I said I didn't wear them of a 
morning. " Much better," he said, " and if you 
didn't wear them, nobody else would." Ear-rings 
he thinks barbarous. I said I thought I was not get- 
ting stronger. "Why, you have every appearance 
of getting stronger," he said, and " You should take 
the greatest care of your health ; there's nothing like 
health ; particularly in your situation ; it makes you 
so independent ; bad health puts you into the power 
of people." Mr. Cowper came up to us, and said he 
had been talking to Bulwer about his Play, 1 and that 
he wasn't at all satisfied with the way in which it 
was acted. " Pooh, pooh ! " said Lord M., " the 
man's very unreasonable, he's got his Play through, 
and I dare say it ought to have been damned." 
Talked of Richelieu, his character, and Lord M. said 
that if the people were alive and here they could 
often tell us in a moment why they did things, 

1 The play referred to was Richelieu. 



128 LORD MELBOURNE'S BIRTHDAY t*r.i9 

whereas we write volumes to prove the reasons why 
people did so-and-so ; he said people always accused 
Lord Burleigh of being so unkind to his nephew Bacon, 
and Lord M. said he was certain if Lord Burleigh 
were alive he would give his good reasons for it, 
and we knew " what an infernal scamp " Bacon was. 
Friday, I5th March. At a little after 1, Lady 
Cowper (the young one) came with her little Niece, 
Lady Mary Vyner's little girl, 1 the loveliest child I 
ever saw, and such a nice child, called Henrietta 
and 6 years old. Wrote my journal. At 10 m. p. 2 
came Lord Melbourne and stayed with me till 3. He 
was looking particularly well and in high spirits. I 
asked him how he was ; and then I said I must wish 
him joy of this day (his 60th birthday) and I shook 
hands with him and pressed his hand, as he did 
mine, most warmly ; I said to him, for many years 
I trusted. He seemed pleased and said, " Thank 
you, Ma'am." God knows, I wished him joy and 
pressed his kind hand with all my heart, and I am 
quite certain few could have done it with more 
earnestness than I did or be more attached and 
thankful to him than I am. Asked where Dun- 
cannon lived. " In Cavendish Square, where his 
father and grandfather lived," he replied ; " some- 
thing very respectable in living where your father 

1 She married, when very young, Lord Goderich, who, better known as 
Lord Ripon, served the State honourably and with great distinction 
in many high offices, including that of Viceroy of India. The Mar- 
chioness of Ripon, as she ultimately became, was, like her husband, an 
earnest and consistent Liberal in politics. Her health was never 
strong, so that she went little into society, but no woman of the late 
Victorian era enjoyed and shone more in intimate causerie. Her 
instinct and judgment about public affairs were remarkably acute and 
wise. Her capacity for friendship was unusual, and her society was 
sought by some of the most brilliant and eminent of her contemporaries. 
Her memory is deeply cherished by her friends. 



1839] ATTITUDE OF THE QUEEN 129 

and grandfather lived," which made us laugh, as also 
my not knowing where Cavendish Square and Harley 
Street are. " Harley Street leads out of Cavendish 
Square," he said, " and consequently leads into it." 
We were seated as usual, Lord Melbourne sitting 
near me ; Islay l sat on the sofa next to me and was 
good, but rather bewildered and alarmed at the Band 
and at the number of people. Lord M. said, " He 
doesn't mind it ; he is not disposed to take part in 
it," and when I desired them to take the dog away 
to give him a little water, Lord M. said, " You had 
better leave him alone, else he'll soon learn to think 
he's the first object." " He's a dog of retired habits," 
and " You should encourage those habits of abstin- 
ence." I said I hoped he would always tell me 
whatever he heard ; he said, " I always do." Not 
lately, I said ; " I haven't heard anything lately." 
" For," I added, " I was sure I made a great many 
mistakes " ; " No, I don't know that at all." People 
said, he continued, that I was " lofty, high, stern, 
and decided, but that's much better than that you 
should be thought familiar." " I said to Stanley," 2 
he continued, " it's far better that the Queen should 
be thought high and decided, than that she should 
be thought weak. 6 By God ! ' he said, c they don't 
think that of her ; you needn't be afraid of that.' " 
Lord M. seemed to say this with pleasure. " The 
natural thing," he continued, " would be to suppose 
that a girl would be weak and undecided ; but they 
don't think that." I said that I was often very 
childish, he must perceive ; " No, not at all, I don't 
see that in any respect," he said. 

Sunday, 17th March. Talked of the Archbishop 

1 A Scotch terrier, and a great pet of the Queen's. 

2 Afterwards Earl of Derby, and Prime Minister. See Vol. I., p. 73. 



130 MINISTERIAL LEVEES DET.IO 

of York and his being so wonderful for his age ; 
I made Lord M. laugh by saying he told me 
that Lord M. had said to him, " You Bishops are 
sad dogs." " He's a good-natured lively man," 
said Lord M. " He was always very kind to me 
when I asked his advice about people." Lord M. 
went to the Speaker's Levee after his dinner. 
" Several people came dressed to my dinner," he 
said, " which put me in mind I ought to go." Not a 
great many people there, he said ; Stanley, Peel, 
and Graham, and the Duke of Norfolk there. I said 
I thought it was so odd that the Speaker should 
have a Levee l ; and Lord M. not. Lord M. said 
Prime Ministers always used to have them, and they 
were given up by Mr. Pitt out of laziness ; they used 
to be in the morning and Lord M. said there was 
a curious account of the Duke of Newcastle's levees 
in one of Smollett's novels 2 ; " He used to run in to 
it half shaved, with the lather on one side of his 
face," said Lord M., " but that was the right thing ; 
it's meant to be while you are getting up ; I hold a 
levee ; I see people while I'm dressing." I asked him 
if that didn't tire him. " No, not at all, and it don't 
keep them waiting," he replied. Talked of going to 
bed so much earlier formerly ; of my going to sleep 
quickly ; of Louis XIV. never being hungry till he 
came to dinner, and then after the 2 first spoonfuls 
eating quantities ; I said it was quite the contrary 
with me, and that when I had had a little, all appe- 
tite went. " That's not so well," he said. 

1 The Speaker's Levee still remains an institution. The Commander- 
in-Chief's Levee died with the office in 1904. 

2 " A shaving cloth under his chin, his face frothed up to the eyes 
with soap-lather." See letter of J. Mel ford to Sir Watkin Phillips 
of Jesus College, Oxon, of June 5, 17 (Humphry Clinker}. 



1839] LORD RODEN'S MOTION 131 

Monday, ISth March. We were seated much as 
usual, Lord Melbourne sitting near me. He said he 
had desired Hobhouse to send me the letters from 
Lord Auckland about his visit to Runjeet Sing 1 ; that 
there were 250 women, all mounted, and all beautiful 
girls ; and Runjeet said that was the Regiment that 
gave him the most trouble. Talked of Weddings 
being affecting ; and he said no one who had ever 
gone through it and known its consequences, could 
look on it lightly. Talked of the Sovereign's great 
power over the marriages of his relations, being great 
tyranny in my opinion, but Lord M. said, " No, 
quite right, it's much better." Of its being better 
in my opinion that they should not be allowed to 
marry a subject, as they got so mixed up else. 
Talked of this new Assam tea, and Lord M. said they 
told him the other day at the Coffee Mill in St. 
James's Street that they sold it for 865. a Ib. Talked 
of the Opera, and Lord M. said some East India 
people had outbid Lady Stanhope by 20, in conse- 
quence of which she had lost her box. 

Wednesday, 20th March. He said there was to 
be a Cabinet this morning about this Motion of Lord 
Roden's to-morrow. Lord M. said, " I am rather 
for letting them have this Committee for inquiring 
into the state of Crime in Ireland," but that Nor- 
manby was very much against it, and considered it 
an imputation on his Government; "and he may 
resign, which would bring on a great crisis." f " His 
fault," continued Lord M., " is great personal touchi- 

1 See ante, pp. 63 and 64. 

* Lord Roden moved for, and obtained, in the House of Lords, the 
appointment of a Committee to enquire into the state of Ireland. 
The Ministry retaliated by getting a vote in their favour in the Commons 
by 318 to 296. 



132 METROPOLITAN POLICE I*T.IO 

ness, about his dignity." I went and fetched in 
the Sketch I bought from that Mr. Smith, done by 
Sir Thomas Lawrence when 15, and for which I paid 
150 guineas, an immense sum, for the Drawing is 
rough and small and evidently done by a child. I 
brought it in and put it in Lord M.'s hands, who was 
quite astounded at the price and said, " I should 
say it wasn't worth 5 guineas." He looked at it 
and criticised it for some time, and said, " Why, there 
are 100 girls in London who could draw better than 
this." Yet he thought parts of it clever. 

Asked Lord M. why the City were so very much 
against the introduction of the Metropolitan Police. 1 
Lord M. said because (though this would be much 
better) they have their own Police, which is very 
bad, and they consider it an infringement of their 
rights. " Rather dangerous to stir," said Lord M. ; 
" it shouldn't have been done without some previous 
arrangement with them " ; this is John Russell's 
doing. We talked of Lytton Bulwer, and the book 
she 2 has just published ; Lord M. said she has been 
writing since long, in Reviews. " No woman should 
touch pen and ink," Lord M. said, and talked 
of that ; he said they had too much passion and 
too little sense. " Women write letters better than 
men do," he continued, " they write with greater 
facility and freedom, less formal and stiff." He 
quoted Mme. de Sevigne's beautiful letters. 

We began by talking of Chess, and of Sydney 
Smith's having said the 1st thing he remembered of 
the Archbishop of Canterbury was he (the Arch- 

1 The Metropolitan Police were instituted in 1829. Their organiza- 
tion, was improved and their sphere of action extended in this year 1839. 

2 Lady Bulwer had just published Cheveley, or the Man of Honour, 
an attack on her husband. See post, p. 145. 



1839] EPISCOPAL PALACES 133 

bishop) throwing him down at Winchester School 
for being beat by him at Chess. Talked of Sydney 
Smith's age ; and I asked the Bishop of London 
how old the Archbishop of Canterbury was ; 73, he 
said, just 20 years older than he was ; Lord M. was 
quite surprised and could hardly believe it ; Lord 
M. said he knew him 43 years ago at the Priory. 1 
Talked of Lambeth, its beauty ; of the Palace at 
Chester being so bad ; and Lord M. said the Bishop 
of Hereford told him the Palace at Hereford was 
built in 1150 ! The Bishop of London said Fulham 
had been the Residence of the Bishops of London 
for 1,200 years ; for that the land had been granted 
in 639 ! ! " Talked to Lord M. of the Dean of Chester's 
being a year younger than Lord M., by which Lord 
M. said the Dean must have been at Cambridge at 
the same time that he was ; Lord M. was at Trinity, 
and the Dean at Christ's ; the Bishop of London 
said he took his degree in 1808 ; and Lord M. in 
1798 ; " and then I pottered a good deal " (meaning 
that as a Nobleman he might have taken it sooner). 

4 They were very useless years to me," said Lord M., 
44 but that was not their fault ; the time when I was 
at College," he said to me, " was the time of my life 
when I attended least to study." Lord M. then 
went to Glasgow for 2 years ; all his brothers were 
at Cambridge, but none of them with him ; talked 
of the difference between Cambridge and Oxford, 
the former being best for clever people and the other 
for people of no talents. 

Thursday, 2lst March. At a J to 11 I got the 
following communication from Lord Melbourne : 

44 Lord Roden made the Motion in a very long and 

1 The Archbishop of Canterbury was seventy-three and Lord 
Melbourne sixty. 

H 10 



134 GOVERNMENT DEFEAT [*T.i9 

not a very bad speech. Lord Normanby answered 
and defended himself extremely well and very ably. 
The Duke of Wellington made a short speech, sup- 
porting the Motion but denying that he meant any 
imputation upon Lord Normanby. The Duke was 
rather eager and excited. Lord Charleville is now 
speaking. It will be late the Tories are united and 
eager and numerous, and we shall be beat." 

Friday, 22nd March. Got up at \ p. 9. Very 
anxious and nervous. Saw by the papers we were 
beat by 5 ; and they had sat till 4 ! I am in a sad 
state of suspense ; it is now f p. 12, and I have not 
yet heard from Lord Melbourne ; I hear he was still 
asleep when my box arrived, and I desired they 
shouldn't wake him. Arranged things ; wrote. 
Heard from Lord Melbourne : " It is now twelve 
o'clock and Lord Melbourne was so tired with the 
debate of last night that he has slept until now. 
The majority, as your Majesty sees, was very small. 
We must have a Cabinet this morning in order to 
consider what steps are to be taken. It must be at 
Lord Lansdowne's, as he is confined with the gout 
and cannot go out. Lord Melbourne will be with 
Your Majesty by one if possible." At 5 m. to 2 
came my excellent Lord Melbourne and stayed with 
me till a \ p. 2. I asked how he was and if he wasn't 
very tired. " Not very," he replied, " I was very 
tired last night." It was so late. " I don't know 
what's to be done, really," he said. " We are going to 
have a Meeting at Lansdowne's this morning to con- 
sider it ; it's a direct censure upon the Government." 
I asked Lord M. who had been appointed on this 
Committee of Inquiry into the state of Ireland. 
" Oh ! they have appointed it fairly enough ; we 
can't complain of unfairness in the appointing of it ; 



1839] DECISION OF THE CABINET 135 

but it is having the Committee that is the difficulty 
to get over," said Lord M. Lord Melbourne told me 
he was sure we would be beat last night, and ex- 
pected " by a much larger majority." He also said 
to me, " I'm afraid you were very uneasy at not 
hearing, but I thought 5 o'clock was too late to 
send." Received at a J to 5 the following com- 
munication from Lord Melbourne : " that the Cabinet 
have decided 1st, that it is impossible to acquiesce 
in the Vote of last night in the House of Lords ; 
2ndly, that it would not be justifiable to resign in 
the face of the declaration which I made in the year 
1836, in the House of Lords, that I would maintain 
my post as long as I possessed the confidence of the 
Crown and of the House of Commons, particularly 
as there is no reason to suppose that we have lost 
the confidence of that House. 3rdly, that the course 
to be pursued is to give notice in the House of Com- 
mons to-night, that the sense of that House will be 
taken immediately after the Easter Holidays upon 
a Vote of approbation of the principles of Lord 
Normanby's Government of Ireland. If we lose that 
question or carry it by a small majority, we must 
resign. If we carry it, we may go on. This is a 
plain statement of the case, and this course will at 
least give Your Majesty time to consider what is to 
be done." I forbear making any observations upon 
this until I have talked fully to Lord Melbourne upon 
it, with the exception of one, which is that as for 
" the confidence of the Crown," God knows ! no 
Minister, no friend EVER possessed it so entirely as 
this truly excellent Lord Melbourne possesses mine ! l 

1 NOTE BY QUEEN VICTORIA, 1st October, 1842. Reading this 
again, I cannot forbear remarking what an artificial sort of happiness 
mine was then, and what a blessing it is I have now in my beloved 



136 INDIFFERENCE TO ABUSE [* T .i9 

Lord M. didn't hear Lord Carew, 1 as he went 
out of the House for a moment when he was 
speaking ; I said I heard he didn't speak well ; 
" He speaks with that Wexford shriek," said Lord 
M. He said to Lady Normanby, " Normanby is 
too thin-skinned, too susceptible ; and that's his 
fault ; he shouldn't mind being abused ; nobody 
should mind that. Brougham said to Duncannon, 
* Tell that foolish friend of yours, Normanby, not to 
mind being abused, for he is paid to bear it.' " Talked 
of Brougham being a bad man with no heart ; Lord 
M. said, <c No, he has a heart ; he has feeling, I should 
say he was too susceptible and acted from sudden 
impulses." Talked of contradicting abuse in the 
papers, and Lord M. said, there might one day 
come something one couldn't well contradict, and 
therefore it was better not to contradict at all. 
We were seated much as usual, my truly valuable 
and excellent Lord Melbourne being seated near 
me. I said to Lord M. that I was sure I never 
could bear up against difficulties ; Lord M. turned 
round close to me, and said very earnestly and 
affectionately, " Oh ! you will ; you must ; it's in 
the lot of your Station, you must prepare yourself 
for it." I said I never could, and he continued, 
" Oh ! you will ; you always behaved very well." I 
said to Lord M. I was sure he hadn't a doubt we 

Husband real and solid happiness, which no Politics, no worldly 
reverses can change ; it could not have lasted long, as it was then, 
for after all, kind and excellent as Lord M. is, and kind as he was to 
[me], it was but in Society that I had amusement, and I was only 
living on that superficial resource, which I then fancied was happiness ! 
Thank God ! for me and others, this is changed, and I know what REAL 
happiness is. V. R. 

1 Robert Shapland, first Lord Carew (1787-1856), sometime Lord 
Lieutenant of the County of Wexford. 



1839] DISCUSSING THE SITUATION 137 

should carry it. 1 " Upon my word I don't know," he 
said ; " but it was absolutely necessary to bring it to 
this, to see if our friends would really support us, for 
they have been running riot so much lately." I said 
that the Majority being so small in the House of 
Lords, we were sure of being supported in the House 
of Commons. " I think if they are brought up to 
the Post they will," he replied. I felt sure, I said, the 
Tories couldn't stand a moment ; Lord M. wasn't so 
sure of that, as he says, " they've been gaining ever 
since the Reform Bill," and that a Government always 
gathered some odium as it went on. He, however, 
said that John Russell's announcement had been 
very well received. I said I felt so helpless ; " I 
don't see what any Sovereign can do, old or young, 
male or female," he said, " but to put themselves 
into the hands of the person " that they have chosen 
as Minister ; talking of the whole thing, Lord M. 
said, " We'll do everything we can to avert it ; I 
never thought we should have carried you on as far 
as we have done." I said, though I liked all the 
others, yet he was the person I really cared for ; 
he smiled and said, " But that can't be helped." 
Talked of other things ; my regretting I should lose 
him on Sunday, and begged him to let me have one 
other day in the next week to make up for it, which 
he promised. He thought I looked well, though 
pale ; he wasn't sure if he was going to Lady Stan- 
hope's or home. I urged the latter. Stayed up till 
25 m. to 12. ... 

Monday, 25th March. I told Lord M. Sir Herbert 
Taylor was dying ; and Lord M. said he hoped he 
would take care of his Papers, which he thinks he 
will leave to his brother Sir Brook Taylor. . . * 

1 The vote of confidence to be moved in the House of Commons. 
n 10* 



188 FRENCH POLICY AND ENGLAND t^.io 

Wednesday, 27th March. Lord Melbourne was 
rather silent during dinner ; but I never saw him so 
much so as he was after dinner, so completely 
absorbed, so totally disinclined to enter into any 
conversation whatever, and merely just answering 
a question in as short a manner as possible, and then 
relapsing into the same silence ; yet he did not look 
nor was he ill ; I was quite grieved and distressed to 
see him so ; I fear he has got something to annoy 
him by what I hear, and that I conclude produced 
this effect. . . . Lord Melbourne said he felt better 
when he came up to me after dinner, but sleepy. 
We were seated much as usual ; Lord Melbourne 
sitting near me. He called Islay " a dull dog," 
which really makes me quite angry, for Islay is such 
a darling, and lay so affectionately near me. Lord 
Melbourne said, Lord Clarendon thought Spain in a 
better state than France ; Thiers told him that he 
had said they meant to throw themselves entirely 
into the hands of England and follow England's 
footsteps ; upon which Dupin 1 said, c< I'm not pre- 
pared for that ; I'm very much for a cordial alliance 
with England, but I'm not prepared to follow in the 
wake of England ; France has a politique a elle." 

Friday, 29th March. Talked of the water in the 
garden here being in very good order ; of the garden, 
in which Lord M. has never been. " I would cut 
down all the trees," he said, " and plant rare trees." 
Elms he would cut down, and " some nasty oaks, 
which I wish cut down every time I drive down 
Constitution Hill," he said. We said there would be 
no shade. "Shade? What's the use of shade in 
this country ? " he said in his funniest way. I 
said there were some very hot days in England. 

1 The new President of the Chamber of Deputies. 



1839] THE BEAUVALE PEERAGE 139 

" Then you stay at home," he replied. We talked 
of Maundy Thursday and what it could mean and be 
derived from. 1 Lord M. said, " Can't tell." Talked 
of that. At dinner I made Lord M. smile by saying 
I thought the poor people who got coins on that 
day, must feel the difference between the late Reign 
and this ; for they always got as many coins as the 
Sovereign is old ; in the late Reign they got 70, 
and now only 19. 

Sunday, 3\st March. I showed Lord M. in a 
Peerage I've got, an account of his (Ld. M.'s) Family, 
which he said was " correct enough." " Oh, Ma'am," 
he said, after looking at it for some time, " we think 
it would be right to mark these Treaties by making 
Lord Ponsonby a Viscount and my brother a Peer." 
I was much pleased at this, particularly at the last, 
and I asked Lord M. what title his brother would 
take. " He thinks of calling himself Lord Beau- 
vale," said Lord M., " which is a place I have 
in Nottinghamshire ; I only mention it to Your 
Majesty, you'll not speak of it." He then put down 
the Peerage and said, " It's all correct but that " 
(making Lady Anne Wombwell his Aunt instead of 
his Cousin). Talked of Mr. Vizard, Lord Normanby's 
attorney. " He is my attorney," said Lord M. 
Lady Normanby said he was a hard man. " I 
quite agree with you," said Lord M., " he's a very 
hard man ; I never saw an attorney in my life 
that I didn't hate." A Solicitor he thought better. 1 
Talked of making people April Fools, which some 

1 Apparently from mandatum. The antiphon for the day before 
Good Friday (the day of institution of washing the feet of the poor) 
began " Mandatum novum" ("A new commandment give I," etc.). 

1 The distinction is now obsolete. An attorney practised in the 
Courts of Common Law, a solicitor in Equity. 



140 OPERA SINGERS C^T.IQ 

people said could only be till 12 o'clock mid-day. 
" I didn't know that it was bounded and limited," 
said Lord M. " It's a practice which I very much 
disapprove of," he said. " I've seen it have such 
serious consequences and produce such dreadful 
enmities ; people are always taken in, and it makes 
people make fools of themselves, which people 
hardly ever forgive." We talked of Nourrit, 1 the 
French Singer, who Lord M. had never heard of, 
having killed himself on account of his feeling the 
ingratitude of the Parisians who neglected him for 
Duprez. 8 " That's the lot of every one," said Lord 
M., no Actor should kill himself for that. Lord M. 
said that Carlini, a famous Clown at Paris, went to 
a Physician and complained of being so ill, upon 
which the Physician said, " Go and see Carlini." 
This is the original story, which I have heard told 
of Garrick and Liston. Lord M. said Banti ' was the 
first famous Italian Singer he remembers ; and he 
said Mrs. Billington, 4 who had been a very good 
English singer, went to Italy and when she came 
back, Lord M. said, quite crushed Banti, though she 
wasn't to be compared to her. Banti used to say of 
her, Lord M. said, " C'est tres bien, mais elle n'a pas 
la dolcessa di Banti." Lord M. continued, " Gras- 
sini 5 is Grisi's aunt ; she was the best Italian actress 

1 Louis Nourrit, French musician and composer. 

2 Gilbert Louis Duprez, a much younger singer than Nourrit. 

3 Georgina Brigida Banti (1757-1806). 

4 Elizabeth Billington (1768-1818) had already had a brilliant 
career when, at the age of twenty-six, in consequence of some scandalous 
rumours, she left England, visited Italy, and sang at Naples, Milan, 
and elsewhere. During her stay abroad her husband died, and she 
was accused of murdering him. On her return she had an immense 
success, making 10,000 to 15,000 in the year 1801. She appeared 
with Banti on the occasion of the latter's farewell concert. 

6 Napoleon, at Milan, had been captivated by Grassini's voice and 




..- 



MADAME VESTRIS. 
From a sketch by the Queen before her accession. 



1839] CONCERNING PRONUNCIATION 141 

ever seen on the stage; her voice hadn't much 
compass." I asked Lord M. if she was handsome. 
" / thought the prettiest woman I had ever seen." 
She had long given up singing, but Lord M. said he 
dined with her at Paris in '25. Lady Normanby said 
she saw her in '15 act with Vestris. 1 We talked of 
Mrs. Siddons, my having seen her at Cobham Hall ; 
of her being very pompous ; of John Kemble also 
very pompous. Of Bulwer's new play of Richelieu ; 
of the way of pronouncing Richelieu ; Lord M. 
thinks it better to pronounce the French and other 
names as they ought to be pronounced ; but he says 
some people wouldn't do so ; that Mr. Fox, who 
could speak French very well, used always to say 
Touloon instead of Toulon ; Bordeaux, pronouncing 
the x at the end ; Fontblanky instead of Fontblanque. 
Talked of duelling for some time, and Lord M. said, 
" I should be very sorry to shoot at a man, for I 
should feel very confident I should kill him." Talked 
of the Duels abroad being so very fatal, and not so 
her ; of fighting with swords, which Lord Gardner 2 
thinks better. Lord M. went on talking again about 
what horses could do ; and he said, " Brotherton 
used to say to me, ' They always treat the Cavalry 
as if it was made of china.' "... 

beauty, and she used to be a guest at Malmaison. Reluctant to 
cause excessive jealousy to Josephine, the Emperor only paid the 
cantatrice surreptitious visits ; this did not accord with her ambitious 
temperament, and, becoming enamoured of the celebrated violinist, 
Rode, she ultimately fled with him from Paris. 

1 As to Madame Vestris, see Vol. L, p. 148. 

2 Alan Legge, third Lord Gardner (1810-83). 



INTRODUCTORY NOTE TO CHAPTER XIV 

IN May 1839 the Government of Lord Melbourne was practically 
defeated in the House of Commons upon the Jamaica Bill. The 
event so feared by the Queen had at last happened. The Ministry 
resigned, and the Queen sent for the Duke of Wellington. He at 
once advised her to place the duty of forming an Administration 
in the hands of Sir Robert Peel. Her first interview with the 
statesman to whom in after-years she became much attached was 
harassing to both. Although Peel had been warned of the im- 
portance of the " first impression on so young a girl's mind," he 
was unable to put aside that stiffness of manner and reserve which 
were habitual to him. 

Lord Melbourne had, two years before, recommended to the 
Queen, as members of her Household, Ladies all of whom were 
connected with the Whig Party. It was a very natural error, 
but, as events proved, a grave mistake. The Queen resented Sir 
Robert Peel's proper and reasonable demand that some of these 
Ladies should be replaced by others representing the party of 
which he was the chief. There is no more human episode in the 
history of the Queen's reign than what was called, in the slang 
of the day, the Bedchamber Plot. An anxious, austere, and not 
undictatorial Minister desired to remove from intimate association 
with his Sovereign, Ladies hostile to him and his party. A young 
girl, of imperious will and passionate temperament, determined 
to keep about her person the friends to whom she was accustomed, 
and refused to adopt " a course which she conceives to be contrary 
to usage and which is repugnant to her feelings." 

Imagine the irony of the situation. The Queen a mere child, 
and these grave statesmen accepting her verdict, and telling her 
that unless there was " some demonstration of her confidence, 
they could not undertake to govern the country." These were 
the very words of a man, proud and cold, to a young girl not 
twenty years old. The Queen remained firm. She refused to 
part with her Whig ladies, and she parted, for a while, with Sir 
Robert Peel. The Whig Government returned to office, and for 
two years longer remained the Counsellors of the Sovereign. In 
later years the Queen, reviewing the events of 1839, said to one of 
her private secretaries, after eulogising Sir Robert Peel, " I was 
very young then, and perhaps I should act differently if it was all 
to be done again." Thus, by an afterthought, based on mature 
experience, did the Queen vindicate the Whig doctrine which has 
become an axiom of constitutional practice, that the Sovereign 
should accept and act solely upon the advice of Ministers, and in 
accordance with the views of the people as represented in Parlia- 
ment. 

142 



CHAPTER XIV 

1839 

Thursday, 4<th April. I asked of Sir Herbert Taylor, 
who Lord M. thinks was a very good-looking man ; 
of Princess Augusta having told me that there was 
a coolness between George IV. and Taylor because 
Taylor refused to tell the Prince of Wales anything 
about George III. ; Lord M. said he thought it very 
likely ; that " Taylor was a very honourable man ; 
but I don't think he was a very clever man." . . . 

Saturday, 6th April. Talked of the news from 
France not being very comfortable l ; Lord M. said 
the opening of the Chambers didn't seem at all plea- 
sant ; " they seemed rather to dread disturbance." 
I asked Lord M. did he think the King might have 
managed it better ; he replied, " Oh ! yes, he might 
have managed it better ; if he had yielded at once 
to the Majority of the Chambers and done that with 
good grace." I said Louis Philippe couldn't bear 
Thiers. " I believe that's at the bottom of it all," 
said Lord M., but that he thought he couldn't fight 
against him. We talked of Pozzo's being so passe ; 
his saying he preserved the peace of Europe by 

1 The French elections had taken place on 4th March, and the 
Mol6 Ministry were left in a minority. The King sent successively for 
Soult, Thiers, and De Broglie without success, and on the eve of the 
meeting of the Chambers was without a ministry. Accordingly on 
3rd April a provisional Cabinet was formed, and M. Passy was elected 
President of the Chamber of Deputies. 

143 



144 QUESTIONS OF LITERATURE tex.ig 

making the foreign Ambassadors remain at Paris 
when Charles X. fled ; Lord M. said this was true ; 
I said Pozzo told me this some years ago at Ken- 
sington, and Lord Holland said he would tell him 
I recollected it, and that it would please him very 
much. Talked of Sebastiani being slow and pom- 
pous, but Lord M. said clever and clear; of Senfft; 
of Billow ; of the Belgian business ; of Alava, his 
open manner. " That very open honest manner is 
never to be trusted," said Lord M. Asked Lord 
M, if he liked my dress, a cherry-coloured silk 
with a magnificent old lace flounce. " It's very 
pretty," he said, " I like those bright colours ; it's 
very handsome." The dress I had on the day be- 
fore, a striped one, he didn't think ugly, but said it 
was like the pattern of a sofa. 

Sunday, 7th April. Lord M. was talking of some 
dish or other, and alluded to something in Oliver 
Twist ; he read half of the 1st vol. at Panshanger. 
" It's all among Workhouses, and Coffin Makers, and 
Pickpockets," he said ; " I don't like that low 
debasing style ; it's all slang ; it's just like The 
Beggar's Opera ; I shouldn't think it would tend to 
raise morals ; I don't like that low debasing view of 
mankind." We defended Oliver very much, but in 
vain. " I don't like those things ; I wish to avoid 
them ; I don't like them in reality, and therefore I 
don't wish to see them represented," he continued ; 
that everything one read should be pure and 
elevating. Schiller and Goethe would have been 
shocked at such things, he said. Lehzen said they 
would not have disliked reading them. " She don't 
know her own literature," said Lord M., for that 
Goethe said one ought never to see anything dis- 
agreeable ; he wouldn't look upon the dead ; " and 



1839] PRAISE OF SHOWING RESPECT 145 

that's just the same thing." " It's a bad taste," he 
continued, " which will pass away like any other, 
but depend upon it, while it lasts it's a bad, depraved, 
vicious taste ; now just read Jonathan Wild," he 
said to Lord Torrington, " and Amelia, and see if it 
isn't just the same thing." He kept us in fits of 
laughter by all this, as also in talking of Lady 
Bulwer's book, 1 he said, " I daresay she was a scrib- 
bling woman 2 all her life." 

Asked Lord M. if he approved of children calling 
their Parents by their names ; he did not, but said 
all the Greys called Lord and Lady Grey, Charles 
and Mary 3 ; k< I don't like it," he * said, "it's un- 
natural." " I like respect." He likes Sir, to a 
father ; " I'm for forms ; there's no harm in too 
much respect ; there's no danger of there being too 
much of that now." He told an anecdote of 
Napoleon ; when he came on board one of our ships 
" he saw the Lieut, take off his cap to the Captain, 
and he (Napoleon) said, 'That's right; I always 
told my people to do so, and they never would, and 
depend upon it that's one of the reasons why they'll 

1 In 1836 Mr. and Mrs. Bulwer were legally separated. In 1839 
she published Cheveley, or the Man of Honour, an attack on her husband. 
On Bulwer seeking re-election at Hertford in June 1858, upon his 
appointment as Colonial Secretary, his wife appeared on the hustings 
and denounced him to the crowd. After her death in 1882, a book 
containing letters to her from her husband was published without 
authority and was very properly suppressed. See ante, p. 132. 

* This phrase was much in vogue in the early years of the last 
century. Even as late as 1867, when it was thought the retirement 
of Lord Derby was imminent and Mr. Disraeli would succeed as leader 
of the Tory Party, this eminent statesman, who happened to be also 
the author of Coningsby, etc., was stigmatized as a " scribbler " by 
certain distinguished members of his Party who were opposed to his 
leadership. 

* It was the practice at that time in certain families, and is so to 
this day. See post, p. 196. 



146 INDIA AND AFGHANISTAN [n.ie 

never be a Navy.' " Lord M. told this with much 
emphasis and earnestness. " There must be a little 
of that, depend upon it, in society," continued Lord 
M., " it's quite a mistake to think there's anything 
humiliating in that." We were seated much as 
usual ; Lord Melbourne sitting near me. He said, 
" You should see those Indian papers, to see what 
Auckland's about. 1 He then talked of the immensity 
of the undertaking, and I wish I could repeat all he 
said about it ; he said it was an immense move, 
and there was going to be a great war ; in fact, 
he said, it is a struggle between Russia and England, 
which is to have possession in the East. We depend 
upon Runjeet Singh, who has always been our 
friend, and who he says we have no reason to doubt ; 
but he is very old ; " he has an army of 70,000 dis- 
ciplined troops," Lord M. said ; " he is a Hindoo 
and not a Mahomedan, and won't allow any cows 
to be killed ; " Lord M. said he stipulated in all the 

1 In 1837 Captain Alexander Burnes went as British agent to 
Kabul to arrange a commerical treaty with the Amir, Dost Mohammed. 
The sudden threat of a Persian attack on Herat, led by the Shah, 
and favoured by Russia, however, entirely altered the aspect of our 
relations with Afghanistan. Burnes was for confirming our friendly 
relations with Dost Mohammed, but the Amir's brother, Kokun Dil 
Khan, ruler of Kandahar, opposed this scheme and advocated friend- 
ship with Russia and Persia. See ante, p. 63, and Vol. I., p. 89. 

Meanwhile, without consulting Burnes, Lord Auckland, instigated 
by Macnaghten, arranged a treaty with Ranjit Singh, who had seized 
Kashmir from the Afghans in 1834, whereby it was agreed that by 
the joint action of British and Sikh troops, Dost Mohammed, the 
strong usurper, should be deposed, and Shah Sooja, the legitimate 
but weak claimant of the throne, should be put in his place. 

The failure of the Siege of Herat, owing to the skill and bravery 
of a young English officer, Eldred Pottinger, rendered our inter- 
ference unnecessary; but Lord Auckland, none the less, carried out 
his unfortunate policy, which led to the first Afghan War and, in 
1841, to the murder of^both Burnes and Macnaghten at Kabul. 



18393 ENGLAND OR RUSSIA IN ASIA? 147 

Treaties " against the killing of Kine," and that it 
was impossible to make him alter his mind, and no 
persuasions of its not being our custom could make 
him give way. " One can understand the origin of 
it," said Lord M., " the Cow being the mother of the 
Calf and giving milk ; I have no doubt that's the 
origin, and with the Egyptians the same." I spoke to 
Lord M. of the Grand Duke's coming. " You must be 
very civil," said Lord M. earnestly ; that the Em- 
peror made so much of the opinion of England and 
of personal opinion. 

Lord M. then talked again of these Indian papers, 
which he said I couldn't read through. " It's an 
immense move," said Lord M. " There'll be an im- 
mense crisis ; it's coming to a crash in Central Asia ; 
I dare say it'll be staved off for the present," but 
must come to something hereafter, to be decided 
whether England or Russia should reign there ; both 
pushing from different sides. Lord M. talked of 
those pictures of Beechey. Talked of fair and dark 
hair ; I preferred so greatly the latter. " I know 
it's more specious-looking to the young, but not 
to those who have had experience." This made 
me laugh. Talked of black hair becoming sooner 
grey ; I had said fair did, to which Lord M. said, 
'That's a bold proposition." Talked of Queen 
Charlotte, whom Lord M. saw first when he was 
at Eton; he said she was good-natured. Lord M. 
said Taylor told him that in the administration of 
1806, under Lord Grenville, Queen Charlotte once 
asked two of the Opposition in to tea ; and the 
King was exceedingly angry, and sent Taylor to her 
" saying he hoped such a thing should never happen 
again." 1 Lord M. said the Queen (Adelaide) was 

1 It was contrary to the practice of the Sovereign at that time to 



148 EDUCATION AND MORALITY [JET.W 

civil to him (Ld. M.). " When I was Secretary of 
State I used never to go near her, but used to 
talk to the Maids of Honour ; she complained of 
that, but it was much better ; so I used to go 
and talk with the girls." Lord M. said the King 
(William IV.) was always very civil to him. " It 
was a bitter dose for him to swallow in '35, to have 
to take us again," said Lord M. He couldn't bear 
Lord John. " He called him * that young man,' " 
continued Lord M., " 'as for that young man, I don't 
understand what he means.' " We then had a great 
deal of fun with Miss Murray, about Education, and 
I only wish I could repeat all Lord M. said. "You 
had better try to do no good," he said, " and then 
you'll get into no scrapes." " All that intermeddling 
produces crime," he said. But we said if people 
didn't know what was wrong, they couldn't help 
committing crime. " I don't believe there's anybody 
who doesn't know what is wrong and right," he said. 
He doubts education will ever do any good ; says, 
all Government has to do " is to prevent and punish 
crime, and to preserve contracts." He is FOR labour 
and does not think the factory children are too much 
worked ; and thinks it very wrong that parents 
should not be allowed to send their children who are 
under a certain age, to work. He said to Miss 
Murray, " If you'd only have the goodness to leave 
them alone," which made us laugh ; we asked did 
he derive no benefit from education ? "I derived 
no morality from it," he replied funnily ; " that I 
derived at an earlier date." 

Monday, Sth April. He said there were no news 

receive members of the Opposition. George III. never spoke to any 
leading members of the Party opposed to his Government. This 
practice was first departed from after the illness of the King in 1810. 



1830] THE VOTE OF CONFIDENCE 149 

from France. Lord M. said, " Palmerston lays it all 
to the King " ; but we think this can hardly be so. 
Palmerston dislikes Louis Philippe, Lord M. says, on 
account of his conduct about Spain. Lord M. says 
Lord Clarendon thinks Louis Philippe wishes Spain 
to be divided and never to flourish. " It would be 
a wicked policy," continued Lord M., "and I should 
think a foolish one." Talked of Portugal being in 
an uncomfortable state. "I don't think the King 
thinks Louis Philippe is acting well, by his saying 
so little about it," said Lord M. 

Tuesday, 9th April. I observed, the Radicals 
couldn't gain by turning out the present Ministry, 
as they couldn't stand themselves. " No, they 
couldn't stand alone ; but they like a general shuffle, 
as they think they may gain by it," he replied. I 
observed I thought the Tories couldn't stand. " I 
don't know," said Lord M., "they are a very power- 
ful party." I said Palmerston told me they weren't 
at all prepared for Office now, and very much 
divided ; " I know he thinks so," said Lord M., " but 
I think they are less divided." I told Lord M. I 
heard some people said they meant to make it 1 a 
general vote of Confidence, which I doubted. " It 
entirely depends upon what his followers may com- 
pel him to do," said Lord M. I asked what Lord 
John thought about it. " He thinks we shall carry 
it, and Stanley thinks we shall carry it," said Lord 
M. So, I said, everybody did but Lord M. Lord M. 
smiled, and said, " Oh ! no, only I can't tell at all." 

1 In answer to the majority of five in the Lords against Ministers, 
Lord John Russell moved a vote of approval of their recent policy 
in Ireland. Sir R. Peel proposed an amendment deprecating any 
interference with the Peers' prerogatives. Amendment after four 
nights' debate negatived by 318 to 296. 
H 11 



150 PEEL AND STANLEY [.i9 

Wednesday, 10th April. Talked of the Dance at 
the Duchess of Gloucester's the night before ; of 
Augusta, 1 who I said was to go out everywhere, like 
any other girl ; Lord M. said that it was the first 
time a Princess of England did such a thing. " I 
don't think the King (George III.) would have liked 
that," said Lord M. " If she goes out like any other 
girl, she runs the risk like other girls of forming 
attachments," which is very true and very awkward. 
" She may take a liking to somebody whom she 
couldn't marry," he added. Talked of Stanley's 
having refused to take office under Peel, of their being 
better friends now. " I think Peel is the best of 
them," said Lord M., but that he didn't know him 
well, though he had been in office with him in '28, 
under the Duke of Wellington, for a short time when 
Lord M. was in Ireland. Talked of Peel's not being 
much liked 2 ; Lord M. said, " A very bad manner, 
a very disagreeable abord" He don't think he 
means to be cross, and says, "that's all gaucherie." 
" Stanley everybody knows," said Lord M., " to be 
a man of great abilities, but of much indiscretion; 
and he is extremely unpopular " ; "he says things 
out of place, and that you would feel he shouldn't 
say ; he says just what he should not say." Talked 
of the Tories being divided between themselves ; I 

1 Princess Augusta, daughter of the Duke of Cambridge. She married 
Frederick William, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. The Grand 
Duchess is still in enjoyment of excellent health (1912). Her memory 
is a storehouse of knowledge and of intimate details of the early 
Victorian Court. She is an excellent correspondent, writing fluently 
and well, in a singularly clear and firm hand. 

2 It is well known that the Queen and the Prince became devoted 
to Sir R. Peel. When he died the Queen wrote : " Poor dear Peel is to 
be buried to-day. The sorrow and grief at his death are most touch- 
ing, and the country mourns over him as over a Father. Every one 
seems to have lost a personal friend." 



1839] KING LEOPOLD'S TROUBLES 151 

said Lord John felt almost certain of a Majority of 
20, but I said to Lord M. wouldn't he be satisfied 
with less? "Oh! yes," he replied; "15 or 16 or 
10 ; / think myself it would be very foolish resign- 
ing upon any majority." I said they really shouldn't 
make it too difficult. " I won't," said Lord M. ; 
" if I can keep them up to it." He then said I 
should not forget the Seymours. 1 " She's about as 
handsome a woman as you can see." The beauty 
comes from the paternal Grandmother, a Miss 
Linley, who Lord M. remembers dined at Brocket 
in '92 when she was already dying of the consump- 
tion, which she died of in '95. Brinsley himself had 
" fine eyes." His 2nd wife was an Ogle, Lady 
Dacre's cousin, a clever, dark, and when young, he 
said, pretty woman; he knew her well. 

Sunday, 14>th April. Told Lord M. (what I had 
already told him at dinner) that my Uncle had 
written me a cross letter. 2 I said I was very angry but 
didn't know if I ought to answer him sharply. Lord 
M. leant close towards me and said in his kindest 
manner, " You mustn't get into any controversy ; 
you must waive it, and speak of something else ; 
some allowance must be made for him ; I mean you 
mustn't be angry with him." That he might be 
anxious for the fate of his family, for Belgium was a 
new State, her position not settled. " The King has 
a great many enemies in Europe ; that enmity of 
the Emperor of Russia is no slight thing ; it would 

1 See note, Vol. I., p. 192, on the Sheridan sisters. 

2 King Leopold was at this time annoyed with the British Govern- 
ment. " You know from experience," he wrote to the Queen, " that 
I never ask anything of you. I prefer remaining in the position of 
having rendered services without wanting any return for it but your 
affection." Letters of Queen Victoria, vol. i., p. 170. 



152 GOLD PLATE [*r.i9 

be a most unequal strife " ; all which is most true, 
and was said so kindly. 

Talked of different-coloured damasks, of light 
blue, and Lord M. said, "I don't like blue, it's 
an unlucky colour ; I don't like a blue gown." 
Talked of some upholsterers ; and Lord M. said, 
" No English tradesman has any taste " ; that when 
he was Secretary of State (every Secretary of State, 1 
he said, used to have a sum to buy plate with, which 
is done away with now ; he was the last who had 
any) he went to Garrards to choose some plate, 
and he said, with the exception of what he bought, 
everything was shocking ; " I said to them, 6 Good 
God ! they are infamous ! ' so clumping." I asked, 
had he seen any foreign things which were better ? 2 
He said, " No, I'm only saying what is bad, not 
praising any other ; I have them in my head." We 
asked, could he give us any designs ; that, he said, 
he could not, " But I've the principles in me," which 
made us laugh. Some of my plate he admires. 

Monday, \5th April. Talked of some people, and 
Lord Melbourne said, " An Italian and an English 
makes the finest animal in the world ; it's the mix- 
ture of nations that makes the finest specimens of 
the human race." Talked of Wilhelmine, 3 her being 
long-faced ; he said, a Norman face ; Lady Tavis- 

1 Secretaries of State and Ambassadors, as well as the Lord Lieu- 
tenants of Ireland, were allowed services of gold plate, with the Royal 
Arms engraved. This plate was the perquisite of the holder of the 
office. 

2 The plate by Rundell and Bridge made during the reign of 
George IV. was, some of it, of fine workmanship. At this period, 
however, taste deteriorated, and some of the simple plate of the 
Queen Anne period was " embossed " to suit the rather vulgar taste 
of the day. 

3 Lady Wilhelmina Stanhope. See Vol. I., p. 188. 



154 VICTORY FOR THE GOVERNMENT [*n.i9 

come with his elder brother in the autumn. Lord 
M. thinks his not being the heir, a good thing ; he 
said, he was surprised there was not more anxiety, 
considering the King of Hanover was the heir. " I 
think it would be wished for ; still I don't think a 
foreigner would be popular," said Lord M. I ob- 
served that marrying a subject was making yourself 
so much their equal, and brought you so in contact 
with the whole family. Lord M. quite agreed in 
this and said, " I don't think it would be liked ; 
there would be such jealousy." I said, why need I 
marry at all for 3 or 4 years ? did he see the neces- 
sity ? I said I dreaded the thought of marrying ; 
that I was so accustomed to have my own way, that 
I thought it was 10 to 1 that I shouldn't agree with 
any body. Lord M. said, " Oh ! but you would 
have it still " (my own way). : : . 

Saturday, 20th April. Received at a J to 8 a 
box from Lord Melbourne containing a note from 
William Cowper, dated a J p. 4 from the House of 
C., saying we 1 had a majority of 22 on Sir Robert 
Peel's amendment, 8 and of 218 on Mr. Buncombe's. 
This was indeed delightful and I feel that I can 
breathe again. Thank God ! 

Sunday, 2lst April. Talked of a very angry 
letter Uncle Leopold had written to Palmerston and 
which I saw, and which made Lord M. laugh ; Uncle 
says, as this success of the Conference, in dishonour- 
ing Belgium, is mainly owing to England, he hopes 
they will rejoice in their success ; Lord M. thought 

1 The Queen identified herself with her Ministers in these early 
years, and was in a childlike manner a strong political partisan. It 
must always be borne in mind that she was not twenty, and a girl. 
When Peel finally came into power, he received equally strong support 
from his Sovereign. 

* See ante, p. 149. 




of 



<Jj- 
a, fwt^trcwt Jn/ J) / icfi^nj>an/ aftes^ ^ 



1839] THE QUEEN OF SPAIN 155 

the first part of the letter kind ; he saw the Belgians 
going down to sign the Treaty, and he thought they 
looked cross and sulky. Lord M. said some allowance 
must be made, and " if people are made to do what 
they dislike, you must allow for a little ill-humour." 

Talked of Jane Seymour, who Lord M. thinks a 
bad person, as she supplanted her Mistress, which I 
said Anne Boleyn did too, and which wasn't their 
fault. " It's always more the woman's fault than 
the man's," said Lord M. . . . 

Wednesday, 24<th April. At 4 I rode out with 
Daisy, Lord Uxbridge, Lord Headfort, Lord Alfred, 
Mr. Byng, Mr. Cowper, and Col. Buckley, and came 
home at \ p. 5. I rode Comptroller, who went quite 
beautifully, so safe, never shied or dropped. I rode 
out through Hyde Park, round Regent's Park and 
home by Hyde Park ; it was a very pleasant evening. 
I met Lord Anglesey in Hyde Park, and he rode with 
me the whole time ; he rides so well, so gracefully, it 
is quite wonderful l ; and he rode a beautiful horse. 

Thursday, 25th April Talked of Headfort's 
blundering ; of the little Queen of Spain, with Lord 
Clarendon, who says she doesn't promise well and 
is very imperious. " I don't mind about her being 
imperious; if she isn't stupid, all that'll be got 
over," said Lord M. . . . 

Friday, 3rd May. Talked of this Copyright Bill ; 
of Serjeant Talfourd, 2 whom Lord M. don't very 
much admire ; of Wordsworth, whom Lady Normanby 
accused him of never having read. " Never read it 

1 He lost his leg at Waterloo. See Vol. I., p. 199. 

2 Talfourd, afterwards Sir Thomas, Judge of the Common Pleas, 
author of Ion, brought in several Copyright Bills. In 1841 he pro- 
posed a sixty-year limit from the author's death. Its rejection was 
obtained by Macau lay. 



156 ROYAL VISITORS [r.i9 

all," he said, " never read all The Excursion ; I've 
gone so far as to buy the book," he continued, " I've 
bought the book ; it's amazing when you leave a 
book on the table how much you know what is in it, 
without reading it." " I'm half smothered up with 
books and papers," he said, and he repeated his wish 
of having a bedroom with 3 libraries out of it ; "I 
want a suite." 

Saturday, 4>th May. At \ p. 1 I went over to the 
Closet, where I received the Grand Duke, 1 who was 
introduced by Lord Palmerston and accompanied 
by Count Orloff and Count Pozzo di Borgo. I made 
the Grand-Duke sit down ; he is tall with a fine 
figure, a pleasing open countenance without being 
handsome, fine blue eyes, a short nose and a pretty 
mouth with a sweet smile. Lord Palmerston then 
introduced Prince Henry of Orange, who is a timid 
young man, very like his eldest brother Prince 
William. 2 I then went out into the Drawing room, 
where the Grand Duke presented all his gentlemen. 

Lord M. then told me that he had been thinking 
about this Bishopric of Peterborough, for the Dean, 3 
and that as he had not seen him he should consider 
it a little ; that Peterborough was a town very much 
divided, in which the Bishop had always gone against 
Lord FitzWilliam, and Lord M. fears that the Dean 
would not have courage to resist the Chapter, and 
would be carried along by Dr. Turton, 4 a very clever 

1 The Hereditary Grand Duke of Russia, afterwards the Emperor 
Alexander II. 

2 Prince William married, in June 1839, Sophia, daughter of 
William I., King of Wurtemberg. The Princess of Orange, mother 
of the two Princes, was Anna, daughter of the Empress Paul. 

3 The Queen's former tutor, Dr. Davys, Dean of Chester. 

4 Dr. Turton was successively Dean of Peterborough, Dean of 
Westminster, and Bishop of Ely. 



1839] THE GRAND DUKE'S SUITE 157 

man. I said Lord M. must do as he thought best. 
Lehzen handed in a letter at this moment from the 
Dean, in which he expressed a wish to have this 
Bishopric and that his feelings were not against the 
Government ; Lord M. read the letter and wished to 
take it with him, but I would not let him do so ; 
he said, " I think by this he wishes to have it very 
much " ; but Lord M. said he wished to consider it 
a little first ; he feels the awkwardness of not doing 
something for him, as it ought to be, he said, and is 
expected, and at the same time it would be so very 
awkward were he to go against us, and Lord M. fears, 
though his intentions may be the best, that he would 
be carried away by the Bishop of London. The 
Grand-Duke led me in and I sat between him and 
Prince Henry ; Lord Melbourne sat between Lady 
Normanby and Miss Anson. I found the Grand- 
Duke exceedingly agreeable, so good-natured, natural 
and merry. He is just a year older than I am ; 
Prince Henry is very good-natured, and talks English 
perfectly ; he is not quite 19. The Grand-Duke's 
other gentlemen came after dinner, and I made 
them come up to me one by one : M. Tolstoy (a 
young man and attache here), Baron Lieven (cousin 
to Prince Lieven), M. Patkal (a young man of the 
Grand-Duke's age and brought up with him), M. 
d'Adlerberg (also brought up with the Grand-Duke, 
and his father brought up with the Emperor), Prince 
Bariatinsky (a young man, Aide-de-Camp to the 
Emperor, who distinguished himself very much in 
the war against the Circassians and has a ball in 
his body), M. Zourievitch (an Aide-de-Camp of the 
Emperor's and who has been with the Grand-Duke 
for 14 years), and Prince Dolgorouki (an Aide- 
de-Camp of the Emperor's). They are all pleasing 



158 THE TUDOR SOVEREIGNS [*r.i9 

people and rather easy to get on with. I like the 
Grand-Duke extremely ; he is so natural and gay and 
so easy to get on with. 

Sunday, 5th May. Talked of men being refused, 
and Lord M. said, " When I was two-and-twenty, I 
do believe if I had been refused I should have died 
of it ; it would have killed me ; I was so very vain." 
Talked of Orloff, who Lord M. said is " exactly like 
Henry VIII." I said I thought Henry VIII. was not 
near so good-natured a man as Orloff. " Oh ! he 
was a very good-natured man," said Lord M., " just 
read what Dr. Lingard says of him when he first 
entered life ; oh ! he was a great man," and added 
that we owed the Reformation to him. I said his 
motives for that were not the best ; but Lord M. 
said that didn't signify. Talked of Henry VIII. 
Lord M. said, " Those women bothered him so." I 
observed he had ill-treated Catherine of Aragon so. 
" That was his conscience," said Lord M. funnily ; 
"he thought he was living in a state of concubin- 
age, not of marriage." Talked of Queen Elizabeth 
and Queen Mary. " Queen Elizabeth was quite 
Henry VIII.'s daughter," said Lord M., and he 
never intended she should reign. Talked of Queen 
Mary and her horrid cruelty. "She thought that 
was quite right," said Lord M., " and Edward VI. 
would have done quite the same on his side ; he 
would have killed her ; there are letters which show 
that." 

Monday, 6th May. He then showed me a letter 
from Lord FitzWilliam about this Bishopric of Peter- 
borough, in which he is anxious the Bishop of Sodor 
and Man should go there ; Lord M. said, " You see 
what he wants." I said I did, but that at the same 
time I felt the great awkwardness of the Dean's not 



1839] GOVERNMENT NEARLY DEFEATED 159 

getting it ; and I gave Lord M. the Dean's letter, 
which he said he would not show to anyone ; 
there was wrong doctrine in it, he said, viz. that 
he wished to hold it from the Sovereign and not 
from the Minister. I said I feared that as he had 
been so much encouraged last year it would em- 
bitter him very much were he not to get it now. 
" I feel that," said Lord M., and " I feel that they'll 
say ' The Queen ought to have done something for 
him.' " I said I did not think he would vote against 
the Government, as he had refused to join an Address 
at Chester last year against the Government ; Lord 
M. asked, would he like Sodor and Man, and we 
agreed he would not. Talked of my ride ; of my 
having met and ridden with the Grand-Duke, and his 
being so easily pleased with any horse he was put 
on. " Oh ! they're not half as fastidious as these 
gentlemen," said Lord M. funnily. " There's more 
stuff and nonsense about horses than there is about 
anything else." 

Twsday, 7th May. I awoke at J p. 8 and 
heard from Lord Surrey that we had only had a 
majority of 5 ! l This struck to my heart and I 
felt dreadfully anxious. Got up ; heard from Lord 
John that we had only had a majority of 5 ; 294 
against 289 ; and that they must have a Cabinet 
to decide what was to be done. I wrote to Lord 
Melbourne expressing my anxiety to hear from 
him ; my box had scarcely gone before I received 
a letter from Lord Melbourne in which he stated 
what had taken place, that he had not yet heard 
from Lord John, but that he feared they had no other 

1 On the Jamaica Bill, ante, p. 108. The division was actually on 
the question of Sir R. Peel's motion, " That the Speaker do now leave 
the chair," at the end of the Jamaica Constitution debate. 



160 LOSING LORD MELBOURNE [T.IO 

alternative can / write it l but to resign ; and he 
concluded his letter in this beautiful way : " Lord 
Melbourne is certain that Your Majesty will not 
deem him too presuming if he expresses his fear 
that this decision will be both painful and embarrass- 
ing to Your Majesty, but Your Majesty will meet 
this crisis with that firmness which belongs to your 
character, and with that rectitude and sincerity 
which will carry Your Majesty through all diffi- 
culties. It will also be greatly painful for Lord 
Melbourne to quit the service of a Mistress who has 
treated him with such unvarying kindness and un- 
limited confidence, but in whatever station he may 
be placed he will always feel the deepest anxiety 
for Your Majesty's interests and happiness and will 
do the utmost in his power to promote and secure 
them." Lehzen, ever kind and good, supported and 
comforted me under this most heavy trial. I heard 
again from Lord Melbourne enclosing a note from 
Lord John, who concurred in his opinion. At 10 m. 
p. 12 came Lord Melbourne and stayed with me till 
25 m. to 1. It was some minutes before I could 
muster up courage to go in. " You will not forsake 
me." I held his hand for a little while, unable to 
leave go ; and he gave me such a look of kindness, 
pity and affection, and could hardly utter for tears, 
" Oh 1 no," in such a touching voice. We then sat 
down as usual, and I strove to calm myself. He said, 
" I was afraid this would happen." There was a 
Warrant appointing an Inquiry into the Duchy of 
Cornwall which he begged me to sign ; which I did. 
" I'm afraid we can do nothing else," he said (but 
resign). I said I feared he was right. " But we 
shall see what they say at the Cabinet ; I'll put 

1 See ante, p. 154, note upon the partisanship of the Queen. 



1839] RESIGNATION DECIDED ON 161 

down on paper the course I think you ought to 
pursue," which I begged he would. He told me 
when he would come after the Cabinet. Wrote my 
journal. At 3 came Lord John, who said they had 
been discussing the whole in the Cabinet very much, 
but that they could come to no other determination 
but to resign ; and he then thanked me for my 
kindness which quite set me off crying, and I said 
it was a terrible thing for me. He seemed much 
grieved ; he said he hardly expected it, and that 
the Tories had behaved very ill, and made every 
exertion to arrive at this end. 

At a J p. 3 Lord Melbourne came to me and 
stayed with me till J p. 4. He said, " Lord John 
has communicated to you the results of the Cabinet," 
which I said he had ; " and I have desired John 
Russell to make out the Bishop of Peterborough 
directly," l for which I thanked Lord M. very much, 
as I said I could not bear to think he should owe 
it to the others. "And you'll tell the Baroness to 
write to him to tell him so." And he then said 
he wished to make either Mr. Cowper or Mr. 
Anson this Commissioner at Greenwich. Lord 
Melbourne then said, pulling a paper out of his 
pocket, " I have written down what I think you 
should do." He then read to me what he had 
written down for me. 1 The conclusion of the paper 
was, " Your Majesty had better express your hope 
that none of Your Majesty's Household, except those 
who are engaged in Politics, may be removed." 
Lord Melbourne said, " I think you might ask him 
for that." I quite agreed in this and we enumerated 

1 This was the elevation of Dr. Davys to the See of Peterborough. 
See ante, p. 156. 

2 See the memorandum in The Letters of Queen Victoria, Vol. I. 



162 "GOD BLESS YOU, MA'AM" UBT. 19 

who those were ; " Unless you wish to get rid of 
any," which I said I did not. Talked of my great 
dislike to some of these people Sir H. Hardinge 
Graham Peel. 1 " I don't know who they'll put 
about you," he said. I said it was so hard to 
have people forced upon you whom you disliked ; 
Lord M. said, " It is very hard, but it can't be 
helped." I said I thought Lord John was very low. 
" He was melancholy at seeing you melancholy," 
said Lord M. Lord M. asked if I had put off the 
Levee, which I wrote to ask him if I might, and I 
said I had. The Ball we could reflect about. Lord 
M. was going to announce his resignation in the 
House of Lords. I said I was not going out, and I 
wished Lord M. would come to me. " Yes, Ma'am, 
I will," he said ; and then after a pause he added, 
" I don't think it would be right " ; he said it would 
be observed ; I pressed him and said it would not 
be, and if he would come after dinner ; he said it 
wouldn't do ; and " I'm going to dine at Lady 
Holland's." But I said he must come and see me. 
" Oh ! yes," he replied, " only not while these 
negotiations are going on." I said, " For I shall 
feel quite forsaken," at which he gave me such a look of 
grief and feeling, and was much affected. He said, 
" God bless you, Ma'am," and kissed my hand. He 
said, " I'll come to see you to-morrow morning before 
the Duke comes," and we settled at 11. I said I 
would appoint the Duke at one, as Lord M. did not 
wish to meet him. The whole would be known all 
over the town in a short time, he said. He then got 
up, and we shook hands again and he kissed my 
hand, he said ; " God bless you, Ma'am." I fear I 

1 All these " dislikes " evaporated when the Queen ultimately 
became acquainted with her Tory Ministers. 



1839] INTERVIEW WITH WELLINGTON 163 

may have left out much and not placed all rightly ; 
but so much has taken place before I have been 
able to write this account that I am quite confused. 
I was in a dreadful state of grief. I received two 
most kind letters from Lord Melbourne, in the 1st 
of which he said, "Lord Melbourne felt his attend- 
ance upon Your Majesty to be at once the greatest 
honour and pleasure of his life, and Your Majesty 
may believe that he will most severely and deeply 
feel the change." How kind ! He further adds that 
" nothing ever gave him more pain " than to have 
to tell me he couldn't come to me ; but that it 
was absolutely necessary not to give occasion to 
any jealousy or suspicion. I wrote once more to 
him. Wrote one line to the Duke of Wellington 
to request him to come. 

Wednesday, 8th May. Talked of the Duke of 
W.'s being so deaf ; and Lord M. said, " Mind the 
Duke understands what you say." " You must try 
and get over your dislike for Peel," he said, " he's a 
close, stiff man." l Talked of John Russell's being 
so low. " He was very much affected at seeing 
you," replied Lord M. '* I met him coming away. 
Rice says he's glad." " I think the Chancellor feels 
it. Palmerston will feel it, he likes his business so 
much." I then (10 m. to 1) went over to the Yellow 
Closet where I found the Duke of Wellington, who 
was kind ; he remained till 10 m. p. 1. Wrote to 
Sir Robert Peel to come immediately who came at 
20 m. p. 2 and stayed till 20 m. to 3. I saw him 

1 Melbourne had never lost a chance of trying to create good feeling 
between the Queen and Sir R. Peel. On one occasion, at a Court 
Ball, he noticed that Peel stood proudly aloof, and going up to him 
he whispered with great earnestness, " For God's sake go and speak 
to the Queen." Peel, however, made no move. An episode char- 
acteristic of both men. 



164 REPORT OF THE INTERVIEW [*t.ifl 

also in the Closet. He was also in full dress. The 
best account I can give of these interviews is in the 
annexed copy of a letter I wrote to my kind friend 
Lord Melbourne. 1 

BUCKINGHAM PALACE, 

8th May, 1839. 

The Queen told Lord Melbourne she would give 
him an account of what passed, which she is very 
anxious to do. She saw the Duke for about 20 
minutes ; the Queen said she supposed he knew why 
she sent for him, upon which the Duke said, No, he 
had no idea. The Queen then said that she had had 
the greatest confidence in her late Ministry, and 
had parted with them with the greatest reluctance ; 
upon which the Duke observed that he could assure 
me no one felt more pain in hearing the announce- 
ment of their resignation than he did, and that he 
was deeply grieved at it. The Queen then continued, 
that as his party had been instrumental in removing 
them, she must look to him to form a new Govern- 
ment. The Duke answered that he had no power 
whatever in the House of Commons, " that if he was 
to say black was white 2 they would say it was not," 
and that he advised me to send for Sir Robert Peel, 
in whom I could place confidence, and who was a 
gentleman and a man of honour and integrity. The 
Queen then said she hoped he would at all events 
have a place in the new Cabinet. The Duke at first 
rather refused, and said he was so deaf, and so old 
and unfit for any discussion, that if he were to 
consult his own feelings he would rather not do it, 

1 This letter has already been printed (Letters of Queen Victoria, 
vol. i. 198). 

2 Sic: an obvious mistake for "black was black." 



1839] WELLINGTON ON MELBOURNE 165 

and remain quite aloof ; but that as he was very 
anxious to do anything that would tend to the 
Queen's comfort, and would do everything and at 
all times that could be of use to the Queen, and 
therefore if she and her Prime Minister urged his 
accepting office, he would. The Queen said she had 
more confidence in him than in any of the others of 
his party. The Queen then mentioned the subject 
of the Household and of those who were not in 
Parliament. The Duke did not give any decisive 
answer about it, but advised the Queen not to begin 
with conditions of this sort, and wait till the matter 
was proposed. The Queen then said that she felt 
certain he would understand the great friendship 
she had for Lord Melbourne, who had been to her 
quite a parent, and the Duke said no one felt and 
knew that better than he did, and that no one could 
still be of greater use to the Queen than Lord Mel- 
bourne. The Duke spoke of his personal friendship 
for Lord Melbourne, and that he hoped I knew that 
he had often done all he could to help your Govern- 
ment. The Queen then mentioned her intention to 
prove her great fairness to her new Government in 
telling them, that they might know there was no 
unfair dealing, that I meant to see you often as a 
friend, as I owed so much to you. The Duke said he 
quite understood it, and knew I would not exercise 
this to weaken the Government, and that he would 
take my part about it, and felt for me. He was 
very kind, and said he called it " a misfortune " 
that you had all left me. 

The Queen wrote to Peel, who came after 2, em- 
barrassed and put out. The Queen repeated what 
she had said to the Duke about her former Govern- 
ment, and asked Sir Robert to form a new Ministry. 

n 12 



166 INTERVIEW WITH PEEL [* T .i9 

He does not seem sanguine ; says entering the 
Government in a minority is very difficult ; he felt 
unequal to the task, and far from exulting in what 
had happened, as he knew what pain it must give 
me ; he quite approved that the Duke should take 
office, and saw the importance of it ; meant to offer 
him the post of Secretary for Foreign Affairs, and if 
he refused, Lord Aberdeen ; Lord Lyndhurst, Chan- 
cellor ; hoped to secure Stanley and Graham ; Goul- 
burn to be the candidate for the Speaker's chair ; he 
expects a severe conflict then, and if he should be 
beat must either resign or dissolve Parliament. 
Before this the Queen said how much she was against 
a dissolution, in which he quite agreed, but of course 
wished no conditions should be made ; he felt the 
task arduous, and that he would require me to 
demonstrate (a certain degree, if any, I can only feel) 
confidence in the Government, and that my House- 
hold would be one of the marks of that. The Queen 
mentioned the same thing about her Household, to 
which he at present would give no answer, but said 
nothing should be done without my knowledge or 
approbation. He repeated his surprise at the course 
you had all taken in resigning, which he did not 
expect. The Queen talked of her great friendship 
for, and gratitude to, Lord Melbourne, and repeated 
what she had said to the Duke, in which Peel agreed ; 
but he is such a cold odd man she can't make out 
what he means. He said he couldn't expect me to 
have the confidence in him I had in you (and which 
he never can have), as he has not deserved it. My 
impression is, he is not happy and sanguine. He 
comes to me to-morrow at one to report progress in 
his formation of the new Government. The Queen 
don't like his manner after oh ! how different, how 



APPROVAL AND ADVICE 167 

dreadfully so, to that frank, open, natural and most 
kind, warm manner of Lord Melbourne. The Duke 
I like by far better than Peel. The Queen trusts 
Lord Melbourne will excuse this long letter, but she 
was so anxious he should know all. The Queen was 
very much collected, civil and high, and betrayed 
no agitation during these two trying Audiences. But 
afterwards again all gave way. She feels Lord 
Melbourne will understand it, amongst enemies to 
those she most relied on and most esteemed ; but 
what is worst of all is the being deprived of seeing 
Lord Melbourne as she used to do. 

Thursday, 9th May. Wrote to Lord Melbourne ; 
got such a kind delightful long letter from him in 
answer to my two letters of the day before, approving 
of my conduct and giving me the most noble, im- 
partial and kind advice as to what I was to do, 
begging me not to mind Sir Robert's manner. 1 He 
said I should urge strongly to keep those of my people 
about me, who were not in Parliament ; he was 
well, he said ; had been at this Scotch dinner of 
about 40 or 50 members ; O'Connell there, and all 
the speeches very satisfactory. I wrote to him 
again ; signed ; wrote my journal. Heard from Lord 
Melbourne again, about the Members of the Household 
who were not in Parliament, in which letter he said 
they had never been removed at any time before, 2 

1 Peel's manner during his interviews with the Queen was said 
to have been peremptory and harsh. 

2 Lord Melbourne, in after-years, blamed himself for not having 
warned the Queen, and prepared her mind for extensive changes in 
her Household. There was no doubt also some misapprehension as 
to the extent of Peel's requirement. Sixty years later, in a conver- 
sation at Osborne with Sir Arthur Bigge (now Lord Stamfordham), 
the Queen said, " I was very young then, and perhaps I should act 



168 THE HOUSEHOLD DIFFICULTY [*-r. 19 

and that if I said he (Sir R. Peel) pressed me harder 
than any Sovereign ever had been pressed before, 
he thought Sir Robert couldn't refuse. Wrote my 
journal. At a little after 1 I went over to the Yellow 
Closet, where I received Sir Robert Peel, who re- 
mained till a little before 2. The annexed copy of 
a note which I wrote in a great hurry to Lord M. 
will show what took place * : 

BUCKINGHAM PALACE, 

9th May, 1839. 

The Queen writes one line to prepare Lord Mel- 
bourne for what may happen in a very few hours. 
Sir Robert has behaved very ill, he insisted on my 
giving up my Ladies, to which I replied that I never 
would consent, and I never saw a man so frightened ; 
he said he must go to the Duke of Wellington and 
consult with him, when both would return and he 
said this must suspend all further proceedings, and 
he asked if I would be ready to receive a decision, 
which I said I would ; he was quite perturbed. I 
said, besides many other things, that if he or the 
Duke of W. had been at the head of the Govern- 
ment when I came to the Throne, perhaps there 
might have been a few more Tory Ladies, but that 
then if you had come into office you would never 
have dreamt of changing them. I was calm but 
very decided, and I think you would have been 

differently if it was all to be done again." In anticipation of the 
change of Government in 1841, after confidential communications be- 
tween Mr. Anson and Sir Robert Peel, the Queen waived her right to 
appoint great officers of State, and also (if in Parliament) lords-in- 
waiting, equerries and grooms-in-waiting. She also announced 
that she would mention to the Prime Minister before appointment the 
names of ladies of the bedchamber, but not those of the maids of 
honour or women of the bedchamber. 

1 Already printed (Letters of Queen Victoria, vol. i. p. 204). 



1839] THE PROPOSED CABINET 169 

pleased to see my composure and great firmness. 
Keep yourself in readiness, for you may soon be 
wanted. 

Saw Lord Howick. At p. 2 I saw the Duke 
of Wellington. I remained firm, and he told Sir 
Robert that I remained firm. I then saw Sir Robert 
Peel, who stopped a few minutes with me ; he said 
he must consult those (of which I annex a List) who 
he had named ; and he said he would return in 2 or 
3 hours with the result, which I said I should await. 

First Lord of the Trea- 
sury and Chancellor 
of the Exchequer Sir Robert Peel, Bart. 

Secretary for Foreign 

Affairs The Duke of Wellington 

Secretary for the Home 

Department Sir James Graham 

Secretary for the Colonies Lord Stanley 

Lord Chancellor Lord Lyndhurst 

President of the Board of 

Control Lord Ellenborough 

Secretary at War Sir Henry Hardinge 

Lord Lieut, of Ireland Earl de Grey 

Received a letter from Lord M. in answer to my 
1st ; and also to my 2nd, greatly astonished. Wrote 
to him again and my journal. At 10 m. p. 5 Sir 
Robert Peel returned, and said that he had con- 
sulted with those who were (to have been) his Col- 
leagues, and that they agreed that with the proba- 
bility of being beat the first night about the Speaker, 
and beginning with a Minority in the House of Com- 
mons, that unless there was some (I ask all; the 
Officers of State and Lords I gave up) demonstration 

H12* 



170 THE QUEEN'S CONFIDENCE [r.i9 

of my confidence, and if I retained all my Ladies, 
" they agreed unanimously they could not go on ! " 
I replied I would reflect ; that I felt certain I should 
not change my mind, but that I should not do any- 
thing in a hurry and would write him my decision 
either that evening or the next morning; he said 
meanwhile he would suspend all further proceedings. 
This was quite wonderful ! The Ladies his only 
support ! ! What an admission of weakness ! I 
wrote to Lord Melbourne (from whom I received 
another note) and begged him to come as soon as 
possible. Wrote my journal. 

At \ p. 6 came my dear and excellent Lord Mel- 
bourne, who stayed with me till 10 m. p. 7. It was 
a true and real and unexpected happiness to see him 
again after so much anxiety. I began by giving 
him a detailed account of the whole Proceeding, 
which I shall state here as briefly as I can. I first 
related again what took place in the 2 first Inter- 
views, and when I said that the Duke said he had 
assisted my Government often very much, Lord M. 
said, " Well, that's true enough, but the Duke did 
all he could about this vote." Well, then, I said, 
when Sir Robert Peel came this morning, he began 
first about the Ministry ; I consented, though I said 
I might have my personal feelings about Lord 
Lyndhurst and Lord Aberdeen, 1 but that I would 
suppress every personal feeling and would be quite 
fair. Lord M. here observed, " You did say that." 
I then proceeded that I repeated that I wished to 
retain about me those who were not in Parliament ; 
and Sir Robert pretended that I had the preceding 
day expressed a wish to keep about me those who 
were in Parliament ; I mentioned my wish to have 

1 The Queen became much attached to Lord Aberdeen. See post, p. 208. 



1839] ACCOUNT OF THE PROCEEDINGS 171 

Lord Liverpool, to which he readily acceded, saying 
he would offer him the place of Lord Steward or of 
Lord-in- Waiting ; he then suggested my having 
Lord Ashley, which I said I should like, as Treasurer 
and Comptroller. Soon after this, Sir Robert said, 
" Now about the Ladies," upon which I said I 
could not give up any of my Ladies, and never had 
imagined such a thing ; he asked if I meant to re- 
tain all ; all, I said ; the Mistress of the Robes and 
the Ladies of the Bedchamber ? he asked. I replied 
all ; for he said they were the Wives of the Opponents 
of the Government ; mentioning Lady Normanby 
in particular, as one of the late Ministers' wives. I 
said that would not interfere, I never talked Politics 
with them, and that they were related, many of 
them, to Tories ; and I enumerated those of my 
Bedchamber Women and Maids of Honour ; upon 
which he said he didn't mean all the Bedchamber 
Women and all the Maids of Honour, he meant the 
Mistress of the Robes and the Ladies of the Bed- 
chamber, to which I replied they were of more 
consequence than the others, and I could not con- 
sent, and that it had never been done before; he 
said I was a Queen Regnant, and that made the 
difference ; not here, I said, and I maintained my 
right. Sir Robert then urged upon public grounds 
only, but I said here I could not consent ; he then 
begged to be allowed to consult with the Duke upon 
such an important matter ; I expressed a wish also 
to see the Duke if Sir Robert approved, which he 
said he did, and that he would return with the 
Duke if I would then be prepared for the decision, 
which I said I would. Well, I said, that the Duke 
and Sir Robert returned soon, and I first saw the 
Duke, who first talked of his being ready to take 



172 THE QUEEN STANDS FIRM [aar.w 

the post of Secretary for F. Affairs, which I had 
pressed Peel to urge upon him (the Duke having 
first wished to be in the Cabinet without accepting 
office), and the Duke said, " I'm able to do anything " 
for I asked him if it would not be too much for 
him. Then I told the Duke that I had " been very 
well satisfied with Sir Robert yesterday," and asked 
the Duke if Sir Robert had told him what had 
passed about the Ladies ; he said he had, and I 
then repeated all my arguments, and the Duke his, 
but the Duke and Sir Robert differed considerably 
on 2 points ; the Duke said the opinions of the 
Ladies were nothing, but that it was the principle 
whether the Minister could remove the Ladies or 
not ; and that he had understood it was stated, in 
the Civil List Bill, " that the Ladies were instead of 
the Lords" which is quite false, and I told the Duke 
that there were not 12 Lords, as the expense with 
the Ladies would have been too great. Lord M. 
said, " There you had the better of him, and what 
did he say ? " Not much, I replied. I repeated 
many of my arguments, all which pleased Lord M. 
and which he agreed to ; amongst others that I 
said to the Duke, was Sir Robert so weak that even 
the Ladies must be of his opinion ? The Duke 
denied that. The Duke then took my decision to 
Sir Robert, who was waiting in the next room ; after 
a few minutes Sir Robert returned and I have 
already related what then took place. I also told 
Lord M. that I said to Sir Robert that as I had 
wished him to be frank, he would wish me to be so ; 
and I therefore said that he must make allowance 
for my feelings, as I had been always brought up in 
very strong feelings on the other (Whig) side, and 
that my feelings had always been very strongly with 



1839] THE ANSWER TO PEEL 173 

my Government, therefore my feelings could not 
easily change, though I might be fair ; and Lord M. 
approved all, and saw and said I could not do other- 
wise. I acted quite alone, I said, and feared I might 
have embarrassed the Government. " I must sum- 
mon the Cabinet," said Lord M., "at once ; it may 
have very serious consequences ; if we can't go on 
with this House of Commons, we may have to dis- 
solve Parliament, and we don't know if we may get 
as good a House of Commons." 

I received the following letter from Lord M., 
written at one o'clock : " Lord Melbourne presents 
his humble duty to Your Majesty. The Cabinet has 
sate until now and after much discussion advises 
Your Majesty to return the following answer to Sir 
Robert Peel : " The Queen having considered the 
proposal made to her yesterday by Sir Robert Peel 
to remove the Ladies of her Bedchamber cannot 
consent to adopt a course which she conceives to be 
contrary to usage and repugnant to her feelings." 
I immediately wrote a few lines in answer to Lord 
Melbourne, and copied the letter to Sir R. Peel. 

Friday, 10th May. At 7 m. to 2 Lord Melbourne 
came to me and stayed with me till 10 m. to 3. He 
was well ; rode here, and asked how I was. I 
placed in his hands Sir Robert Peel's answer which 
he read. He started at one part where he says 
" some changes," but some or all, I said were the 
same, and Lord M. said, " I must submit this to 
the Cabinet." Lord M. showed me a letter from 
Lord Grey about it, a good deal alarmed, thinking 
I was right, and yet half doubtful ; one from Rice 
dreadfully frightened and wishing the Whig Ladies 
should resign ; and one from Lansdowne wishing 
to state that the Ladies would have resigned. 



174 THE CABINET APPROVES [*r. 19 

Lord M. had also seen the Duke of Richmond ; and 
Lord M. said we might be beat ; I said I never would 
yield ; and would never apply to Peel again. Lord 
M. said, "You are for standing out, then? " I said 
certainly. I asked how the Cabinet felt ; John 
Russell strongly for standing out, he said ; Dun- 
cannon very much so ; Holland, Lord Minto, Hob- 
house, the Chancellor all for standing out, Thom- 
son too, and Normanby also ; Rice and Howick 
alarmed. 1 We talked over the whole thing again ; 
I said, in which he agreed, I couldn't wait to hear 
from him how to act ; I was compelled to act alone. 
Lord M. was very kind, said they must have a 
Cabinet next day ; the Cabinet had come to his 
house at 10 ; he would come to the Ball, as it was 
better he should, and promised to send John Russell 
to me. Saw Lord John from a J p. 4 to a J to 
5, to whom I repeated the whole ; we quite agreed, 
and I said to him I hoped they would stand by me, 
as I had stood by them so long and always would, 
and he said they would as long as they possibly 
could. 

At 10 I went as usual into the 1st Ballroom, 
where were all my people. Little Adolphus Chiches- 
ter, poor Lord Templemore's son, 8 kissed hands as 
Page ; a very pretty boy. The Grand-Duke, at- 
tended by Count Orloff, Prince Henry of Orange, 
Aunt Gloucester, and the Duke and Duchess of Cam- 
bridge and Augusta, joined us in that room. At | 

1 But afterwards, when the Queen's letters to Melbourne of 8th 
and 9th May were read, Lord Broughton (Hobhouse) records that their 
reading " gave a new spirit to our waverers, and even Howick and 
Rice owned that it was impossible to abandon such a Queen and such 
a woman." The " woman " was only nineteen years old. 

2 Lord Templemore had married Lord Anglesey's daughter, and 
died in 1837. Adolphus Chichester died, aged thirty, in 1855. 



1839J THE STATE BALL 175 

p. 10 we went in ; it was rather formal, and every- 
body looked preoccupied ; Lord Melbourne was 
standing near the door of the larger ballroom, and I 
talked to him for a little while. When I had made 
the cercle, dancing began ; I danced 1st with the 
Grand-Duke ; 2ndly with the Prince of Orange (the 
Grand-Duke and Lady Fanny being my Vis-a-vis), 
and 3rdly with Lord Mulgrave. After the 1st Quad- 
rille, Peel and the Duke of Wellington came by look- 
ing very much put out. All my friends were very 
kind. Lord Melbourne came up to me and asked 
me some questions ; he assured me he was quite well ; 
I think he went away immediately afterwards. We 
then went into the other room, where I danced with 
Prince Dolgorouki, and then with Lord Douglas ; 
at 1 we went to supper. After supper the dancing 
became much more animated. I danced with Lord 
March ; then with Lord Bruce. 1 We had a Mazurka, 
which really did very well. Lady Cowper sat near 
me for some time and was so happy at what had 
taken place. We then went again into the smaller 
ball-room, and saw two Reels danced the Grand- 
Duke sitting near me and I concluded the Ball with 
a Quadrille with the Grand-Duke. I left the Ball- 
room at a J p. 3, much pleased, as my mind felt 
happy. 

Saturday, llth May. Lord M. then said, pulling 
a paper out of his pocket, " Now, Ma'am, for what we 
have been about ; we've had a long sitting of it ; 
from p. 12 till now " (5). " This is what you've 

1 George William Frederick, son of the first Marquess of Ailesbury : 
he was born in 1804, and married in 1837 Mary, daughter of the 
eleventh Earl of Pembroke. He was summoned to the House of Lords 
as Baron Bruce in 1839, and succeeded his father, as second Marquess 
of Ailesbury, in 1856. 



176 THE CABINET MINUTE [*r.i9 

probably never seen, and which is only done on great 
occasions, a Cabinet Minute." He then read it to 
me, and was very much affected indeed in reading 
the part, that they consented to retain office and 
would support me. I grasped his hand in both mine 
with real feelings of the greatest gratitude ; and he 
then read what was Lord Howick's opinion, who 
differs from them, but agrees in their endeavours to 
support me. 

PRESENT 

The Lord Chancellor The Lord John Russell 

The Lord President The Viscount Palmerston 

The Lord Privy Seal The Viscount Howick 

Viscount Melbourne The Viscount Morpeth 

The Marquis of Normanby Sir John Hobhouse, Bart. 

The Earl of Minto The Chancellor of the Ex- 
The Chancellor of the chequer 

Duchy of Lancaster Mr. Thomson 

Her Majesty's confidential servants having taken 
into consideration the letter addressed by Her 
Majesty to Sir Robert Peel on the 10th of May, 
and the reply of Sir Robert Peel on the same day, are 
of opinion that for the purpose of giving to an 
administration that character of efficiency and sta- 
bility and these ... x of the constitutional support 
of the Crown which are required to enable it to act 
usefully for the public service, it is reasonable that 
the great offices of the Court and the situations in 
the Household held by members of either House of 
Parliament should be included in the habitual 

1 In Lord Melbourne's original paper, the words appear to 
be " those marks." 



1839] END OF THE AFFAIR 177 

arrangements made on a change of administration ; 
but they are not of opinion that a similar principle 
should be applied or extended to the offices held by 
Ladies in Her Majesty's Household. Her Majesty's 
confidential servants are therefore prepared to sup- 
port Her Majesty in refusing to assent to the removal 
of the Ladies of her Household which Her Majesty 
conceived to be contrary to usage and which is re- 
pugnant to her feelings, and are prepared to con- 
tinue in their offices on these grounds. 

Lord M. said, " That is if Your Majesty thinks 
proper " ; which of course I did, and felt most 
grateful ; he said he would give me a copy of it, 
when he had copied it. " You know the success of 
this is doubtful," said Lord M. ; I said I felt that, 
but that I could not apply to Peel again ; Lord M. 
said it would be difficult to pass him over. Lord M. 
said, " If I had thought that this demand would be 
made, I would have told you to ask Sir Robert to 
put his proposition down in writing " ; I went and 
fetched Sir Robert's letter and proved to Lord M. 
that though Sir Robert might deny it, he had 
stated " the Chief Appointments " of the Ladies, 
which makes us quite safe. I repeated that I main- 
tained I had the power about my Ladies, else what 
power had I left ! in which Lord M. agreed. 

Sunday, 12th May. At 12 I went to the Chapel 
Royal and came back at a J p. 2. I was loudly 
cheered both going and returning, and expressions 
of, "The Queen for ever," "God bless Your 
Majesty," " Bravo," were heard. 1 Talked of my 
having expressed a wish to Peel that Ireland should 

1 The Queen, at this time, was popular in the streets, but not in 
the "salons." 



178 LORD PALMERSTON ON POWER [T.ID 



be very mildly governed ; of Peel's not being san- 
guine from the beginning; of Lord Winchester's 1 
having been with the late King but always having 
voted with the Government ; of Sir H. Taylor being 
a Tory, but a fair man. Talked of the Grand-Duke 
and my having told him all, which Lord M. said 
" was a very good thing " ; and his being very much 
pleased at what had taken place, which Lord M. was 
almost surprised at. I asked Lord M. if he thought 
John Russell liked to be out ; Lord M. said, " I 
think he is rather tired, but I don't think he would 
have liked to have been out long ; Palmerston is the 
most ingenuous about it ; he says, ' I don't at all 
conceal that I think it a great bore to go out ; I 
like power, I think power very pleasant ' " ; and I 
said Palmerston did it so well, and that how could 
the Duke of Wellington ever have done it ? " They 
tell me that he never could have done it. It would 
only be putting it off for a step, for another man 
(of his Party) couldn't do it; you must come to 
him," said Lord M. "I myself shouldn't object to 
leave the Ballot an open question like the Corn 
Laws." I said, couldn't John Russell do that ? 
46 1 don't well see how he could," Lord M. replied. 
I said to Lord M., what he had once told me, 
that he wasn't very much for the Reform Bill. " I 
wasn't very much for it," he said, " I saw it was 
unavoidable. I was for standing firm and doing 
nothing at all," he said ; as he knew when once 
begun you must go on. 

Talked of how they bury people at Venice in 
some horrid way ; Lord M. said, " I'm not well 
acquainted with the dead ; I hate to look on the 

1 Charles Ingoldsby, thirteenth Marquess. 



1839] CONCERNING FRENCH COOKERY 179 

dead ; I like what is joyous and agreeable ; I can't 
bear what's disagreeable and melancholy." He said, 
" A Troubadour said once, ' I don't wish to go to 
Heaven where the Priests and the Monks are ; I 
wish to go where the Ladies and the Troubadours 
are.' " I then told him Mamma had said Lord M. 
came too often to me; upon which Lord M. said, 
" The Duke of Wellington said that was right ; and 
that if he was me, he would establish himself in the 
Palace," which I said I wished he would. We then 
talked for some time about Cookery, and Lord M. made 
us laugh very much about it. " Oh ! the French are 
the first nation in the world ; we ought to be eternally 
grateful to them," he said ; for that the art of pre- 
paring food was the 1st thing in the world ; although 
the French cookery wasn't as good as it used to be. 
Lord M. talked of when all this was introduced into 
France. " Francis I. was the first who introduced 
that gaiety ; he was the first king who had that gay 
liberty, which has since been so much practised," 
he said, snapping his fingers and laughing. He 
also made us laugh about Confectioners, and praised 
mine. 

He then talked of our Army going up to Kanda- 
har, and having gone so prosperously ; and he said 
the Boatmen who brought them along the river, 
asked them, " Where are you going to ? " and when 
they said to Kandahar, they said, " God ! we'll go 
with you ; you pay us, and you don't murder, you 
don't pillage ! God ! we'll go with you ! " 

After dinner, when Lord Melbourne came into the 
room, he remained talking with me some time 
before we sat down, near the chimney. Talked of 
Sir Robert Peel, and my feeling so happy. " You 
mustn't be sure that you have escaped yet," he said. 



180 ENGLAND AND RUSSIA [-. w 

Lord M. said, " You must remember that he (Peel) is 
a man who is not accustomed to talk to Kings ; a 
man of quite a different calibre ; it's not like me ; 
I've been brought up with Kings and Princes. I 
know the whole Family, and know exactly what to 
say to them ; now he has not that ease, and pro- 
bably you were not at your ease." These are nearly 
his words I think. He said the Marylebone Vestry 
had voted an Address to support me, in spite of 
Lord Kenyon's l endeavours to prevent it. Talked of 
the demonstrations towards me, and Lord M. said, 
" If there's a feeling in the country it's all over with 
them." Talked of their having quarrelled with the 
Duke of Buckingham, 8 who Lord M. said is a man 
of no capacity whatever ; the late Duke ' was very 
clever, he said. 

We were seated much as usual, Lord Melbourne 
sitting near me. He was very much excited the 
whole evening, talking to himself and pulling his hair 
about, which always makes him look so much 
handsomer. He talked of India, its going on so 
well, our coming too close (Russia and England), and 
we talked over what he has often said to me before, 
of which (if 2 Nations were to govern the World) 
should be master ; and that he meant to talk to 
Orloff about it before he went. Lord M. asked if I 
could read the Minute, which I said I could perfectly. 

1 George, second Lord Kenyon, succeeded his father, the Lord 
Chief Justice, in 1802. 

2 This, the second Duke of the 1822 creation, was the author of 
the " Tenant at Will," or " Chandos," clause of the Reform Act. 
Owing to his extravagance, he was compelled to sell the contents 
of his house at Stowe. 

8 For many years M.P. for Bucks, he supported Pitt and (his 
uncle) Lord Grenville. He held a small office in the Ministry of the 
latter in 1806-7. His was the only Dukedom created by George IV. 



1839] LORD HOWE'S CONDUCT 181 

" I used to write a very ugly hand," he said, " but 
it used to be a very legible hand ; and now I've got 
to write a hand that almost nobody can read ; what 
I judge from is, that when I read it over myself I 
can't read it, and so I think if / can't read it nobody 
else can." Talked of handwriting ; his brother's ; 
mine ; and he said, " The letter you wrote me this 
morning was beautifully written." I caught his eye 
when he was frowning very much, and he smiled 
and rubbed his forehead and said, " Never mind, I 
was only knitting my brows ; I know it looks 
tremendous," but that one shouldn't judge from 
expression, that very susceptible people constantly 
changed expression. I said he was very absent 
sometimes ; " Notoriously so," he said, " particu- 
larly when I've a great deal to do." 

Talked of Lord Howe's 1 having been allowed to 
remain, though many wished Lord M. to remove him, 
but he did not wish it. Lord M. said, one day at 
Windsor Howe took Lord M. by the arm, led him 
into the Gallery, and said, " I must vote against 
you," upon the Irish Bill. " ' God ! ' I said, ' don't,' " 
continued Lord Melbourne, " c stay away ' ; 'I 
must,' he said, ' I've spoken so strongly against it 
in Leicestershire, I never can show my face at 
Gopsal again if I don't,' he said ; ' Well then,' I said, 
* go to the House of Lords, sit on one of the back 
benches, and vote against us.' He went to the 
House of Lords, voted against us, and never a word 
was said about it." Lord M. thought this frank, 
for he offered to resign, which he says it would have 
been justifiable to have made him do, but which he 
(Ld. M.) didn't like to do. " I haven't such a bad 
opinion of Howe," he said ; " he's a wicked hypo- 

1 Lord Chamberlain to Queen Adelaide. See Vol. I., p. 289. 
n 13 



182 PEEL ON THE QUEEN'S GRACIOUSNESS DET.IO 

crite," which made me laugh. Talked of there 
being my Balls ; of Aunt Gloster's sending me the 
List and asking me to strike out and put in who 
I liked. "That's the right way; she's a King's 
daughter," said Lord M. Lord M. said he was 
well, but very much excited. Talked of Persia, and 
these boatmen, and Lord M. said, " An army that 
pays is the greatest blessing a country can have " ; 
that there, where the people were unaccustomed to 
it, they were quite delighted, and that it made much 
more effect than it would here. 

Monday, 13th May. Talked of John Russell's 
having said he wished to resign. Lord M. said, " That 
would be ruin to us, it would quite ruin the character 
of the Government." Lord M. had heard from the 
Duke of W., who did not intend saying anything 
unless it was begun by others ; and consequently 
Lord M. did not intend either saying anything. 
Talked of Sir Robert Peel ; of what John Russell 
meant to say ; of the lies that were being told of the 
whole affair. The House of Lords immensely full, 
Lord M. said. " Must say something one day," he 
said, " having taken my seat without saying any- 
thing after having resigned." He did so on Friday 
too. " Such a thing never happened before," he 
said. " He (Peel) spoke very highly of Your 
Majesty," said Lord M. " He said, nothing could be 
more gracious than your manner, nor more feeling 
than the manner in which you mentioned your late 
Government, and nothing more constitutional than 
the manner " in which I gave way about the Govern- 
ment. " I hear John had plenty of precedents," 
continued Lord M., " in the reign of Queen Anne " ; 
and he mentioned Lady Sunderland, who he said 
was very violent and " known by the name of the 




1 




' 



H.R.H. THE DUCHESS OF GLOUCESTER. 
From a portrait by Sir W. Ross. 



1839] LORD JOHN RUSSELL'S REPORT 183 

little Whig " ; she was one of the Duke of Marl- 
borough's daughters. 

Lord Uxbridge had heard part of Peel's speech, 
and said one part was very vulgar ! ! I got a 
box from Lord John after dinner with the follow- 
ing account : " Lord John Russell has the honour 
to report that he this day made his statement to 
the House in answer to Sir Robert Peel. Sir Robert 
Peel made a skilful and not unfair statement. He 
however spoke only of his intention of changing 
some of the Ladies of the Bedchamber. But he did 
not say that he had made this intention clear to 
Your Majesty ; only that he had so arranged the 
matter with his political friends. The popular im- 
pression is greatly in favour of the course pursued 
by Your Majesty." I sent this down to Lord Mel- 
bourne, and when he came into the drawing-room 
I asked him if he had seen it, and he said, " That's 
very satisfactory." I sat down near the fire, and 
Lord Melbourne sat next to me. I asked him if he 
liked my dress ; and he said he thought it beautiful. 
Talked of Garcia wishing to bring her mother with 
her, as she was so young. Lord M. said that for- 
merly that was not allowed in the Green Room, 
and that they said, " If a girl can't take care of her- 
self without her Mother, she can't do so with her." 
Lord M. said he remembered one of the actresses 
told him in the Green Room one day, that there was 
some woman whose daughter was going upon the 
stage, who came crying and saying her daughter was 
too good to come upon the stage, but would have to 
do so ; " upon which Mrs. Siddons and Mrs. Moun- 
tain, 1 who were pinks of propriety, drew up " as if 
it was a reflection upon themselves. . . . 

1 Mrs. Rosoman Mountain (who died in 1841) was an actress of 



184 WILLIAM IV. AND HIS HOUSEHOLD [JET.IO 

Thursday, 16th May. I said he had a much 
better opinion of Peel than I had. "You must re- 
member he is so very reserved," said Lord M. Lord 
M. said, " Nobody ever gave up the Household so 
completely as William IV." l I said I did also. 
" I think you were quite right to reserve your 
ladies," added Lord M. He said, " that Lord Grey 
was accused of having said in 1812 that he would 
ride roughshod through Carlton House ; he swears 
he never said it, but it made a great effect at the 
time." He meant by that, changing the whole 
Household, Lord Melbourne said. When Lord Gren- 
ville and Mr. Fox came in, in 1806, which they did 
as there was nobody else, and George III. was obliged 
to take them " very much against his will, I be- 
lieve," Lord M. continued, " they asked the King " 
for some of the Household to be given up as a mark 
of confidence, and " he scratched out the name of 
Lord Sandwich, Master of the Buckhounds ; only 
one." " There was some delicacy in that," said 
Lord M., " as Lord Sandwich left Mr. Fox, and the 
King knew he would be the one most agreeable for 
them to remove." I said Peel never came up to 
me at Gloucester House. " Stupid man," said Lord 
M. " When I came to the Duchess of Gloucester's," 
continued Lord M., " I met Lord Fitzgerald, whom 
I know very well, and I took him by the arm and 
said to him, 6 Now mind Peel goes up to the Queen,' 
and he nodded his head as if to say, ' I know what 
you mean.' ' Lord M. thought it " natural too." 

considerable attainments, especially in musical pieces. She had a 
large repertoire, and made a great success at Drury Lane as Polly in 
The Beggar's Opera. 

1 William IV. allowed his Ministers a very free hand in the selection 
of his " official " Household. 



1839] WELLINGTON AND PEEL ABSENT 185 

" I never went near Queen Adelaide, and I believe 
she was very much annoyed at it. I used to go 
chattering with the Maids of Honour," continued 
Lord M., " it's much pleasanter." . . . 

Saturday, ISth May. Lord Morpeth talked of the 
Horticultural Society, and Lord M. said, " I took 
my name off about 12 years ago, when a man ran 
away with 12,000 ; somehow I hate societies, I 
think they always lead to mischief, they are always 
for the benefit of the Banker and the Treasurer." 

Sunday, ISth May. Lord M. said he was quite 
well, and when I said I thought him not well, the 
night before, he said, " Only sleepy ; that's not a 
sign of being ill ; it's right to sleep after dinner ; we 
ought all to lie down all round the room, and sleep," 
which made me laugh very much. . . . 

Wednesday, 22nd May. Talked of my brother's 
arrival ; I got a box from Palmerston which I begged 
Lord M. to open for me. Lord Albemarle presented 
the new Page, Col. Wemyss's son, a dear little boy 
11 years old, very small. . . . We then went into 
the Throne Room, when the Levee began, which 
was very full, 1,100 people, and lasted till a J to 
4. There were a number of Addresses presented, 
approving my conduct in this last affair. . . . 
Talked of the Duke of Wellington's and Peel's not 
having been at the Levee, which I thought very 
rude. Lord M. said, " I don't think they mean 
that " ; I replied that was all very well for Lord M., 
who was so kind and good, not to think people could 
mean things, but that there were very few like him 
(Ld. M.). " I don't like you to have those feelings," 
he said kindly. I said it was so foolish of Peel to 
act in this way, as by doing so he has made me 
dislike him. " That's what his Party feels," said 

H 13* 



186 TWENTIETH BIRTHDAY c^T.ao 

Lord M., and he said it was very ill-judged of him, 
as he saw there was a want of confidence on my 
part, to distrust me, and thus make me distrust him 
still more. 

Talked of Peel's trying to force all. "The 
only way to gain confidence," said Lord M., " is 
not to distrust the other person ; you must show 
confidence to gain it ; that was how I acted with 
the late King, and he was very fair ; he once or 
twice did things which embarrassed us a good deal, 
but upon the whole he was very fair." Talked of 
what I should say to the Bishops next day, and he 
promised to write something down for me. Talked 
of the late King's having made such long speeches so 
often, "which got the Government into great diffi- 
culties," Lord M. said. . . . 

Friday, 24<th May. This day I go out of my 
TEENS and become 20 ! It sounds so strange to me ! 
I have much to be thankful for ; and I feel I owe 
more to two people than I can ever repay ! my 
dear Lehzen, and my dear excellent Lord Melbourne ! 
I pray Heaven to preserve them in health and 
strength for many, many years to come, and that 
Lord Melbourne may remain at the Head of Affairs ; 
not only for my own happiness and prosperity, 
but for that of the whole Country and of all 
Europe; and lastly that I may become every day 
less unworthy of my high station ! I said John 
Russell had been with me, and in very good humour ; 
Peel had sent an excuse, saying he was in the 
country ; Lord M. agreed with me he ought to have 
come. I said the Duke had been very civil to me 
at the Drawing-room. Said, John Russell thought 
there would not be much opposition any more in the 
House of Commons ; that there would be a great 



1839] STATE DINNER AT WINDSOR 187 

deal of opposition about this new Scheme for National 
Education, and I said John Russell laughed when I 
talked to him of Lord M.'s doubting the utility of it ; 
Lord M . laughed ; J. R. was greatly for it, I said. . . . 

Sunday, 26th May. Lord M. believes Lord Hert- 
ford l expects the ladies to leave their cards upon 
him, as he always does upon them. " Whenever he 
comes to Town," said Lord M., " he always leaves 
his card on me, and asks the porter how I am ; which 
I'm afraid I never return, and yet he always asks 
me." ... Of Bishop Heber's being drowned in a 
bath. " He was a blundering, awkward fellow," said 
Lord M. " All is awkwardness," said Lord M. ; 
I said not all drowning ; " Every thing is awkward- 
ness," he continued ; " c'est maladroit ; c'est les 
maladroits qui sont malheureux." . . . 

WINDSOR, Monday, 27th May. It was a most 
beautiful, bright day, yet the 1st impression, I know 
not why beautiful as it looked and green and bright 
is always a triste one. I saw the Grand-Duke 
arrive at 20 m. to 7 ; he bowed up to my window. 
At a J to 8 we dined. The Grand-Duke, Prince 
Henry of the Netherlands, Count Orloff, Prince 
Dolgorouki, Prince Bariatinsky, Baron Lieven, Gen. 
Kaveline, M. Jonkowsky, M. Patkul, M. d'Adlerberg, 
M. Youriewitch, M. de Bentinck, Captain Amiens, 
Lady Cowper and Fanny, Lord Albemarle, Lord 
Erroll, 2 Lord and Lady Uxbridge and Ellen and 
Constance, Count and Countess Woronzow, and 

1 Lord Hertford (third Marquess, 1777-1842) was the original of 
Thackeray's Marquis of Steyne in Vanity Fair, and Disraeli's Lord 
Monmouth in Coningsby. Nothing can be added to these portraits. 
See Vol. I., pp. 310, 311. 

2 William George, eighteenth Earl of Erroll, created a Peer of the 
United Kingdom by William IV. He married the King's natural 
daughter, Elizabeth Fitzclarence. 



188 THE STATE BALL GET.*) 

Countess Alexandrine Potoska, M. de Tolstoy, the 
Duke of Argyll, Lord Torrington, Miss Lyttelton, 
Miss Paget, Miss Anson, and Col. Buckley (Lord 
Alfred having returned), who are all staying in the 
house, and Col. and Miss Cavendish, and Lord 
Charles Fitzroy, dined here. We dined in St. 
George's Hall, which looked beautiful. The Grand- 
Duke led me in and I sat between him and Prince 
Henry. I really am quite in love with the Grand- 
Duke ; he is a dear, delightful young man. At about 
a little after 10, we went into the red drawing-room, 
(next the dining-room), where an Orchestra was 
raised in which Weippert and his band were sta- 
tioned ; and dancing began. I danced 1st a quad- 
rille with the Grand-Duke, then followed a Valse, 
during which time I sat down ; then a quadrille 
which I danced with Prince Henry ; then again a 
Valse followed ; and I danced after this a quadrille 
with M. de Tolstoy ; this was followed again by a 
Valse (of course I and also the Grand-Duke sitting 
down during the Valse) ; and then I danced a quad- 
rille with Lord Clarence Paget, who came after dinner 
from Colonel Cavendish's, as did also Mr. and Lady 
Mary Vyner, Mr. and Lady Louisa Cavendish (who 
also danced), Mr. and Lady Agnes Byng, Mr. and 
Lady Fanny Howard, and Mr. and Mrs. Harcourt. 
At a little after 12 we went into the dining-room 
for supper ; after supper they danced a Mazurka 
for an hour, I should think nearly ; the Grand- 
Duke asked me to take a turn, which I did (never 
having done it before) and which is very pleasant ; 
the Grand-Duke is so very strong, that in running 
round, you must follow quickly, and after that you 
are whisked round like in a Valse, which is very 
pleasant. I also had a turn with Prince Henry ; I 



1839] PRAISE OF THE GRAND-DUKE 189 

then danced a quadrille with Patkul, which was 
followed by a Valse. After this we danced (what I 
had never even seen before) the " Grossvater " or 
" Rerraut," and which is excessively amusing ; I 
danced with the Grand-Duke, and we had such fun 
and laughter ; Patkul and the Countess Potoska led 
the way. It begins with a solemn walk round the 
room, which also follows each figure ; one figure, in 
which the lady and gentleman run down holding 
their pocket-handkerchief by each end, and letting 
the ladies on one side go under it, and the gentlemen 
jump over it, is too funny. This concluded our little 
Ball at near 2 o'clock. I never enjoyed myself more. 
We were all so merry ; I got to bed by a J to 3, 
but could not sleep till 5. 

Tuesday, 28th May. The Grand-Duke talked of 
his very fine reception here, and said he would never 
forget it. "Ce ne sont pas seulement des paroles, je 
vous assure, Madame," he said, but that it was what 
he felt, and that he never would forget these days here, 
which I'm sure / shall never also, for I really love 
this amiable and dear young man, who has such a 
sweet smile. I talked to Lord Melbourne of St. 
George's Hall, which he admired very much. . . . He 
said, " I don't think the Grand-Duke looks well ; he 
looks rather livid." I talked often with Lord Mel- 
bourne. I pointed out Countess Potoska as having 
30,000 a year, which he wouldn't believe. He ob- 
served upon the great length of the petticoats, which 
he said gave a suspicion that the feet and ankles are 
not quite right. He said, " I don't like blue gowns ; 
it's an unlucky colour ; no girl ever marries who 
wears a blue gown." 

Wednesday, 29th May. I said all this excitement 
did me good. " But you may suffer afterwards," he 



192 QUESTIONS OF PRECEDENCE tr.20 

" And you had a great posse of them," said Lord 
M., and so nice, I observed. I said a young person 
like me must sometimes have young people to laugh 
with. " Nothing so natural," replied Lord M. with 
tears in his eyes ; and I said I had that so seldom. 
Talked of the astonishment of Foreigners, and of 
Charles, that a person like Lord March should take 
precedence of the Prime Minister ; Lord M. smiled 
and said, " I think it is better as it is," in which I 
agreed. He said the Secretaries of State always 
take rank of the first of their own degree ; if a 
Marquis, the 1st of the Marquises ; if an Earl, the 
1st of the Earls, &c. Palmerston waives that, he 
says, as he thinks being in the House of Commons, 
he loses rank ; but the 1st Lord of the Treasury 
has no rank, Lord M. said, though the Lord High 
Treasurer ranked very high l but there has been 
none since Lord Godolphin and Lord Oxford, in 
Queen Anne's time. . . . 

1 King Edward reverted to the precedent of the Lord High 
Treasurer when he accorded special precedence to the office of Prime 
Minister. See ante, p. 47, and Vol. I., p. 299. 



INTRODUCTORY NOTE TO CHAPTER XV 

IN June 1839 Lord Melbourne's Government was back in office, 
shaken by the crisis, but reprieved for another two years. There 
were inevitable changes in the personnel and some shifting of 
offices, as is usual on these occasions. Macaulay was appointed 
Secretary at War, and Lord John Russell, then Home Secretary, 
exchanged offices with Lord Normanby, and took charge of the 
Colonies. This enabled the Jamaica Bill to pass. The Ministry 
had been roughly handled in debate. Although the Duke of 
Wellington's criticisms were resented by the Queen, her generous 
instincts responded to the appeal made on the Duke's behalf by 
her uncle, King Leopold, who laid special stress upon the incurable 
nature of that disease which goes by the name of " party spirit " 
in England. 

The Queen, for the first time, began to realize the isolation of 
the Throne. The idea of marriage became less distasteful to her, 
and when Lord Melbourne asked her whether she desired to agree 
to King Leopold's suggestion that 4 her Coburg cousin should visit 
her, she replied in the affirmative. She discussed with Lord 
Melbourne her uncle's project of marrying her to Prince Albert, 
and argued in favour of an alliance with a Prince of royal blood 
rather than with a subject. 

The even tenor of the Queen's life had been broken by the 
Ministerial crisis, and a fresh stage in her moral and political 
education had been reached and passed. She said in later years 
that this period of her reign was crucial in forming her character 
as a Sovereign and as a woman. The excitement of the time upon 
the mind of a young girl Jeft her in a state only too ready to 
receive lifelong impressions *of good and evil. It was a condition 
of things full of peril for her, and she afterwards expressed her 
gratitude that " none of her children have had to run the risk " 
she believed herself to have incurred. All the talk about the 
hatred of one Party and the loyalty of the other was highly 
dangerous from its subjective effects upon the character of a 
youthful Sovereign. " They wish to treat me like a girl, but I 
will show them that I am Queen of England," and " I have stood 
by you (the Whigs) : you must now stand by me," were not 
phrases calculated to strengthen the Throne under a Constitutional 
form of Government, or to encourage that flexibility of the mind 
so requisite in a Constitutional Sovereign. By good fortune, the 
divinity that doth hedge a Queen saved this young Princess from 
herself, and she agreed to receive the visit of Prince Albert of 
Saxe-Coburg. 

193 



CHAPTER XV 
1839 

Saturday, 1st June. ... I had observed him 
(Lord M.) riding his new horse from the window, 
which I said seemed very pretty. " Beautiful 
colour," he said. I said he seemed never to walk. 
" No, he never walks," said Lord M. I said, " Do 
you like that ? " " Can't bear that," he replied ; 
why did he buy him then ? I asked ; he couldn't 
always get what he liked, he said. Of the Duke of 
W.'s being very fair, for he says Lord M. should go 
on, and would not meet with so much opposition ; I 
said to Lord M. what could make the Duke so very 
eager at times ; " He is an eager man," replied Lord 
M. ; we agreed this Speech was very friendly and 
likely to displease his own people. Talked of the 
King of Holland never having been, as Lord M. 
said, on good terms with England ; he quarrelled 
with the Duke of York during the French campaign. 
Lord M. remembers the old Stadtholder, 1 who he 
says was a great favourite of George IV. His wife 
was a Prussian, he thinks, as Prussians occupied 
the Netherlands in '82, on account of that relation- 
ship, and in consequence thought they might occupy 
France too, which they could not. Talked of 
Mamma's Grandmother, the Queen of Sweden, and 
Frederick the Great's wife being sisters, 2 and of 

1 William VI., who retired on the invasion of the French in 1795. 

2 Daughters of Ferdinand Albert, Duke of Brunswick-Bevern. 

194 



1839] RUSSELL AND HOWICK 195 

how we were all related. Talked of Mary thinking 
it so wrong that the Saxon Royal Family should 
have become Catholics, as the Elector of Saxony 
had been the great patron of Luther. 

I rode down Constitution Hill, and as I was 
crossing over to the Palace I met Lord Melbourne 
on horseback, stopped him and rode down the Mall 
and back again with him ; he rode in Col. Wemyss's 
place. Lord M. said he had sent me a box and talked 
of its contents which I shall copy hereafter and 
therefore say nothing here of it ; he then said, 
" Rather a disagreeable thing happened in the 
Cabinet," Sir Hesketh Fleetwood, 1 Lord M. said, is 
going to make a Motion on Tuesday, for the exten- 
sion of suffrage to 10 holders, and " John didn't 
wish to throw cold water upon it," but wants to 
say " he would consider it," and thus conciliate these 
Radicals a little. " Upon which Howick got up," 
continued Lord M., " and said if John made any 
such declaration he must say he was quite against 
any alteration in the Reform Bill ; so John said, he 
couldn't go into the House again after that, for he 
couldn't answer such a declaration. Well, at last we 
got Howick to give it up and to say nothing on 
Tuesday, but he says if he isn't satisfied with what 
John says, he'll resign." Lord M.'s new horse is 
very pretty and cantered nicely and is better broke, 
having been a lady's horse. The Cabinet was long. 

Sunday, June 2. I showed him Uncle's letter 
which made him laugh ; talked of the Grand- 
Duke's having given 20,000 2 in charities, and of his 

1 Sir Peter Hesketh Fleetwood, M.P. for Preston. He was founder 
of the town of Fleetwood, Lanes., and assumed the surname Fleetwood 
in lieu of Hesketh. 

2 Sic. This figure appears in the MS., but it may have been an 
error for 2,000. 



196 ENGRAVINGS OF ROYALTIES [*r.2o 

having made a pretty speech about me before he 
went. We agreed 20,000 was immense ; " but it's 
very popular," Lord M. said. Talked of Howick. 
" He was not at all vehement," said Lord M., " but 
doggedly obstinate ; John was very much annoyed ; 
I never saw anybody so much annoyed," for he 
observed Howick was the only one, and all the 
others (many of whom dislike doing this), said Lord 
M., were ready to assist. Talked of the Nurse and 
Tutor calling children by their Christian names, 1 
which my brother said was done abroad, and which 
Lord M. said no one would ever think of doing 
here, that they always called them Lord, and 
Mr. We looked at two of my large books of prints ; 
in the 1st there is a pretty print of the Grand-Duke 
when he was 11 years old, and which we agreed was 
still so like. There was also a print of Frederick the 
Great ; Lord M. said in looking at it, "A bad man ; 
but we used him very ill," and that that was the 
origin of the alienation between England and Prussia. 
We looked at a print of Francis 1st, the late 
Emperor ; and Lord M. said, " Madame de Lieven 
used to say he was reckoned a stupid and a good 
man, but I believe that he was neither the one 
nor the other, and that I take to be the truth." 
There was also a print of the Duke of Reichstadt, 
and Lord M. said his death was a lucky thing. . . . 
We talked of titles, that of Zetland, and Dunferm- 
line ; and Lord M. said there is no regulation about 
titles ; only subject to my pleasure ; and it is not 
reckoned discredit to take another person's title ; 
" But the Queen might make 20 Earls of Zetland if 
she liked," he said. There is nothing to prevent 

1 The use of Christian names without a prefix by nurses or tutors is 
quite modern, and dates not farther back than 1880. See ante, p. 145. 



1839] THE EMPEROR OF RUSSIA 197 

anybody from taking a title or wearing a ribbon, and 
Lord M. said that was Bickersteth's famous answer 
to Brougham ; " Brougham asked, * What is to pre- 
vent a man from wearing a blue ribbon ? ' * No- 
thing but the universal scorn and contempt of 
mankind, my Lord.' " 

Monday, 3rd June. I asked Lord M. if he 
thought there would be no objection to my giving 
Uncle Ferdinand the Bath, as he was a very dis- 
tinguished Officer ; I said I had not mentioned 
it to anybody ; Lord M. saw no objection to it, 
but would speak to Lord Palmerston about it. 
Said to Lord M., I shouldn't be surprised if the 
Emperor himself were to come here one day. " I 
always expect that," said Lord M. I said the Grand- 
Duke had said that his father remembered with such 
delight his visit to England and always hoped to 
return one day. " And what did you say ? " said 
Lord M. " Nothing," I replied. " That was the 
best," he said. After the Council, I received in the 
Closet Prince Esterhazy, Reschid Pasha, 1 and the 
young Grand-Duke of Saxe-Weimar, 2 who were sever- 
ally introduced by Lord Palmerston. The young 
Grand-Duke is just the same age as the Grand-Duke ; 
is not at all good-looking, but has a fine tall figure ; 
but after the other Grand-Duke, no one is seen 
to advantage ; he was accompanied by Count Beust 
and M. Wagner. " I'm afraid we shall get into a 
scrape about Howick," said Lord M. " I hear he 
is determined to resign," unless J. Russell declared 
strongly against any change in the Reform Bill. 

1 Turkish Ambassador in London. 

2 Charles, Hereditary Grand-Duke of Saxe-Weimar (b. 1818), son 
of the Grand-Duke Charles Frederic, and his wife, Marie, daughter of 
the Emperor Paul. See Vol. I., p. 125. 

1114 



198 THE SAXE-COBURG FAMILY [^1.20 

I said, would Howick be a loss ? Lord M. said he 
would be no loss, 1 but that " if Howick resigns, 
Lord Grey would be sure to turn against us, and 
Lord Dacre 2 too." "It would give a great shake," 
that Lord Grey thought the Reform Bill final, 
and Lord M. said this extension to 10 freeholders 
was a great change ; "It will lose us a great deal 
of support," he said, " though it gains it on an- 
other side." Talked of my Uncle's and Cousins' 
arrival. 

At about J p. 3 I ran downstairs with Lady 
Lyttelton to receive Uncle Ferdinand. Uncle 
is grown old, but looking well ; Victoire 3 quite 
lovely tall and slender, a skin like lilies and roses, 
hazel eyes, with beautiful fair hair, an aquiline 
nose and a very sweet mouth not shy or awkward ; 
Augustus grown but not so handsome as before 
the face too fat ; Leopold very short (he is 15, and 
Victoire 16) but very clever-looking ; large blue 
eyes, a cock nose, fair hair and a fair skin ; Alex- 
ander MensdoriT, 4 Charles's height, a very handsome 
face, very dark, almost Spanish. I took them up 
to my room ; then to their rooms, and then we took 
luncheon together. . . . 

Wednesday, 5th June. Heard from Lord John 
" that Sir Hesketh Fleetwood yesterday brought for- 

1 This was no reflection upon Lord Ho wick's abilities. It was a 
tribute to the irritation his occasional captiousness excited in his 
colleagues. 

2 Thomas, twentieth Lord Dacre, sometime M.P. for Herts. 

3 Princess Victoire of Saxe-Coburg married in 1840 the Due de 
Nemours, son of Louis Philippe. 

* Second son of the Duchess of Kent's sister, who married Count 
Mensdorff-Pouilly. See Vol. I., p. 95. He (Alexander) married 
Alexandrine, Countess Dietrichstein, and their second son, Albert, is 
now (1912) Austro-Hungarian Ambassador in London. 








. 7/V - yC /?/ 

/ruvcefci {JA&UMV/ cy- Ocucz -LvviAfW' 



1839] FLEETWOOD'S MOTION DEFEATED 199 

ward his motion to extend the right of voting in 
Counties to 10 householders. Lord John Russell 
felt himself obliged to declare that he could neither 
support the Motion, nor could he hold out a hope 
that the Government would concur in the Motion on 
a future occasion. It must be allowed that this 
Motion has been looked for with great anxiety by the 
Radical Party, and that the declaration made on 
the part of the Government has occasioned great 
disappointment. The position is a very difficult one 
and may cause serious embarrassment. The House 
divided. 

Against the Motion . . . 207 

For . . ' .. . . .81 

126" 

. . . At 5 m. to 2 Lord Melbourne came to me in the 
Closet, and stayed with me till a J p. 2. There was 
some mistake about the Investiture, which however 
was set right. Lord Melbourne then said to me, 
" There's a dreadful ferment." I then said to him, 
I was rather annoyed at J. Russell's having thus 
thrown cold water upon the whole at once. Lord M. 
said J. Russell had seen Howick yesterday morning, 
who (H.) said he had been thinking very much over 
it, and that he had asked Lord Grey about it, who 
told Howick that he ought to oppose it in every way, 
and that if Government did not oppose it " he " 
(Ld. Grey) " should come down to the House and 
make a declaration against it " ; upon which J. 
Russell thought that, considering that he had only 
a Majority of 22 one of his Colleagues decidedly 
against it, and Lord Grey and others turning against 
us, that he could not act otherwise than he had 



200 OPINIONS ON RUSSELL'S CONDUCT CJST.JJO 

done, which was that he stated he himself was for 
the measure, but that he could not hold out any 
hope that the Government could do anything at a 
future time. It had been settled at the Cabinet that 
J. Russell should say that the Government would 
consider it next year ; Lord M. had not seen J. 
Russell yesterday before this change and knew no- 
thing of it, which I said I thought wrong ; Lord M. 
said, " He says, a leader must sometimes act for 
himself," but that John Hobhouse, Normanby and 
Thomson were so angry at this, that they were in- 
clined to resign upon it, and Lord M said their 
resignation at this moment would break up the 
Government ; so he intends to have a Cabinet next 
day upon it. " I thought it better to have it to- 
morrow in order to let them cool a little," he said. 
Before this, he said, " Duncannon, to whom they 
always go in such emergencies, advised them " (Nor- 
manby, Thomson and Hobhouse) " not to take 
any hasty step but to consider it first." "But 
there's a great ferment about it," said Lord M., " and 
they are very angry." Some of our friends, he says, 
are very much pleased at what John Russell has 
done ; I asked him, mightn't the Tories be more 
friendly too, since this ; Lord M. said it might have 
that effect, but that one couldn't depend upon one's 
enemies ; the division against the motion was so 
large on account of the Tories. This extending the 
elective franchise to 10 holders " is a very serious 
change," Lord M. said. I said to Lord M. I had been 
so angry last night, as both Alfred Paget and Murray 
had frightened me last night about this affair in the 
House of Commons. . . . Talked of Sir William Moles- 
worth l being such a very odd-looking man, with long 

1 Then M.P. for Leeds. He was one of the first men of the leisured 



1839] TEMPORARY SETTLEMENT 201 

yellow hair, which Lord M. said he wore to hide the 
loss of one of his ears ; he was at the Leve, as also 
O'Connell, who brought an Address. " He looked very 
smug, and very cunning," said Lord M. Talked of 
Mr. Buckstone * ; of people looking so odd in Court 
dresses. " It's as if a man was dressed to act a 
part " ; I said it was such a frightful dress, which 
he wouldn't allow, and said was from the time of 
Louis the XlVth. I said the cravats were so ugly, 
and must be so uncomfortable, and that I should 
like an open collar so much better. " Why, you 
wouldn't show a man's neck ? " he said ; " a man's 
neck's so ugly, it's so strongly marked, that's why 
they hide it ; a woman never hides her neck." 

Thursday, 6th June. At 20 m. p. 3 came Lord 
Melbourne and stayed with me till 4. He asked 
how I was, and said, " You look pale " ; but I said 
I was well. " Well, Ma'am, we've settled this for 
the present," he said smiling, which made me very 
happy. I asked if with much difficulty ? " No, not 
much," he said ; " they felt John had done it him- 
self ; there was a little attack upon Howick ; so it 
is settled for the present ; but I'm afraid it'll not 
last long before we have new difficulties." That we 
agreed must always be the case. 

Friday, 7th June. " Esterhazy has been with 
me this morning," he continued, " he is in a great 
fright about France, as all the Austrians always are ; 
he has had a long conversation with Peel." I then 
said I had forced Lady and Miss Peel to shake hands 

class to adopt " Radical " opinions. The band of members then 
holding those views was small but remarkable. In the coalition 
Ministry formed by Lord Aberdeen in 1852, Moles worth was First 
Commissioner of Works. He became Colonial Secretary in 1855, the 
year of his death. 

1 J. B. Buckstone, the manager of the Haymarket Theatre. 
H14* 



202 THE HOUSEHOLD ONLY A PRETEXT [* T .2o 

with me. Esterhazy told Lord M. she was " in a 
great state of irritation, and very much annoyed." 
The Duke, I observed, was very civil ; Lord M. said, 
" Oh ! he's in very good humour because he told 
Esterhazy that you had said to him, he must stand 
by you, and that you said he had not, but (he said) 
that Peel was so jealous of anybody else, that he 
could not." I said I thought Peel saw that I had 
more confidence in the Duke than I had in him. 
Lord M. said Peel put forward what happened in 
1812 x about the Household, when Lord Grey came 
in, as a precedent for what has now happened, 
which he said was quite different ; " That's no pre- 
cedent whatever," continued Lord M., " and they 
only put that forward as a pretext," the real truth 
was, Lord M. said, that George IV. insisted on 
having Lord Moira 2 at the head of the Treasury ; 
" and he," said Lord M., " was a man who had 
played the deuce when he was at the Ordnance 
Office ; and they " (Lord Grey and Lord Grenville) 
"felt they could not go on with him in the Ministry, 
so they put the Household forward as a pretext to 



1 In 1812 Lord Welles ley was called upon by the Prince Regent 
to form a ministry in conjunction with Lord Moira. Lords Grey and 
Grenville were asked to take office but refused, ostensibly objecting 
to a coalition Government. They also stipulated that the appoint- 
ments to the Household should be under their control, but this was 
refused. Lords Wellesley and Moira failed to form an administration, 
and Lord Liverpool became Prime Minister. 

2 In 1789 Lord Moira (then Colonel Rawdon Hastings) was an in- 
timate friend of the Prince of Wales, and proposed in his favour the 
amendment on the Regency question. He distinguished himself in the 
Low Countries in 1794. In 1806 he was Master of the Ordnance in 
the Ministry of " All the Talents," but resigned his appointment when 
the Duke of Portland became Prime Minister in 1807. In 1813 he 
was appointed Governor-General of Bengal and Commander-in-Chief 
of the Indian Army. Lady Flora Hastings was his daughter. 



1839] "LUCREZIA BORGIA" 203 

get out of it." I said some people thought Sir 
Robert Peel did it only for a pretext ; " Just the 
same thing," said Lord M. " But it must be done," 
said Lord M. ; " he " (George III.) " was always 
very civil." I said / was too. " I don't mean by 
that you are not," said Lord M. laughing ; " and 
he took them in ; they said it was all his deceit ; I 
don't believe that ; I think that was all their gulli- 
bility ; they thought he really liked them." 

" She has got ringlets to-day," he said, looking 
at Victoire (who had had her hair in puffs the 2 days 
before), which I said I admired much the most. " I 
don't like the character," he said, " it gives such a 
naughty look " ; but didn't he think she looked 
well? He replied, "They are beautiful," but the 
character the same. " Is Count Mensdorff in good 
health ? " he asked. I replied, Yes, but that he 
looked pale. " Sallow ; that colour is what / think 
beautiful," he said, which it is ; and I said he was 
such a nice young man. " He's a nice fellow." I 
said his father was a Frenchman. " He looks like a 
Frenchman," said Lord M. 

Saturday, Sth June. At \ p. 6 we dined. I sat 
between Uncle and Alexander. At a little before 8 
we went with all but Lehzen, Miss Spring Rice, Lady 
Gardiner, Lady Flora and Mr. Murray, to the Opera. 
It was the new opera of Lucrezia Borgia by Doni- 
zetti ; there is a Prologue and 2 Acts ; the music is 
very beautiful, and the story a dreadful tragedy. 
Grisi looked beautiful ; and sang and acted beauti- 
fully as Lucrezia Borgia ; Tamburini, as the Duke, 
sang very well ; and Ernesta Grisi, very nicely as 
Orsini. The part of Gennaro was acted by Mario, 
whose real name is the Marquis di Candia, a gentle- 
man who has taken to the Stage ; his voice is very 



204 SECRECY IN VOTING [/EX. 20 

fine and full of feeling, of course not Rubini l ; he is 
tall, quite young, and handsome. This was followed 
by a beautiful Ballet called La Gitana in 2 acts ; 
Taglioni danced exquisitely ; a very pretty dance 
with a tambourine ; then that peculiar and pretty 
Russian dance she danced last year, and which I 
regret so the Grand-Duke has not seen ; and a Pas 
de Trois. We did not stay quite to the end, and 
came home at a little after 12, much delighted. 

Monday, 10th June. I asked Lord M. what the 
difference of the Ballot was ; that it is done in secret ; 
everybody votes in secret, Lord M. said, and now, 
everybody knows who votes and for whom they vote ; 
they think, he continued, the Ballot would prevent 
Landlords from turning out their Tenants, because 
they couldn't know who had voted. I asked Lord 
M. did he think it would have that effect. " / very 
much doubt myself whether it would," said Lord 
M. " Now, everything is certainty, and then it 
would be uncertainty " ; and he said there would be 
great fraud exercised in carrying it into execution ; 
because, if a person asks a man, For whom are you 
going to vote ? he answers, I can't say ; then the 
other says, Oh ! I know you are going to vote 
against me ; upon which the man says, Oh ! no ; 
thereby telling a falsehood, very probably ; and 
Lord M. continued, you can't then win any election, 
because you don't know who voted. At the same 
time, in the other way, the system of oppression and 
intimidation was very hard, people losing all their 
customers one way or another ; " therefore I don't 
wonder at their wishing to try it," he said. I ob- 
served that the 2 brothers, the Duke of W. and Lord 

1 This opinion was not that of the majority. Mario was generally 
thought superior in every way as a singer and actor to Rubini. 



1839] FEELINGS OF IRRITATION 205 

Cowley, were so unlike. " None of the Wellesleys 
are alike," said Lord M. 1 . . . 

Wednesday, 12th June. I asked Lord M. if he 
didn't think me very much changed, and much more 
silent than I used to be. " You are more silent to- 
night," he said, " but everybody is more silent 
sometimes ; no mortal can always be in the same 
temper, and then if they are out of humour them- 
selves, they may show it to others. You shouldn't 
give way too much to personal dislikes," said Lord 
M., and he alluded to the 2 ladies who every- 
body knows hissed when I came up the course. 
"Now, are you sure they did it?" he asked; 
"quite sure." "They did it at me," he said; 
" that was just the same," I replied, and that I 
knew they did it at me also. " I heard it," he 
said, " some of the women told me." I said I had 
every reason to be very angry with Peel. "You 
both say just the same," said Lord M., " he says, * I 
feel I can never be the Queen's Minister,' and you 
say he never can be your Minister." I said that 
was so. " It's very odd that two such interviews 
should have produced so much irritation," said Lord 
M. He asked if I liked Stanley ; a little better, but 
Graham not at all. I said I couldn't conceal my 
feelings, and couldn't deceive a man ; that it might 
get me into a good many scrapes, but that I couldn't 
help speaking up my feelings. " Well, / should 
appreciate that," said Lord M., "but everybody 
not does like that." Lord M. continued, that when 
he came in again in '35, which was exceedingly dis- 
agreeable for the King, "I said to him I hoped he 

1 There were four Welles ley brothers raised to the peerage, Mar- 
quess Wellesley, Lord Maryborough, Duke of Wellington, Lord Cowley. 
The first two successively inherited the Mornington title. 



206 LORD MELBOURNE'S GOVERNESS [^.20 

would give me his confidence, and he answered, 
' Good God ! I wouldn't have sent for you if I 
didn't mean to do so.' " I said to Lord M., when 
Peel asked me for, or said he hoped I would give 
him, my confidence, I gave no answer ; Lord M. said 
Esterhazy had told him Peel was moderate. Why 
should I, I said, mind what was said? "I don't 
think you should," he said ; and I continued that 
people always made too much of women and that 
they influenced people. " I dare say they do," he 
said laughing ; " but they don't influence me ; do 
you think I talk to them too much ? " I said he 
listened to them too much. " Do I ? better not 
to talk to them at all ? Then one would hear 
nothing ; but I don't talk to them near as much 
as I used to do," he added laughing. . . . 

Friday, I4sth June. Lord M. thinks a boy should 
leave a Nurse at 4, but he agrees with me that a boy 
had better have a Governess and not a Tutor till 7. 
I asked him who had he to take care of him till he 
went to the Private Tutor's when he was 7. " An 
old woman who had been my Mother's governess," 
he replied. " She taught me to read ; she was a 
Jersey woman, a most ill-tempered old woman " ; 
which I said was very disagreeable. " I think it 
did me good," he continued ; " kept one in fear ; / 
detested her ; my Mother adored her, from having 
been her governess ; she was a sort of Bonne ; she 
married a Swiss clergyman, a M. Bignon, a very 
gentlemanlike man ; he travelled with my eldest 
brother ; he died in my father's family, he was ill, 
had an operation performed, and died ; he was very 
much of a gentleman. I was very fond of him ; he 
lived downstairs with the Family ; she did not ; 
people could do that formerly, it can't be arranged 



1839] QUESTIONS OF TRAVEL 207 

now ; she lived in the house till she made so much 
disturbance that they were obliged to put her out. 
Talked of my having given up my curls (I had 
plaits), which Lord M. was glad of ; though he said 
curls looked very well. . . . 

Sunday, I6th June. Talked of my Relations 
having gone, and my liking to live with young 
people, for that then I felt that / was young, which 
I really often forgot, living so much, if not entirely, 
with people much older than myself. Talked of my 
Uncle's asking me if I intended to travel this year ; 
and we then talked for some time about it, I stating 
very strongly my great dislike to doing so. Lord 
M. said at first, " You must do it one day ; there's 
no need of doing it now." " You should go to 
Scotland and Ireland ; it would be an immense thing 
if you could go to Ireland " ; though he owned the 
dreadful trouble and fatigue it would be. 

Monday, 17 'th June. I went and fetched Lord 
Melbourne Uncle Leopold's letter, in which he talks 
of my Cousins, Ernest and Albert, coming to see me, 
and Lord M. said, " You wish them to come ? " 
which I said I did, and he saw no objection. When 
Lord M. had finished the letter, he said, " As you 
say, it is rather stiff ; he says nothing about him- 
self." Talked of my having spoken to Palmerston 
about a Grand-Duchess for Ernest. Talked of mak- 
ing the Throne-room one of the Ball-rooms ; Lord 
M. was going to ride down to the House of Lords. 
I showed Lord M. the sketch of my letter to the 
Grand-Duke, which touched him, and he said, " That 
will do very well indeed ; ought you to say bonne 
sceur ? ' I said he wrote bon frdre, and Lord M. 
agreed / could do no less. Talked also of there 
having been such a dreadful piece of work with 



208 THE QUEEN'S DISLIKES [* T .20 

these two Ladies, who had come quite frantic to 
Uxbridge, who stopped in the Yard here, denying 
they had ever done such a thing, and wishing to see 
me about it, which we agreed never would do. 

Tuesday, 18th June. Talked of the rooms ; if I 
had ever asked Brougham, which I said I couldn't, 
as he was really too bad ; Lyndhurst I had asked ; 
he wasn't quite so bad, I said, though I disliked him 
very much. Why ? he asked. Because he was a 
bad man. " Do you dislike all bad men ? " said 
Lord M., " for that comprises a large number." 
Lord M. continued that he was a very agreeable 
man, which I denied. Talked of Aberdeen, who I 
also disliked. 1 

Wednesday, I9th June. Lord M. asked if I had 
heard from J. Russell, and I went and fetched him 
the note I had received from J. R. about the Motion 
on the Ballot; 17 Majority against. At this 
moment Lord M. received a note from Lord Palmer- 
ston about some papers, which Lord M. was to 
have sent to him, and he had sent the wrong ones ; 
Lord M. was obliged to answer it directly, and I got 
him paper and pens and ink, and a candle and 
sealing wax ; and he wrote it, sealed it and sent 
it. Lord M. then asked, " What did Uxbridge 
write ? " to the Duchess ; that I was satisfied, I 
replied. " But the Duke is not at all satisfied with 
it," said Lord M., and that he (the Duke) had been 
with him this morning, and wanted to ask for an 
audience, which we both agreed never would do ; 
and Lord M. said he would write a letter to him, 
which he would send for my approval. " The 

1 The Queen subsequently showered favours upon Lord Aberdeen. 
He lived in the Ranger's House at Blackheath, given to him by her, 
and she lamented his death in very moving terms. See ante, p. 170. 



1830] DR. KAY ON TREATING THE POOR 209 

Duchess is coming to the Drawing-room to-morrow," 
he said, " you won't be markedly unfriendly to her ?" 
I replied, certainly not, and that I had never spoken 
to her. We both, and / particularly, suspect that 
they did do it. He said these ladies deny having 
hissed at all ; Lord M. said that they couldn't 
sometimes restrain their feelings ; the Duke said 
that the ladies said to Cantelupe, u We should 
like to hiss Lord M.," but that they didn't. Now 
the admission of this comes near the act, and the 
telling it to Lord M. I ! " The Duke said it's so 
unladylike," continued Lord M., " so I said, If you 
mean by unladylike, that it is unlike what a lady 
ought to do, I quite agree with you, but if you mean 
that it is unlike what ladies do do, I cannot agree 
with you." Lord M. said that Dr. Kay 1 had told 
him it was extraordinary how the appearance of 
poor children changed when their education was 
more attended to ; that the system of educa- 
tion hitherto pursued was all wrong, and " that 
we were all in the wrong box ; he filled me with 
despair," he says that the system of mutual in- 
struction has done no good, and that " it only 
strengthens the memory." Lord M. sent for this 
Dr. Kay, as he is the principal person about this 
new system. " If you will only let them alone and 
not be always intermeddling with them," he con- 
tinued. " Walter Scott said to a clergyman whom 
he was writing to, * How would you like, if a 
nobleman was to come into your house and teach 
you how to make your beef-steak into a ragout ? ' " 
Lord M. said that he would have them taught 

1 Afterwards Sir James Kay-Shuttleworth. He was an Assistant 
Poor Law Commissioner, and on the formation of the Committee of 
the Privy Council on Education became its first secretary. 



210 ANNIVERSARY OF ACCESSION DAY [*T.20 

to read and write, arithmetic and the first ele- 
ments of mathematics ; and he said that formerly 
he observed that a great number came away from 
school very ignorant, a few tolerably instructed, and 
only two or three very well informed. Talked of 
gardeners, and Lord Melbourne's being such an ex- 
cellent one ; he says he is a great dissenter, and his 
father also. " Great thing to have a dissenter ; they 
don't go to races, they don't hunt, and don't engage 
in any expensive amusements." Lord M. said, " Fve 
very bitter resentments " ; which I wouldn't be- 
lieve. He said the way the women behaved during 
the Reform Bill was quite dreadful ; the license they 
gave themselves, calling people liars, and that in 
general " men are less measured in their expressions 
than women, but when women once take to strong 
expressions they are much worse " which is true. 
" They said," he added laughing, " ' Now let us have 
a hiss at that blackguard Melbourne ' " ! ! ! which 
brought the colour to my face. 

Thursday, 20th June. Got up at 10 and break- 
fasted at \ p. This day 2 years I came to the 
Throne. It seems much longer, and shorter, both. 
At p. 10 I went with Mary, Lady Normanby, the 
Maids of Honour, Lady C. Barrington, Lord Ux- 
bridge, Lord Albemarle, and the Lord, Groom, and 
Equerry, to Lord Westminster's. Lord Melbourne 
arrived just as I did, and followed me in ; Lord and 
Lady Westminster received me. After remaining a 
little while in the Picture Gallery (which is a splendid 
room with magnificent Rubens's in it), when Lord 
Melbourne came up to me for a moment, we went 
into the Tent, which was arranged for dancing and 
which looked beautiful, and dancing began. I 
danced the 1st quadrille with the Grand-Duke of 



1839] LADY WESTMINSTER'S BALL 211 

Weimar ; this was followed by a Valse ; I made 
Lord Melbourne come up the steps to me while they 
were valsing ; talked of the Tent being so hand- 
some. He went away while I was dancing the 2nd 
quadrille with Lord Wilton ; then came a Valse, 
then I danced with Lord Robert Grosvenor ; an- 
other Valse followed, and after that I danced with 
Lord Bruce ; which was again followed by a Valse. 
I sat chiefly near Lady Westminster. Lady Sey- 
mour was looking quite beautiful and was twice my 
vis-a-vis during the evening. Lady Ashley was also 
in great beauty. At 1 we went to supper; I sat 
between Lord and Lady Westminster, who were 
very kind. We then returned to the Tent; and I 
danced 2 more quadrilles, with Count Valentine 
Esterhazy (who is very agreeable, and to the button 
of whose sleeve I clung with my blonde sleeve) and 
with Prince Doria (who is handsome but tiresome) ; 
then followed a long Country Dance which I danced 
with Lord March. Lady Seymour sat near me a 
little while during the evening ; also Augusta, and 
the Duchess of Bedford; Lord Westminster danced 
with the Duchess of Somerset. 1 This finished the 
Ball and I came home at p. 3. It was so gay 
and pretty and I enjoyed myself excessively. I 
was in bed by 4. Heard as I came away that we 
had had a Majority of 5 on this Education Question. 
Friday, 2lst June. Lord M. made me laugh 
very much by telling me what a row Lord Win- 
chilsea had made at Exeter Hall ; there was a Meet- 
ing against this new Education System, 2 and people 

1 Lord Westminster was seventy-two. The Duchess, a daughter 
of Sir Michael Shaw Stewart, had married the eleventh Duke of 
Somerset, as his second wife, in 1836. She died in 1880. 

8 The Government scheme proposed that a Committee of the Privy 



212 LORD WINCHILSEA'S FIGHT t^x.ao 

were only to be let in by tickets, but some others got 
in, and they put a Mr. Savage into the Chair, and 
Lord Winchilsea knocked him down and he was 
put in ; and then Winchilsea was knocked down 
by Savage's friends, and they came to a regular 
fight ; upon which Police Men were called in, who 
with difficulty restrained them and took some 
prisoners. Winchilsea then got up and made a 
speech, and said it had arisen from a mistake and 
they might let the prisoners go. Talked of Lord 
Westminster's having danced with the Duchess of 
Somerset. Talked of Mr. Webster, 1 the American, 
who has come over and who Lord M. saw in the 
House of Lords ; and who was surprised at the 
House of Lords, which, Lord M. says, is " the 
most democratic Assembly in the World." Talked 
of the Tournament Lord Eglinton is going to have ; 
of the danger of it ; of Lady Seymour being chosen 
" Queen of the Lists." . . . 

Saturday, 29th June. Talked of the report of the 
Grand-Duke's 2 intending to marry the Princess Mary 8 
of Darmstadt, who is only 15, which it seems he 
wished but Orloff stopped on account of her being 
in bad health. Lord M. says they'll marry him soon, 
though I doubted his liking to do so. His father did, 
and thought it right to do so ; " and he has con- 
Council (the Lord President and five others) be appointed to establish 
a normal school, directed at four objects Religious Instruction, General 
Education, Moral Training, and Commercial Instruction. The Com- 
mittee should also allocate the grants made by Parliament. The 
Opposition condemned the scheme as irreligious. 

1 Daniel Webster, afterwards twice Secretary of State in the Federal 
Government. 

2 Afterwards Alexander II. of Russia. 

3 The Princess ultimately married Alexander II., and was the mother 
of the Duchess Marie of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, Duchess of Edinburgh. 



1839J LADY CLANRICARDE ON RUSSIA 218 

ducted himself very correctly ever since," said Lord 
M. ; " it's a very extraordinary thing for a man with 
supreme power, and in a country not very scrupu- 
lous, to have conducted himself so correctly ; very 
few men would do that." . i * 

Wednesday, 3rd July. Saw Lord Uxbridge ; 
Lady Clanricarde (who was very interesting about 
Russia) and the Duchess of Sutherland with all her 
children but Stafford. 1 Elizabeth 2 is lovely ; Evelyn 3 
an immense girl ; Constance 4 lovely ; and little 
Frederic 5 much improved. The Duchess looked pale 
and low ; she brought me some beautiful pink coral 
I had ordered from Naples, and some other little 
trifles she gave me, which she had brought from 
Naples. 

Told Lord M. I had seen Lady Clanricarde, who 
had given me many accounts about Russia ; Lord 
M. said he hoped she wouldn't talk too much, for 
else that would be written back. " I hear she told 
Palmerston that she couldn't understand how any- 
body could be afraid of him " (the Emperor). I 
said that she told me the Grand-Duchess Olga 6 was 
the most beautiful person she had ever seen, quite 
like an angel; the Grand-Duchess Mary also very 
handsome, the great favourite, and manages the 
Emperor quite like a Toy ; that really the Emperor 
wishes to keep her in Russia and therefore had con- 

1 Afterwards third Duke of Sutherland. 

2 Afterwards Duchess of Argyll. 

3 Afterwards Lady Blantyre. 

4 Afterwards Duchess of Westminster. 

6 Lord Frederick Leveson-Gower, at this time aged six, was 
afterwards an officer in the Rifle Brigade, and died in the Crimea in 
1854. 

The Grand-Duchess Olga afterwards married the King of 
Wurtemberg. 

1115 



214 LORD MELBOURNE'S SERVANTS t*T.2o 

sented to the marriage; that she was desperately 
in love with the Duke of Leuchtenberg, 1 which 
surprised her; then that the Grand-Duke was not 
the favourite, and that the Emperor was jealous 
of him, which Lord M. said people generally were 
of their Heirs. I said that she also told me 
that neither the Empress or any lady were ever 
allowed to talk Politics which I said to Lord M. 
I thought a very good thing. " Did you tell her 
that ? " asked Lord M. laughing ; which I replied I 
could not have done, as that would have aimed at 
her too much. Talked of Lord M.'s groom, and his 
not taking as much care of the horses as he ought. 
" He doesn't take very brilliant care of them," Lord 
M. said. " He's got a troublesome wife who always 
tries to get into the stables, which I don't allow." I 
said, didn't the grooms' wives generally live in the 
Stables ? " Yes, but she quarrels so," he replied, 
" and whenever a woman quarrels in the house, I 
always say, shove her out directly." I asked, had 
he had her shoved out ? "I have ordered her out." 
We talked of the very splendid fruit which Lord M. 
has, for I never saw such magnificent pines, and he 
is always sending me such quantities ; I said to him 
I thought he had the finest fruit I ever saw. " I 
begin to think I have," he replied. He said his 
former gardener was now his steward ; his son is 
Lord M.'s gardener, and Lord M. says a better one 
than the father. When they tell the father that his 
sons are surpassing him, and were cleverer, Lord M. 
said, he says, " I hope they are ; I've taught them 
all I know, and they have learnt something them- 
selves besides." . . . 

Tuesday, 9th July. There were two plates full 

1 She married Duke Maximilian of Leuchtenberg on 14th July, 1839. 



1839] VISITS OF RELATIONS 215 

of the most magnificent peaches I ever saw, which 
Lord M. was so kind as to send me. There never 
was such fruit as he has got ; he got 100 of these 
peaches in the morning, and had sent some very 
fine ones to Lord Holland, he said, also. . . -. 

Thursday, llth July. Talked of the Commander 
of the Lightning who took Uncle and Charles to 
Lisbon, and who they were anxious to get something 
for ; he has been 25 years a Lieutenant and has 5 
children. " Oh ! 25 years, that's nothing ; many 
have been for 50 years," said Lord M., " and the 5 
children, that's his own doing." 

Talked of my being so silent, which I thought 
wrong and uncivil, as I hated it in others. " Silence 
is a good thing," said Lord M., " if you have nothing 
to say." I said I hated it in others, and that it 
annoyed me when he was silent. " I'm afraid I'm 
so sometimes," he said, " won't say a word." Yes, 
I said, that nothing could be got out of him some- 
times. " And that you dislike ? " he said. Yes, 
I said, it made me unhappy, which made him 
laugh. 

Friday, 12th July. Talked of my fearing that 
too many of my relations had come over this year, 
which Lord M. didn't think, and said there had been 
no remarks made about it. Talked of my Cousins 
Ernest and Albert coming over, my having no 
great wish to see Albert, as the whole subject was 
an odious one, and one which I hated to decide 
about ; there was no engagement between us, I said, 
but that the young man was aware that there was 
the possibility of such a union ; I said it wasn't 
right to keep him on, and not right to decide before 
they came ; and Lord M. said I should make them 
distinctly understand anyhow that I couldn't do 



216 CONCERNING GARDENS c^x.20 

anything for a year ; I said it was disagreeable for 
me to see him though, and a disagreeable thing. 
"It's very disagreeable," Lord M. said. I begged 
him to say nothing about it to anybody, or to answer 
questions about it, as it would be very disagreeable 
to me if other people knew it. Lord M. I didn't 
mind, as I told him everything. Talked of Albert's 
being younger. " I don't know that that signifies," 
said Lord M. "I don't know what the impression 
would be," he continued, " there's no anxiety for 
it; I expected there would be." I said better wait 
till impatience was shown. " Certainly better wait 
for a year or two," he said ; " it's a very serious 
question." I said I wished if possible never to 
marry. " I don't know about that" he replied. . . . 

Sunday, \&ih July. Talked of the foliage being in 
beauty, and I said neither the lime blossoms or the 
flowers smelt hardly at all in this garden ; Lord M. 
wouldn't believe it, and said, " Everything does 
better in London ; London beats the country hollow 
in flowers." Talked of the garden being, as I said, 
very dull ; " All gardens are dull," said Lord M., 
" a garden is a dull thing." Talked of the garden in 
St. James's Park, and Lord M. said there was a great 
piece of work about the old Swan being killed, in 
consequence of their having brought in too many 
other swans ; this swan was called Old Jack, and 
had been hatched in the year '70 ! ! " They are 
very angry with me," said Lord M. I asked why ; 
" Because I didn't see that it was taken care of." . . . 

Wednesday, 17th July. Lord M. said, " J. Russell 
is very anxious in these arrangements that he should 
get the Colonies," for that he felt in the House of 
Commons, when he had to speak so much about 
them, it made it difficult for him, without having 



1839] MINISTERIAL CHANGES 217 

them ; but would Normanby give up the Colonies ? 
Lord M. replied he rather wished to do so ; " he 
feels the Colonies are too much for him ; but it 
will never do to put Normanby there." I asked what 
could they do ? Put Minto in the Home Office, he 
said, and Normanby at the Admiralty. " It re- 
quires somebody in the Home Office who can be 
respected, and whom the Tory Lord Lieutenants 
can have confidence in," Lord M. said. It was not 
necessary for the Secretary of the Home Office to 
be Leader of the House of Commons ; for he, himself, 
was in the H.O. This Lord M. said some little time 
before. " Now, they have no confidence in Nor- 
manby," he continued ; " they have no confidence 
in his probity, they know he is a Radical ; they 
don't like John Russell, but they have confidence 
in him ; they know he is a man of honour." Lord M. 
fears Normanby wishes to be in the Home Office, as 
it would raise him and give him power over Ireland, 
and be a blow against his enemies ; but as he has 
not managed the Criminal part well in Ireland, " they 
would put their finger upon that." Lord Melbourne, 
Lord Albemarle, Lord Byron, Lord Surrey, Mr. 
Macaulay, and Mr. Rice dined here. Lord Mel- 
bourne led me in. I expressed surprise at seeing Mr. 
Macaulay so short ; I had expected him tall. After 
dinner, when Lord Melbourne came up to me, I 
talked of the heat and being tired, of what I should 
say to Mr. Macaulay. 1 " Oh ! ask him about India 
and Auckland." Talked of the Play of Henry V. 
;t It's a spirited play," said Lord M. Too much of 
the Welshman, I said. " But that's thought very 

1 Macaulay had been a member of the Supreme Indian Council 
in Calcutta, 1834-8. He became Secretary at War this year. See 
ante, p. 8. 

1115* 



218 HENRY VIII.'S WIVES [r.20 

clever," he replied. The broken French of Catherine 
at the end, I thought absurd, in which Lord M. 
agreed. Henry V., he said, wrote in French. I 
talked to Mr. Macaulay, who had to be presented. 
We were seated much as usual, Lord Melbourne 
sitting near me. Talked of Macaulay's being so 
frightened, and of our having such power abroad, 
and people looking at us for everything. Talked of 
the Elsslers, and the Ballets Lord M. saw formerly. 
Talked of the fate of Edward II. and Richard II. 
being so alike, and so uncertain ; the one by his 
wife's connivance. Talked of Edward III.'s seven 
sons ; of Henry VI.'s widow marrying Owen Tudor, 
who was illegitimately descended from John of 
Gaunt. " They didn't mind what a Queen Dowager 
did then," Lord M. said ; " they seldom returned." 
Anne of Cleves for instance lived and died here. 
Talked of Henry VIII. behaving very ill to her ; he 
called her " a Flanders mare " ; of his using his 
other wives so ill ; Jane Seymour, I said, narrowly 
escaped being beheaded. " Oh ! no, he was very 
fond of her," said Lord M., which I denied. " She 
died in child-bed when Edward VI. was born." 
And poor Catherine of Aragon he ill-used, I said ; 
" He got tired of her," said Lord M., " she was a sad, 
groaning, moaning woman," which made me laugh. 
" She had always an idea that her marriage was 
formed in blood," he said, on account of the poor 
Earl of Warwick's death, which always hung upon 
her mind. Talked of Catherine Parr's narrowly 
escaping death. Lord M. said, " He got to be dread- 
fully tyrannical ; when he began he had every sort 
of good feeling." Talked of Mary. "She was 
dreadfully bigoted, she would have sacrificed every- 
thing to her religion," he said. Talked of her cruelty 



1839] MARY QUEEN OF SCOTS 219 

her having poor Jane Grey, her own cousin, 
executed. Talked of her (J. Grey's) sister who died 
in prison, and whom Queen Elizabeth ill-treated 
because she married somebody without her leave. 
" Oh ! she was dreadfully tyrannical," said Lord 
M., " just like her father ; very stern ; she was a 
Roman Catholic in fact, except the supremacy of 
the Pope ; that she would never submit to." Talked 
of poor Mary of Scots' execution, which M. said 
Elizabeth delayed too long, for that her Ministers 
had been urging it. " When she signed it," said 
Lord M., " she said, * I know Lord Walsingham will 
die of grief when he hears it ' ; it wasn't right of her 
to joke at such a moment." Talked of poor Mary. 
" She was a bad woman," said Lord M., " she was 
a silly, idle, coquettish French girl." I pitied her ; 
talked of Darnley's brutality about Rizzio ; Lord 
M. fears there's no doubt about her being aware of 
the intention of murdering Darnley ; talked of her 
unhappiness, and the roughness of the Scotch towards 
her ; of her brother Moray, whom Lord M. admires. 
" Macaulay says," said Lord M., " no Christian 
Prince ever mourned for a Mahommedan ; and 
Mahommedans never wear mourning ; they take off 
their turbans and put ashes on their heads, but 
never change their garb." " I was speaking to 
Palmerston about Peel the other day, and he said," 
continued Lord M., " ' The Queen would have liked 
Peel better when she knew him ' ; he says that he is 
much the best of them, that he is a very fair man ; 
that he is not a very high-minded man, and has shown 
himself less so than he thought he had been." l . . . 

1 The Prince Consort thought Peel the most " high-minded " 
Englishman then in the service of the State. His view is not contra- 
vened by what has subsequently come to light in reference to Peel. 



220 THE QUEEN DOWAGER t^x 20 

Wednesday, 24<th July. I said to Lord M., Tor- 
rington told me, and several regretted so, that Lord 
M. called Brougham " his noble friend " in the House, 
as he always behaved so infamously to Lord M. ; 
Lord M. smiled and said he didn't like not to do so, 
and thought it was only courtesy ; but he usen't 
before, I observed. " No," he said, " but when he 
began," Lord M. didn't like not to do so. ... 

Friday, 26th July. At J p. 7 I went into the 
drawing-room, and received the Queen Dowager 
and then the Empress l ; the Queen Dowager was 
quite shocked at the idea of going in before me, but 
I insisted on it. The Empress looked handsome ; 
those beautiful expressive blue eyes look so hand- 
some, and she has such a pretty, tall figure. The 
Duke of Sussex went in first with her ; then came 
Baron Moncorvo with the Queen Dowager, I following 
with Lord Conyngham. It must have been, I fear, a 
severe trial for the Queen, seeing all the same servants 
and the same plate, but she behaved perfectly. 

Saturday, 27th July. " Party went off well ? " he 
asked. I replied Yes, but that a Concert always 
dragged, as people couldn't and mustn't talk. " You 
say the Queen Dowager was rather affected," he 
said, (I wrote to him last night,) " the same plate, 
the same servants," he observed (quite touched). I 
said I had great difficulty in persuading her to go 
before me, for that she said that really was too 
wrong, that she couldn't think of doing it, but I 
forced her to do it ; she said to me, " I must obey." 
" I was sure she wouldn't like that," said Lord M. 
with tears in his eyes, and he was also much affected 
when I told him that she said she felt kind intentions. 

1 The Duchess of Braganza (ex-Empress of Brazil), step-mother of 
Queen Dona Maria. See ante, Vol. I., p. 86. 



1839] MELBOURNE AND LADY HOLLAND 221 

Talked of my fearing to go to Windsor this year ; 
of my getting tired of the place ; of George III. 
living almost always at Windsor, hunting 6 times a 
week, which Lord M. thinks he did till 1800 ; cer- 
tainly after his 1st illness in 1788. Talked of Lady 
Tankerville, 1 and he said, " She is a frivolous little 
woman who doesn't know what she is about ; I have 
known her all my life." Lord and Lady Holland 
going there; Stockmar, I said, disliked Lord M.'s 
going to Lady Holland, as he thought she made 
Lord M. tell her so much. " Well, that may be 
true," he said, which I said was very wrong of Lord 
M. " But I don't think I do," he said. Holland 
tells her all that goes on in the Cabinet, which we 
agreed was very wrong. . . . 

Tuesday, 30th July. Talked of my being kept so 
long in London, which when the Opera was over, I 
should dislike, as I hated not going out, and staying 
at home every day ; but Lord M. said in the country 
I must stay at home ; then I submitted, I said. He 
said I might go out more next year. I said I felt 
tired ; Lord M. asked why ; I didn't know, but that 
I certainly was tired. Lord M. said, Affairs were 
not in a very pleasant state. At a little after 7 we 
dined ; and at near J p. 8 I went to the Opera with 
all but dearest Daisy, Lady Charlotte, and Mr. Murray. 
It was again Norma, and oh ! more splendid than 
before. Grisi was perfection ; it really is quite a 
treat to see and hear her ; Mario too so delightful ; 
alas ! his and Normals last night, for he went away 
last night to Paris, and this charming opera can't 
be performed any more. 

1 Corisande, daughter of Antoine, Due de Gramont. She may 
have been frivolous, but she possessed undoubted charm, and wrote 
delightful letters in very pure French. See Vol. I., p. 72. 



222 SIR F. GRANT'S PICTURE [*x.20 

Wednesday, 31st July. At 5 I went downstairs 
with Lehzen and Matilda to the Equerries' room, 
where Lord Melbourne was sitting to Grant l (since 
a J p. 4) on that wooden horse without head or tail, 
looking so funny, his white hat on, an umbrella in 
lieu of a stick in one hand, and holding the reins 
which were fastened to the steps in the other ; he 
sat there so patiently and kindly, doing just what 
he was told 2 ; but, as Grant said, he is not easy to 
paint, for he either looks grave and absorbed, or 
laughs and goes into the other extreme ; he is 
always changing his countenance ; I was so amused. 
Grant kept telling him, " Now Lord Melbourne, hold 
your head in the right position," for he kept look- 
ing at Islay and trying to touch him with his um- 
brella ; and then, " Now sit up, Lord Melbourne." 
Grant has got him so like ; it is such a happiness for 
me to have that dear kind friend's face, which I do 
like and admire so, so like ; his face, his expression, 
his air, his white hat, and his cravat, waistcoat and 
coat, all just as he wears it. He has got Conyng- 
ham in also very like ; and Uxbridge, George Byng, 
and old Quentin ludicrously like. I remained 20 
minutes in the room ; and I believe Lord Melbourne 
sat till near 6. 

Talked of the news from India, of Sir C. Metcalfe, 
his being so odd-looking ; his being quite tired, as 
Lord M. said, of one year in the Oak Plantations at 
Fern Hill ; 3 Lord M. told Lady Normanby (who has 
taken an unjust dislike to Sir C. Metcalfe on account 

1 Sir Francis Grant, elected P.R.A. in 1866. 

2 The sitting was for a picture which now hangs in the corridor 
at Windsor. The Queen is shewn riding out from the Castle accom- 
panied by her Court. 

8 A place at Cranbourne, on the outskirts of Windsor Forest. 



1839] EX-EMPRESS OF BRAZIL 223 

of his ugliness) that he went from Eton to India, 
and got to be Governor- General ; Lady Normanby 
observed, only ad interim. " But he was Governor- 
General," said Lord M. Talked of these famous 
Musk Melons which they have in Kandahar, and 
which he wishes to get some of. " We never were in 
Kandahar before," he said, " we are in it now." 
Talked of the Empress, 1 and her Cousin Louis 
Napoleon, who, Lord M. said, " has a good many 
friends" and "is living very quietly." 2 Talked of 
the Empress's child, of the numbers of relations the 
Empress has ; of her being such a nice person and 
my liking her so much. " She's a very nice person," 
said Lord M., " a very fascinating manner." Talked 
of our fearing the Harvest would suffer from this 
weather ; of the beautiful pictures in the Gallery 
here, for some time ; of their being all Dutch, which 
we agreed was a low style ; our preferring the Italian 
Masters. " There is nothing like the Italian style," 
said Lord M. Of my wishing in time to buy some 
Italian pictures, which he said I might. Talked of 
Lord M.'s having had his umbrella in the room, and 
I said he always took it about with him. He replied 
laughing, " You should never quit your umbrella 
when it rains." What use was it in a close car- 
riage ? I said. " Might be upset," he said, " I 
might want to get out ; suppose I might be stopped 
and put out of the carriage, which may happen one 
of these days, at least leave me the umbrella to 
go on with," he said laughing so much himself and 
making us all laugh too. Talked of where Lord M. 
had been reading about the lean and fat kine. " It's 
Joseph's dream," he said, and as he was thinking 

1 Ex-Empress of Brazil. See ante, p. 220. 

2 He was living at this time in London, in Carlton Gardens. 



224 TURKEY AND EGYPT t^x.2o 

of famine, he read it. I thought it difficult, which 
he does not. " All the history of Abraham is very 
beautiful and very clear," he said ; " it's the history 
of an Arabian Tribe." The Prophets, he agreed, 
were very difficult. . . . 

Saturday, 3rd August. He asked if I had heard 
the news from Alexandria from Palmerston ; I re- 
plied none except those which he had written me in 
the morning (which were that " The Capitan Pasha 
had taken the Turkish Fleet to Alexandria, 1 and 
Mehemet Ali says that he will not give it up to the 
Sultan until he dismisses the Grand Vizier and 
acknowledges the hereditary right of the Pasha to 
the countries which he at present governs. This is 
to make the Sultan his subject and his Vassal.") 
What could make him do it ? I asked. " He dis- 
agreed with the Vizier," said Lord M. " Stopford 
is to be written to, to force him to give back the 
Fleet." Talked of there being so few marriages ; I 
named 4, and mentioned March's paying great at- 
tention to Sarah Mary. Lord M. observed he was 
too young, and said, " A man shouldn't marry 
before 30." He did at 26, I observed. "Yes," 
he replied, " I wasn't fit to be married ; a man 
oughtn't to marry before he can lead the life of 
a married man ; I was always ashamed of it." I 
said a man might be fit before 30, and a man 
needn't marry. "No," he said, "but you don't 

1 War had been declared between the Viceroy and the Porte, but 
the Turkish Admiral, Achmet, under whose command the fleet had been 
despatched to Syria, treacherously sailed to Alexandria, and the 
Ottoman troops under Hafiz in Egypt were severely defeated. On 
1st July the Sultan Mahmoud II. died after a reign of thirty years, and 
was succeeded by his son, Abdul Medjid, a youth of seventeen. 
Admiral Sir Robert Stopford commanded the British fleet. The 
French fleet was under Admiral Lalande. See post, p. 257. 



1839] CONCERNING TEACHING 225 

marry out of reason ; you marry because you fall 
in love." 

Sunday, 4>th August. Talked before this of one's 
disliking things which one had been made to learn 
by heart when a child ; and Lord M. talked of its 
being unnecessary that a child should understand 
what it learnt. " I don't mind their pottering about 
explaining things." I said I thought they should 
always understand. " Then you would teach them 
nothing at all," he continued, " if you only taught 
them what they understand." But if they asked ? 
I said. " Oh ! if they ask," he said, " then I would 
explain." But I said nothing I hated so much as 
explaining anything to a child. " Now that I must 
say is very wrong," said Lord M., and when I ob- 
served that one often did not know what to say to 
them, he said, " It doesn't do to show ignorance, 
you must explain it in some sort of way." Talked 
of Governesses, and the English ones generally being 
so bad, and he said, " Emily was very unfortunate ; 
I really think they " (Lady Ashley and Lady Fanny) 
" are the two best brought up girls in England, 
but their education was shocking." Talked of the 
Pagets being so well brought up. I observed Lord 
M. had the new glasses again, which are of ebony 
inlaid with gold, and which he has had some months ; 
I thought some years, as there is W. L. upon one 
side. " The person who gave them to me had that 
done," he said ; " I don't know why that was put." 
He thinks them " very pretty," but I told him I 
preferred the old ones, as these did not look like 
him. 

Tuesday, 6th August. Talked of Uncle Leopold ; 
my Cousins Ernest and Albert's coming, which we 
agreed would create observation. Lord M. said 



226 CONCERNING MARRIAGE [*r.20 

there had been a paragraph about it the other day in 
one of the papers, which the Editor of the Observer 
sent to him, asking Lord M. if he should contradict 
it. " I told them they had better not contradict 
it ; I thought it better not," he said. I repeated 
to him that he had said he did not like the connec- 
tion ; he laughed, and hesitated to say anything, 
but upon my urging it, he said, " I don't like it 
very much." But he agreed with me, a great deal 
depended upon what sort of person he was ; and I 
said much as I loved my Country, and was ready to 
do what was for its good, still I thought my own 
liking was one of the principal things. " I think 
you have a right to expect that," he said. " It's 
a very difficult subject ; I don't think a foreign 
Prince would be popular." But I said I couldn't 
and wouldn't like to marry a subject, and what- 
ever family he belonged to, Lord M. said, they 
would be the object of jealousy. " No, I don't 
think it would do," he added. I said I heard 
Albert's praises on all sides, and that he was very 
handsome. 

Wednesday, 7th August. When I returned from 
the Opera at a J p. 12, I found a box from Lord 
Melbourne containing the following intelligence : 
" Lord Brougham spoke for 3 hours and a J, as usual 
a most powerful, and also as usual a most violent 
and acrimonious speech. 1 Violent against Normanby, 

1 Brougham was exasperated at not being asked to resume in 1835 
the Lord Chancellorship, which he had held in Lord Grey's, and Lord 
Melbourne's first, Administrations. He never forgave Melbourne, 
and on 6th August, 1839, he attacked the Government for their ad- 
ministration of the criminal law in Ireland. Lord Melbourne said that 
a more inveterate and criminatory speech had never been heard in 
that House. He moved the Previous Question, which, however, was 
negatived. See Vol. I., p. 244. 



1830] LORDS' DEBATE ON IRELAND 227 

but still more violent against Sir Michael O'Logh- 

len, at present Master of the Rolls and formerly 

Attorney-General. Normanby is now replying and 

the debate will probably be late. Lord Melbourne 

apprehends that the Duke of Wellington will 

vote for the resolutions and in that case they will 

be carried." I wrote to Lord Melbourne asking 

for more news, and sat up till a little after 1, when 

I received the answer dated a to 1, in which he 

says, " He " (Ld. M.) " has spoken and also Lord 

Wharncliffe and Lord Plunket. Lord Roden is 

now speaking ; there is no doubt that most of the 

Opposition will vote for the resolutions and they 

will of course be carried. It is as Your Majesty says, 

very awkward." At a J to 9 this morning, my Maid 

woke me, and brought me another box from Lord 

Melbourne in which he says : " The House divided 

at a little after 3 ; for the resolutions, 90, against, 

53." I went to sleep again and got up at a J p. 10. 

Wrote to Lord Melbourne ; breakfasted at near 11. 

At 20 m. p. 4 came Lord Melbourne and stayed with 

me till 10 m. to 5. I asked if he wasn't very tired ; 

" I'm better now," he replied, " I was very tired." 

He only got to bed at 5, having had his dinner when 

he came home at 4. I said that was very bad, which 

made him laugh very much. " Must eat," he said. 

He should eat before he went to the House, I told 

him. " I've no appetite before a Debate." Talked 

of Brougham having been very violent, and its having 

lasted longer than Lord M. expected. " Normanby is 

in a dreadful state," said Lord M. ; he had not spoken 

to him at the Cabinet, but Duncannon told Lord M. 

so. I said Lord M.'s speech was so fine that it must 

have annoyed Brougham a good deal. " Very much," 

said Lord M. I asked how Normanby spoke ; 



228 REPORTS OF SPEECHES [r.ao 

" Pretty well," he replied, " he was very much 
annoyed, and it was rather a difficult case, not very 
tenable." I said Lord M.'s always read so well, and 
asked if he didn't read them afterwards to see how 
they were well reported. " Never look at them 
afterwards," he replied laughing. I rode Pegasus, 
a grey horse whom I had never been on before ; he 
is very quiet and easy in his paces, but rather heavy 
and not quite action enough. I rode between Col. 
Buckley and Lord Headfort. We rode only in Hyde 
Park ; it was a pleasant evening. At 8 we dined. 
Lord Melbourne, Lord Surrey, Charles Howard and 
William Cowper dined here. I asked what he had 
had for his dinner this morning at 4 ; a pike, chicken, 
peas, a raspberry tart, and a bottle of madeira, he 
said, which quite surprised me. He told me in the 
morning that he had slept till 12. 

Talked of another Lord, and Lord M. said Dun- 
cannon had mentioned Lord Lurgan, but that he didn't 
think he would be the man for it. " He's a man of 
great abilities," he said, "and of great oratorical 
powers " ; and I added a good sort of man. " Very," 
said M., " he's an enthusiastic, excitable man." 
Talked of Lord M.'s not looking over the reports of 
his own speeches. " Never care about them after- 
wards," he said ; " nothing I like less," he continued, 
making a face of disgust, " than to read the report 
of my own speeches ; it makes a bad publication." 
. . . Talked of the Italian opera, which Lord M. 
agreed could only be kept up by the Manager's 
asking a great deal of money. " It has a very 
factitious existence," he said ; he continued that it 
was only introduced about 100 years ago, in Queen 
Anne's reign, and that there was a terrible row about 
it then. His ancestor, Mr. Coke, was Vice-Chamberlain, 



1839] ITALIAN AND ENGLISH VOICES 229 

and therefore, Lord M. said, he has a number of 
papers relating to the commencement of it ; the 
first singers were the Marguerite (who married 
a Frenchman of the name of Le Pine), a Mrs. 
Tofts, also an Italian by birth, Nicolini Hayimes 
(a man) ; and he said the opera was half English, 
half Italian, the Italians only singing in Italian. 
Addison, who wrote very violently against the Italian 
opera, said, " We are so tired of understanding 
half, that better understand none of it, and have it all 
in Italian." Talked of George III.'s love for Handel, 
and my disliking him. Lord M. said so funnily, 
" There are no good voices in England, no good 
voce di petto," which I denied. " You should sing 
from the chest, walk from the hip not from the 
knee and ankle." He said the English voices being 
all " Saxon nasal voices," that singing and speaking 
was in fact the same thing, and that both could be 
taught ; and that singing should be always taught. 
" I've a great deal of latent music in me," he said, 
which made us laugh much. 

Thursday, 8th August. The Duchess of Suther- 
land and her 2 daughters there. Talked of the 
Duchess caring for Politics, that I could not bear 
women mixing in Politics, and that I never talked 
to my Ladies about them. "That's quite right," he 
said ; and that I thought it very wrong in the 
Ministers telling their wives everything, in which 
Lord M. quite agreed, but said everybody told every- 
thing to somebody. I never did, or wish to do so, 
I said. "But that's very rare," he said. 

Friday, 9th August. The Band played some of 
my favourite Quadrilles during dinner, which I said 
made me quite frantic when I heard them. " Those 
Quadrilles are dangerous," said Lord M., " if they 

n16 



280 CONCERNING TREES C*T.2o 

produce that effect on you." We had great fun 
about the fir plantations at Windsor ; some were 
set fire to, which Lord M. said was a very good thing, 
as there were too many. " Everything works for 
the best," said Lo/d M. in his funny way, " even 
the worst intentions." Talked of the fir plantations 
at Swinley, which Lord M. dislikes but which Lord 
Duncannon said were in order to nurse up the young 
oaks with firs. " I don't believe anything about 
nursing up with firs," said Lord M. Lord Duncannon 
laughed and said there was no doubt about it. 
" There is no doubt, is there ? " replied Lord M., 
" / believe there is the greatest. If the oaks have 
to be nursed up by firs," he continued, " I don't 
think they are worth planting at all ; nobody knows 
so much about planting as I do and as my man does." 
We laughed at this. Lord Melbourne when he came 
in after dinner, asked Miss Anson very funnily about 
her family, and when I asked him what he was saying, 
he said, " You should always ask people about their 
families, else you never know anything about them." 
We talked for some time about the possibility of my 
hearing a Debate in the House of Lords some day, 
as I had been expressing my great wish to that effect 
to Lord Duncannon at dinner, and he thought there 
was the possibility of a grille being made in some 
place, so that I could hear it without being seen. 
Lord M. said, " It's a very serious question ; think if 
it was known, of the allusions there would be made." 
We all agreed that if it was known it never would 
do ; but Lord Duncannon said I meant it not to be 
known ; and that I could get down without its 
being known. " I have much doubt about the 
secrecy of a thing," said Lord M., which we denied; 
he talked of there being no doubt whatever of the 



1839] BUILDING IN HYDE PARK 231 

Sovereign's having the right to go. If it were to be 
known, he said, " Brougham would talk for half the 
night." We then talked of this Church in Hyde 
Park, to be built near the Cavalry Barracks, which 
Lord M. did not see so great an objection to, as he 
said it was a vile piece of ground ; but Lord D. said 
great pains had been taken to open all that ground, 
and therefore that it would never do to build it all 
up again. Lord M. said, " Well then, you must 
stick to that " and allow no other building to be put 
there, " no playhouse " ! ! The difficulty in refusing 
this Church is, that the King consented to it. Talked 
of the trees in the Park, and Lord M. said, " I don't 
like trees, I don't like trees in a town " ; and he 
rather thought he should like the Park " a plain " ! ! 
Talked of the late King's strange ideas of archi- 
tecture ; and Lord M. said, " He said that all pictures 
of sacred subjects were improper and ought to be 
destroyed " ! ! We talked about the garden here, 
and Lord M. said he would make a large flower garden 
on the lawn, and would cut down the elms and the 
oaks and plant rare exotics. Talked of Brighton, 
the impossibility of sailing there, the burden the 
Pavilion was, and what to do with it. ... 

Sunday, llth August. Talked of this Tournament 
being such folly ; he understands there is a lady who 
has paid 1,000 for 3 dresses; "Lady Seymour's is 
only to cost 40, I was told to-day," he said. Talked 
of old Mrs. Fox, 1 who is past 90, having a tooth taken 
out which was quite sound. Talked of washing dogs 
being a bad thing for their coats ; and washing the 
hair being as he said a very bad thing, but which he 
used to do formerly, and which he thinks makes 

1 The widow of Charles James Fox. She died in 1842 in her 93rd 
year. 



232 PROPOSED ROYAL VISIT [*T.20 

people bald. Losing the hair came from the vessels 
of the skin not being in good order, he said. "I 
think a man looks better without hair than with it, 
if he has a fine head," said Lord M. 

Monday, 12th August. I then showed Lord M. 
Uncle Leopold's letter, in which he says he is desired 
to sound me, whether I should object to the King 
of the French's coming over to see me at Brighton from 
Eu, for one afternoon and one night, with the Queen, 
Mme. Adelaide, Clementine, Aumale, and Mont- 
pensier ! ! in the beginning of September. We talked 
of this, and of people never believing Kings or Queens 
travelled merely for friendship. Lord M. said he 
would speak to Palmerston about it, and I gave him 
part of the letter to take ; I would have to go down 
to Brighton to meet him. 

Tuesday, 13th August. I then talked of what I 
should write to Uncle Leopold about the King of the 
French's coming over ; (Lord M. sent me yesterday 
afternoon a note from Lord Palmerston about it, in 
which he says amongst other things, " The Visit 
would no doubt set people a-talking, and give rise 
to many conjectures and surmises, but all the specu- 
lations which could be founded upon it, would go 
upon the assumption that the visit indicated a ten- 
dency towards a closer union between England and 
France ; and good rather than evil is likely to arise 
from the propagation of that notion throughout 
Europe"). Lord M. then asked if I should like it; 
I said I certainly should, and that I had a great friend- 
ship for the King of the French ; but I begged Lord 
M. to inquire if I could go down to Brighton for a 
night. I said I thought Palmerston disliked the 
King of the French, which Lord M. denied l ; he said 

1 The Queen was right, for, on the death of Louis Philippe, Lord 








H.M. MARIE AMELIE. 

QUEEN OF THE FRENCH. 
From a portrait by Dalton, after Sir W. Ross. 



1839] PARLIAMENTARY BUSINESS 288 

that Palmerston thought he had behaved ill about 
Spain, " but he is very much for the French alliance ; 
no one more so." I asked Lord M. what he thought 
of the visit. " / agree with Palmerston," Lord M. 
replied. 

Wednesday, 14Z& August. They are going to have 
the Portuguese Slave Trade Bill to-morrow, and 16 
other Bills, and on Friday those Bills which they 
cannot get through to-morrow. Talked of how they 
had got to such a number this year, many having 
arisen out of circumstances having lately taken 
place, he said, and also the business of the country 
increasing. I said if it increased every year, Parlia- 
ment would end by sitting all the year round. 
" That's what I always expect it will come to," 1 
said Lord M. Talked of Normanby, and his coming 
down to Windsor, which Lord M. thought he would 
not try to do often. Talked of his (Normanby 's) not 
seeming happy, of his having been much attacked ; 
and Lord M. said the fact was, that a much greater 
expectation had been raised of him than he deserved, 
that he had got a factitious renown, Lord M. knew 
not how and that there had been " a good deal of 
disappointment, not that he's the worse," but be- 
cause a factitious expectation had been raised. All 
which is so true. " It's very easy for a man to be 
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland " (and I observed Lord 
Ebrington did it well ; " much better," Lord M. 
replied), " but when you bring a man over to be 
Secretary of State, you see what he is." " Normanby 



Palmerston wrote to his brother William Temple, " The death of Louis 
Philippe delivers me from my most artful and inveterate enemy, 
whose position gave him in many ways the power to injure me " 
(Life of Palmerston, iv. 229). 
1 Prophetic (1912). 
1116* 



284 ARRIVAL AT WINDSOR [srr.20 

is a very clever man," he said, " but he has no public 
ability, no power ; very fluent, but not impressive." 
Talked of Lady Fitzalan, 1 and Lord Surrey's praising 
her, which Lord M. said was quite right, now that 
the thing was done. . . . 

Saturday, 17th August. At a little before 2 I set 
off with Mamma, Lady Charlemont, dearest Daisy, 
all my ladies and gentlemen, for Windsor, where 
we arrived at 4. We had a deluge of rain on the road. 
Quiz was in our carriage, and Islay was in the next. 
At 5 it ceased raining. We set off in the pony car- 
riages for Virginia Water. Mamma, Lady Cowper and 
Lady Charlemont drove with me ; and all the ladies 
except dearest Daisy, Lady Fanny Cowper, Lady 
Uxbridge, Ellen and Constance, Lord Uxbridge, 
Lord Morpeth, Lord Leveson, Lord Torrington, and 
Mr. Cowper, who had all arrived at the Castle, followed 
us in others. When we got to the Fishing Temple 
we had refreshments there ; after which we went 
on the water in the Barge, for about a J of an hour, 
and it was a delightful evening ; all the ladies, and 
Lord Morpeth, Lord Leveson, and Lord Uxbridge, 
were in the barge with us. We returned home at 7, 
and it rained the whole way almost coming home. 
At a J to 8 we dined. Soon after 10 we went into the 
Red room and dancing began ; the 1st Quadrille, 
which I danced with Lord Torrington, was beyond 
everything funny and full of confusion ; my Band, 
from not being accustomed to play for dancing, made 
every sort of confusion, 1st played too slow, then 
stopped too soon, or went on too long. Talked with 
Lord M. of my being unable to bear tea, and he, 

1 Lord Fitzalan (see Vol. I., p. 190), grandson of the Duke of 
Norfolk, had married, on 19th June, Augusta, youngest daughter of 
Sir Edmund Lyons, afterwards Admiral Lord Lyons. 



1839] CONCERNING ROYAL HOUSES 235 

coffee ; he thinks Parliament may be up by Tuesday 
week. He had, to my astonishment, a large fire in 
both his rooms. I asked if he had had one also at 
home ; he said yes ; and " I always have a fire if I 
am annoyed or worried ; it's astonishing how it 
dissipates that " ; and he always has one when he 
comes home late from the House. We stopped 
dancing at 3 minutes to 12, but remained in the 
room till 10 m. p. 12. ... 

Tuesday, 20th August. At 20 m. p. 2 came Lord 
Melbourne and stayed with me till 3. Talked of the 
rainy, bad weather ; of my having a fire ; and he 
said, " Always should have a fire when it rains." 
He was quite well. He said, " We have had a 
Cabinet," and he laughed when I said he had told 
me the day before there would be none. " I said 
there was none settled ; we were sent for at 11." 
Who summoned it ? " Rice," he replied, " we've 
got him to give up his Bank of Ireland Bill ; and the 
Bank of Ireland have behaved very well about it." * 

Wednesday, 2lst August. I then showed him a 
very long letter I had received from Aunt Gloster, 
which he read out to me ; she proposes I should give 
the Lodge at Richmond, which I gave in reversion 
to Mamma, to the Duke of Cambridge, and settle 
Bagshot Park on Mamma, letting Aunt G. have old 
Kew House, and she adds Lord Sidmouth could 
easily be asked to leave the house. I said I knew 
Mamma never would hear of Bagshot, and it never 
would do to move Lord Sidmouth out of the house 
where he lives, at his age. 2 " You can't propose it to 
him," said Lord M. ; that he was an old man, and 

1 The practice of a Minister, other than the Prime Minister, summon- 
ing a Cabinet has fallen into disuse. 
a Lord Sidmouth was then 82. 



236 THE CZAR AND THE FRENCH tex.20 

that it would be very hard, " and it was given him 
under very peculiar circumstances by George III. as 
a mark of favour." Lord M. continued, " He was 
Prime Minister 3 years, 1 and Secretary of State for 
many years ; George III. was very fond of him, 
much fonder of him than of Mr. Pitt." Was he 
clever ? I asked. " No, not a clever man," said 
Lord M. " George III. didn't like clever men." 

Thursday, 22nd August. " The Emperor is going 
to send you a present," Lord M. said ; " haven't 
you seen that ? " I said No, and he continued, " A 
Malachite Vase 2 ; they say it is the finest in the world ; 
it stands in his Palace at present." Lord M. said 
the Emperor was exceedingly angry at the propo- 
sition of the Fleets going up to Constantinople, and 
that if that had taken place he should have desired 
his Minister to leave Constantinople immediately. 
" It's the French he hates," Lord M. added. " Pon- 
sonby has always been wanting our Fleet to come up 
to Constantinople ; it would do no good." He then 
said John Russell had begged him to ask my leave 8 
to go out of Town on Saturday. " I believe he wants 
it," and that all would be over in the House of 
Commons on Saturday, and in the House of Lords 
on Monday, so that the Prorogation would be on 
Tuesday. At 20 m. to 8 I went with Mamma, dear 

1 Mr. Addington was Prime Minister 1801-4. He had been Speaker 
of the House of Commons ; and was commonly called " The Doctor " 
in reference to his father's profession. He died in 1844. 

2 This vase now stands in the State Drawing-room at Windsor Castle. 
8 The Principal Secretaries of State, the Lord Chancellor, and the 

First Lord of the Treasury never left town, when the Sovereign was 
at Buckingham Palace, without leave. Up to the end of Queen Vic- 
toria's reign they never left England without the permission of the 
Sovereign. This rule has been considerably relaxed of recent years ; 
although it is not customary of the Prime Minister to go abroad without 
leave of the King. 



1839] DINNER AT STAFFORD HOUSE 237 

Victoire, Lady Lyttelton, Uncle, my 3 Cousins, Lady 
C. Dundas, 1 Th6re*sine, and the Lord and Equerry, 
to Stafford House, where we were received by the 
Duke and Duchess of Sutherland, and were taken 
into a pretty drawing-room downstairs, full of fine 
pictures. Dinner was announced soon ; the Duke 
of Sutherland led me in and I sat between him and 
Lord Melbourne to my right. The dining-room, 
downstairs, is not large, but pretty ; many fine 
pictures ; fine plate. The Duke seemed much better. 
The House had been up very early ; only the Bolton 
Police Bill ; Lord Melbourne pale and ill, said he 
was not well, and ate almost nothing. I said to him 
it was all that Fish dinner. After dinner I found 
my other ladies and gentlemen, Mary Howard and 
Elizabeth, Evelyn and Caroline in the drawing- 
room ; the Duchess then showed us all the pretty 
rooms downstairs, and then took us up to see her 
beautiful bath-room, 8 bed-room, dressing-room, and 
sitting-room, all full of such pretty things and 
pictures ; and then we came downstairs again, 
and the gentlemen came in. I observed to Lord 
Melbourne how pretty the room was ; he said, " But 
this is only the Vestibule " ; and that upstairs was 
all the finery. We then went upstairs, and the Hall 
and Staircase, lit up, with a Band in it, was really 
the handsomest thing I ever saw. We sat in the 
pretty room where the Christening had been ; I sat 
between Victoire and the Duchess, all on chairs ; 
Uncle and my Cousins behind us ; Lord Melbourne, 
Evelyn, &c. opposite to us. We remained sitting 
here for some time, having tea and ice. We then 

1 Lady Charlotte Dundas, daughter of first Earl of Zetland. Lady 
of the Bedchamber to the Duchess of Kent. 

2 Bath-rooms are a modern luxury. 



238 LYNDHURST AND FOLLETT [.2o 

went into the Gallery, which is quite unfinished, to 
see the effect of some lighting. After that we sat 
in the room where we lunched last year ; I sat on a 
large sofa with dear Victoire ; and then Lord Mel- 
bourne came and sat down there. " This is a beauti- 
ful room," said Lord M., " that Gallery will always 
be a dingy room," which I denied. 1 

Friday, 23rd August. . . . Talked of there 
being such a complication of Visits ; Uncle Leopold 
having written, in short, quite a confusion and that 

I hoped the King of the French would not come. 

Saturday, 24<th August. At a J to 6 came my 
excellent Lord Melbourne, who asked how I was ; I 
said better. He, quite well. They were kept till 

II in the House of Lords. " I've brought you this 
speech," he said, pulling it out of his pocket, and he 
read it to me in his usual beautiful manner ; it is 
rather long ; written out by William Cowper, Anson 
being gone, and he feared not well written. Talked 
of there being so few flowers at Windsor ; he admired 
some in my bouquet ; of what Nursery Gardens my 
Uncle could go and see ; of a rail-road going through 
Lee's garden ; of rail-roads going through gardens 
and places ; and I asked him if he would like it if 
one was to go through Brocket. " I couldn't bear 
it," he said, " must abandon the place." Talked 
of Lyndhurst. "What Campbell, the Attorney- 
General, says," said Lord M., " is very true ; he 
says when Lyndhurst wants to say anything that 
isn't law or that he doesn't like to say, he gets 
Brougham to say it." Follett, Lord M. says, is 
certainly very clever and much the same sort of 
talents as Lyndhurst ; " as to what sort of man 

1 The word " dingy " could not be fairly applied to-day to the 
gallery at Stafford House. 



1839] GOOD-NATURE AND FACILITY 239 

he is," said Lord M., " I'm sure I don't know." 
Talked of Miss Fox, who Lord M. says always looked 
the same ; he saw her 1st in '90, 49 years ago. Talked 
of her, and Lord Holland's being very like their 
Uncle ; though Lord M. said Lord Holland was not 
like C. Fox in conversation ; that the latter was not 
near so talkative as Lord Holland ; that Miss Fox 
had that great good-nature which they all had, and 
that she was very much beloved. Lord M. said, 
" That great good-nature is apt to degenerate into 
facility, so that people will do almost anything ; I'm 
afraid Morpeth will have that ; he's so very soft that 
I think he can never hardly say No to anyone ; a very 
bad thing for a public man." They all tried to play 
at the Cup and Ball, and the Bandelore, after dinner. 
Lord Melbourne tried them also, and succeeded with 
the former. He said the only way to do it was 
" perfect steadiness, patience, perseverance, and tran- 
quillity, which is the only way to do anything." I 
sat on the sofa with Uncle Ferdinand, Lord Mel- 
bourne sitting near me and Victoire and some of the 
young people being seated round the table, playing 
at games, at draughts, and at a game of tee-totums 
in a bowl, in which I also joined occasionally. 
Lord Melbourne talked of the Pictures in the room ; 
of the room. I said to Lord M. it must be so tiresome 
to hear German always spoken before him, 1 which 
he didn't understand. " Oh ! not at all," he said, 
most kindly. Talked of going to church next day. 
"You should always attend wherever you are," 
he said, " should always read the Psalms." Talked 
of proroguing Parliament in person, which he said 
was not necessary, but was right ; that formerly 

1 The Queen here alludes to the practice of the Royal Family 
at that date and for many years afterwards. 



240 HENRY VIII. : WILLIAM III. tex.20 

the Sovereign was obliged to go down and give the 
Royal Assent in person, and that the first time it was 
done by Commission was when the Bill of Attainder 
of Anne Boleyn had to be passed, and Henry VIII. 
had not the nerve to go down. I asked Lord M. if 
he wasn't very tired ; that the House of Lords must 
be dreadful. " It is not the House of Lords," he 
said, " there's some fun in that ; I like that ; I don't 
mind those attacks ; it's those internal dissensions that 
vex me." I said to Lord M. I was very childish with 
all my Cousins. " That's a very good thing," he said 
kindly. I added I often forgot I was young. " That's 
a capital thing to be reminded of it," he said so kindly. 

Sunday, 25th August. Talked to Lord M. of his 
being tired, and I said to him he mustn't go to sleep 
before so many people, for that he generally snored ! 
" That proclaims it too much," he said, in which I 
quite agreed. 

Talked of Hampton Court, its great size, none of 
the Sovereigns having lived in it since William III., 1 
of William IIL's being killed in coming from Hampton 
Court, the spot was well known, Lord M. said. " He 
broke his collar bone and drove it into his lungs ; 
but anything would have killed him a'most, he was 
a weakly man ; a great man, who kept Louis XIV. 
in fear." A cruel man, I said. " Oh ! no," said 
Lord M., " not cruel, not cruel in Ireland ; he was 
the most tolerant monarch that ever sat on the 
Throne." And he said the only thing he ever did 
that was cruel, was that affair at Glencoe, when they 
told him by mistake there was a band of ruffians 
whom he ordered " to be knocked on the head." . 

Tuesday, 27th August. Lord M. then showed me 

1 A mistake. Queen Anne, George I., and George II. occupied the 
Palace. 



1839] LORD HOWICK'S RESIGNATION 241 

a letter from C. Wood, 1 also resigning in consequence 
of Howick's resignation ; he was to have been Secre- 
tary to the Treasury, what Baring was, but will keep 
on in the Admiralty till a successor can be found. 
Lord M. said he had sent Howick a long letter from 
John Russell (which he had not read) and which he 
concludes is to try and persuade him not to resign. 
" I don't think it'll have any effect," he said. I 
observed it would be a good thing if Howick resigned. 
" We shall have all the Greys against us," he said, 
which is a bad thing ; and he thinks " it will not be 
long before Howick is in the Opposition," which would 
be too bad. No one knows of his resignation, and 
Lord M. has not yet mentioned it formally to me, he 
said. He said Howick was very much disliked at 
the Horse Guards ; talked of Howick's disliking 
Lord Hill. " Lord Hill is a very dull man," said 
Lord M., " quite accustomed to the old routine." 
I asked how would he fill up Howick's place ? He 
must take some time to consider it, he said. ... I 
then showed him a letter from Uncle Leopold in 
which (by a curious coincidence) the King of the 
French has also given up coming over. " It's a very- 
good thing," said Lord M., " and a very good thing 
also that you have mentioned you didn't wish it." 

Wednesday, 28th August. Talked of Lord M. and 
his being well ; I said I should certainly not ask 
the Duke of W. this time when Uncle came. " Why 
not ? ' said Lord M. Because he had behaved very 
ill. ' You must recollect that people have particular 
feelings," he said. There was no other Party ; the 
Radicals themselves had quite given up the idea of 
being able to form a Government, which they had 
once thought possible ; and that there could be only 

1 See Vol. L, p. 99. 



242 TORIES AND THEIR CONDUCT [2ET.20 

2 Parties in England. I said, as for the Tories, I 
never would apply to them ; I must, in some shape, 
he said ; I never would submit about the Ladies ; 
that must be arranged, he said. But why speak of 
all this now ? I said, there was no fear now ? "I 
don't know," he said. I said, as the others (the 
Tories) admitted themselves they could not stand, 
they ought to help and not to oppose every reason- 
able measure, as they had done, and not behave 
as they had done in the House of Lords. " They 
didn't behave so badly in the House of Lords," 
said Lord M. (This is admirable fairness.) " They 
didn't throw out many bills." But altered a good 
many, I said. " But I don't know that those altera- 
tions didn't do them good," said Lord M. laughing. 
The only outrageous thing they did, he said, was 
their throwing out the Admiralty Courts Bill, and that 
was " a very wanton thing." He thinks of offering 
Ho wick's place to Macaulay. I observed that some 
of Palmerston's despatches were rather severe. " I 
was looking over those Portuguese papers," said Lord 
M., " and they are very bitter ; that does no good ; 
on the contrary, * a soft word turneth away wrath.' " 
Talked of Lady Granville, who Lord M. said was " a 
shrewd clever woman." 

Thursday, 29th August. Talked of the Tourna- 
ment, and Lord M. had written to Wilhelmine that 
she ought to have gone to attend on the Queen of 
Beauty. Of there being no doubt in my opinion 
about her (Lady Seymour's) beauty. " I think her 
funny," he said. " Helen * is very clever too," 
said Lord M., " but she is always very nervous." 
" I've seen Howick to-day," said Lord M. (since 
Lord M. had been with me). " He was very civil ; 

1 Mrs. Blackwood, afterwards Lady Dufferin. See Vol. I., p. 192. 



1839] RICHARD LALOR SHEIL 248 

said he was very sorry," but that what with his own 
opinions and his father's he couldn't have remained. 
" Lord Grey has done it," said Lord M., " he said 
he couldn't show his face again at Howick, if he was 
to remain ; that his life would be intolerable ; and 
that's what made Charles Wood resign ; Charles 
Wood is wretched to leave office." Howick said 
to Lord M. that he had been a sacrifice to the 
opinions of others, that he had been quite " a 
slave " to J. Russell, that " no soldier ever obeyed 
his Commander " as he had done. " It is idle to 
talk to people of their faults," said Lord M., " for 
if they knew them, they wouldn't commit them " ; 
which is so true. He then said that Sheil * had been 
very much agitated when I saw him. " I found him 
labouring under very great emotion when I went 
out to him," said Lord M., so much affected as to 
stifle his voice a little, and he continued so while 
he said that this was such an immense thing for 
Sheil, raising such a man to office, that it drove such 
people " quite mad." " I said to him," Lord M. 
continued, " ' Now mind what you say when you 
get down into your county of Tipperary, for your 
election ; mind not to get into any scrapes.' * I 
know I'm a terrible character for indiscretion,' he 
said, * but you needn't be afraid ; I've not been tried 
in office before, you'll see I'm discreet.' " Lord M. 
said, much affected, that he understood Lady Howick 2 

1 Richard Lalor Sheil was M.P. for Tipperary, and Vice-president 
of the Board of Trade. In early life he had been a dramatist, but he 
was more successful as an orator, in his exertions, in co-operation with 
O'Connell, for Catholic emancipation. He entered Parliament in 
1831, and made a great speech in April of this year (1839) in support 
of the Irish policy of the Ministry. 

2 Maria, daughter of Sir Joseph Copley of Sprotborough. See 
Vol. L, p. 210. 



244 PICTURE OF HOLLAND HOUSE [JET. 20 

had fought a most severe battle with Howick to try 
and prevent him from resigning. " It is right that 
you should know," said Lord M., " these things are 
of more consequence than you may think for, I fear 
George Grey won't remain," also for fear of Lord 
Grey. I said that was not what I called right. 
" But the last thing people think of," said Lord 
M. laughing, " is doing what is right." " Lord Grey 
is very hostile," said Lord M. But he resigned, I 
said. " Yes, and recommended me to the King," 
said Lord M. ; " but it caused immediately a 
comparison to be drawn between his Government 
and mine, in disfavour of his, which nearly drove 
him mad." I asked Lord M. did he really think 
Brougham was sincere. " I may flatter myself," 
said Lord M., " but I think he likes me." I said 
no one but Lord M. would speak so of Brougham. " I 
haven't the slightest animosity against Brougham," 
said Lord M. This is a truly angelic disposition and 
worthy of eternal record. 

Friday, 30th August. Talked of Victoire's sitting 
to Landseer ; of a picture Leslie has done of Holland 
House, which I said I would send for. I rang the 
bell and ordered the picture to be brought in ; I said 
to Lord M., " Don't get up," when I did to ring the 
bell, and he smiled and sat down. The picture was 
brought in ; it is very pretty, not large ; the interior 
of the Gallery at Holland House ; Lord Holland and 
Lady Holland sitting at a table ; old Allen 1 standing, 
and a young man standing in front, who Lord M. said 
is one of her Pages ; the other Page is seen quite 
at a distance ; Lady Holland calls them Edgar and 
Harold, but their real names are John and Thomas, 

1 John Allen (1771-1843), an intimate friend of Lord Holland and 
constant inmate of Holland House, where he acted as librarian. 



1839] HOLLAND HOUSE 245 

Lord M. said. Lady Holland very like, he says, 
though flattered in size and put in a black velvet 
gown ; " Allen the least like ; too smart," he said ; 
Lady Holland had a very fine skin. Lord M. pointed 
out where the various doors in the Gallery led to. 1 ... 

1 Many years later, under the gentle dominion of another Lady 
Holland, the Queen went to Holland House. 



11-17 



INTRODUCTORY NOTE TO CHAPTER XVI 

A VISIT to England of the French King, planned by her Uncle 
Leopold, was not welcome to her Ministers, and the Queen 
managed to obtain its postponement. King Leopold and Queen 
Louise, however, visited Windsor early in the month of September, 
and the final arrangements were completed for the reception of the 
young Coburg Princes. They were expected on 30th September, 
but the Queen, finding that all her Ministers were to be at 
Windsor on that date, feared that it might be too readily assumed 
that her marriage was settled, and asked that her cousins' arrival 
should be postponed until 3rd October. She then found that 
they could not set off until the 6th, and was undoubtedly piqued 
at what, in a letter to her uncle, she called their want of empresse- 
ment. 

When, however, the meeting took place, the impression made 
on the Queen by Prince Albert was immediate. " Albert's 
beauty is most striking," she wrote to King Leopold ; " and he 
is so amiable and unaffected in short, very fascinating." 

Three days later she told her uncle that her mind was made 
up, that she had told the Prince, that the last few days had passed 
like a dream, that she was so bewildered she hardly knew how to 
write, but that she was certain of a prospect of very great happi- 
ness before her. 

" My feelings are a little changed," her letter concludes, " I 
must say, since last Spring, when I said I couldn't think of marry- 
ing for three or four years ; but seeing Albert has changed all 
this." 

King Leopold expressed his deep satisfaction in the words 
of Zacharias. He had laboured hard and unswervingly to bring 
about this marriage. It was the crowning act of his educational 
policy ; it was the coping-stone of the regal edifice he had been 
so carefully engaged in rearing. He told the Queen that she 
would find in Prince Albert the very qualities and dispositions 
that were indispensable for her happiness, and would suit her 
own character, temper, and mode of life. The result, in after- 
years, was a fine tribute to the sagacity of King Leopold. He 
also told the Queen that Lord Melbourne had, in all this affair, 
exhibited that amiability and disinterestedness with which he 
was rightly credited. Many another man might have looked 
to his own personal views and imaginary interests. Lord Mel- 
bourne had but one idea, the happiness and security of the young 
Queen. 

On 23rd November a special meeting of the Privy Council 
received from the Queen herself the intimation of her engage- 
ment to Prince Albert. She noted that Lord Melbourne was 
deeply moved. She was loudly cheered by immense crowds when 
that afternoon she left the Palace for Windsor Castle. 

246 




<yL.&.<jL. Cousvfc < 

-worn/ 









CHAPTER XVI 
1839 

Monday, 2nd September. We then went down- 
stairs to look at the enormous Vase which the Em- 
peror of Russia has sent me ; it is not yet unpacked, 
but is the most enormous thing to be imagined. 
Went upstairs, and played in the Gallery with dearest 
Victoire and Leopold, at Battledore. . . . 

Thursday, 5th September. Talked of my grief at 
my Cousins' going ; and Alexander going on Saturday 
to Paris. Told Lord M. that his father was a 
French emigre who took the name of Mensdorff but 
whose real name was Bouillee. Talked of Alex- 
ander's mother. 1 ..." Nice hair he has," he said, 
looking at Alexander. " I'm glad he's a French- 
man ; I knew no German could have such hair." 
I said I admired his eyebrows so. "Beautiful eyes 
and eyebrows," said Lord M., and I said I had been 
drawing him. 

Friday, 6th September. George IV., he said, was 
a famous man for finding reasons for doing a thing 
he liked ; the recognition of the Independence of 
the South American States was, Lord M. said, one 
of the worst things possible ; " and the King disliked 
doing it very much," continued Lord M., "but Mr. 

1 Princess Sophia of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, sister of the Duchess 
of Kent and aunt of the Queen. See Vol. I., p. 95. 

247 



248 ARRIVAL OF KING LEOPOLD tex.20 

Canning knew the way how to do it ; he knew the 
King disliked Lord Ponsonby ; and Mr. Canning 
proposed Lord Ponsonby should be sent to recognize 
the South American States ; that was just the way, 
the King gave way immediately." Lord Melbourne 
rode almost all the time in our row. We heard on 
returning that Uncle Leopold and Louise would be 
here in an hour's time ; I waited till a p. 8 in my 
habit, and no one arrived ; (dearest Victoire had been 
sitting with me ever since J p. 7, dressed ;) and I read 
Despatches. I then took off my habit and was only 
half dressed when I heard they were coming ; I 
rushed down half dressed, with Victoire, and received 
my dear Uncle and dear Louise at the door ; Uncle F. 
and my Cousins were also at the door. I took Uncle 
and Aunt to their rooms, and soon left them ; none 
of their things being come, they did not wish to come 
to dinner. Louise and Victoire came and sat with 
me while I was dressing. At 9 we dined. 

Saturday, 7th September. Talked of Uncle L. ; 
their baggage not being come ; of Louise having only 
one pair of stockings. Lord M. said Madame de 
Campan was so angry, when Marie Antoinette ordered 
so many things before they fled from Paris, and thus 
excited observation, and said to her, " On peut 
trouver des chemises et des bas partout." . . . 

Wednesday, llth September. At 20 m. p. 11 we 
set off in open carriages, Louise, dearest Victoire and 
dearest Augustus were with me in the carriage ; in the 
2nd, Uncle Leopold, Mamma, Uncle Ferdinand, and 
Leopold ; in the 3rd, Lady Lyttelton, Lady Charlotte, 
Theresine, and Lord Fingall ; and in the 4th, Lord 
Surrey, Col. Wemyss, Sir Robert Otway, and Col. 
Cavendish. We changed horses 3 times, at Staines, 
the Stud House, and Kennington Green. We got 



1839] AT WOOLWICH 249 

to Woolwich at a | p. 2, and drove into the Dockyard 
immediately ; we had only 2 steps to walk to the 
Boat ; the Band of the Rifles played God save the 
Queen, and the guns fired, but it was all very quiet. I 
got into the boat with Louise, my 2 Uncles, Mamma, 
and Vecto ; all the others going in another boat ; 
we were rowed to the Lightning steamer, which was 
a little way off, and went on board her ; I climbed 
up the side ladder with ease, 1 all my nautical feelings 
and recollections returning again ; and we walked 
about the deck a little while. I then went down 
with Victoire in the cabin ; it is very small but neat ; 
she and Theresine and Resy sleep in the same cabin. 
I made dearest Victoire take off her little handker- 
chief and give it to me ; and I gave her mine. I gave 
Leopold a little pin, which I had also worn, a little 
Knight kneeling. It was heart-breaking to see the 
steamer go away from us for she set off as soon as 
we were clear of her, and we remained on our oars 
to see her go ; dearest Victoire looked so pretty 
standing near her father, and waved her handker- 
chief to the last. 

Thursday, 12th September. Talked of the Windsor 
Uniform, 2 and formerly the full dress of the uniform 
being red Pantaloons ! ! Lord Melbourne sat near 
me for a few minutes, and talked of Bats, and their 

1 As the Queen was about to leave the ship the captain and officers 
betrayed some anxiety and a desire to help her down the tall side of 
the vessel. The Queen looked up with the greatest spirit, and said 
quite loud in her silvery voice, " No help, thank you : I am used to 
this," and then descended, as an eye-witness observed, " like an old 
boatswain." She was enthusiastically cheered by the sailors. 

2 The Windsor Uniform was instituted by George III. It was 
copied from the uniform of the Household of Lady Pembroke. It is 
only worn by the King and his household at Windsor, and by such persons 
as are specially privileged to wear it by command of the Sovereign. 
See ante, p. 65, and Vol. I., p. 351. 

n17* 



250 SLEEP: QUIETISTS [.*> 

settling in people's hair, and Lord M. said, "It is 
always so, if a thing happens once, it is said to happen 
always." Mme. Sebastiani said she knew it to be a 
fact. " Has she ever seen it ? " asked Lord M. 
She replied No. "Then I don't believe it," he 
said. 

Friday, I3th September. I missed my dearest 
Cousins, alas ! Saw Louise. Wrote to Ferdinand. 
Read despatches. Signed. At 8 we dined. After 
dinner we were seated as the day before only that 
Lord M. sat near me the whole evening. 

Saturday, Uth September. We talked of the 
dreadful weather, pouring with rain the whole day. 
" I'm quite muzzed with reading so many despatches," 
he said ; that / need not read them all through ; 
talked of asking young Werther down ; of my 
missing my dear Playfellows (which I did most 
dreadfully) ; Lord M. asked if I hadn't heard from 
any of them ; I said no. Talked of Alexander, 
and Uncle's having told Lord M. he was " a very 
nice fellow " ; I said / thought him exceedingly 
handsome. I sat between Uncle Leopold and Lord 
Melbourne. Talked to Lord Melbourne of Fanny; 
of his sleeping and its being too bad. " It's a sign 
of a composed mind," he said, which I admitted. 
Talked of my Cousins having had a good passage ; 
of Lord M.'s and my being quite muzzed with reading ; 
of Lord M.'s going to church next day, which we said 
he ought to do 3 times ; he would go, he said, " though 
it's against my creed ; I'm a quietist ; it's the creed 
which Fenelon embraced, and which Mme. Guillon 
taught ; you are so perfect that you are exempted 
from all external ordinances, and are always living 
in God." I said that the use of church was, that 
it made one think of what one would otherwise not 



1839] ETON, A NEST OF TORIES 251 

think of ; that I had often doubted him ; that I had 
often suspected him ; " What about ? " he asked ; 
he said of all things he could be the least suspected 
of having heterodox opinions. ... 

Sunday, I5th September. Talked of the weather, 
its being fine but cold ; of the Eton boys, and Lord 
M. said Seymour had been down to Eton and had 
asked one of the boys if they saw much " of the 
Queen," upon which the boy had replied, " Oh ! 
no, she considers us a Nest of Tories." 

Monday, I6th September. I danced 5 Quadrilles ; 
(1) with Van de Weyer ; (2) with Baron Werther ; 
(3) with M. de Kisseleff ; (4) with Count Moerkerke ; 
and (5) with Lord Uxbridge. Louise danced each 
quadrille. How sadly different it was from last 
Monday, when I had my beloved Cousins with 
me ! . . . 

Thursday, I9th September. Got up at 9 and break- 
fasted at | p. Wrote to Alexander, and my journal. 
Played on the piano. Fanny brought up the 2 dear 
boys at a J p. 1, and we took them to the room where 
Louise was sitting ; and then we went into the Gallery. 
After 2 we lunched with all. Lord Melbourne also 
lunched with us. The 2 little boys l came in and 
were very funny. Mitty, who has beautiful dark 
brown curls, is I think a little like Lord Melbourne ; 
Dimitty like Spencer Cowper. Lord Melbourne was 
very funny with them. 

Friday, 20th September. I got up at p. 4, put 
on a dressing-gown and a bonnet, and went to Louise's 
sitting-room, where I found her and Uncle at break- 
fast by candle-light ; they were much pleased to 
see me. I took some bread and butter and an egg ; 
poor dear Louise was so sorry to leave me ; so kind ; 

1 The two^eldest boys of Lord and Lady Ashley. 



252 CONVERSATION WITH BRUNO W [*x.20 

she is so fond of me, which I really don't deserve. 
I went with them to Mamma's room, and then 
took leave of them on the top of the staircase, with 
much regret, for they are both so kind to me ; Uncle 
is so amusing and funny. I watched them from my 
window ; day was dawning and it looked grey and 
melancholy. 

At 10 m. to 3 Lord Melbourne came to me, and 
stayed with me till J p. 3. He asked how I was. 
He gave me a warrant to sign about a Banner. He 
gave me the return of the revenue, which is most 
satisfactory. He said, " The King was quite 
astonished at the large sums ; I showed him one 
of these." " I have had Brunow l with me this 
morning," Lord M. continued ; "he says they only 
wish to do what we like ; that they would act with 
France if we wished it, but they would rather without 
France ; that the Emperor ' can't bear the King of 
the French ' ; ' he has a Crown that don't belong to 
him ' " ; that he sent an Ambassador there, but 
that he never would call him " mon frere " in a 
letter ; that he (the Emperor) has a great contempt 
for the Carlists, and a pity for the elder branch 
(of the French family) ; that he would not meddle 
with it, " he left that in the hands of Providence," 
who would not allow it to go on. Brunow, said 
Lord M., went on to say that it was useless to speak 
to the Emperor of Russia of the opinion and will 
of the people ; then he said to Lord M. that Persia 
in their eyes was of much more importance than this 
Oriental Question ; that we should upset the Shah, 
which would be very dangerous, and in which case 
Russia must interfere. He desired Lord M. to express 
on his (Brunow's) part his great feeling at his recep- 

1 The Russian Ambassador. 



1839] THE LIFE OF SOVEREIGNS 253 

tion here, and also the great affection the Emperor 
had for me. 

Saturday, 2lst September. When I came out of my 
room I saw Lord Melbourne on the top of the stair- 
case, and I asked him if he was going to drive out. 
" No," he said, " I'm come to see you go out." He 
went downstairs with me and said, " Macaulay will 
take this ; I have had a very satisfactory conver- 
sation with him ; he doesn't wish it to be mentioned 
directly." Talked about these gentlemen having 
intimated their wish to remain. " I didn't think 
it would create so much clamour," said Lord M. . . . 

Monday, 23rd September. Talked of Uncle's dis- 
liking any great gaiety. Lord M. said to him, 
the life of Kings and Queens was not very amusing, 
and they must have some amusements. " ' You are 
quite right,' he said, ' it is very tiresome.' This 
seemed to tickle his fancy very much," said Lord M. 
laughing, " for he repeated it to me several times 
afterwards." Then Uncle wanted me, Lord M. said, 
to ask the great people of the Country, which Lord M. 
thought I had ; Lord M. wished some Tories, and 
mentioned Lord Liverpool. Perhaps Lord Sandwich, 
I said. " That would be a good thing," said Lord M., 
and that the Beauforts were great personal friends. 
I said, I wished to ask none of the Tories this year. 
" If you do that," said Lord M., " you, as it were, 
cut them off." I observed John Russell disliked 
them ; Lord M. said, " I think J. Russell has 
a good deal of bitter personal feeling," which 
he didn't show, but which extended towards the 
Tories pretty generally. " / don't dislike the Tories," 
said Lord M., " I think they are very much like the 
others." We agreed J. Russell disliked being sup- 
ported by them. " I don't care," said Lord M., " by 



254 LORDS GREY AND HO WICK [*r.20 

whom I am supported ; I consider them all as one ; 
I don't care by whom I'm helped, as long as I am 
helped," he said laughing. 

Tuesday, 24<th September. Talked of the very 
curious account which he sent me (and which I read 
when I came home) of Runjeet Singh's last days 
and death. Lord M. said the account of the Women 
burning themselves was very curious. " They said, 
' What we want is name and reputation, and therefore 
we will burn with the Maharajah ' " ; and of the 
Prime Minister repeatedly trying to do the same. 
Talked of its being a good thing to keep up the 
army a little ; of the great expense of it for this 
country. Of Howick and his coming to see me 
next day ; and Lord M. said he would probably 
state to me the causes of his resignation, and I asked 
what I should answer. " Say you are very sorry," 
said Lord M., " very sorry to lose his services, that 
you have every reason to be satisfied with the manner 
in which he performed his duty, that you had always 
heard he did it very well." I asked was he sorry ; 
Lord M. replied, " I think he is," but that he was 
so influenced by his father. Talked of Lord Grey's 
hostility, and Lord M. said, " I know why he is 
angry with me ; because I don't go and talk to him." 
Then, he continued, he consulted Lord Grey upon 
the drawing up of that Answer to the Address from 
the House of Lords, when Lord Grey gave very valu- 
able service ; " and he says I never thanked him for 
that. That is his forte," continued Lord M., " in 
drawing up papers of that kind ; he is quite un- 
rivalled for that." l 

Wednesday, 25th September. Talked of my having 

1 It was the natural envy on Lord Grey's part (felt by many men) 
of his successor ; of the older for the younger man ! 



1839] MINISTERS AT WINDSOR 255 

seen Howick, whom I thought rather irritated ; that 
he had said he thought the Government was getting 
weaker, and was not going on well, either to my 
satisfaction or to that of the country. " That's 
always his tone," said Lord M., " and those are the 
two difficulties we have to contend with," on one 
side people say that we are going too much towards 
the Radicals ; on the other hand that we lean too 
much towards the Tories and lose " the popular 
support." It is very difficult to please both. I 
told Lord M., Howick said he would always support 
the Government, which Lord M. thinks he will, 
coupled with a great deal of opposition ; his last 
grievance, we agreed though, was his not being 
made Chancellor of the Exchequer. I said I had 
said to him just what Lord M. had told me. " Now 
you don't like having all these people down here," 
said Lord M., " because of these young Princes." * 
But I replied I didn't mind it. Lord M. said it 
might excite remarks, all the Ministers being down 
here just when these young people came here ; but as 
there must be a Council it would be as well to have 
them here. I could stop my Cousins for a day, I 
said ; but he didn't mind it ; however, just before 
the audience ended we settled I should write to 
Uncle to keep them till Thursday. Being made 
Under Secretary of State does not vacate your seat, 
as it is not made by the Crown ; a seat is only 
vacated by an Appointment made by the Crown. 
44 Macaulay said," Lord M. went on to say, " he 
had no fear about his election ; ' Indeed I think I 
should lose in Edinboro if I was to refuse to join 
you ' " ; also very satisfactory. Lord M. said 
Howick fretted so ; was so eager about everything, 

1 The young Coburg Princes, Ernest and Albert. 



256 DISLIKE OF POLITICS [*T.20 

which Lord M. believed was from conscientiousness. 
" But that won't do in public service," said Lord 
M. ; " you must sometimes do things you don't like, 
and sometimes you mustn't press things you think 
right." 

Thursday, 26th September. Lord M. observed 
the rooks flying in a manner which indicated rain ; 
I said I disliked them so. " How very odd," said 
Lord M., " I could sit looking at them for an hour ; 
those are rural habits," he used to be always in the 
country formerly, shooting all day. Talked of my 
disliking this meeting of Ministers ; my disliking 
to hear nothing else but Politics and always Politics. 1 
" Nothing so disagreeable," said Lord M., " very 
tiresome ; and that's the worst of Holland House ; 
you hear nothing else, which is very tiresome, 
particularly when you are at it all day. Holland 
thinks of nothing else." Mr. Fox, on the contrary, 
Lord M. said, was always talking of poetry and 
literature, which he liked much better than Politics ; 
people seldom liked, Lord M. said, what they did 
best. . . . 

Saturday, 28th September. I told him the Monkey 
was better ; that I had finished Guizot, and thought 
it such a pretty book ; the end Lord M. said was 
very curious, and I said melancholy, in which he 
agreed. I said I meant to finish Walpole, but that 
the sinking fund and all that alarmed me. " I 
wouldn't trouble myself with that," said Lord M., 
" I would give it up " ; and I begged him to 
recommend me another book. Talked of the orange 
lilies in my hair being in Ireland the emblem of 

1 After her marriage the Queen used often to lay stress upon the 
relief it was to her that she could shift the burden of " politics " on 
to the Prince. 



1839] QUEEN ELIZABETH'S OPINIONS 257 

Orangeism ; of William III., my not having descended 
from him but from James 1st and Mary Queen of 
Scots, and from Henry VII. ; of Elizabeth's behead- 
ing Mary, which Lord M. said she didn't wish to 
do but was forced to do so; of Elizabeth always 
refusing to name her successor (which was then 
thought necessary), and saying, Lord M. said, " * I 
remember Hatfield,' :) when she was her sister Mary's 
successor and they all came and courted her ; 
of her being wretched when James 1st was born. 
" She didn't like it " (marrying), said Lord M., 
" and I think she never really intended it ; but 
she liked all the courtship and flirtation." Lord M. 
then asked if I had ever read Hallam's Constitutional 
History of England, which I said I had not, and he 
recommended me to read it. "I think it's a good 
book to read," he said, " as you know the History 
well." 

Sunday, 29th September. Islay was much noticed ; 
he (Islay) has a very odd trick of liking to lick and 
play with anything bright, and he remembers Lord 
M. giving him his glasses, and he sits begging before 
Lord M. the moment he sees them ; and Lord M. 
said, "How very odd ; it's quite a subject for the 
reflection of Philosophers ; must be considered at 
the next meeting of the Philosophical Society." . . . 

Tuesday, 1st October. He then said that Russia's 
proposition relative to these Eastern Affairs 1 was to 

1 After the Battle of Navarino the general attitude of Europe 
towards Turkey underwent a change, and the desire to turn the Turks 
out of Europe gave place to a policy of bolstering up the Sick Man. 
The defeat of the Turks by Mehemet Ali at Konieh in 1832, and the 
danger thereby caused to Constantinople, led Mahmoud II. to appeal 
to the European Powers for protection. Russia alone was ready to 
come to his aid, and in 1833 Turkey concluded the Treaty of Unkiar 
Skelessi with Russia ; by it the Dardanelles were closed to all but 



258 TURKISH DIFFICULTIES [* T .20 

act with us, rather without France, but with France 
if we wished it ; and in case of Ibrahim Pasha's 
marching upon Constantinople, that it should be 
allotted to them to defend Constantinople ; but no 
other fleet to come up the Dardanelles. Russia is 
bound by the Treaty of Unkiar Skelessi to defend 
Constantinople. " Now we think it very important 
to carry Russia along with us," said Lord M., " but 
also France," and that it was likewise very important 
to bind Russia by convention to do what she would 
otherwise do of herself ; but would France agree ? 
I asked. Lord M. said they thought France would 
not agree to anything of such magnitude and im- 
portance being done without her ; Lord M. said 
more, which I cannot sufficiently recollect to put 
down. " So we have settled to return a favourable 
answer to Brunow," said Lord M., " to say that we 
are ready to act with Russia, and to act quickly, 
but that we think it very important also that France 
should go with us," and thus not state specifically 
what we shall do. 

Wednesday, 2nd October. I talked to him of Sir 
J. Hobhouse, and Lord M. said, " Hobhouse is a 
man of immense knowledge and acquirements ; 
there's nothing he don't know " ; and we agreed, 
a very agreeable man ; of Macaulay, who Lord M. 

Russian vessels. The death of Mahmoud in 1839 and the feebleness of 
his successor, Abdul Medjid, induced Mehemet Ali to attempt further 
encroachments, and this time the Powers determined to intervene, and 
ensure the integrity of the Ottoman Empire. France, however, stood 
aloof, and was greatly disgusted when in 1840 a treaty with Turkey 
was signed by England, Russia, Austria, and Prussia. By it Mehemet 
Ali was called upon to restore Syria and Candia to the Porte. He 
refused, and was thereupon compelled by English and Austrian forces to 
submit, after a defeat in Syria and the bombardment of Beyrout and 
Acre. See ante, p. 224. 



1830] THE RUSSIAN PROPOSITION 259 

said was " a man of immense learning ; I think 
you'll see he'll make a great man some day," Lord 
M. continued. I observed he was odd-looking. " Un- 
couth, and not a man of the world," Lord M. replied, 
"he has studied a good deal; his father was a 
great Saint ; and that restrained him a good deal." 
I regretted / knew so little. " Oh ! you know 
quite enough," Lord M. replied, "and you will 
have plenty to learn as you will have a great deal to 
read." Talked of the odiousness of having every- 
thing repeated that I said, which he said was 
" irremediable." 

Talked of horses, my grey one being so perfect ; 
mine this year being so much steadier than they 
used to be ; Tartar making Lord M. always un- 
comfortable. Lord Holland bought once a carriage 
and 4 horses for 100 at Calais, drove them to Naples 
and back, and for some time here afterwards ! 
Talked of this Proposition of Russia to Lord M., 
and my fearing their getting alone to the Dardanelles, 
which he thought wouldn't signify if they were 
made to agree to leave it. "I don't doubt the 
Emperor's word," he continued. " Now mind me, 

if he ever breaks his word " Stayed up till 

J p. 11. 

Thursday, 3rd October. Talked of Uncle's think- 
ing I ought to play at cards, which Lord M. thought 
quite a mistake ; of George III.'s playing at Commap l 
and at Backgammon on a Sunday, which Lord M. 
said would now be thought very wrong ; George III. 
was very religious, Lord M. said, but against every- 
thing puritanical. " When Bishop Porteus ' came 

1 Commap, a popular game in the eighteenth century. 

2 Beilby Porteus (1731-1808), famous as a sermon writer. Bishop 
successively of Chester and London. 



260 PALMERSTON AND LADY COWPER DET.JW 

to remonstrate with him," he continued, " about his 
going to Windsor on a Sunday, he received him with 
his carriage at the door." 

Friday, kth October. Lord Melbourne said, " Here's 
a letter from my sister 1 about domestic affairs," and 
when I had read it, he gave me a letter from Sir 
Fred. 2 to her. " Now this is what has never been 
mentioned to any one about Palmerston ; he's al- 
ways wanting to marry her." Sir Fred, writes in 
order that if the letter were seen, no one might 
know what it meant, and talks of Henrietta, by 
which he means her. He advises her, if she likes 
it, to do it, not to potter about it. " I wrote to 
her she must do what she liked," said Lord M., " I 
couldn't advise her. The thing is," Lord M. continued, 
" what his (Palmerston's) circumstances are ; some 
say he is very much indebted ; and then they might 
both be very poor together " were he to be out of 
office ; a very nice place in the country, 3 with a nice 
house, something like Holkham, Lord M. said. " He 
(P.) presses her very much, she says," continued 
Lord M. " You'll not mention it to anybody ? " 
which I said he might rely on. I talked to him 
whether people were ever happy who married so late 
in life, and whose habits were settled, as Lord M. 
observed. " It would be a great change for him," 
said Lord M., " accustomed to run about everywhere ; 
she says her own family like it. I said to her, 
4 You mustn't deceive yourself about it ; if you do 
this you must take the consequences.' ' 

Saturday, 5th October. Talked of asking Lady 



1 The Dowager Lady Cowper. See Vol. I., p. 242. 

2 Sir Frederick Lamb. See Vol. I., p. 253. 

3 Broadlands, in the New Forest, near Romsey. 



1839] PITT AND CANNING 261 

Clanricarde, 1 which he again urged ; of how the 
Granville's came to care so much about her. " Why, 
they, as the adherents of Canning," said Lord M., 
" naturally look to her ; Lord Granville, Lord Morley, 
Lord Seaford, and also Lord Carlisle were very much 
attached to Mr. Canning." I observed Canning 
was no Whig, in which Lord M. agreed, but also no 
Tory. " He followed Mr. Pitt," said Lord M., " he 
began with Mr. Pitt, and Mr. Pitt was certainly not 
a Tory, though he was generally supported by the 
Tory party ; he was called so, as he was in opposition 
to the Whigs." Then, when Mr. Pitt died, Lord M. 
said, Canning " took a line of his own." These, like 
Granville and the others, " are our best friends," 
Lord M. said, " but they are not Whigs ; he (Canning) 
acted with the Whigs, and they followed him," and 
have remained with us ; Lord Haddington was also 
one of his followers but went over. " They are very 
much mixed," said Lord M., " there are many on 
the Tory side who have not Tory opinions, and many 
amongst the Whigs who have not Whig opinions," 
and these, like Granville, consider Lord Canning 
as quite a Tory, and look to Lady Clanricarde 
instead. . . . 

Wednesday, 9th October. After dinner we were 
seated much as usual, Lord Melbourne sitting near 
me, but both he and I were sleepy, and I very tired. 
Talked of my having over-walked myself. " You'll 
be better to-morrow," he said, " after a deep sleep " ; 
and when I said it was reckoned a bad thing to sleep 
immediately after eating, he said, " Reckoned ? 

1 Lady Clanricarde was daughter of Mr. Canning and his wife 
Viscountess Canning in her own right. She was a sister of Lord 
Canning, Viceroy of India, who inherited the title from his mother. 
See ante, p. 75, and Vol. L, p. 318. 
1118 



262 ARRIVAL OF PRINCE ALBERT t*T.20 

who reckons it so ? ' and that he thought it a very 
good thing. 

Thursday, 10th October. Got up at J p. 10 and 
saw to my astonishment that a stone, or rather 2 
stones, had been thrown at my dressing-room window 
and 2 glasses broken ; the stone was found under the 
window ; in the little blue room next the audience 
room another window broken and the stone found 
in the room ; in the new strong room another window 
broken, and in one of the lodging rooms next to this, 
another broken and the stone found in the middle of 
the room. This is a very strange thing, and Lehzen 
told Lord Surrey of it. We stopped and got out at 
the gate of the Terrace, and walked on the Terrace 
and new walk ; Lord Melbourne walking near me 
the whole time. He thought it cold ; he had met 
Brunow in the Quadrangle, who directly said he was 
ready to play at cards with Mamma after dinner. 
As we were returning along the new walk, one of my 
pages came running with a letter from Uncle Leopold, 
saying my cousins would be here very soon ; they 
sent on the letter announcing their arrival. I said 
to Lord M. I was sure they would come this day, but 
he would never believe it. At p. 7 I went to the 
top of the staircase and received my 2 dear cousins 
Ernest and Albert, whom I found grown and 
changed, and embellished. It was with some emo- 
tion that I beheld Albert who is beautiful. I em- 
braced them both and took them to Mamma ; having 
no clothes they couldn't appear at dinner. At 8 we 
dined. Besides our own party, Lady Clanricarde, 
Lord and Lady Granville, Baron Brunow, Lord 
Normanby, the Hon. William Temple, 1 and Mr. 
Murray (who returned), dined here. I sat between 

1 Brother of Lord Palmerston. 



1839] DESCRIPTION OF PRINCE ALBERT 263 

Baron Brunow and Lord Melbourne. Talked to 
Lord Melbourne of my cousins having no baggage ; 
I said I found my cousins so changed. Talked of 
my cousins' bad passage ; their not appearing on 
account of their neglige, which Lord M. thought they 
ought to have done, at dinner and certainly after. 
" I don't know what's the dress / would appear in, 
if I was allowed," said Lord M., which made us laugh. 
After dinner my Cousins came in, in spite of their 
neglige, and I presented them to Lord Melbourne. 
I sat on the sofa with Lady Clanricarde, Lord Mel- 
bourne sitting near me, and Ernest near us and 
Albert opposite (he is so handsome and pleasing), 
and several of the ladies and gentlemen round the 
sofa. I asked Lord M. if he thought Albert like me, 
which he is thought (and which is an immense com- 
pliment to me). " Oh ! yes, he is," said Lord M., 
" it struck me at once." 

Friday, llth October. Got up at \ p. 9 and break- 
fasted at 10. Wrote to Lord Melbourne. Signed. 
My dear Cousins came to my room and Albert gave 
me letters from Vecto, Louise, Uncle Ernest, and 
Uncle Ferdinand. They remained some little time 
in my room and really are charming young men ; 
Albert really is quite charming, and so excessively 
handsome, such beautiful blue eyes, an exquisite 
nose, and such a pretty mouth with delicate mous- 
tachios and slight but very slight whiskers ; a 
beautiful figure, broad in the shoulders and a fine 
waist. At about \ p. 10 dancing began. I danced 
5 quadrilles ; (1) with Ernest ; (2) with dearest 
Albert, who dances so beautifully ; (3) with Lord 
Alfred ; (4) with Ernest ; and (5) with dearest 
Albert again. After the 1st quadrille there was a 
Valse ; after the 2nd and 3rd Gallops ; and after 



264 LIFE AT WINDSOR [JET. 20 

the 4th another Valse ; it is quite a pleasure to 
look at Albert when he gallops and valses, he 
does it so beautifully, holds himself so well with 
that beautiful figure of his. Lord Melbourne sat 
near me during the intervals and during the valses. 
He was quite well, he assured me, and not tired ; 
he talked of Kolo wrath and Alvensleben. I praised 
him for not sleeping. Just before I began the 4th 
quadrille, I asked him if he was going or staying ; 
going, he said ; and when I began he went away, at 
10 m. p. 12. 

Saturday, 12th October. At 20 m. p. 3 I rode out 
with my cousins, Mamma, Lord Melbourne, Daisy, and 
the same party as the day before with the exception 
of Lord Granville, Lord Normanby, Lord Surrey and 
Mr. Byng ; and came home at J p. 5. I rode Friar, 
who went beautifully. I rode the whole time be- 
tween Albert (with whom I talked a good deal) and 
Lord Melbourne, who, out of anxiety lest I should 
suffer from his horse shying against me, rode his 
white-faced horse, which he has not ridden since he 
came down with him, and which isn't half as easy as 
the other, nor so safe ; it was so kind and I felt it 
so much, but it grieved me ; luckily the horse went 
safe and quiet. 

Sunday, 13th October. At 111 went to church with 
Mamma and my beloved cousins (in my carriage) and 
all the other ladies (except Daisy) and gentlemen, to 
St. George's. Besides Mamma and my 2 Cousins, 
Lady Sandwich, Lord Melbourne, Lord Palmerston, 
Lord Falkland and Alvensleben were in the Closet 
with me. Dearest Albert sat near me, who enjoyed 
the music excessively and thought it quite beautiful. 
Lord M. said he had a gossiping letter from Lady 
Holland, which he read to me ; as he thought I 



1839] THOUGHTS ON MARRIAGE 265 

couldn't read it. Talked of Spain ; Alava's pleasure 
at being asked, and his saying in a letter he did not 
wish to change his name for any other. Talked of my 
cousins having gone to Frogmore ; the length of their 
stay being left to me ; and I said seeing them had a 
good deal changed my opinion (as to marrying), and 
that I must decide soon, which was a difficult thing. 
' You would take another week," said Lord M. ; 
" certainly a very fine young man, very good-look- 
ing," in which I most readily agreed, and said he 
was so amiable and good tempered, and that I had 
such a bad temper ; of my being the 1st now to own 
the advantage of beauty, which Lord M. said smiling 
he had told me was not to be despised, in spite of 
what I had said to him about it. Talked of my 
cousins being religious. " That strong Protestant 
feeling is a good thing in this country," he said, " if 
it isn't intolerant," which I assured him it was not. 
I had great fun with my dear cousins after dinner. 
I sat on the sofa with dearest Albert ; Lord Mel- 
bourne sitting near me, Ernest playing at chess, 
and many being seated round the table. I looked 
at some drawings by Stephano della Bella and 
Domenichino, with Albert, and then we gave them 
to Lord Melbourne. Lord M. was quite well ; he 
talked of a letter they had sent him from Charles 
Napier, 1 on Sir Robert Stopford's station. Lord M. 
looked at the drawings. Eos 8 came in again and 
yawned. I played 2 games at Tactics with dear 
Albert, and 2 at Fox and Geese. Stayed up till 
20 m. p. 11. A delightful evening. 

1 Charles Napier (afterwards Admiral Sir Charles Napier, K.C.B.) 
had commissioned the Powerful early in the year, which was sent 
out to the East when it became necessary to reinforce the fleet under 
Sir Robert Stopford. 

2 A favourite greyhound of the Prince Consort's. 
1118* 



266 CONCERNING MARRIAGES [^.20 

Monday, Uth October. Went to Lehzen's room 
where Lady Sandwich 1 was with the baby whom 
I nursed and petted, for he is a darling. Wrote 
letters to the Duchess of Gloucester and Princess 
Augusta. At 1 came Lord Melbourne and stayed 
with me till 10 m. p. 2. He was quite well. He 
said, " Here's a letter from my sister," in which 
she talks again of her intended marriage, and she 
contemplates with horror and very naturally her 
surviving Lord M. and Sir Fred. She advises Lord 
M. to marry again, if he was out of Office ! ! which 
made us both laugh, and proposes one of the 
Hardys ! ! All Lord M.'s property " goes to her by 
my Father's will," he said. 2 I thought it a pity Sir 
Fred, didn't marry. 3 " I'd just as much wish Ford- 
wich 4 had it, as anyone else " ; before this he 
showed me a letter from Lord Morpeth about Lord 
Cremorne. Talked of so many families becoming 
extinct. Then she wanted Sir Fred, to marry 
Theresa Villiers. " She was always wanting me to 
marry Olivia De Ros," said Lord M. I observed 
that they had said also he (Ld. M.) would marry 
Lady Boyle, Emily Seymour that was. " There 
was a good deal of report about it," he said. 

Talked of my Cousins' having gone out shooting. 
After a little pause I said to Lord M., that I had 
made up my mind (about marrying dearest Albert). 
" You have ? " he said ; " well then, about the 
time ? " Not for a year, I thought ; which he said 

1 Formerly Lady Mary Paget. See Vol. I., p. 349. 

2 The whole of Lord Melbourne's property, Melbourne and 
Brocket, passed to Lady Cowper and her children. 

3 He eventually married, at the age of sixty, the young daughter of 
Count Maltzahn. See Vol. L, p; 253. 

4 The second title in the Cowper family, and the name by which 
Lord Melbourne's nephew was known before his accession to the Peerage. 



1839] THE QUESTION OF WHEN? 267 

was too long ; that Parliament must be assembled 
in order to make a provision for him, and that 
if it was settled " it shouldn't be talked about," 
said Lord M. ; " it prevents any objection, though 
I don't think there'll be much; on the contrary," 
he continued with tears in his eyes, " I think 
it'll be very well received ; for I hear there is 
an anxiety now that it should be; and I'm very 
glad of it ; I think it is a very good thing, and you'll 
be much more comfortable ; for a woman cannot 
stand alone for long, in whatever situation she is." 
Lord M. said then that he wondered if I didn't wish 
to have it directly (which I said I didn't), as in 
that case Parliament would have to be assembled 
before ; but if I didn't, that it had better be in January 
or February, after Parliament met; not later; upon 
which I observed, " So soon." " You are rather 
alarmed when it comes to be put in that way," he 
said laughing ; which I assured him I was not. 
Then I asked, if I hadn't better tell Albert of my 
decision soon, in which Lord M. agreed. How ? I 
asked, for that in general such things were done the 
other way, which made Lord M. laugh. That 
Uncle Leopold and Uncle Ernest should know it ; 
of settling my own time ; and then for some time 
of what should be done for him ; George of Denmark 
would be the person to look back to ; he was Lord 
High Admiral, Lord M. said ; of making him a Peer 
my being against it. A Field Marshal he ought 
be made, just like Uncle ; and anyhow a Royal 
Highness ; of how I should say it to Albert ; Lord 
M. thought there was no harm in people's guessing 
the thing ; he said that he would mention it 
to John Russell and Palmerston, and perhaps the 
Chancellor. When we got up, I took Lord M.'s hand, 



268 THE PROPOSAL [an-. 20 

and said he was always so kind to me, which 
he has always been ; he was so kind, so fatherly 
about all this. I felt very happy. Read des- 
patches. Wrote to Ernest and Albert sending them 
things. Wrote my journal. At 8 we dined. Prince 
Esterhazy, Lord Uxbridge and the Ladies E. and C. 
Paget dined here. Prince Esterhazy led me in, and 
I sat between him and my dearest Albert, with whom 
I talked a great deal. Lord Melbourne sat opposite 
between Lady C. Dundas and Ellen. Talked to 
Lord Melbourne after dinner of my hearing Albert 
couldn't sleep these last few days ; nor I either, I 
added ; that he asked a good deal about England, 
about which I tried to give him the most agreeable 
idea. " I mentioned it to J. Russell," said Lord M., 
but that J. Russell was very anxious it should be 
told to very few, as it was so difficult to deny such 
a thing when it was really settled ; and that if I 
could talk to Albert about it and settle it with him 
but no one else, which I said I would. " I'll talk 
to you about it more fully to-morrow," Lord M. 
said. 

Tuesday, 15th October. Saw my dear Cousins 
come home quite safe from the Hunt, and charge up 
the hill at an immense pace. Saw Esterhazy. At 
about \ p. 12 I sent for Albert ; he came to the 
Closet where I was alone, and after a few minutes 
I said to him, that I thought he must be aware 
why I wished them to come here, and that it would 
make me too happy if he would consent to what I 
wished (to marry me). We embraced each other, 
and he was so kind, so affectionate. I told him I 
was quite unworthy of him, he said he would be 
very happy " das Leben mit dir zu zubringen," and 
was so kind, and seemed so happy, that I really felt it 



1839] KEEPING THE SECRET 269 

was the happiest brightest moment in my life. I 
told him it was a great sacrifice, which he wouldn't 
allow ; I then told him of the necessity of keeping 
it a secret, except to his father and Uncle Leopold 
and Stockmar, to whom he said he would send a 
Courier next day, and also that it was to be as early 
as the beginning of February. I then told him to 
fetch Ernest, which he did and he congratulated 
us both and seemed very happy. I feel the happiest 
of human beings. 

At 25 m. p. 1 came Lord Melbourne and stayed 
with me till 20 m. p. 2. He was well and had slept 
well. Talked of the weather ; he read me a letter 
about this Lord Huntingdon, 1 who seems to be very 
proud and tenacious of his rights and rank, as Lord 
M. already knew, and as his Uncle-in-law Lord 
Carew writes. Talked of that, of William Cowper's 
coming down, and George Anson ; I then began and 
said I had got well through this with Albert. " Oh ! 
you have," said Lord M. ; and I continued that 
he had said he would let no one perceive that any- 
thing of the kind had taken place ; that he seemed 
very happy, and his brother as happy as him, only 
that he (E.) said he was the only loser by it, as his 
brother had been everything to him. Lord M. 
then said if I had wished to have it immediately 
that Parliament must be assembled. He said there 
was a great deal of talking going on about it ; Lady 
Holland had written about it. Before this Lord M. 
said, " You can then (when married) do much more 
what you like." " Normanby wishes it," said Lord 
M. " He wishes the thing should be done and 
thinks it the best." " John Russell said," continued 
Lord M. with tears in his eyes, " his only wish is 

1 Francis Henry, twelfth Earl. 



270 CONCERNING THE DECLARATION i*x.2o 

that you should be happy," which I said I hadn't a 
doubt of. 

Wednesday, 16th October. Talked of Albert's be- 
having so wonderfully, so that no one could imagine 
that anything had taken place ; Ernest's saying 
he couldn't bear it, if he was in such a situation. 
" I find you must declare it in Council," said Lord 
M., when it is to be announced ; " it is quite done 
by you ; you assemble the Privy Councillors and 
announce it to them ; that is what George III. did." 
Talked of making him a Peer, which Lord M. said 
he should like to take other people's opinion upon ; 
but I talked of the necessity of his having prece- 
dence of everyone else. " There'll be no difficulty 
about that," said Lord M., " as everybody will see 
the propriety of that." . . . 

Saturday, 19th October. Signed. Wrote my 
journal. Went into the little room and began a 
letter to the Duchess of Northumberland ; my 
dearest Albert came to me at 10 m. to 12 and stayed 
with me till 20 m. p. 1. Such a pleasant happy 
time. He looked over my shoulder and watched 
me writing to the Duchess of Northumberland, and 
to the Duchess of Sutherland; and he scraped out 
some mistakes I had made. I told him I felt so 
grateful to him and would do everything to make 
him happy. I gave him a ring with the date of 
the ever dear to me 15th engraved in it. I also 
gave him a little seal I used to wear. I asked if he 
would let me have a little of his dear hair. 

Later. Talked to Lord M. of Col. Brown ; of 
Palmerston being so poorly ; of Saxons, and who 
were descended from Saxons or Normans. I asked 
what he was ; Saxon, he said ; and Palmerston, 
Saxon ; Cowper he wasn't so sure of ; and Paget 



1839] THE PAGET FAMILY 271 

I thought sounded Norman ; and Lord M. told 
me a curious anecdote about the Pagets. " Their 
ancestor asked to have a patch of land, which was 
this great Beaudesert, and it was given to him, 
but they said to him, ' You must call yourself 
Patchet.' " The first Lord Coke, Lord M. said, 
was accused of acquiring so much property, and he 
asked leave to buy one acre more, and that was the 
great estate of Castle Acre. Talked of this Patchet. 
" I remember her very well," Lord M. replied, " she 
was nurse to some of them ; to Lord Hertford, Lady 
Louisa Murray and me." I told Lord M. I had 
another present for him, which I feared would bore 
him. " Oh ! no," he said ; and I told him, as he 
had said to me his writing-case was too old, I begged 
he would let me offer him one. " I'm very much 
obliged to you," he said, " you may depend upon 
it I shall always keep it." 

Sunday, 2Qth October. At J p. 2 both Ernest and 
Albert came to my room and stayed with me till 
20 m. p. 3, talking about many things. At p. 3 
my kind excellent Lord Melbourne came to me and 
stayed with me till 4. He was quite well. 

Monday, 2lst October. Talked of my cousins 
hunting, and Lord M. said, " William Cowper said 
the Prince (Albert) rode like an old hand." Heard 
from Lord Melbourne that there was a report in 
London that Brougham had been killed by falling 
out of a carriage. When I came out of my room 
into the Gallery, Lord Uxbridge told us he had seen 
the letter from a Mr. Shafto (who had been in the 
carriage with Brougham) to Mr. Montgomery, saying 
Brougham was killed ; and Lord Uxbridge said there 
could be no doubt ; and Mr. Leader so hurt (who 
had been also in the carriage) as not thought likely 



272 BROUGHAM'S REPORTED DEATH er.20 

he would live. The gentlemen came out with us. 
I talked to Lord Melbourne about Brougham, and 
how it had happened his having been kicked on 
the head by the horse and then driven over ; I 
observed it was a very striking thing. " Oh ! very ; 
I've a great feeling about it myself," said Lord M., 
greatly affected. " I have known him 37 years ; 
and somehow or other he always stood by me " ; 
which I observed I thought he had certainly not 
done, and that it was all Lord M.'s excellent kind 
heart. Lord M. thinks he would have come round 
to us, and that the death of " a man of weight " 
was always a bad thing. Talked of his wife being 
ill left. 1 

Tuesday, 22nd October. Talked of the accounts 
of Brougham and how he had beeji killed. " I've 
seen the Chancellor," said Lord M., " and have told 
him " (about Albert). We heard before we went out 
that Brougham was not dead, and that it was all a 
hoax. Too monstrous this is ! 

Wednesday, 23rd October. At 12 Lord Melbourne 
came to me and stayed with me till 1. Talked of 
the weather; of a letter of Count d'Orsay's, deny- 
ing that he had spread the report about Brougham, 
which he was accused of having done. " If Shafto 
has really written this letter," said Lord M., " no- 
thing on earth will ever make them believe it isn't 
Brougham who has written it." I said I heard 
D'Orsay and Brougham said they knew for certain 
I wouldn't marry Albert. . . . 

1 On Tuesday, 22nd October, the Morning Post and Morning Chron- 
icle, assuming that the report was well founded, published eloquent and 
generous obituary notices, but The Times discredited the rumour. 
There had indeed been a carriage accident, but the servants alone had 
been injured. It has been assumed that the rumour of his own death 
was originated by Brougham himself. 



1839] PRECEDENTS 273 

Tuesday, 29th October. I then said that both 
Albert and I were very much against his being made 
a Peer, that he didn't like the idea. " Well," said 
Lord M., " if he is against it and you have a leaning 
that way we needn't press it." At 6 dearest Albert 
came to me and stayed with me till 7. Part of the 
time we sat in the Closet, and Albert gave me a ring 
just like the one I gave him with the date of the 
15th in it. ... 

Thursday, 3Ist October. After this Lord M. gave 
me some more extracts to read, which Anson had 
sent him, about Queen Anne and George of Denmark, 
by which it seems he always led the Queen in and sat 
on her left hand ; which Lord M. said I could settle 
respecting Albert as I liked. They don't seem 
certain if George of Denmark had the Garter, which 
we both thought very odd. 1 Talked of Albert's 
being made a Privy Councillor ; of how the Declara- 
tion should be made ; about the end of November 
in an open Council, which I thought disagreeable, 
but which Lord M. said must be. Of when the 
marriage should be ; about the 6th of February 
not later. 

Friday, 1st November, 1839. After this Lord M. 
took up the Annual Register of the year 1761, and 
read me an exact and minute account of George III.'s 
Declaration to the Council of his Marriage ; of Queen 
Charlotte's coming over, her reception, the marriage, 
the procession to and from the Chapel Royal, and 
all the entertainments that followed it, which must 
have been awfully fatiguing. Talked of the whole 
being in state, and I said laughing to Lord M. I 
thought he said it was not in state, in order to get 

1 He was made a K.G., and in his portraits is represented with the 
ribbon of the Garter. See post, p. 276. 



274 SAYING GRACE r*T.20 

out of it, which made him laugh much. " It must 
be just the same," he said, of course ; and my train 
borne by young ladies ; two of those who carried 
Queen Charlotte's train were Lady Sarah Lennox 
and Lady Susan Strangways. 1 Talked of my not 
being obliged to have so many Fetes as they had ; 
of sending two of my gentlemen to bring Albert 
over ; the Duchesses of Ancaster * and Hamilton 3 
(the Duke of Argyll's mother) went over to fetch her 4 ; 
the former was her Mistress of the Robes, and the 
latter her Lady of the Bedchamber, for there is an 
account of her Household in this same book. 

Saturday, 2nd November. Read in Hallam, which 
I thought very interesting. Played on the piano. 
Wrote my journal. At 20 m. to 12 dearest Albert 
came to me, and he went and fetched Ernest. Lord 
M. talked of the Duke of Devonshire saying grace 
before dinner. " He asked my sister," said Lord 
M., " if she thought it looked odd ; she said not, 
if he liked it." The Duke said, that as it was always 
done when a Clergyman was there, why should it 
not be done when a Clergyman was not there ? 
but Lady Cowper said the Foreigners couldn't make 
out what it meant. Talked of the marriage and my 
insisting he (A.) should lead me out, which George III. 
had not done Queen Charlotte ; of whether we 
should go to Windsor after it or not, which Lord M. 
said was for us as we liked ; of Albert's having 
George Anson 5 about him, which Lord M. thought 
a good plan. I asked what Lady Cowper had said 

1 The friend of Lady Sarah Lennox. She married the actor, William 
O'Brien. 

8 Wife of the third Duke of Ancaster. See Vol. I., p. 313. 
8 Elizabeth Gunning. See Vol. I., p. 215. 
4 I.e. Queen Charlotte. 
8 See Vol. L, p. 69. 







<JL. c). C>L. J^ 
LrcU) -JJA-thes 0j~ 
<Ju j^&th^f*' cy- <-Jsr t i 



<JJu>r / bum 



1839] LADY COWPER'S MARRIAGE 275 

about Albert. " She thinks him very good-looking," 
he replied ; of which I said he had no idea. . . . 

Monday, Uh November. Lord M. said to me, his 
sister had told him she had written to old Mr. Henry 
Cowper about her marriage, and had received a very 
kind letter from him saying that he quite approved 
of it ; and she intends to have it in December after 
the Cabinets are over. u ' The only person I fear 
now,' she said, * is the Queen,' " said Lord M., " 'as 
she may think it foolish in a person of my age 
marrying.' J> . . . 

Friday, 8th November. At 25 m. p. 6 came Lord 
Melbourne and stayed with me till 20 m. to 7. He 
was in a strange costume, that is to say, light white 
and grey striped calico trousers with very large shoes. 
I feared I had interrupted him in his sleep, which he 
wouldn't allow, but which I think was the case. . . . 

Sunday, 10th November. At 11 I went to St. 
George's with dearest Albert, Ernest and Mamma 
(in my carriage) and the ladies and gentlemen, 
and came home at \ p. 1. Lord M. made us 
laugh very much by telling us that when they were 
making a noise at the dinner in the City, 1 when he 
got up to speak, a woman came behind him and 
said, " There are a few men against you, but never 
mind, all the women are with you." I sat on the 
sofa with Albert and we played at that game of 
letters, out of which you are to make words, and we 
had great fun about them. Albert gave " Pleasure" 
and when I said to the people who were puzzling 
it out, it was a very common word, Albert said, 
But not a very common thing, upon which Lord M. 

1 At the Lord Mayor's Dinner on 9th November, Lord Melbourne, 
on returning thanks for Her Majesty's Ministers, was received with 
considerable uproar. 



276 PRINCE ALBERT AND A PEERAGE [^20 

said, "Is it truth, or honesty ? " which made us 
all laugh. . .?... 

Tuesday, 12th November. At 20 m. to 1 Lord 
Melbourne came to me and stayed with me till 20 
m. p. 1. I then told him Uncle Leopold had written 
to Albert urging very strongly his being made a 
Peer, 1 which I said we were both so against ; and 
that Uncle said he refused it because he could not 
have voted with the King's Government. Lord M. 
said he had never heard why Uncle refused it, and 
why they afterwards refused to give it him when he 
wished to have it. Uncle says George of Denmark 
was Duke of Kendal 2 ; even if he was, said Lord M. 
(which he doubts), he never was called so ; and we 
agreed that if A. and I didn't like it, there was no 
reason why the thing should be pressed ; for that 
it could always be done hereafter. I said Albert 
wished to see Lord M. and wished to know if he 
might say to Uncle that Lord M. was against it. 
Lord M. agreed to this, but said he was anxious it 
shouldn't be said he opposed it. 

Wednesday, 13th November. He read me a letter 
from Normanby, about Col. Thomas J ; one from 

1 King Leopold's reason was that he thought the Prince should 
have an English name and title. The Queen wrote to the Prince about 
this time : " Lord Melbourne told me yesterday that the whole Cabinet 
are strongly of opinion that you should not be made a Peer. I will 
write that to Uncle." 

2 In 1684, the year after his marriage, Prince George was made a 
K.G. In 1689 he was naturalised, and created Baron of Ockingham, 
Earl of Kendal, and Duke of Cumberland. 

3 Colonel Thomas and the officers of the 20th Regiment were present 
at a dinner of the Conservative Association of Ashton-under-Lyne, 
at which a speech was made by a Mr. Roby containing expressions 
most insulting and disrespectful towards the Queen. For not promptly 
repudiating these sentiments, Colonel Thomas and the other officers 
present were severely censured by the Commander-in-Chief , Lord Hill. 



u.* -r 






THE BALLOT QUESTION 273 

explanation about it, and about people's being un- 
able to vote unless they had paid the rates up to the 
very day ; and that many people wanted to get 
rid of this ; but the Lords did not like that as they 
thought it was " meddling with the Reform Bill." 
I asked him if he had done anything more about the 
Ballot. He replied that he had heard from Lord 
John this morning, who said they had best wait the 
decision ; he added that Lord John thinks he must 
resign if any of the others vote for the Ballot, as 
after his very strong declaration against it, he would 
consider their voting for it as " passing a censure upon 
him " ; Lord Melbourne said he did not quite think 
that, and that he thought Lord John took it rather 
too seriously ; but he added : " Lord John does." 
Lord Melbourne said he thinks it better not to take 
much notice of who vote for or against it ; and he 
added " we took no notice of it when Lord Charles 
Fitzroy voted for it (Ballot) last year ; he is a very 
foolish man, I think." I said to him that I believed 
the Cabinet were all agreed upon this question ; he 
replied they were ; " that is to say either to vote 
against its being made an open question, or not to 
vote at all." He added that Sir John Hobhouse and 
Mr. Poulett Thomson did not vote at all, having he 
believed pledged themselves before they came into 
the Ministry. . . .Lord Melbourne told me he had 
dined at home the night before. Spoke to him about 
the play of Richard III., and of Kean ; spoke of 
Richard III. himself, who he (Ld. M.) believes to 
have been crooked and deformed, and to have 
murdered the two young Princes ; though, he said, 
that great pains had been taken to trace it all in 
the Historical Doubts by Horace Walpole and to 
prove the contrary. He also mentioned the well- 



274 WELLINGTON'S MANNER [*r. is 

known old story of the old Countess of Desmond, 1 
who " said she had danced with him " (Richard) 
" the night of his Coronation and that he was a very 
handsome man." Spoke of the Duke of Wellington ; 
he said " The Duke of Wellington is amazingly sen- 
sible to attention ; nothing pleases him so much as 
if one asks him his opinion about anything." He 
added that many people were offended with the 
Duke's abrupt manner of speaking ; I observed that 
I thought that was only a manner, and that he did 
not mean it so. " No more do I," replied Lord 
Melbourne. Spoke of Lord Ebrington, who Lord 
Melbourne has known a long while and says is a 
clever man and possesses a considerable influence 
over Lord John ; Lord Tavistock also he added, has 
influence over his brother John ; " but," said Lord 
Melbourne, " Lord Tavistock has also got some 
strange notions ; he lives a great deal in the country ; 
and people who live a great deal in the country pick 
up strange ideas." I asked him if he thought there 
would be much opposition to the Irish Poor Laws in 
the House of Lords. " I think there will be none," 
he said. " I don't think there will be any difficulty 
about any of the Questions it's only this Ballot." 
I asked him if he had seen Lord John about it. He 
replied that others had, but that " I don't like to 
speak to him about it ; I feel rather awkward about 
speaking to him about it, as last year he wanted me 
to make it an open question and I refused ; and now 

1 Catherine, widow of the twelfth Earl of Desmond, died in 1604, 
having survived her husband seventy years. There seems much doubt 
about the principal dates of her life, e.g. those of her birth and mar- 
riage, but she is said to have attained the remarkable age of 140 years, 
and to have died by a fall from a cherry-tree. Sir Walter Raleigh 
records that he knew her and that she " was married in Edward IV.'s 
time." 



18363 TROOPS IN CANADA 275 

that I want him to relax he would say, * Why, what 
have you to say ? ' " He said Lord John was " very 
unbendable " about it. Lord Melbourne wanted 
him not to be so very particular about it, and let 
them vote for or against it (its being an open ques- 
tion) and not take much notice of it ; but Lord John 
said that after his declaration that would affect him. 
I asked who were the others who wanted to vote for 
it. " Why, Sir Hussey Vivian is the one of the 
greatest consequence, and Parnell," l he replied. 
" The fact is, Vivian should not have pledged him- 
self ; he carried his election in a way he should not 
have done." 

Wednesday, 7th February. Lord Melbourne said he 
had just been to see Lord Durham " who wants more 
force." He (Ld. D.) said that the Duke of Wellington 
had told him he ought to have 75,000 men in Canada, 
to put it down. Lord Melbourne further told me 
that the Duke of Wellington had been to see Lord 
Durham on Friday, he thinks ; stayed with him for 
an hour and a half ; had gone with him through the 
whole thing, had told him how to manage the troops 
by sending them from one place to another, and told 
him all his ideas of doing the thing. Lord Melbourne 
seemed quite pleased about it. 2 I showed Lord Mel- 
bourne a letter I had got from Stockmar, about 
which Lord Melbourne said he would write to Stock- 
mar. Spoke about my asking Sir Robert Peel &c. 
to dinner, which led us to speak about Lady Ashley, 

1 Henry Brooke Parnell had been member for Maryborough in the 
Irish House of Commons, and was now member for Dundee. He was 
made Paymaster-General on that office being constituted in 1838. 
Afterwards created Lord Congleton. 

* The Duke never allowed political feeling to interfere with what 
he considered public duty. As a politician he was a Tory j but as a 
soldier he had no politics. 



276 LORD ELLENBOROUGH tr. is 

who, Lord Melbourne says, is decided in her politics, 
though not violent ; she is a Tory ; Lord Melbourne 
says she does not talk about it much ; but he thinks 
she has at one time discussed it with her mother, 
who of course is a Whig ; I said I supposed Lady 
Fanny had no ideas of her own about Politics ; he 
replied, " Why I think she is a Tory." I was sur- 
prised ; said laughing I thought it very wrong, and 
very odd, as all her brothers were Whigs. Spoke to 
him at dinner about various things ; he told me Mr. 
Roebuck is a small man with " small finely cut 
features," and that he speaks well " plainly, with- 
out ornament." 

Thursday, 8th February. He said he thought there 
would be some debate in the H. of Lords about the 
third reading of the Canada bill tonight ; he thinks 
Lord Ellenborough l will speak. I asked him if he 
(Ld. E.) was a clever man ; he replied, " He is a dis- 
agreeable, conceited man, but a clever man." . . . 
Lord Melbourne told me today that when he was as 
young as Lord Canning is now, he " was very shy " ; 
" I think I was about as shy as anybody could be," 
he said. 

Friday, 9th February. Got the following commu- 
nication from Lord Melbourne. " The Canada Bill 
was read a third time yesterday evening without 
division, but after a Debate which lasted until ten 

1 Lord Ellenborough (1790-1871) was a son of the Chief Justice, 
and sat in several Conservative Cabinets. He was Governor-General 
of India in 1844, and recalled from his post by the directors of the 
East India Company in opposition to the wish of the Cabinet, who at 
once recommended him for an earldom. He was too imaginative and 
daring for the post of Governor-General at this period of Indian ad- 
ministrative history ; but his memory was often revived in the 
person of a more daring and more brilliant successor in that high 
office. 



1839] THE RELIGIOUS QUESTION 281 

he would get these papers copied for me. Talked of 
my marriage ; of the Chapel Royal ; of the possi- 
bility of having it at Buckingham Palace ; not at 
Westminster Abbey, as that would be like a 2nd 
Coronation. Lord M. read a note from a Mr. Pen- 
nington of the Treasury about Albert's income. . . . 

Friday, 6th December. Talked of the attacks 
against the omission of the word " Protestant " in 
the Declaration. "You mustn't think it belongs to 
the Party," l said Lord M., " now you'll see not one 
word will be said about it in Parliament " ; that he 
heard Lyndhurst deplored it very much; I thought 
it was Croker's doing, as he had asked Lord M. 
about the word Protestant being left out. Lord M. 
said he on purpose left out what was put in 
George III.'s Declaration, which was, that the 
Princess was a lineal descendant of a House which 
had always been warmly attached to the Protes- 
tant Religion, as that didn't say anything about 
her religion ; and Lord M. said he left that out on 
purpose not to attract attention, as else they would 
have said that wasn't true, and that many of the 
family had collapsed into Catholicism. . . . 

Saturday, 7th December. Talked of Philip, Queen 
Mary's husband, having been Titular King of Eng- 
land, which however Lord M. said he disliked so 
much, and that he disliked her. Talked of Princess 
Charlotte having always said she would make Uncle 
King if she came to the Throne. Talked of 
William III. having insisted on being King de facto, 
which Bishop Burnet settled with Queen Mary for 
him, and William said he (Bp. B.) had settled in 
an hour what he had been contemplating for years. 
I said she (Mary) was a cruel woman, which Lord 

1 The Tory Party. 
II 19* 



282 ARRANGING THE MARRIAGE TREATY [*r.20 

M. wouldn't allow, and said, "She had been the 
handsomest woman in Europe." l He said William 
always left her to settle his affairs while he was 
abroad; she died in '93 or '94, he thinks. Talked 
of Queen Anne, who he said had also been handsome, 
which I said couldn't be the case, and that the Bust 
of her in the Gallery here was very ugly. " That 
was done when she was old," said Lord M., " when 
she had had 15 or 16 children." 

Sunday, 8th December. Uncle is also full of the 
necessity of a Marriage Treaty. " I think the best, 
Ma'am, would be," said Lord M., " if you approve, 
for Stockmar to be instructed with all they wish to 
be done, and to be sent over here directly, so as to 
settle it here before the Meeting of Parliament," 
which I quite agreed in. Lord M. observed Uncle 
thought a Treaty safer, and perhaps it might be, 
though he thought an Act of Parliament equally so. 
Talked of my letter from Albert being from Coburg. 
Talked of sending a drawing of these Arms to Albert, 
and how we should settle about the Seal. "The 
Arms 2 are rather a ticklish thing to meddle with," 
said Lord M., " as they are not your arms but the 
arms of the Country," which is very true. . . . 

Tuesday, IQth December. Talked of those papers 
of the late King's, which I begged Lord M. to speak 
to Wheatley about, and which we agreed ought to 
have been kept in the Family. 3 

1 It is difficult to imagine the source from which the Queen had 
gathered this impression of Queen Mary. It was probably the un- 
qualified inference from the fact that she never showed much tenderness 
towards her father, James II. 

2 The Queen had sent a little drawing of the Arms made by herself 
to the Prince at Coburg. 

8 There is some misapprehension here, as there is no reason to suppose 
that the papers of William IV. were ever in the hands of Sir H. Wheatley. 



1839] THE CHANCELLOR ON PRECEDENCE 283 

Wednesday, llth December. " Here's the Chan- 
cellor's answer about this bill of naturalization," said 
Lord M. "I wrote to him to consider it," and Lord 
M. then read it ; he thinks the same course as that 
pursued in Uncle Leopold's case should be followed ; 
and agreed that Albert should certainly have prece- 
dence l over the Royal Dukes. u And now he men- 
tions what I never thought of when I talked of it to 
Your Majesty, * and even I think before the Queen's 
Children? " Lord M. read. Lord M. then said he 
thought he never could go before the Prince of Wales, 
before the Heir- Apparent ; but I said they never 
could go before their father. The Chancellor con- 
cludes by saying, it would be very disagreeable if 
the Parties concerned were not to concur; I said 
I felt certain both the Duke of Sussex and the Duke 
of Cambridge would not object to this, and that 
otherwise Albert's position would not be bearable. 
He talked of Mrs. Hamilton (Margaret Dillon), and 
Lord M. asked, " How many children ? Why, the 
measure of married happiness is to have a great 
number of children," said Lord M. . . . 

Wednesday, 18th December. Then he talked of a 
mistake there was in those " points " they had 
written from Coburg, viz. that I had the right to 
appoint my Husband Regent, which I have not. 
Lord M. says he must consult the Chancellor about 
many other things. George IV. bought a good deal 
of property, he said. There was a bill brought in, 
in George III.'s reign, Lord M. continued, enabling 
him to make a will, which till then no King 
could. . . . 

1 Lord Melbourne ultimately advised the Queen that it was unneces- 
sary to say anything about the Prince's precedence in the Bill, as she 
could, by her own Sovereign Act, grant him any precedence she pleased. 



284 POWERS OF APPOINTMENT [2ET.20 

Sunday, 22nd December. I continued Albert's 
position would be too difficult if he must go after 
all, that he ought to have the title of King, that 
power wasn't worth having if I couldn't even 
give him the rank he ought to have. " You can't 
give it him but by Act of Parliament," 1 said Lord 
M. "Here's the Chancellor's answer to that letter" 
(those questions and propositions from Coburg), 
which Lord M. then read to me, and which are 
very clear and good. Respecting the Succession 
to Coburg, he says they may settle there what they 
like, to which we shall not dissent but agree ; but 
that we cannot legislate here about a Foreign Succes- 
sion. He states likewise that I cannot appoint 
Albert Guardian to my children for that if my son 
was of age when I died, he, as King, would be Guar- 
dian of his brothers and sisters, and if he were not 
of age, then there would be a Regency. " These are 
our laws," he said, and he added laughing, " I don't 
know if they are right." He wished me to send a 
copy of these answers to Albert, and he would send 
one to Uncle Leopold. 

Monday, 23rd December. Lord M. said how 
singular it was, that since William the Conqueror, 
that there had only been 3 Queens, and that those 
were only Queens by extraordinary circumstances ; 
the title of Prince of Wales only belongs to a man, 
he said, there can be no Princess of Wales (in her 
own right). Talked of Queen Mary having been a 
good deal persecuted and ill-used by Edward VI., 
and Lord M. said, as a proof, Edward said he hoped 
he should not be obliged to proceed to violent 
measures against her. Talked of Hallam's not having 

1 This refers to the Title of King. Any other rank the Queen could 
bestow by her own act. 



1839] 



THE CHRISTMAS SERVICE 



285 



a good opinion of Cranmer ; saying what he had 
done when he became Archbishop, but that as he 
was burnt, everybody thought him a Saint. Lord 
M. said he was " very shuffling," and that he heard 
that somebody was going to publish a life of Cranmer, 
tending to lower him very much in the eyes of the 
world, upon which the Archbishop of Canterbury 
wrote to say he had better not do it, " not rake all 
that up," for that " after all he is our first Protestant 
Archbishop." 

Lord M. was very well and in high spirits ; 
talked of the long Paper I had sent him (a Historical 
Sketch of our Saxon Ancestors, which Albert sent 
me, and which I sent off immediately to Lord M. 
without reading it). " I've read it," Lord M. re- 
plied ; " it told me a good deal, though I knew a good 
deal before." Talked to Lord M. of Albert's being 
anxious of who he should have about him. . . . 

Wednesday, 25th December (Xmas Day). Got up 
at J p. 9 and breakfasted at 10 m. to 10. Read 
one of Arnold's sermons and part of another ; they 
are so fine. At 11 I went to church with Mamma and 
all the ladies and gentlemen. Besides Mamma Lord 
Melbourne, Lord and Lady Normanby, Lord and Lady 
Albemarle, Lord and Lady Kinnaird, Lord Byron 
and Lady Fanny were with me in the Closet. They 
sang a beautiful anthem by Handel, " There were 
shepherds " ; I never heard anything so beautiful 
as the boy's voice. We stayed upstairs during all 
the prayers in the Communion Service, and then 
went down, and we all knelt before the Altar ; that 
is I, Mamma, Lady Normanby, my 3 ladies, Lord 
Melbourne, Lord Normanby, Lord and Lady Albe- 
marle, Lady Fanny, and Lord Byron. It was a fine 
and solemn scene in this fine old Chapel. I felt 



286 DR. GOODALL [JET. 20 

for one, my dearest Albert, and wished he could 
be by my side, also dear Lehzen, but was very 
glad Lord Melbourne was there, the one whom I 
look up to as a father, and I was glad he took it 
with me. 

Thursday, 26th December. Talked of a violent 
speech of O'ConnelPs I had seen in the papers, an- 
nouncing war against the Tories. 1 . . . 

Sunday, 29th December. Talked of the Provost 
of Eton, 2 his having looked so ill at church. Lord M. 
always liked him, and said he taught so well. " Very 
clever man," said Lord M., " he wrote Latin verses 
as quick as he could speak ; I think he made his 
house gentlemanlike, which was rather wanted when 
I was there ; he was what is the worst thing for a 
schoolmaster, a timid man ; he was a very good- 
natured man. Schoolboys certainly are the greatest 
set of blackguards," he continued ; " sure sign of a 
shuffling blackguard at school, is to have no hat, and 
a great-coat without another coat under it, and no 
book." . . . 

Tuesday, 31st December. Talked of Lady Ailes- 
bury's 3 sending me something from Paris, her wish- 
ing to be about me. " I like her," said Lord M. ; 

1 At Bandon, after an outburst of sentimental loyalty over the 
Queen's engagement, O'Connell observed : " The moment I heard 
of the daring and audacious menaces of the Tories towards the Sove- 
reign, I promulgated, through the press, my feelings of detestation and 
my determination on the matter. Oh ! if I be not greatly mistaken, 
I'd get, in one day, 500,000 brave Irishmen to defend the life, the 
honour, and the person of the beloved young lady by whom England's 
throne is now filled." 

2 Dr. Goodall. See Vol. I., p. 119. 

8 Maria Elizabeth, daughter of the Hon. Charles Tollemache, wife 
of the first Marquess of Ailesbury. A well-known figure hi London 
society throughout the reign of the Queen, she was held in high and 
affectionate esteem under the sobriquet of " Lady A." 



1839] CHARACTER AND SEVERITY 287 

" she is one of my sort of women." Talked of Miss 
Pitt l having behaved very well about her brother, 
and her brother regretting the life he led. " Most 
people are sorry," said Lord M., " except me, I never 
was sorry " ; which I said was very wrong. Talked of 
Albert's having such a fear of our not putting people 
of good character about him. Lord M. said, " Lady 
William " (Russell) * " said the Prince's character is 
such as is highly approved at a German university, 
but which would be subject to some ridicule at 
ours " ; as Lord M. said formerly, any attention to 
morality in universities was ridiculed, which I said 
was too shocking. I said funnily I thought Lord M. 
didn't like Albert so much as he would if he wasn't 
so strict. u Oh ! no, I highly respect it," said Lord 
M. I then talked of A.'s saying I ought to be 
severe about people. " Then you'll be liable to 
make every sort of mistake. In this country all 
should go by law and precedent," said Lord M., " and 
not by what you hear." 3 

1 Miss Pitt's two brothers were the fourth and sixth Lords Rivers. 
She married in 1841 Mr. Charles Dashwood Bruce. See Vol. I., 
p. 211. 

* Lord William Russell (elder brother of Lord John) was some- 
time British Minister at Berlin. Lady William was a niece of the first 
Marquess of Hastings. 

3 It must be remembered that the Prince was little over nineteen 
years old, and that his standards of right and wrong, always high 
and noble, were tinged at this time with the uncompromising severity 
of youth. In after-years he adopted to the full Lord Melbourne's 
formula, and never acted upon hearsay. 



INTRODUCTORY NOTE TO CHAPTER XVII 

AT the beginning of 1840, a year pregnant with changes vital 
to the Queen as Sovereign and to her happiness as a woman, Lord 
Melbourne, her Minister and friend of long standing, was still at 
her right hand. 

The political fates had been kind. It was to Lord Melbourne, 
and not to a comparative stranger, that the girl-Queen announced 
her intention of asking Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg to become 
her Consort ; and it was not from formal lips, but from the heart 
of a devoted mentor and friend that the words of approval and 
congratulation flowed. No one but Lord Melbourne could have 
said to her in homely language, " You will be very much more 
comfortable, for a woman cannot stand alone for any time, in 
whatever position she may be " ; and no one during the trying 
months that followed, in which the joys of a love-match were 
blended with the irritation caused by displays of party spirit in 
Parliament, could have filled Lord Melbourne's place in the eyes of 
the fatherless girl, who stood without a male protector of any kind. 

Lord Melbourne took leave of the Queen with his usual cheerful 
and kindly smile. " For four years I have seen you every day ; 
but it is so different now to what it would have been in 1839." 
This allusion to the political crisis of the previous year, and to 
the difference between ceding his place to Peel or to the Prince, 
was the note of parting. He was about to feel the quality of the 
difference in his daily life. The fragrance had been too pungent. 
From this hour Lord Melbourne's vitality began to fade. He 
was only sixty-three, a young Prime Minister, as years are now 
counted in the lives of statesmen. His place remained unfilled 
throughout the reign of the Queen. A virile personality had stepped 
between her and all men. Prince Albert was a mere boy, but he 
grew rapidly in the sight of all, and from Prince in name he became 
King in fact, and the " Permanent Minister " of the Queen. She 
was soon to determine that if he could not be, as she wished, 
King-Consort, he should never play the " subordinate part played 
by the very stupid and insignificant husband of Queen Anne." 
These were her words, and they covered an intention from which 
she never swerved and which the Prince more than fulfilled. 

It is upon the threshold of twenty-one years of supreme happi- 
ness that the last words of these published Journals leave her. 
Their concluding phrase dramatically rings down a curtain, 
which may never be lifted, upon a love-story interwoven with the 
fate of the country that Victoria and Albert ruled together and 
the Empire that grew apace under their auspices. 

No one living is ever likely to see much more of the inner 
life of Queen Victoria, or the secret working of our political in- 
stitutions, viewed from the standpoint of her Throne. 

These Journals show a Queen in the making, and a Queen 
whose imperishable fame is engraved, with that of Elizabeth, 
upon the hearts of her people. 

288 




1838] *Y \> CONCERNING CHILDREN 285 

without asking him about it, came over to Badminton 
and wished the King to hear the case, which put 
the King into the greatest passion and he exclaimed, 
" What ! am I to be followed all over the country 
with the Recorder's report ? " . . . Spoke to Lord 
Melbourne about Lord John's child, and the anxiety 
of having one child only. I observed to him how- 
ever that I did not think having more than one 
child lessened the anxiety about them ; for if per- 
sons loved their children, they would be just as 
anxious if one of the many was ill, and would feel 
the loss of one as much as if he or she had but that 
one. Lord Melbourne said he thought quite so too ; 
but that somehow or other " if there are many, 
they have seldom anything the matter with them." 
He added " it is not the right affection for a child, if 
they love them only as being their heir, or for keeping 
up their name." He said he was going home after 
he had left the Palace, as he had a great deal to do. 
He thinks his sister had better go out of town, as 
she is not well, and out of spirits since she is in Lon- 
don. I spoke of sons-in-law and daughters-in-law 
and observed that I thought daughters-in-law seldom 
got on well with their mothers-in-law, in which Lord 
Melbourne quite agreed ; whereas the sons-in-law 
they generally were fond of. I asked him how his 
sister agreed with the young Lady Cowper. " Pretty 
well," he replied, " but I don't think she forms any 
exception to the rule." Lady Ashley and Lady 
Fanny, he said, liked their sister-in-law, but had also 
a certain feeling about it ; " they don't like to see 
her in the same place where they used to see their 
mother." Spoke of the very strange custom in 
Russia that on Easter Sunday everybody who chooses 
is allowed to kiss the Empress, saying at the same 



286 A LEVEE [*r.i8 

time " Christ is risen." Lord Melbourne told me an 
anecdote of the Emperor of Russia. " He said to a 
sentinel, c Christ is risen,' and the man answered, c No, 
he is not ' ; the Emperor started and repeated, ' Christ 
is risen ' ; the man again said, c No, he is not, for I 
am a Jew.' The Emperor said, c You are quite 
right.' ' I was quite happy to see the very amicable 
and friendly terms on which the Duke and my ex- 
cellent friend were ; it is impossible for Lord Mel- 
bourne to be otherwise almost with anybody, and 
the Duke having behaved very well lately, and being 
likewise an open, frank man, it renders it easy for 
them to be so. . . . 

Thursday, I5th February. I sat on the sofa with 
the Duchess of Sutherland, the Duke of Sutherland 
and Lord Durham sitting near us. Lord Durham 
spoke of the King of Greece l ; says he is remarkably 
plain and mean-looking, very shy and awkward in 
society, and en fin unable to do anything. The Sultan, 2 
whom he also saw, he describes as a fine-looking 
but not " thorough-bred " looking man ; short and 
dark, with an expression of treachery in his eyes. . . . 

Wednesday, 2Ist February. At about a J p. 2 I 
went into the Throne room for the Levee with my 
Ladies &c., and all the Household and the Ministers 
being in the room. The only person who I was very 
anxious to see and whom I was much interested to 
have seen, was O'Connell, who was presented, and 
of course, as everybody does when they are presented, 
kissed hands. He was in a full wig as one of the 

1 King Otho had accepted the throne of Greece in October 1832, 
and ascended it three months later. This was done in virtue of a re- 
quest from Greece to Great Britain, France, and Russia. 

8 Mahmud II., Sultan (1808-39), succeeded in the latter year by 
Abdul-Medjid. 



1838] A QUESTION OF PENSIONS 287 

Queen's Councillors in Ireland, and not in the brown 
Brutus wig he generally wears. He is very tall, 
rather large, has a remarkably good-humoured 
countenance, small features, small clever blue eyes, 
and very like his caricatures ; there were likewise 
two of his sons, Morgan and John O'Connell ; his son- 
in-law, Mr. Fitzsimon, and his nephew John Morgan 
O'Connell. Lord Melbourne told me that one of my 
pensioners, a Sir John Lade, 1 one of George IV.'s 
associates, was dead ; spoke of him, of another called 
George Lee ; of old Mrs. Fox, who Lord Melbourne 
knew formerly ; he said of Mr. Fox, " he took great 
notice of me." Mr. Fox died on the 13th of September 
1806. Spoke of Nelson, &c., &c. He spoke of the 
Committee on the Pensions which was going on ; 
that it was a very fair Committee, and that there 
had only been a difficulty about one case, which was 
a curious one, and which is a pension given to two 
French ladies, Madame de Rohan and Madame de 
Longueville, daughters of the Due de Biron. Lord 
Melbourne told me how they came to get it, which 
is as follows, and in telling which he became quite 
affected and his eyes filled with tears. When Lord 
Rodney went to Paris just before he obtained his 
great victory, he was arrested for debt, as (Lord 
Melbourne said) he was always without a shilling in 
the world ; and the Due de Biron said, " Though we 
are enemies, still it is too bad that a great English 
officer should be arrested for debt here," and he paid 
his debts for him. Afterwards when the Due de 
Biron's daughters, Mmes. de Rohan and Longue- 
ville, who are the first nobility in France, got into 
distress, they sent a statement to George III. of 

1 Of some fame, but little merit. He managed the stables of 
George IV., when Prince of Wales. 



288 COURT ETIQUETTE DOT. is 

what their father had done for Lord Rodney, and 
George III. gave them a pension. Spoke of O'Con- 
nell, and George IV., to whose Levee in Dublin he 
(O'Connell) went ; Lord Melbourne said that O'Con- 
nell declared he heard George IV. distinctly say 
(when he passed) to some one, " God damn him." 
Lord Melbourne said that George IV. was in a very 
awkward position when he was in Ireland, for that 
the whole country was in a ferment of enthusiasm 
believing the King to be for the Catholic Emancipa- 
tion, whereas in his heart he was against it. I said 
to Lord Melbourne that there was rather a disagree- 
able business about Lord Durham's wishing me to 

receive Lady at Court, which, if she had been 

refused at the late Court, it would, I feared, be im- 
possible for me to do. Lord Melbourne said, " It 
will not do for you to reverse a sentence passed by 
the late Court in the beginning of your reign ; I 
quite agree with you that you cannot do this." He 
said that in general with respect to receiving people 
it was better to go according to what had been 
determined by a Court of Justice and if there was 
nothing against them there, to receive them and not 
to inquire into what their early lives had been. 1 . . . 
Friday, 23rd February. I lamented my being so 
short, which Lord M. smiled at and thought no mis- 
fortune. Spoke to him of the Levee, the place where 
I stood which some people objected to, which led him 
to speak of the old Court in the time of George III., 
when a Levee and also a Drawing-room was like an 

1 This rule was followed with invariable and prudent strictness by 
the Queen throughout her reign. She was never swayed in action by 
gossip, however subtle or ill-natured she required proof ; and this rule 
governed her decision in regard to disputes as to the eligibility of all 
persons to be invited to Court. 



1840] KING LEOPOLD ILL 298 

of my thinking this new Penny Postage was disliked 
by the higher classes. Talked of Albert's not quite 
understanding about his Household, and about the 
Treasurer, which however, I said, I should make 
him easily understand. " Don't let any difficulty 
stand in the way about George Anson," l said Lord 
M. kindly, but I said G. Anson was the fit person 
and that I should easily make him understand it. 
" If I had thought of it," Lord M. continued, " it 
would have been best if Stockmar had come over 
directly. He didn't like to press himself," Lord M. 
said. Talked of Stockmar's thinking Uncle Leopold 
so very ill ; " I'm very sorry for that," said Lord 
M. I said independent of the great loss he would be 
for us all, what a dreadful thing it would be for the 
country. " Would throw us all into confusion," 
said Lord M. ; that there must be a Regency then, 
and who could it be ? they might name her, he said, 
but I replied she would not have the nerve for it. 
" Perhaps she would if she was put to it," he said. 
" That was the great thing about Queen Mary," he 
continued, " when he (William III.) was in Ireland 
he could leave her with perfect safety and confidence, 
and she managed so well." 

Saturday, \\ih January. " We have nearly 
settled upon the speech," said Lord M. as he un- 
locked a box and took the Speech out of it. " This 
is the amount of it," he said, showing it me ; and he 
then read it in his usual fine way ; I said it was 
rather long ; " I told you it would be so," he re- 

1 George Anson (see ante, p. 37) was private secretary to Lord 
Melbourne. At first the Prince resented the selection of Anson to 
act in a similar capacity for him ; but they became ultimately firm 
friends. Anson was a faithful and most judicious servant to the 
Prince until his premature death in 1849. 
1120 



294 LORD NORTH AND HIS TUTOR [JET. 20 

plied, " there is so much to say ; we have not quite 
settled that end ; there may be some alterations ; it'll 
do if you get it Tuesday morning ? " which I said it 
would. Talked of the Penny Postage there were 
112,000 letters last night, Lord M. said. Talked of 
the marriage of my Aunts ; of the Duke of York 
(George III.'s brother). The Duke of Cumberland 
(his brother) Lord M. remembers ; he came down 
with George IV. to Brocket, a little man, also in 
the Navy, and gay; he and the Duke of Gloster 
were great Whigs, and the Duke of Cumberland 
hated the Clergy. 

Sunday, 12th January. Talked of the new Post- 
age. " My Tutor at Eton was the best person I ever 
knew for folding up letters," said Lord M. They 
asked him if he learnt it of him. " Oh ! no," he re- 
plied, " I'm a very blundering fellow at it," which 
made us laugh. " When Lord North was at school," 
Lord M. continued, " his Tutor told him, * You're a 
blundering blockhead, and if you are Prime Minister 
it'll always be the same ' ; * and it turned out to be 
so,' Lord North said " ; Lord M. told this so delight- 
fully. We were seated as usual, Lord Melbourne 
sitting near me. They were talking of Paget l who is 
studying at Edinburgh. " They never taught him 
anything before," Lord M. said, " and now they've 
launched him at Edinburgh, and God knows what 
he may learn." The Paget system is never to learn 
anything, and this they steadily adhere to ; "I 
don't mean her," he said, looking at Matilda. 8 
Talked of the Universities in Scotland having 
gone down excessively. I showed him the Duchess 

1 See Vol. L, p. 363. 

8 Miss Paget, the Maid of Honour, niece of Lord Anglesey. See 
Vol. I., p. 230. 



1840] CONCERNING HOSTILE SPEECHES 295 

of Gloster's letter giving a better account of the 
Landgravine. Talked of Albert's people ; Lord 
M. heard Lord Colborne l recommended ; talked 
of that ; Stockmar's saying Albert had no idea how 
high parties ran here ; of its being worse within 
these last 2 years, and that I was sure it couldn't go 
on so. " Oh ! it will, it'll lumber along," Lord M. 
answered. "You mustn't mind those speeches, 2 
that'll never do if they hear you mind them ; 
it's giving them your head, as they say in fighting, 
to pound upon ; dear me ! if I chose to go and make 
abusive speeches," he continued, " I could kill a 
great many of these people." He said the attacks 
on George III. were atrocious ; and he agreed with 
me it was a shocking thing. He said Uncle Leopold 
was very right in saying that character was every- 
thing, and that therefore the attempt of one's 
enemies was to do everything to ruin that character, 
"which is a horrible practice." I told him I 
heard he had been cross with Lady Holland the last 
time he dined there and had told her she hated 
all her friends. " Who told you that ? " Lord M. 
asked. " It's true," he continued, and that 
he told her she had a spite against J. Russell, 
Duncannon and Minto, whom she had known as 
children. " I wonder at your hearing that," he 
added. 

Monday, 13th January. I asked if on the Wed- 

1 Nicholas William Ridley-Colborne (second son of Sir Matthew 
White-Ridley) was for over a quarter of a century an M.P. on the 
Whig side. At Lord Melbourne's instance, he was created a peer, as 
Lord Colborne, in May 1839. He was a patron of art, and bequeathed 
several pictures to the National Gallery. 

2 The Tories, at this time, were raising vexatious objections to the 
Queen's marriage, and doing what they could to minimize the im- 
portance of the Prince. 



296 MELBOURNE ON STOCKMAR tex.20 

ding day, as I should not drive in full state, and 
Albemarle said he did not make a point of going 
with me, I should take Mamma with me. " Yes, I 
think so," said Lord M. "I think it would be a 
very right thing to do on that day." Talked of the 
Treaty being settled easily ; of the Cabinet dinner at 
the Chancellor's in the evening. " We shall settle 
the Speech to-night," he said, " and let you have it 
to-morrow morning." I said I felt very nervous 
about reading it and beginning with my Marriage. 
" If you say it to 20, or 20,000, it's the same thing," 
he said, which is true enough. 

Tuesday, I4th January. Talked of other things ; 
of absurd reports in the papers of Lord M.'s resign- 
ing after my marriage ; he said he never dropt a 
word which could give rise to such a report. " I'm 
afraid it's our own people who spread these reports," 
he said, " Bannerman and Ellice " (who always go 
together). " When people say a report prevails it 
generally makes me suspect that they spread it," 
Lord M. said. Talked of Stockmar, and how he 
was, and Lord M. said, " I should like to see him 
when he has seen people and made his estimate 
of the state of things ; I think he is about 
the cleverest man I ever knew in my life," he 
added, " a little misanthropic " ; and a good man, 
I said. " An excellent man," Lord M. replied, 
" he has rather a contempt of human affairs 
and means ; a bad digestion." I said to Lord 
M. I could not help thinking William C. did 
not seem quite happy at his mother's marriage. 
" Can't help being a feeling," Lord M. replied; 
"Lord Cowper was a man whom people so loved 
and admired." 

Wednesday, 1 5th January. Talked of some 




borthtuib ' JMJ 



1840] THE OPENING OF PARLIAMENT 297 

people wishing this Precedence should be limited 
to my life, which I said I never would do. " It 
wouldn't be handsome," Lord M. said. The Act 
of Parliament, Lord M. says, only gives me power 
to give him precedence as I please, and then the 
actual precedence is done by an Order in Council. 
At a J p. 3 Lord Melbourne came to me upstairs 
and stayed with me till \ p. 3. I feared I had 
let him wait ; talked of his being tired. I asked 
what was the opinion of the Government about my 
going to the House or not. " There was a little 
difference of opinion, but upon the whole they think 
it is better you should go," said Lord M. I wished 
it, I said ; Duncannon and Clarendon doubted about 
my going in person. 

Thursday, I6th January. At J p. 1 I set off in 
the State Coach, with Lord Albemarle and the Duch- 
ess of Sutherland, and the whole procession just 
as usual, to the House of Lords. The House was 
very full ; my good Lord Melbourne just as usual 
standing close next to me. Wonderful to say, I 
was less nervous than I had ever been. The Duke 
of Cambridge was there. There was an immense 
crowd of people outside, and both coming and going 
I was loudly cheered, more so than I have been for 
some time. Uxbridge told me the Duke of Wellington 
had made a sad mistake by moving that the word 
Protestant be put into the address, and saying 1 
it was left out to please O'Connell ! ! and that Lord 
Melbourne had replied beautifully to it. Then that 

1 The Queen wrote to the Prince that " The Tories make a great 
disturbance, saying that you are a Papist, because the words a 
Protestant Prince have not been put into the Declaration a 
thing which would be quite unnecessary, seeing that I cannot marry 
a Papist." 
1120* 



298 YARDE-BULLER'S MOTION [*T.20 

Sir John Yarde-Buller 1 had given notice in the House 
of C. of a Motion on the 28th of want of confidence 
in Ministers ! ! I was so angry. Immediately after 
dinner I wrote to Lord M. begging he would come. 
Meanwhile I received a letter from him giving an 
account of the Debate ; and very soon after a note 
saying he was undressed, but would dress and 
come directly. At \ p. 10 my good Lord Melbourne 
came and stayed with me till 5 m. to 11. I saw him 
upstairs as of a morning. I said I was shocked to 
have made him come out, but that I hadn't then 
received his box, and Uxbridge had alarmed me. 
He was quite dressed, really so very, very kind of 
him to come. The Duke of W. had been very 
foolish, he said ; Lord M., however, consented to the 
word being inserted. " J. Russell sent to say he 
wished it should be put in," Lord M. said, " as he 
thought there might be an awkward division about 
it in the House of Commons." Lord M. asked if I 
had heard from the H. of C. ; I replied I had about 
this Notice of Sir J. Yarde-Buller's, but that I 
thought there could be no alarm about it. "No, I 
hope not," Lord M. replied, and we agreed this was 
the best shape they could put it into for us, as our 
people will be sure to go with us upon this. " They 
say they wish to see which is the strongest," Lord 
M. said. Talked of a General Election. " We have 
always lost (by that) hitherto since the Reform Bill," 
he said. 

Friday, 17th January. After dinner Lord Mel- 

1 Disraeli in his Life of Bentinck calls Sir John Yarde-Buller 
Peel's " choice and pattern country gentleman, whom he had himself 
selected and invited to move a vote of want of confidence in the Whig 
Government, in order, against the feeling of the court, to instal Sir 
Robert Peel in their stead." 



1840] WILLIAM AND MARY 299 

bourne and I looked at the picture of Albert. " The 
head is like," he said, " very good fine expression 
melancholy " (as it is), " which is good for a picture." 
Lord M. don't like a fine hand or a fat hand for a 
man. He made me laugh by saying, " The arms 
are one of the principal points in a woman." He 
looked at the picture of Queen Mary (which with 
one of William III. and 2 other portraits have re- 
placed those 4 landscapes), and he said, " She was 
the handsomest woman in Europe ; I consider her 
as the first of the Stuarts ; she managed everything 
so well, and the perfect confidence he had in her," 
We looked at William III., whom he again praised 
very much and said wasn't cruel. " It was only 
that accident at Glencoe," he said. . . . 

Sunday , 19th January. Talked of Albert's in- 
difference about Ladies, and Lord M. said, " A little 
dangerous, all that is, it's very well if that holds, 
but it doesn't always," Lord M. said. I said this 
was very wrong of him, and scolded him for it. 
" It's what I said at Windsor ; I think I know 
human nature pretty well." I said not the best of 
human nature. " I've known the best of my time," 
he said, " and I've read of the best." 

Monday, 2Qth January. Talked of Mr. Wakley l 
attacking the Tories for disloyalty. Talked of Hallam 
and my liking it so much ; his giving an account of 
the persecutions in Elizabeth's reign ; of Queen Mary 

1 Mr. Wakley was Radical M.P. for Finsbury and founder and 
editor of The Lancet. Sir E. Knatchbull had complained of the want 
of notice ; Mr. Wakley said not one in a hundred of the members 
who went with the Speaker was a Conservative, whereupon Mr. 
Blackstone retorted that not only was he there, but to his surprise 
had seen the brother of a Cabinet Minister in the Queen's presence 
" dressed in a cut-off green coat with brass buttons," although the 
Court at the time was in mourning. 



300 "HALLAM'S HISTORY' 3 [n.20 

of Scots and her innocence. "All the ladies take 
Queen Mary's part," Lord M. said, " all those who 
reason like Hallam do quite admit her to be guilty, 
and all those who consult their feelings, do not." 
Talked of Darnley's murder, which I maintained her 
not to have knowledge of, but which Lord M. says 
she did know of. "I think she was quite right to 
have him knocked on the head," Lord M. said 
funnily, which made me laugh. Talked of Rizzio's 
murder, and poor Mary's cruel fate. Lord M. said 
Elizabeth was very reluctant to have her executed, 
and that the whole country demanded it. I said 
Hallam says that Walsingham and Leicester urged 
Elizabeth to persecute the Roman Catholics ; Lord 
M. said, as I know and Hallam says, that Leicester 
was a bad man. "Whenever he (Lord Burleigh) 
put anything before her," Lord M. continued, 
** he always put the reasons on both sides in 2 
columns, which may have been a very good way, 
but I think a way to puzzle," in which I quite 
agree; I couldn't bear it, I'm sure. Talked of 
Essex his being a fine character his conduct in 
Ireland his sudden return his unfortunate death, 
and the possibility of his having been saved if it 
had not been for the Countess of Nottingham. 
"It killed her" (Elizabeth), Lord M. said. Talked 
of Hallam containing so much knowledge which 
one hadn't before known, and Lord M. said he 
couldn't recommend a better book. I observed to 
Lord M. he didn't seem at all low. " No, I'm much 
better," he replied, "but still I'm not well." I 
entreated him to take some good advice about his 
health. " That won't do any good," he said, " it's 
age and that constant care"; which alas! alas! 
is but too true. " I'm nearly 61," he continued, 



1840] LORD MELBOURNE'S HEALTH 301 

" many men die at 63, and if they get over that, 
live till 70." I told him he mustn't talk in that 
way. " People like me grow old at once, who have 
been rather young for their age." I said he still 
was that. " Still, I feel a great change since 
last year," he said. 1 I feel certain his valuable 
health and life will be spared yet many a year. 
His father lived to be 83, but was very feeble, 
he said, for many years, and that it was not worth 
living then ; his mother died at 66. " She had 
been a very strong woman till then," Lord M. 
said, " but she declined and sank rapidly." I 
begged Lord M. to take great care of himself, 
as he belonged to all of us ; and he promised he 
would. 

Tuesday, 2lst January. I showed him Uncle 
Leopold's letter. I also showed Lord M. Stockmar's 
letter, in which he talks of a Clause in the 2nd 
Article of the Marriage Treaty, which Stockmar 
had taken upon himself to agree to ; it's about 
Albert's having no other Claims besides the 50,000 3 
settled on him. " It's the same which was put in to 
Queen Mary's with Philip," Lord M. said. " It is 
impossible to say what claims a man may have who 
marries a Queen, over the property of the Crown; 
I'm afraid there'll be a good deal of observation 
about the Prince's Provision ; they'll say it's too 
much " ; which I said would be wrong. The Prince's 
position was disagreeable enough as it was, I said, 
but this would make it too bad ; that I wouldn't 

1 He died aged sixty-nine, but, like his father, much enfeebled. 

2 This was the amount proposed by the Government. Mr. Hume 
proposed to cut it down to 21,000, but this was negatived by a large 
majority. The whole Conservative party, however, supported an 
amendment of Colonel Sibthorp to make the Prince's income 30,000 
only, and this was carried by 262 to 168. 



302 PRINCE ALBERT DISTRESSED [* T .20 

do it for the world. " You wouldn't do it," Lord 
M. said laughing ; " still, if he is a man of discretion 
he may make it" (his position) "a very considerable 
one," he added. 

Wednesday, 22nd January. I then said I was so 
vexed and distressed by poor dear Albert's letter 
yesterday ; that I feared they made him believe 
abroad that we wanted to degrade him here. 1 His 
letter to Lord M., and also to me, were misapprehen- 
sions about his Household, and about Lord M.'s 
letter. " We can't proceed to form his Household 
now," Lord M. said. I said, Oh ! yes, for that I 
would be answerable for it 2 ; that I thought Albert 
didn't quite understand the difference between 
" standing by " and " acting." " I don't quite under- 
stand his letter," Lord M. said ; therefore, I replied, 
Stockmar and I would let Lord M. have the letter 
back again. " At the same time, 2 Households are 
very awkward," Lord M. said, and that there had 
been great trouble about the Queen Dowager's. We 
think the number of Albert's ought to be reduced. 
Talked of my being vexed about the whole; of all 
that ; of its being unfair that the Queen's husband 
should have so much less than the King's wife, in 
which Lord M. agreed. Talked of various things, 
and German being so difficult. " So everybody 
says," Lord M. said. " Is it possible to be so diffi- 

1 The Prince was naturally much annoyed by the attacks and 
criticisms in Parliament and in certain organs of the Press. They 
were of a purely party character, and although plainly understood 
here, were misapprehended abroad, where the match was believed 
to be unpopular among the English people. This was not the case. 

2 See Letters of Queen Victoria, pp. 254-62, for all the little troubles 
which arose in connection with the formation of the Prince's Household. 
In after-years the distinction between the Households was purely 
nominal. 



1840] CONCERNING TEACHING 308 

cult ? " " Oughtn't to know more than one lan- 
guage," he continued. " You can't speak one purely 
if you know a great many, you mix them. They 
say you needn't know more than Latin and French " ; 
Greek, Lady Lyttelton mentioned. "There's no 
necessity for it," he said ; its being difficult ; " a 
very copious language," he replied. I observed 
learning much as I did at once, prevented one from 
learning anything very well, and bewildered one. 
" That's very true what you say," Lord M. said, 
" that's the fault now, they teach too much at 
once." Talked of teaching being a dreadful thing, 
the poor children being more eager to learn than 
the higher classes, and Lady Lyttelton saying the 
Irish children were so very much quicker in learning 
than the English. " It's that quickness that leads 
to that disregard of truth," Lord M. said, " for when 
you ask them anything, they don't think of what 
you say, but of what they think will please you. 
He told me at dinner that he was having a new 
full-dress coat made, for the great occasion, which 
was " like building a 74-gun ship " in point of 
trouble and work, and that he had had the man 
with him in the morning, trying it on and pinning 
and stitching. He asked how Stockmar was, and 
wished much to see him. "I am always ready 
to see him, he is such a very clever man, and 
he don't stay long." " He is one of the cleverest 
fellows I ever saw," " the most discreet man, the 
most well judging, and most cool man." 1 I said I 
told him I thought he (Stockmar) ought to stay a 
little while after the Marriage, as it would be of use. 
" Of infinite importance," Lord M. replied. " And 

1 This opinion was subsequently endorsed by Sir Robert PeeL 



304 MONARCHY AND UNITY [*T.2o 

the King," he said, " in his last letter to you, wished 
to be remembered to me, and hoped I had some 
recollection for him ; pray say everything you can 
of respect and affection." I told him Uncle was, 
and very naturally, very fond of him. After this 
some new Assam Tea, which Sir J. Hobhouse had 
sent me, was brought in, and I gave Lord M. a printed 
paper which had been sent me with it, which he 
read out loud and so funnily ; there was the opinion 
of a Dr. Lum Qua quoted, which name put him into 
paroxysms of laughter, from which he couldn't 
recover for some time, and which did one good to 
hear. After this I said to him he had been so very 
kind about all that matter which vexed me so 
yesterday. " The advantage of Monarchy is unity," 
Lord M. said, " which is a little spoilt by 2 people, 
but that must be contended against." " I've no 
doubt," he continued, " that is what kept Queen 
Elizabeth from marrying ; but you mustn't think 
that I advocate that ; I think that's not right, it's 
unnatural, and nothing's right that's unnatural." I 
said I was certain that Albert wouldn't interfere. 
" Oh ! I haven't the slightest doubt that he won't 
interfere," he replied warmly ; and I added that 
that was the very reason why he might run into the 
other extreme. " My letter may have appeared 
dictating," he said, which I said was not the case ; 
" that's my way of writing, I write so to you, and 
did to the King." I said I was sure it would all 
do very well in a little time. " You understand 
it all," he said, " you have always lived here " ; 
and I had had three years' experience, I said. " But 
you had just the same capability for affairs," Lord 
M. said, " when you came to the Throne, as you 
have now, you were just as able; I'm for making 



1840] THE MIDDLE CLASSES 305 

people of age much sooner." He again went into 
an amazing fit of laughter about Dr. Lum Qua. 
Talked of children having the measles, his having 
them, about which he was very funny, as also about 
children learning, as he said, everything from the 
nurses and servants, which he talked of for some 
time. " I'm sure, all I have learnt that's useful was 
from the nursery maid," which made us laugh so. 
Talked of the H. of C. and the Provision. " I can't 
think there can be any real difficulty," he said ; " one 
can't tell ; a Legislative Assembly is as capricious as 



a woman.' : 



Thursday, 23rd January. Talked of my having 
ridden in the Riding House ; of the new Steward 
in Feltham's place ; of my having heard from 
Albert, and my thinking he seemed fearful he had 
vexed me ; of the Queen Dowager's health ; of a 
novel by Miss Martineau 1 called Deerbrook, which 
Lady Lyttelton was praising very much, and which 
she said was about the Middle Classes. " I don't 
like the Middle Classes," Lord M. said, " they say 
that the Upper and Lower Classes are very much 
like each other in this country ; the Middle Classes 
are bad ; the higher and lower classes there's some 
good in, but the middle classes are all affectation and 
conceit and pretence and concealment." I said to 
Lord M. he so often kept one in hot water by saying 
such things before, and to, people ; " It's a good 
thing to surprise," he said. I said he said such things 
of people's families to them. "That's a very good 
thing," he replied funnily, " I do that on purpose, 

1 Miss Martineau had published a short story in 1831, Five Years 
of Youth ; but Deerbrook, published in 1839, was her first serious 
attempt at novel- writing. She declined a pension from Lord Melbourne 
in 1841, and again from Mr. Gladstone in 1873. 



306 CONCERNING VARIOUS SUBJECTS [n.20 

I think it right to warn people of the faults in their 
families " ; and he turned to Lilford 1 and said, 
46 Your family has always been reckoned very prosing, 
so I warn you of that," which made us laugh so. 
I said to Lord M. I had told Stockmar what Lord 
M. had said to me here and at Windsor, about those 
very high principles like A.'s not holding often, upon 
which Stockmar said, generally speaking that was 
true, but that he didn't think that would be A.'s 
case. Talked of C. Ponsonby 8 having, as Lord M. 
told us, a Black huntsman and a Black whipper-in ; 
of looking over papers being such a fatigue; of a 
Swiss Clergyman who Lord De Grey ' had got, disap- 
proving of dancing ; of a very pretty paper weight 
which Lord M. told me they had made for me at 
Birmingham, and which Mr. Scholefield was going 
to present me ; he sent Lord M. one and a pair of 
razors. Talked of how George IV. came to have 
the names of Augustus Frederic besides ; Lord M.'s 
being called William after the late Lord Fitz- 
William ; I never liked the name William till I knew 
Lord M. and knew it was his ; his brother Frederic 

1 Thomas Atherton, third Lord Lilford (1801-61). 

2 Charles Ponsonby (afterwards second Lord de Mauley). He 
had married in 1838 his cousin Maria Ponsonby, daughter of Lord 
Duncannon and granddaughter of the Earl of Bessborough. 

3 The titles in the Robinson family are intricate. Thomas Robinson, 
second Lord Grantham, married Mary, daughter of the second Earl 
of Hardwicke, heiress (under a special remainder) to her sister (Lady 
Lucas), who had been created Countess de Grey. The Lord de Grey 
mentioned in the text was the eldest son of this marriage, and became 
successively Lord Grantham and Earl de Grey ; he was Lord Lieutenant 
of Ireland 1841-4. Dying without male issue, he was succeeded by 
his daughter in his barony of Lucas, and by his brother in the 
earldom. But that brother (the ex-Prime Minister) had already been 
successively created Viscount Goderich and Earl of Ripon. His son 
was long known as Earl de Grey and Ripon, before becoming Marquess 
of Ripon. 



1840] PRINCESS VICTOIRE'S ENGAGEMENT 307 

is called James also ; the Duke of York and the late 
Lord Salisbury being his godfathers. Talked of the 
old Duchess of Brunswick and if Lord M. had known 
her. 1 " I've known so many old Duchesses," he said 
laughing. Talked of her brothers the Dukes of 
Cumberland 2 and Gloucester ; of Prince Frederic 8 the 
youngest, whom Lord M. had never heard of ; of the 
great Duke of Cumberland 4 and his being cruel, which 
Lord M. wouldn't allow, and said, "He was a fine 
man, not cruel, only to a few rebels." 

Friday, 24<th January. Finished my letter to 
Albert. Wrote my journal. Received a letter from 
Louise with the delightful news that dearest Victoire's 
marriage with Nemours is arranged ; dear, dear 
child, whom I love so dearly, whom I look upon as 
my sister. May she be happy ; I'm sure she will be ; 
how nice that we should both be Brides at the same 
time! 

Saturday, 25th January. Saw by the newspapers 
that we had won Newark by 9 ! 5 

Sunday, 26th January. Talked of the Duchess of 
Sutherland being at his sister's party, which I said 
was wrong of her as the Duke couldn't go. He said 
Fanny was very full of what he (Ld. M.) had said 
about the Pagets never learning anything, which he 
had said to George Byng here who told it Lady Agnes 
who wrote it to Lady Sydney who was very angry, 

1 Augusta, eldest child of Frederick, Prince of Wales, married 
Charles William, Duke of Brunswick. 

2 Henry Frederick, Duke of Cumberland, 1745-1790. 

3 Frederick William, died, aged 15, 1765. 

4 William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, 1721-1765. Son of 
George II. 

6 The by-election was caused by the appointment of Sergeant 
Wilde to be Solicitor-General. He was afterwards Lord Chancellor 
Truro, and married Mdlle. d'Este. See Vol. I., p. 198, note. 



308 REMARKS ON FAMILIES t*T.20 

and which Lady Cowper had been embellishing ; 
Lord M. laughed very much, but I said I was sure 
he would get into great scrapes by saying things 
of people's families to them. " It's quite a right 
thing to do," he said laughing. I told him that 
he said such things of my family, which I didn't 
mind, but which I was sure he wouldn't like 
other people to say of his family to him. " Oh ! 
yes, I would," he replied laughing. I said that 
I thought no Royal Princes ought to be in the 
House of Lords, which Lord M. does not agree in, 
but says they ought always to go with the Crown. 
" The Duke of York always went steadily with 
the Crown," Lord M. said, " except on the 
Regency, and then he went steadily with the Prince ; 
when the King was gone he stood by the next 
person." . . . 

Thursday, 30th January. Talked of Miss Eden 
and her jumping into the river at Hampton Court 
and saving a child who fell in. " It was a courageous 
thing to do," he said. Of Lady Mayo, 1 and her 
being such a quiz. " Lady Mayo said to Lady 
Glengall," 8 Lord M. continued, " ' I understand you 
said I was the ugliest woman in the world ' ; so 
Lady Glengall, quite driven to the wall, said, 'Well, 
I must say, Lady Mayo, I think you are the most 
frightful woman I ever saw in my life.' " Talked 
of the Heralds' Office, and Sir Wm. Woods, and 
Lord M. said, "They were very foolish about those 
Arms " (A.'s) " when they had the precedent 

1 Arabella, wife of John, fourth Earl of Mayo, a Lady-in- Wai ting 
to Queen Adelaide. She was daughter of William Mackworth-Praed. 
See Vol. I., p. 77. 

2 Margaret Lauretta, wife of Richard, second Earl of Glengall, 
and daughter and co-heiress of William Melhuish of Woodford, Essex. 



1840] VARIOUS LETTERS 309 

under their very nose," which is quite true. " Old 
Lord Pembroke, who was then Lord Chamber- 
lain," Lord M. continued, " said at the Coronation 
of George II., to Anstis, 1 who was Garter, 'Thou 
silly knave, that dost not even know thy silly 
work ! ' " 

After dinner, when Lord Melbourne came in, 
the ladies were talking of colours being unlucky or 
lucky at a Wedding. " Yellow is the colour of 
Hymen," he said. I showed him Lord Wellesley's 
letter to Lord Anglesey, which Uxbridge gave me. 
" Humbug," Lord M. said as he took the letter, 
but as he went on reading it, he said, " That's right 
that's right good letter " ; and when he returned 
it me he said, " Good letter." Lord M. sent me a 
letter from the Duke of Sussex before dinner, so 
delighted at giving me away, and I received one after 
dinner from him, which I gave Lord M., and he said 
in returning it, " He is very much pleased ; I'm 
very glad." 

We were seated as usual, Lord Melbourne sitting 
near me. He said he was quite well, but never felt 
quite well, which I said was the constant care and 
wear ; and that he never felt quite free from some 
little ailing, nor did anybody ; when he was young, 
he said, he never felt unwell, and used " only to 
live for my amusement," he said, and that if he 
were to begin life again he would do only that and 
not enter Politics at all. I said I thought people 
who only lived for their amusement bad, and that 
I was sure we should all be punished hereafter for 
living as we did without thinking at all of our future 
life. " That's not my case," Lord M. said ; and we 

1 John Anstis, the elder, Garter 1718-44. Part of the time he 
was joint holder of the office with his son, who held it till 1754. 
1121 



310 "THIS ILL-FATED PRECEDENCE" [* T .20 

talked of living our life and beginning it again, and 
if it were possible, we agreed, we should try and 
correct ourselves. Talked of his having told me at 
Windsor that the young men in his day and he 
himself had been so very impudent ; he said I must 
have misunderstood him, " for I was very shy ; there 
never was a shyer man." 

Friday, 3lst January. Then he showed me a 
note from Lady Burghersh saying she had seen the 
Duke, who would be anxious not to do anything to 
embarrass the Government, but that the Precedence 
lay rather on awkward ground ; and that they 
wouldn't oppose the 2nd reading, but make altera- 
tions in the Committee. The remainder of the time 
that Lord M. was with me, we talked almost entirely 
about this ill-fated Precedence, and I fear I was 
violent and eager about it. I said to Lord M. he 
must fight it out. The House of Lords might sit 
next day, he said, in order to get on with it ; and 
in answer to my saying it was so dreadful not to 
have the Power even to give my Husband rank, 
Lord M. said I couldn't, that that was " the law 
of the Country," and he thinks convenient at times. 
I declared if they didn't grant it to Albert for his 
life, I would give it all up and let him only have 
the rank Uncle Leopold had had. " Is that really 
your opinion ? " Lord M. said, " for that would 
end it at once." I then hesitated, and said he 
must fight it out. " That's what I wish to know," 
Lord M. said. He told me, which I couldn't at 
first understand, that the Marriage couldn't take 
place until the Bill was passed, as the Bill would 
be void if it wasn't passed before. I showed him 
the Queen of the French's letter. I begged him 
to let me know, which he promised he would, and 



1840] CHURCH-GOING IN PUBLIC 311 

I repeated it was necessary he should fight it 
out. " Very well, Ma'am," he replied ; " if we 
were beat, if you wished it we might say, 'Well 
then, we'll follow the Precedent'"; I said I must 
reflect about it. I fear I vexed him, kind, 
good man, as he looked, I think, grieved at my 
pertinacity. 

Saturday, 1st February. I was awoke at a little 
past 8 by a box from Lord John, dated J p. 5, with 
the most welcome, most delightful news, that we 
had had a Majority of 21 I 1 How delightful ! 
How happy and light this made me feel ! (Lord M. 
sent me a letter in the morning from Duncannon, 
saying he hoped I would consent to the Limitation 
of Precedence for my Life, as many of our friends 
wished for it. I wrote to Lord M. I was much 
against it ; Lord M. agreed in my feelings, but 
thought as they should certainly be beat we had 
better give it up. Talked of my not wishing now 
to go to the Whitehall Chapel, as I heard the Pew 
was so public. "You'd better go," Lord M. said; 
I resisted ; " Nothing so good as going in the midst 
of a large congregation," he said. I really couldn't, 
I said. "You'd better go," he added, as he went out 
of the room. I said I had seen Chantrey, who said 
he would go to his house ; and Lord M. promised 
to sit, and also to Hayter, here. I said I feared 
Lord M. thought me grown obstinate. " Rather," 
he replied, mildly and kindly. Why was he so 
particularly anxious I should go to church ? I said. 
" It's a good thing before your marriage," Lord M. 
said. " I always wished you to go there." It was 
just that going before the marriage, so publicly, I 
said, which I disliked. "But it's of great import- 

1 On Sir John Yarde-Buller's motion of want of confidence. 



312 WELLINGTON'S VIEWS 



ance that you should get over that dislike of going 
amongst everybody." l 

Sunday, 2nd February. After dinner when Lord 
Melbourne came in, he told me he was pretty well. 
I took him aside and talked to him about what had 
happened. They were to have a Cabinet at 12 ; I 
said I was sorry for my excited letter. " Oh ! never 
mind that, don't think of that," he said so kindly. 
I said to him he was always so kind. " The Duke 
said, ' It's an injustice, and for God's sake don't let 
the House of Lords be guilty of an injustice,' : " Lord 
M. said. " He's got that into his head." At this 
moment Lord M. received a note from the Duke, 
saying he was glad to see that Lord M. wished to 
settle this matter without any debate, and that he 
had requested Lord Lyndhurst to prepare two 
Amendments, which he said he would send to Lord 
M. as soon as he received them in the morning. 
Lord M. couldn't read from where he dated it. I 
asked Lord M. what he had written to the Duke. 
Lord M. said, "that nothing could give me more 
pleasure than to hear the tone in which he 
talked of his wish to settle this amicably, at the 
same time that it gave me great pain to see the 
wide difference which lay between us, and that I 
hoped therefore he would let us hear what he meant 
to do that we might deliberate upon it." " It's a 
very odd thing," Lord M. said, " the Duke of Welling- 
ton said to Clarendon, ' I like Lord Melbourne, I've 
a very good opinion of him, and I think he's the best 
Minister the Queen can have, and he has given her 

1 The Queen's shyness was very natural in so young a Princess. 
Greville says that when she announced her marriage to the Privy 
Council her hands trembled so that she could hardly read the 
Declaration, 



1840] AND HIS ULTIMATUM 313 

very good advice I've no doubt ; but I'm afraid he 
jokes too much with her, and makes her treat things 
too lightly, which are very serious.' Now there 
may be some truth in that," Lord Melbourne added. 
I said oh ! no, but that perhaps as I often scolded 
him he jested a little about religion, which he denied. 
" It shows the shrewdness of the man," Lord M. 
said. 1 

Monday, 3rd February. " I've got the Duke's 
ultimatum," Lord M. said, shaking his head, " it's 
what I thought " ; adhering to the Precedent 
and giving Albert rank after all the Princes of 
the Blood, which I said was really a great deal 
too bad. " So we think," Lord M. said ; " the 
best way will be to leave all Precedence out of 
the Bill, and say we'll settle it hereafter ; then let 
it be settled as you like, partly by your prerogative 
and partly by Act of Parliament." This is much 
the best. 2 . . * 

Thursday, 6th February. Received a delightful 
letter from dearest Albert from Brussels dated 4th, 
with a very funny book of Caricatures. Wrote to 
Lord M. Received letters from Uncle and Louise. 
Saw a very funny little bluish grey Scotch Terrier, 
which I have bought, called Laddie, a dear little 
thing ; it's gone down to Windsor. Lord Albemarle 
brought dear little Henry Byng 3 (George Byng's 
2nd boy) to kiss hands as Page of Honour; he 

1 This passage illustrates not only the Duke's shrewdness, but 
Lord Melbourne's good-tempered readiness to accept criticism and 
even rebuke. 

2 This is how the Prince's precedence was ultimately settled. The 
attempt to put it into the Bill was a mistake. Lord Melbourne's 
Government mismanaged the House of Commons in everything con- 
nected with the Queen's marriage. 

8 He was Equerry to the Queen, and afterwards Earl of Straff ord. 
n 21* 



314 LADY CECILIA BUGGIN [*r.20 

looked delightful in his costume. At 20 m. to 3 Lord 
Melbourne came to me and stayed with me till 25 
m. p. Talked of my having too much to do. " You 
must have," he replied; and the Duke of Devon- 
shire's not having been invited (to the wedding), 
which I said he had ; of the Duke of Wellington's 
being asked. Talked of Miss Hope-Johnstone's 
marriage l ; of Uncle's saying poor dear Albert was 
worried and pale. " Oh ! it's very natural," Lord 
M. said. He said the Chancellor must come to 
A. as soon as he arrived to administer the Oaths 
of Allegiance and Supremacy, on account of being 
naturalized. Talked of its being a fine day for 
their crossing, and Clarence Paget's being at Calais. 
" Oh ! they say he's a very handy fellow," Lord 
M. said, " he'll bring them over anyhow." I told 
Lord M. there would be a great piece of work, I 
feared, about the Duke of Sussex and Lady Cecilia, 2 
for that he had insinuated, without mentioning 
the exact thing, that he would ask Lord M. to 
ask me something which he had very near at 
heart. " Oh ! it'll never do," Lord M. said. Talked 
of Albert's Commission not being gazetted till 
after he had taken the Oaths. Talked of Lord M.'s 
staying Thursday at Windsor. " I'll try and manage 
it." 



1 Miss Mary Hope-Johnstone was married on 3rd February to 
the Right Rev. Hugh Percy, Bishop of Carlisle. 

2 After the death of Lady Augusta d'Ameland (formerly Lady 
Augusta Murray: see Vol. I., p. 197) the Duke of Sussex had con- 
tracted a marriage (void, like his former one, under the Royal Mar- 
riage Act) with Lady Cecilia Buggin, daughter of the second Earl 
of Arran, and widow of Sir George Buggin, a solicitor. She afterwards 
assumed the surname of Underwood. The Duke was probably asking 
that Lady Cecilia might be raised to the peerage ; for on 10th April 
following she was created Duchess of Inverness. 



1840] THE PRINCE AT DOVER 315 

Friday, 7th February. Just before I went out I 
received a delightful letter from dearest Albert 
from Dover, written in the morning ; he suffered 
most dreadfully coming over ; he is much pleased 
with the very kind reception he met with at Dover. 
Talked to Lord M. of Albert's letter, and one from 
Torrington saying dearest Albert's reception had 
pleased him so, as A. feared he wouldn't be well 
received ; but Lord M. agreed with me that a Vote 
of the H. of Commons had nothing whatever to do 
with that. At this moment I received a letter, and 
a dear one, from dearest Albert from Canterbury, 
where he had just arrived, and where he had also 
been very well received, as I told Lord M., who said, 
" I've no doubt ; his reception has been such that 
he must take care not to be intoxicated by that," 
which I said I was quite sure he needn't fear. 
Talked of Soult and his reception here having made 
him so friendly to England ; of Sebastiani's removal ; 
of Guizot. " You can always tell him you have read 
his book," Lord M. said laughing. We were seated 
as usual, Lord Melbourne sitting near me. Talked 
of Bull-dogs ; of the Marriage Ceremony ; my being 
a little agitated and nervous ; " Most natural," 
Lord M. replied warmly ; " how could it be other- 
wise ? ' Lord M. was so warm, so kind, and so 
affectionate, the whole evening, and so much touched 
in speaking of me and my affairs. Talked of my 
former resolution of never marrying. " Depend upon 
it, it's right to marry," he said earnestly; " if ever 
there was a situation that formed an exception, it 
was yours ; it's in human nature, it's natural to 
marry ; the other is a very unnatural state of things ; 
itfs a great change it has its inconveniences ; every- 
body does their best, and depend upon it you've 



316 SCOTTISH ACCOUNT OF THE QUEEN [^.20 

done well ; difficulties may arise from it," as they 
do of course from everything. Talked of popular 
assemblies, of my having grown so thin. " You 
look very well," he said ; " after all," he continued, 
much affected, " how anybody in your situation can 
have a moment's tranquillity ! a young person cast 
in this situation is very unnatural. There was a 
beautiful account in a Scotch paper," he said, " of 
your first going to prorogue Parliament ; ' I stood 
close to her,' it says, ; to see a young person sur- 
rounded by Ministers and Judges and rendered 
prematurely grave was almost melancholy ' ; 6 a large 
searching eye, an open anxious nostril, and a firm 
mouth,' : Lord M. repeated this several times, 
looking so kindly and affectionately at me ; "A 
very true representation," he said, " can't be a finer 
physiognomy " which made me smile, as he said it 
so earnestly. Talked of Albert's being a little like 
me ; of the Addresses and dinners A. would be 
plagued with ; of my taking him to the Play soon. 
" There'll be an immense flow of popularity now," 
Lord M. said. Talked of the difficulty of keeping 
quite free from all Politics. I begged Lord M. much 
to manage about Thursday, which he promised he 
would, as I said it always made me so happy to have 
him. " I am sure none of your friends are so fond 
of you as I am," I said. " I believe not," he replied, 
quite touched, and I added also he had been always 
so very kind to me I couldn't say how I felt it. 

Saturday, 8th February. At J p. 4 the Carriage 
and Escort appeared, drove through the centre gate, 
and up to the door ; I stood at the very door ; 1st 
stepped out Ernest, then Uncle Ernest, and then 
Albert, looking beautiful and so well ; I embraced 
him and took him by the hand and led him up to 



1840] THE PRINCE AT WINDSOR 317 

my room ; Mamma, Uncle Ernest, and Ernest 
following. After dinner Albert and Ernest shook 
hands with Lord Melbourne. " I think they look 
very well," Lord M. said when he came up to me; 
" I think he (A.) looks very well." Talked of their 
passage ; Lord M. said it was such a very good 
thing that Albert attended service in the Cathedral 
at Canterbury. I sat on the sofa with my beloved 
Albert, Lord Melbourne sitting near me. Talked of 
the gentlemen that Uncle had with him. Lord M. 
admired the diamond Garter which Albert had on, 
and said " Very handsome." I told him it was my 
gift ; I also gave him (all before dinner) a diamond 
star I had worn, and badge. Lord M. made us laugh 
excessively about his new Coat, which he said, " I 
expect it to be the thing most observed." 

Sunday, 9th February. Received a beautiful 
Prayer-book from Mamma ; breakfasted at 10. 
Wrote to Lord M. Dearest Albert and Ernest 
came in, Albert looking so well, with a little of his 
blue ribbon showing. 1 He brought me 4 beautiful 
old Fans. At 12 I went down to Prayers with my 
beloved Albert, Mamma, Ernest, and my ladies and 
gentlemen. Mr. Vane read and the Bishop of London 
preached a very fine sermon. The Service was over 
at 5 m. p. 1. Talked of dearest Albert's being 
agitated. " That's very natural," Lord M. said, 
" I don't wonder at it." Lord M. promised to 
stay Thursday. I took his hand and pressed it, 
and thanked him for all his kindness, which I 
hoped he would continue. I couldn't believe what 
was to happen next day, I said. At a J to 6 my 

1 The ribbon of the Garter was at this time worn by day. The Duke 
of Wellington constantly wore it, with a white waistcoat. The star 
was sometimes worn without the ribbon. 



318 THE WEDDING DAY [JET. 20 

beloved Albert came to me and stayed with me 
till 20 m. to 7. We read over the Marriage Service 
together and tried how to manage the ring. Wrote 
my journal. At 8 we dined. The dinner was just 
the same as the day before with the exception of 
Lord Albemarle, Lord Erroll, Lord Byron, Col. 
Grey, and Stockmar ; and with the addition of 
Lord Surrey and Col. Cavendish. Albert led me 
in and I sat between him and Uncle E. It was 
my last unmarried evening, which made me feel 
so odd. I sat on the sofa with dearest Albert, Lord 
Melbourne sitting near me. Talked of A.'s having 
talked to him (Ld. M.) ; of guessing words ; the 
Lord's Prayer being almost entirely composed of 
Saxon words, all but 4 ; of the Cathedral at Canter- 
bury and Bishop Chicheley 1 being buried there. 

Monday, I0th February. Got up at a J to 9 
well, and having slept well ; and breakfasted at | 
p. 9. Mamma came before and brought me a Nosegay 
of orange flowers. My dearest kindest Lehzen gave 
me a dear little ring. Wrote my journal, and to 
Lord M. Had my hair dressed and the wreath of 
orange flowers put on. Saw Albert for the last time 
alone, as my Bridegroom. Dressed. 

Saw Uncle, and Ernest whom dearest Albert 
brought up. At J p. 12 I set off, dearest Albert 
having gone before. I wore a white satin gown with 
a very deep flounce of Honiton lace, imitation of old. 
I wore my Turkish diamond necklace and earrings, 
and Albert's beautiful sapphire brooch. 2 Mamma 

1 Henry Chichele, or Chicheley, prelate and statesman. Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury and Founder of All Souls' College, Oxford. 
Died 1443. 

2 The diamond necklace was left by Queen Victoria to the Duke of 
Connaught, and the sapphire brooch to the Crown. The lace is in the 
possession of H.M. Queen Alexandra. 



1840] THE WEDDING PROCESSION 319 

and the Duchess of Sutherland went in the carriage 
with me. I never saw such crowds of people as there 
were in the Park, and they cheered most enthusiastic- 
ally. When I arrived at St. James's, I went into the 
dressing-room where my 12 young Train-bearers l were, 
dressed all in white with white roses, which had a 
beautiful effect. Here I waited a little till dearest 
Albert's Procession had moved into the Chapel. I 
then went with my Train-bearers and ladies into the 
Throne-room, where the Procession formed ; Lord 
Melbourne in his fine new dress-coat, bearing the 
Sword of State, and Lord Uxbridge and Lord Belfast 2 
on either side of him walked immediately before me. 
Queen Anne's room was full of people, ranged on 
seats one higher than the other, as also in the Guard 
room, and by the Staircase, all very friendly ; the 
Procession looked beautiful going downstairs. Part 
of the Colour Court was also covered in and full of 
people who were very civil. The Flourish of Trum- 
pets ceased as I entered the Chapel, and the organ 
began to play, which had a beautiful effect. At 
the Altar, to my right, stood- Albert ; Mamma 
was on my left as also the Dukes of Sussex and 
Cambridge, and Aunt Augusta ; and on Albert's 
right was the Queen Dowager, then Uncle Ernest, 
Ernest, the Duchess of Cambridge and little Mary, 

1 Lady Adelaide Paget, Lady Sarah Frederica Caroline Villiers, 
Lady Frances Elizabeth Cowper, Lady Elizabeth West, Lady Mary 
Augusta Frederica Grimston, Lady Eleanora Caroline Paget, Lady Caro- 
line Amelia Gordon Lennox, Lady Elizabeth Anne Georgiana Dorothea 
Howard, Lady Ida Hay, Lady Catherine Lucy Wilhelmina Stanhope, 
Lady Jane Harriet Bouverie, and Lady Mary Charlotte Howard. 

2 Eldest son of the second Marquess of Donegall, an A.D.C. to the 
Queen and Captain of the Yeoman of the Guard. Sat about twenty 
years for different Irish boroughs. He was created Lord Ennishowen 
in 1841, and became Marquess of Donegall in 1844. 



320 THE MARRIAGE CEREMONY [* T .20 

George, Augusta, and Princess Sophia Matilda. Lord 
Melbourne stood close to me with the Sword of 
State. The Ceremony was very imposing, and fine 
and simple, and I think OUGHT to make an ever- 
lasting impression on every one who promises at the 
Altar to keep what he or she promises. Dearest 
Albert repeated everything very distinctly. I felt 
so happy when the ring was put on, and by 
Albert. As soon as the Service was over, the 
Procession returned as it came, with the exception 
that my beloved Albert led me out. The applause 
was very great, in the Colour Court as we came 
through ; Lord Melbourne, good man, was very 
much affected during the Ceremony and at the ap- 
plause. We all returned to the Throne-room, where 
the Signing of the Register took place ; it was first 
signed by the Archbishop, then by Albert and me, 
and all the Royal Family, and by : the Lord Chan- 
cellor, the Lord President, the Lord Privy Seal, the 
Duke of Norfolk (as Earl Marshal), the Archbishop 
of York, and Lord Melbourne. We then went into 
the Closet, and the Royal Family waited with me 
there till the ladies had got into their carriages. I 
gave all the Train-bearers as a brooch a small 
eagle of turquoise. I then returned to Bucking- 
ham Palace alone with Albert ; they cheered us 
really most warmly and heartily ; the crowd was 
immense ; and the Hall at Buckingham Palace was 
full of people ; they cheered us again and again. 
The great Drawing-room and Throne-room were full 
of people of rank, and numbers of children were 
there. Lord Melbourne and Lord Clarendon, who 
had arrived, stood at the door of the Throne-room 
when we came in. I went and sat on the sofa 
in my dressing-room with Albert ; and we talked 



1840] THE WEDDING BREAKFAST 321 

together there from 10 m. to 2 till 20 m. p. 2. 
Then we went downstairs where all the Company 
was assembled and went into the dining-room 
dearest Albert leading me in, and my Train being 
borne by 3 Pages, Cowell, little Wemyss, and dear 
little Byng. I sat between dearest Albert and the 
Duke of Sussex. My health and dearest Albert's 
were drunk. The Duke was very kind and civil. 
Albert and I drank a glass of wine with Lord Mel- 
bourne, who seemed much affected by the whole. I 
talked to all after the breakfast, and to Lord Mel- 
bourne, whose fine coat I praised. Little Mary l 
behaved so well both at the Marriage and the break- 
fast. I went upstairs and undressed and put on a 
white silk gown trimmed with swansdown, and a 
bonnet with orange flowers. Albert went down- 
stairs and undressed. At 20 m. to 4 Lord Melbourne 
came to me and stayed with me till 10 m. to 4. I 
shook hands with him and he kissed my hand. 
Talked of how well everything went off. " Nothing 
could have gone off better," he said, and of the 
people being in such good humour and having 
also received him well ; of my receiving the Ad- 
dresses from the House of Lords and Commons ; of 
his coming down to Windsor in time for dinner. I 
begged him not to go to the party ; he was a little 
tired ; I would let him know when we arrived ; I 
pressed his hand once more, and he said, " God bless 
you, Ma'am," most kindly, and with such a kind look. 
Dearest Albert came up and fetched me downstairs, 
where we took leave of Mamma and drove off at near 
4 ; I and Albert alone. 

1 Princess Mary of Cambridge, Duchess of Teck, mother of Queen 
Mary. 



APPENDIX 

FROM MORLEY'S "LiFE OF GLADSTONE," vol. iii. p. 472. 

"Mr. Gladstone wished we knew more of Melbourne. He 
was in many ways a very fine fellow. In two of the most 
important of all the relations of a Prime Minister he was 
perfect. I mean first, his relations to the Queen, second, to 
his colleagues." 

The foregoing pages justify Mr. Gladstone's estimate of 
Lord Melbourne, but he might have added among Lord 
Melbourne's perfect relations as a Prime Minister, those to 
his political opponents. 

LORD MELBOURNE'S FAMILY 

Peniston Lamb's elder brother was a solicitor at South- 
well, who managed the affairs of the family of Coke of 
Melbourne Hall, co. Derby. This solicitor had two sons 
Robert, who took orders and became Dean and subsequently 
Bishop of Peterborough ; and Matthew, who followed his 
father's profession, and in 1740 married Miss Charlotte 
Coke. Her brother, Sir George Coke, died unmarried, and 
left all his property to his sister. Her husband, Matthew 
Lamb, succeeded to the large fortune of his uncle Peniston, 
mentioned in the text, and their son, Peniston, was be- 
queathed the whole of the fortune of his uncle the Bishop 
of Peterborough. Matthew, who was for many years M.P. 
and was made a baronet in 1755, purchased Brocket Hall, 
co. Herts, from the Winnington family. 

His son, Sir Peniston, also M.P., purchased Melbourne 
House in Piccadilly, which stood on the site of the Albany. 
He was created Baron Melbourne in the Irish peerage in 
1770 and Viscount Melbourne in 1815. He married the 
daughter of Sir Ralph Milbanke, who was the aunt of Lady 
Byron. 

322 







tTut^rt/. ^Ze 

u 




as 





t- tr-oo 

8-"" 

0,013 




g oo 

II- 

*** 



323 



111 



INDEX 



(The page references in italics refer to Introductory Notes or footnotes.) 



ABDUL MEDJID, ii. 224, 258 

Abercorn, Louisa, Marchioness of, i. 
192 

Abercromby, James (afterwards 
Speaker and Lord Dunfermline), i. 
74 

Aberdeen, fourth Earl of, a dull 
speaker, i. 269 ; Government crisis, 
ii. 166 ; and Queen Victoria, ii. 
170, 208 

Abingdon, Montague, fifth Earl of, 
Princess Victoria's visit to Wy- 
tham Abbey, i. 58-61 

Countess of, i. 58-61 

Abington, Mrs., a famous comic 
actress, ii. 86, 87 

Aboyne, Countess of (afterwards Mar- 
chioness of Huntly), George IV. 
gave his portrait to, ii. 91 

Achmet, Turkish Admiral, sails to 
Alexandria, ii. 224 

Acland, Sir Thomas, tenth Baronet, 
motion on the Church of Ireland, 
i. 319, 320, 324 

Addison, Joseph, his works and 
death, i. 306 ; and the Italian 
opera, ii. 229 

Adelaide, Queen (wife of William IV.), 
i. 12 ; birthday presents to Prin- 
cess Victoria, i. 76, 117, 180; 
birthday ball, i. 77, 78 ; Princess 
Victoria's visits to, i. 98, 99, 112, 
113, 119, 150-152 ; Eton Montem, 
i. 119, 120; Princess Victoria's 
Confirmation, i. 125, 126 ; illness, 
i. 188, 190, 192 ; illness and death 
of William IV., i. 195-198 ; her 
attitude to the young Queen 

II 22 325 



Victoria, i. 203, 204, 207, 228, 297, 
336, 346, ii. 220; and Lord 
Glenelg, i. 282 ; and Lord Howe, 
i. 289, 290 ; and Lord Melbourne, 
ii. 147, 148, 185; wedding of 
Queen Victoria, ii. 319 

Adelaide Cottage, i. 113, ii. 4 

Adele, Mile., i. 66, 67 

Adlerberg, M. de, at Windsor Castle, 
ii. 157, 187, 190 

Admiralty Courts Bill, ii. 242 

Adolphus's History of George HI., 
i. 262 

Afghanistan, ii. 47 ; crisis in, ii. 63, 146 

Ameer of, see Dost Mohammed 

Ailesbury, second Marquess of, see 
Bruce, Lord 

Marchioness of (wife of first 

Marquess), ii. 286 

Alava, Don Miguel de, a distinguished 
soldier, i. 169, ii. 65, 76, 144, 265 

Albani, Cardinal, collection of draw- 
ings, ii. 37 

Albany House, ii. 97 

Albemarle, William Charles, fourth 
Earl of, Master of the Horse, i. 69 ; 
Ascot Races, i. 99 ; accession of 
Queen Victoria, i. 198, 199 ; pro- 
cession in State, i. 209, 214, 215 ; 
Queen Victoria's inspection of the 
horses, i. 220 ; Lord Mayor's 
dinner, i. 233, 234 ; Covent Garden 
Theatre, i. 236 ; opening of Par- 
liament, i. 237, ii. 296, 297 ; 
Eton Montem, i. 342 ; the Corona- 
tion ceremony, i. 356 ; Review in 
Hyde Park, i. 365 ; State dinner 
at Windsor, ii. 187 ; Lady West- 



326 



INDEX 



minster's ball, ii. 210 ; the Christ- 
mas service, ii. 285 

Albert of Saxe-Coburg, Prince (after- 
wards Prince Consort), as a possible 
husband to Queen Victoria, i. 26, 
140, 291, ii. 88, 153, 193, 215, 216 ; 
first visit to Windsor Castle, 
i. 157-161 ; Queen Victoria's 
opinion of, i. 159-161, 222 ; birth- 
day letter, i. 191 ; and the 
Marriage Act, i. 351 ; on Sir R. 
Peel, ii. 219 ; question of another 
visit, ii. 215, 216, 225, 226, 246, 
255 ; arrival at Windsor Castle, 
ii. 262 ; the Queen's description of, 
ii. 263, 264 ; a ride, ii. 264, 265 ; 
the proposal, ii. 268 ; keeping the 
secret, ii. 269 ; concerning the 
Declaration, ii. 270, 271, 273, 278, 
281 ; and a Peerage, ii. 272, 276 ; 
attends St. George's, ii. 275 ; 
Royal marriage precedents, ii. 
279, 280 ; the religious question, 
ii. 281 ; precedence, ii. 283, 284, 
310, 312, 313 ; and the House- 
hold, ii. 287, 293 ; letter to the 
Queen, ii. 290, 291 ; indifference 
about Ladies, ii. 299 ; dispute as 
to allowance, ii. 301, 302 ; arrival 
at Dover, ii. 314, 315 ; at Windsor, 
ii. 316, 317 ; the wedding day, ii. 
318-325 

Albert, Mr., in La Sonnambula, i. 67 ; 
in Nathalie, i. 75 

Alexander II., see Russia, Hereditary 
Grand Duke of 

Alexandria, ii. 224 

Alford, Lady, see Compton, Lady 
Marianne 

Alfred, Prince, i. 309 

Algiers, the French in, ii. 25 

Alhambra, Tales of the, by Washing- 
ton Irving, i. 131, 132 

Allen, John, ii. 244 

Alliance, Quadruple, of 1834, ii. 31 

All Souls' College, Princess Victoria's 
visit to, i. 60 

Althorp, Lord (afterwards third Earl 
Spencer), Chancellor of the Ex- 
chequer, resignation on his father's 
death, i. 91 ; declines appoint- 
ments, ii. 77, 78 



Alton Towers, Princess Victoria's 

visit to, i. 56, 57 
Alvanley, William Pepper Arden, 

second Lord, and Lady Holland, 

ii. 63 

Alvensleben, Baron, i. 159, ii. 264 
American States, Independence of 

the South, ii. 247 
Amherst, first Earl, Governor-General 

of India, i. 69 ; and Lord Thurlow, 

i. 391 

Amiens, Captain, ii. 187 
Amiens, Treaty of, i. 366 
Ancaster, Duchess of (wife of third 

Duke), i. 313, ii. 274 
Anderson, Mr., in King Lear, ii. 121 
Mrs., music mistress to Princess 

Victoria, i. 93, 94, 145, 158 

Rev., ii. 84 

Anglesey, first Marquess of (Henry 

William Paget), i. 199 ; and Lord 

Melbourne, i. 344, 384, ii. 72 ; 

and Queen Victoria, i. 350, ii. 

155 ; Review in Hyde Park, i. 

365 ; and George IV., ii. 66 ; and 

Princess Charlotte's marriage, ii. 

290 
Anna Boulena, Queen Victoria's 

opinion of the opera, i. 67, 93, 112 
Anne of Cleves, ii. 218 
Queen, i. 36 ; portrait of, i. 

102 ; political character of, i. 107 ; 

coronation of, i. 313 ; Lord Mel- 
bourne on, ii. 54, 282 
Annual Register, i. 262, ii. 273 
Anson, General Sir George, Equerry 

to the Duchess of Kent, i. 69 ; 

Somerset House Exhibition, i. 70 ; 

dinner for Duke of Orleans, i. 74 ; 

Princess Victoria's birthdays, i. 

76, 77, 118 ; Ascot Races, i. 127 ; 

attends the drawing-rooms, i. 

187, 192 ; Groom of the Bed- 
chamber to Prince Albert, ii. 274 
George, Lord Melbourne's pri- 
vate secretary, i. 370, ii. 37, 161 ; 

and Sir R. Peel, ii. 168 ; Private 

Secretary to Prince Albert, ii. 293 
Miss, i. 128 ; at Windsor 

Castle, ii. 13, 157 ; the Review, ii. 

24 ; the State Ball, ii. 188 ; and 

Lord Melbourne, ii. 230 



INDEX 



327 



Anstis, John, the elder, Garter, and 
George II., i. 309 

Antinomianism, ii. 55 

Antoinette, Marie, autograph of, i. 
105 

Antwerp and France, i. 389 

Apprentices, motion for emancipat- 
ing, i. 300 

Arabian Nights, The, Lord Melbourne 
on, ii. 102, 103 

Argyll, George William, sixth Duke 
of, i. 202, 215 ; at Windsor Castle, 
i. 247 ; the State Ball, ii. 188 

Duchess of (wife of fifth Duke), 

i. 215, 378 

Duchess of (wife of eighth 

Duke), L 79 

Army, the, difficulties in Canada, i. 
259, 261, 269, ii 21 ; Promotion 
Commission, i. 296 ; Household 
Troops, ii. 25 ; purchase and dis- 
cipline, ii. 71 

Arnold, Dr., his sermons, ii. 285 

Artois, Comte d' (Charles X.), Lord 
Melbourne on, ii. 74, 144 

Ascot Races, Princess Victoria pre- 
sent at, i. 25, 99, 100, 127 ; Lord 
Melbourne on, i. 350 

Ashburnham, Countess of (widow of 
third Earl), i. 175 

Lady Elinor (afterwards Lady 

Wodehouse), i. 175 

Ashburton, first Lord (Alexander 
Baring), President of Board of 
Trade, i. 199, 277 

third Lord (Francis Baring), i. 

311 

Lady (wife of above), see Baring, 

Mrs. 

Ashley, Lord (afterwards seventh 
Earl of Shaftesbury), i. 242 ; and 
Lady Barham, i. 243 ; on New 
Zealanders, ii. 52, 53 ; on duelling, 
ii. 54, 55 ; and Queen Victoria, ii. 
171 

Lady (Lady Emily Cowper, 

wife of above, afterwards Coun- 
tess of Shaftesbury), and her 
children, i. 242, 243, ii. 52, 251 ; 
and Lord Melbourne, i. 243, 275, 
276 ; her politics, i. 276, 279 ; 
and her sister-in-law, i. 285 ; her 



beauty, i. 318, 375, ii. 211 ; 
State ball, i. 318 ; a reception, i. 
375 ; and F. Robinson, ii. 49 ; 
and acting, ii. 90 ; Lady West- 
minster's ball, ii. 211 ; her educa- 
tion, ii. 225 

Asia, crisis in, ii. 147 

Assiedo di Corrinto, Le, opera by 
Rossini, i. 97, 115 

Athlone, George, eighth Earl of, i. 78 

Aubigny, Duchesse d', see Portsmouth, 
Duchess of 

Auckland, Baron (afterwards Earl 
of, Governor-General of India), 
policy in Afghanistan and Persia, 
ii. 47, 63, 64 ; visit to and treaty 
with Ranjit Singh, ii. 131, 146 

Audley, Nicholas, third Baron, i. 362 

twenty-first Baron, i. 362 

Auersperg, Prince, i. 218 

Augusta, Princess, see Brunswick, 
Duchess of 

Augustus, Prince (Duke of Leuch- 
tenberg), death, i. 110 

Austria, Emperor of (Ferdinand I.), 
illness, i. 256, 279 ; coronation, i. 
300, ii. 18 

and Prussia, ii. 23 ; treaty of 

Munchengratz, ii. 31 ; and the 
Queen of Spain, ii. 49 ; withdraws 
her Minister from Brussels, ii. 
119 ; treaty with Turkey, ii. 258 ; 
friendly to England, ii. 289 



BACON, JAMES, winner of the " Manor 

Stakes," i. 127 
John, winner of the " Give-and- 

Take Plate," i. 127 
Baillie, Miss Joanna, playwriter, i. 

146 
Ballot question, the, i. 273, 274, 283, 

ii. 204, 208 

Banti, Georgina Brigida, ii. 140 
Barante, F. M. de, History of the 

Princes of the House of Burgundy, 

i. 242, 263, 278, ii. 92, 93 
Barham, Charles Noel, third Lord 

(afterwards Earl of Gainsborough), 

i. 175, 335, 340 
Lady (fourth wife of above), 

Lady of the Bedchamber to Queen 



828 



INDEX 



Victoria, i. 175 ; description of, 
i. 176; leaves Windsor, i. 221, 
222 ; opening of Parliament, i. 
237 ; her politics, i. 243 ; the 
coronation of Queen Victoria, i. 
355, 356 ; review in Hyde Park, 
i. 365 ; on the heating of churches, 
ii. 72 ; and Queen Victoria, ii. 104 
Bariatinsky, Prince, aide-de-camp 
to Russian Emperor, ii. 157 ; 
State dinner and ball at Windsor, 
ii. 187-190 

Baring, Mrs. (afterwards Lady Ash- 
burton), i. 311 

Sir Francis Thornhill (after- 
wards Lord Northbrook and Chan- 
cellor of the Exchequer), on the 
revenue, ii. 51 ; possible official 
changes, ii. 60 
Barnby Moor, i. 130, 131 
Barnet, i. 43 
Baron Hill, Princess Victoria's visit 

to, i. 46, 47 
Barrington, Lady C., and Queen 

Victoria, i. 245, 372, ii. 210 
Bartley, George, in The Lady of 
Lyons, i. 292 ; in King Lear, ii. 
121 
Bates, Miss, marriage to Sylvain 

Van de Weyer, i. 73, ii. 13 
Bathurst, Lady Emily, i. 59 
Battle Abbey, description of, i. 101 
Baudrand, General Comte, i. 137 
Bavaria, Prince Royal of, visits 

Queen Victoria, i. 368 
Beaconsfield, Earl of, see Disraeli 
Beauclerk, Lady Mary, i. 315 
Beaufort, Duke of, marriage to two 

half-sisters, i. 351 

Beaumaris, Princess Victoria re- 
ceives an address, i. 46 
Beaumont, Mr., in Bluebeard, i. 56 
Beauvale, Lord, see Lamb, Sir F. 
Bedchamber plot, ii. 142, 171 et seq. 
Bedford, Francis, seventh Duke of, 
ii. 41 

Duchess of, ii. 211 

Beechey, Sir Wm., R.A., portrait 

painter to Queen Charlotte, i. 71 ; 

Mrs. Jordan, ii. 101 

Beggars' Opera, The, by Gay, i. 330, 

ii. 91, 144 



Belfast, Earl of (afterwards Lord En- 
nishowen and Marquess of Done- 
gall), ii. 319 
Belgians, King of the, see Leopold 

Queen of the, see Louise 
Belgium, timber quarrel, i. 252 ; 
dispute with HoUand, i. 380, 384, 
387, 388, ii. 36, 48, 76, 78, 119, 
151, 154, 155 
Belisario, i. 188 

Bellasyse, Lady Charlotte, marriage, 
i. 314 ; Lady to the Duchess of 
Gloucester, ii. 2, 3 
Bellini, composer of the opera / 

Puritani, i. 115, 133, 186 
Belluomini, Dr., and death of Mme 

Malibran, i. 170 

Bennett, George, in King John, i. 
88 ; in The Separation, i. 146 ; in 
other plays, i. 148 ; in King Lear, 
ii. 121 

Bentinck, Lord Wm., Lord Melbourne 
on, ii. 16, 72 

M. de, ii. 187 

Beresford, William Carr, Viscount 
("Marshal Beresford"), i. 146 

Viscountess (wife of above), i. 

146 
Beriot, M. de, death of his wife, 

Madame Malibran, i. 168-171 
Berry, Due de, ii. 74 

Duchesse de, Lord Melbourne 

on, ii. 74 

Bertie, Lady Charlotte, i. 58, 59 
Bertram, Mr., in Kenilioorth, i. 66 
Bessborough, third Earl of, anec- 
dote of, i. 321 

Best, Sir Wm. Draper, see Wynford, 
Lord 

Mr., duel with Lord Camelford, 

ii. 16 

Bickersteth, Henry (afterwards Lord 

Langdale), and the Crown jewels, 

ii. 33 ; and the blue ribbon, ii. 

197 

Bigge, Sir Arthur (afterwards Lord 

Stamiordham), ii. 167 
Bignon, M., ii. 206 
BiUington, Elizabeth, the brilliant 

singer, ii. 140 

Birds, Lord Melbourne on songs of, 
i. 316, 324 






INDEX 



329 



Birmingham, Princess Victoria's visit 
to, i. 44 

Biron, Due de, his kindness to Lord 
Rodney, i. 287 

Bishopthorpe (Archbishop of York's 
Palace), Princess Victoria's visit 
to, i. 131-135 

Blackwood, Mrs. (afterwards Lady 
Dufferin), i. 192, 219 ; Lord Mel- 
bourne on, ii. 242 

Bland, Dorah, see Jordan, Mrs. 

Mr. (brother of above), ii. 102 

Blebelsberg, Marie, Countess (wife 
of Prince Charles of Leiningen), 
and Queen Victoria, i. 189, 190, 
193-195, 198, 201-203, 207, 208, 
216 ; procession in state, i. 209, 
210; Chapter of the Garter, i. 
214, 215 

Blessington, Countess of, and Count 
d'Orsay, i. 186 

Blois, Mile, de, ii. 62 

Blomfield, Dr. Charles James, Bishop 
of London, report on Princess 
Victoria's attainments, i. 18 ; a 
fine sermon, i. 100 ; character of, 
i. 125 ; and Lord Melbourne, ii. 
157 

Bodleian Library, The, Princess 
Victoria's visit to, i. 60 

Boleyn, Anne, ii. 155, 240 

Borgo, Pozzo di, see Pozzo 

Borromeo, Cardinal, ii. 37 

Boscawen, Lord (afterwards second 
Earl of Falmouth), i. 60 

Boston, Frederick, second Lord, i. 
245 

George, third Lord, i. 245 

Bos well's Life of Johnson, i. 185 

Bourbon, Louise Marie Adelaide de 
(Louis Philippe's mother), ii. 62 

Bourdin, Mme., Princess Victoria's 
dancing mistress, 68, 77 

Bouverie, Lady Jane Harriet, one 
of Queen Victoria's tram-bearers, 
ii. 319 

Bowerhill, Mrs., matron at Miss 
Murray's orphanage, i. 163 

Boyer, Colonel, i. 138 

Boyle, Lady (Emily Seymour), and 
Lord Melbourne, ii. 266 

Boyne House, i. 129, 130 

II 22* 



Bradford, Sir Thomas, Commander- 
in-Chief at Bombay, i. 295 

Braganza, Duchess of (Empress of 
Brazil), and Princess Victoria, i. 
86, 87, ii. 220, 221, 223 

Braunston, curious spire at, i. 44 

Braybrooke, Lady (wife of third 
Lord), i. 343 

Breadalbane, John, second Marquess 
and fifth Earl of, invested with 
Order of the Thistle, i. 295 

Brendal, Mr., in King John, i. 88 

Bride of Lammermoor, The, first 
novel read by Queen Victoria, i. 
260 

Bright, John, i. 39 

Brighton, Queen Victoria's visit to, 
i. 229-232 ; her dislike of, ii. 59 

Brinckman, Lady, ii. 75 

British Artists, petition from Society 
of, i. 321, 322 

Gallery, Princess Victoria's 

visits to, i. 79, 162 

Brock, Mrs., Princess Victoria's 
nurse, i. 61 ; death, i. 159 

Brocket Hall, Lord Melbourne's 
residence, i. 221, 299, 307 

Broglie, Due de, and Louis Philippe, 
ii. 100, 143 

Duchesse de, i. 256, and Louis 

Philippe, i. 306 

Bronte, Charlotte, i. 6 

Brooke, George Guy, Lord (after- 
wards fourjbh Earl of Warwick), 
A.D.C. to Queen Victoria, i. 77 

Brougham, Lord, Lord Chancellor, 
i. 68 ; and Queen Victoria, i. 200, 
217, 237, ii. 208, 220; Catholic 
Emancipation Act, i. 240 ; on 
education, i. 241 ; unsparing criti- 
cisms on his old colleagues, i. 244 ; 
Canada Government Bill, i. 257, 
268, 269, 277 ; on Jamaican 
slavery, i. 294 ; on the Poor Laws, 
i. 295, 296 ; strangeness in Paris, 
i. 307 ; and Mrs. Fitzherbert, i. 
314, 315 ; Lord Melbourne on, 
i. 382, ii. 244 ; on George IV., 
ii. 40, 58 ; severe letter on Minis- 
ters, ii. 80 ; and Lord Normanby, 
ii. 116, 136 ; and the blue ribbon, 
ii. 197 ; debate on Ireland, ii. 



830 



INDEX 



226, 227 ; and Lord Lyndhurst, 
ii. 238 ; reported death, ii. 271, 
272 

Broughton, Lord, see Hobhouse, Sir 
J. 

Brown, Colonel, ii. 270 

Captain, of H.M.S. Caledonia, 

i. 84 

Browning, Robert, i. 6 

Brownlow, first Earl, i. 120 

Countess of (second wife of 
above), i. 112 ; Eton Montem, i. 
119, 120 

Bruce, Earl (afterwards second Mar- 
quess of Ailesbury), dances with 
Queen Victoria, ii. 175, 211 

Mrs. Dash wood, see Pitt, Hon. 

Bruno w, Baron, Russian Ambas- 
sador, and Lord Melbourne, ii. 
252 ; dinner at Windsor, ii. 262, 
263 

Brunswick, Charles William Freder- 
ick, Duke of, ii. 2 

Duchess of (wife of above), and 

Queen Charlotte, i. 302, ii. 2 ; 
and Lord Melbourne, ii. 307 

Buckingham, first Duke of, ii. 16, 
43, 180 

Richard, second Duke of, ii. 180 

Buckley, Colonel Edward Pery (after- 
wards General and M.P.), Equerry 
to Queen Victoria, i. 218-223, 265, 
372 ; Drury Lane Theatre, i. 271 ; 
christening of his son Victor 
327 ; the State ball, ii. 188 

Lady Catharine (wife of above), 

Queen Victoria sponsor to her 
son Victor, i. 327 

Buckstone, J. B., manager of the 
Haymarket Theatre, ii. 201 

Buggin, Lady Cecilia (afterwards 
created Duchess of Inverness), 
marriage to the Duke of Sussex, ii. 
314 

Bulkeley, Sir Richard, tenth Baronet, 
M.P. for Anglesey, Princess Vic- 
toria's visit to, i. 46, 47 

Lady (wife of above), descrip- 
tion of her dress, i. 47 

Billow, Baron Heinrich von, Prussian 
representative in London, i. 380 ; 
and Lord Palmerston, i. 388, ii. 76 



Bulwer, Sir Henry (afterwards Lord 
Dalling), Secretary of Embassy at 
Constantinople, ii. 20, 22 

Bulwer-Lytton, Edward (afterwards 
Baronet and Baron), the novelist, 
address from Lincoln, i. 189 ; The 
Lady of Lyons, i. 292 ; his personal 
appearance, i. 299 ; Coronation 
honours, i. 355 ; Eugene Aram, 
ii. 83 ; Richelieu, ii. 141 ; hia 
wife's book, ii. 145 

Mrs. (wife of the above), attacks 

her husband in her book, ii. 132 

Buren, van, President of the State 
of Maine, and the Canadian 
Boundary question, ii. 21 

Burghersh, Lord (afterwards eleventh 
Earl of Westmorland), i. 295 

Lady (wife of above), and 

Charles Mathews, i. 149, 150; 
and Lord Melbourne, i. 302, 303 ; 
and the Duke of Wellington, ii. 310 

Burgundy, Duke of, murder of the 
Duke of Orleans ii. 93 

Burgundy, History of the Princes of 
the House of, by Barante, i. 242, 
263 ; Lord Melbourne on, ii. 92 

Burke, Edmund, Annual Register, 
i. 262 ; court etiquette, ii. 41 ; 
anecdote of, ii. 50 

Burleigh, Lord, and his nephew 
Bacon, ii. 128 

Burlington, Countess of, see Cavendish, 
Lady 

Burnes, Captain Alexander, on 
Northern East India, i. 89 ; sent 
on mission to Cabul, ii. 63 ; and 
murder of, ii. 146 

Burnet, Bishop, Memoirs, i. 396 

Bury, Lady Charlotte, Lady-in- 
Waiting to Queen Caroline, Diary 
Illustrative of the Times of George I V. , 
i. 310, 394 ; reviewed by Lord 
Brougham, i. 314 

Bute, first Marquess of, i. 397, ii. 69 

second Marquess of, i. 397 

Butler, Dr., Headmaster of Shews- 
bury School, i. 6 

Mrs. (Fanny Kemble), her jour- 
nal, i. 128, 132, 256; on Queen 
Victoria's speech, i. 213 

Buxton, Thomas Fowell (afterwards 



INDEX 



331 



a Baronet), and the slave traffic, 
ii. 28 

Buxton, Princess Victoria at, i. 52 

Byng, Hon. Edmund, Commissioner 
in Colonial Audit Office, at Clare- 
mont, i. 179 

Hon. F. G., Gentleman Usher 

of the Privy Chamber, i. 303, 374 

Hon. George (afterwards second 

Earl of Strafford), Comptroller of 
the Household, i. 205, ii. 155, 
188 ; Sir F. Grant's picture, ii. 222 

Lady Agnes (wife of above), ii. 

75, 188 

Hon. Henry (second son of 

above), afterwards Equerry to 
Queen Victoria, ii. 313, 321 

Byron, William, fifth Baron, duel 
with Wm. Chaworth, i. 341 

George Gordon, sixth Baron, 

the illustrious Poet : Don Juan, i. 
5 ; Werner, i. 237 ; Lord Mel- 
bourne on, i. 303, 304 ; and Miss 
Chaworth, ii. 340, 341 ; and Miss 
Milbanke, i. 342 

Lady, formerly Miss Milbanke 

(wife of above), i. 342 

George Anson, seventh Baron, 

Lord-in-Waiting to Queen Vic- 
toria, i. 298, 372, ii. 217, 285 ; 
Queen Victoria's wedding, ii. 318 



CABUL, mission to, ii. 63 

Caledonia, H.M.S., i. 84, 85 

Callcott, Sir Augustus Wall, R.A., 
i. 71' 

Calvinists, Lord Melbourne on, ii. 55 

Cambaceres, second Consul in the 
French Constitution, ii. 8 

Cambridge, H.R.H. Adolphus, Duke 
of (1774-1850) : Princess Victoria's 
birthday, i. 118 ; Eton Montem, 
i. 119-121 ; Princess Victoria's 
Confirmation, i. 125 ; Lord Mayor's 
dinner, i. 233 ; and Coronation of 
Emperor of Austria, i. 300 ; a 
dinner party, i. 374 ; State ball, 
ii. 174 ; Royal Houses, ii. 235 ; 
question of precedence, ii. 283 ; 
opening of Parliament, ii. 297 ; 
Queen Victoria's wedding, ii. 319 



Cambridge, H.R.H. Augusta, Duchess 
of (wife of above) : a concert, i. 114 ; 
her marriage, i. 118 ; Confirmation, 
i. 125 ; Lord Mayor's dinner, i. 
233 ; the House of Lords, i. 237 ; 
Queen Victoria's Coronation, i. 
360 ; a dinner party, i. 374 ; a 
reception, i. 376 ; State ball, ii. 
174 ; Queen Victoria's wedding, 
ii. 319 

Prince George of (afterwards 

Duke of, and Commander-in- 
Chief), birthday balls, i. 77, 331 ; 
Ascot Races, i. 99 ; Eton Montem, 
i. 119-121 ; State baUs, i. 150, 151, 
317 ; Lord Mayor's dinner, i. 
233 ; a dinner party, i. 374 ; his 
visit to Lisbon, ii. 49, 50 

Princess Augusta of (afterwards 

Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg- 
Strelitz), birthday presents, i. 118 ; 
represents Queen Adelaide at two 
drawing-rooms and the ball at 
St. James's, i. 188, 190, 192 ; Lord 
Mayor's dinner, i. 233 ; a recep- 
tion, i. 374 ; her character, ii. 
150 ; State ball, ii. 174 

Princess Mary of (afterwards 

Duchess of Teck), i. 237 ; Queen 
Victoria's marriage, ii. 321 

Camelford, Lord, killed in a duel, ii. 
16 

Cameron, Sir John, in command of 
the Western district, i. 85 

Camidge, Matthew, organist at York 
Minster, i. 133 

Campbell, Sir Colin (afterwards Field- 
Marshal Lord Clyde), Commander- 
in-Chief in India, his character, i. 
80 

Lady (wife of Major-General 

Sir Guy Campbell, Bart.) i. 312 

Canada, rebellion in, i. 246, 247 ; 
Government Bill, 251-254, 257, 258, 
260, 261, 263, 264, 268, 269, 276- 
278 ; troops in, i. 261, 275 ; Duke 
of Wellington on, i. 269 ; prisoners, 
i. 293 ; Lord Durham's despatch, 
ii. 3 ; boundary question, ii. 21 

Candahar, troops sent to, ii. 63 

Canning, Charles (afterwards Vis- 
count, and Governor-General of 



332 



INDEX 



India), i. 60 ; his shyness, i. 241, 

276 

Canning, Rt. Hon. George, Eton por- 
trait of, i. 343 ; on Lord Melbourne, 

ii. 19 ; and Lord Morley, ii. 86 ; 

and William IV., ii. 248; and 

Pitt, ii. 261 
Cantelupe, George, Viscount, i. 60 ; 

State ball, i. 332 
Canterbury, Princess Victoria at, i. 

135 
Archbishop of, see Howley and 

Sumner 
Carew, Robert Shapland, first Lord, 

Coronation honours, i. 353 ; Lord 

Melbourne on, ii. 136 
Carlisle, sixth Earl of, ii. 261 
seventh Earl of, see Morpeth, 

Lord 
Carlos, Don, and Queen Christina, i. 

87 

Carlyle, Thomas, i. 6 
Carmarthen, Marquess of (after- 
wards seventh Duke of Leeds), 

Coronation honours, i. 353, 355 
Carnarvon, Princess Victoria's visit 

to, i. 46 
Caroline, Queen (wife of George II.), 

Horace Walpole on, ii. 44 ; Lord 

Melbourne on, ii. 110 
Queen (wife of George IV.), i. 

2, 5 ; her trial, i. 395 ; sympathy 

for, ii. 5, 6 ; letter from George IV., 

ii. 58 
Castlemaine, Roger Palmer, Earl of, 

his mission to the Vatican, ii. 36 
Catherine of Aragon and Henry 

VIII., ii. 158 

of Braganza, ii. 44 

Catholic Emancipation Act, i. 239, 

240 
Cavendish, Lord William (afterwards 

second Earl of Burlington and 

seventh Duke of Devonshire), his 

character, i. 53 
Lady (wife of above), i. 53 ; 

her son, i. 54 ; theatricals at 

Chatsworth, i. 56 ; Lady of the 

Bedchamber, i. 374 
Miss Fanny (sister of Lord 

Cavendish), at Chatsworth, i. 54, 

56 



Cavendish, Colonel the Hon. H. F. C., 
Clerk-Marshal to Queen Victoria : 
in attendance on the Queen, i. 
199, 203, 205, 208, 220-223 ; rides 
with the Queen, i. 228, 292, 293, 
298, 328, 372; procession in 
state, i. 209 ; leaves Brighton, i. 
232; visit to Eton, i. 342; the 
Queen's accident, ii. 14 ; a review, 
ii. 23, 24 ; the State ball, ii. 188 ; 
at Woolwich, ii. 248 ; the Queen's 
wedding day, ii. 318 

Mrs. (wife of the above), i. 225 ; 

rides with Queen Victoria, i. 229 

Miss Caroline Fanny (daughter 

of above), Maid- of -Honour, i. 219 ; 
rides with Queen Victoria, i. 220, 
222, 227, 228, 292, 298, 372 ; at 
Windsor, i. 221 ; Drury Lane, i. 
265, 271 ; the State ball, ii. 188 

George (son of Colonel Caven- 
dish), Queen Victoria's page : re- 
views at Windsor, i. 226, 227, ii. 
23 

Lady Caroline, theatricals at 

Chatsworth, i. 56 

Lady Louisa, the State ball, ii. 

188 

Cenerentola, opera by Rossini, i. 70 

Cetto, Baron, i. 368 

Chalmers, Dr., ii. 126 

Chalon, A. E., portraits by, i. 186 

Chambers, W. F., Physician-in- 
Ordinary to William IV. and 
Queen Victoria, and Queen Ade- 
laide, i. 347 

Chantrey, Sir F., sculptor, stalues of 
Mrs. Jordan, ii. 101 ; of Queen 
Victoria, ii. 119; of Lord Mel- 
bourne, ii. 311 

Charades at Chatsworth, i. 56 

Charlemont, Countess of (wife of 
second Earl), Lady of the Bed- 
chamber to Queen Victoria, i. 
204; Chapter of the Garter, i. 
214; at Windsor, i. 221, 234, 
291 ; opera, i. 372 

Charles I., Queen Victoria on, i. 
263 ; his marriage, ii. 43 

Charles II., portrait of, i. 101, 102 ; 
his looks, ii. 54 ; Duchess of 
Portsmouth on, ii. 68 ; actresses 



INDEX 



333 



in his reign, ii. 84 ; in Parliament, 
ii. 119 

Charles X., see Artois, Comte de 

Charles, Archduke, i. 386 

Charleville, second Earl of, ii. 134 

Charlotte, Queen (wife of George III.), 
court etiquette, i. 289, ii. 2, 
110 ; Brougham on, i. 308, ii. 
40 ; her appearance, i. 309, ii. 
41 ; fondness for presents, i. 389 ; 
the Crown jewels, i. 390, ii. 33 ; 
miniature of, ii. 54 ; and Mrs. 
Howe, ii. 70 ; and Mrs. Fitz- 
herbert, ii. 87 ; and Lord Mel- 
bourne, ii. 147 ; her marriage in 
Annual Register, ii. 273, 274; 
and her son, ii. 290 

Princess (daughter of George IV., 

wife of Leopold of Saxe-Coburg- 
Saalfeld), marriage and death, i. 
278, 388, ii. 290 ; and her husband, 
ii. 103, 281 ; and George IV., ii. 290 

Charteris, Hon. Frank (afterwards 
LordElcho), ii. 277 

Chartist agitation, ii. 46, 61 

Chatsworth (seat of the Duke of 
Devonshire), Princess Victoria's 
visit to, i. 52-54 ; the sights of, i. 
54 

Chavigny, Mile., i. 66 

Chaworth, Miss, and Byron, i. 340, 
341 ; her unhappy marriage, i. 
341, 342 

William, killed in duel by fifth 

Lord Byron, i. 341 

Chester, address to Princess Vic- 
toria, i. 50 

Bishop of, see Sumner, J. B. 

Dean of, see Davys, Rev. George 

Palace, ii. 133 

Chicheley, Henry, Archbishop of 
Canterbury, ii. 318 

Chichester, Hon. Adolphus, page to 
Queen Victoria, ii. 174 

Child, Mr., Mrs., and Miss, i. 58 

Children's Friendly Society, i. 162- 
164 

Cholmondeley, Marchioness of (wife 
of first Marquess), i. 313 

second Marquess of, ii. 58 

Christ Church (Oxford), Princess 
Victoria's visit to, i. 59 



Christina of Spain, Queen, i. 87 

Church questions, ii. 18, 19, 27, 72 

Churchill, Francis, first Lord, re- 
ceives Princess Victoria at Wood- 
stock, i. 58 

Lord John, i. 216 

Civil List Bill, i. 246 

Clanricarde, first Marquess of, and 
the Emperor, ii. 75, 76 ; on Russia, 
ii. 213 

Marchioness of (wife of above), 

i. 318 

Clanwilliam, Countess of (wife of 
third Earl), i. 319 

Claremont, Princess Victoria's resi- 
dence at, i. 140, 166, 179 

Clarendon's History of the Rebellion 
and Memoirs, i. 263 

Clarendon Printing Press, visited by 
Queen Victoria, i. 60 

Earl of, see Villiers 

Clark, Dr., afterwards Sir James, 
Physician to Princess Victoria, i. 
137, 143, 195, 198 ; and vaccina- 
tion, ii. 102 

Cleveland, first Duke of, i. 68, 98 ; 
at Windsor, i. 100; and Lord 
Grey, i. 369 

Clifford of Chudleigh, seventh Lord, 
and Lord Melbourne, ii. 36 

Sir Augustus, Usher of the 

Black Rod, theatricals at Chats - 
worth, i, 56 

Lady (wife of above), her son, 

i. 54 ; theatricals at Chatsworth, 
i. 56 

Mrs., in King Lear, ii. 121 

Clinton, Lord Thomas, i. 60 

Lady, Lady of the Bedchamber 

in Waiting, i, 98, 99 

Clive, Life of, by Sir John Malcolm, 
i. 185 

Clive, Lady Harriet, i. 45, 365 

Lady Lucy, i. 45 

Cliveden, account of, ii. 16 

Clyde, Field-Marshal Lord, see Camp- 
bell, Sir Colin 

Cocks, Miss Caroline Margaret (after- 
wards Mrs. Courtenay), Maid-of- 
Honour to Queen Victoria, i. 220- 
222, 247 

Codrington, Lady Georgina (daughter 



334 



INDEX 



of seventh Duke of Beaufort), ii. 
292 

Cceur de Lion, Richard, i. 261 

Coke, first Lord, Lord Melbourne on, 
ii. 271 

Sir John, ii. 5, 9 

Thomas William, Lord (after- 
wards second Earl of Leicester), 
at Paris, ii. 30 

Sir Thomas, Vice-Chamberlain 

to George I., ii. 5, 228 

Miss (daughter of above), ii. 5 

Colonel, and the Revolution, ii. 

9 

Colborne, Sir J. (afterwards Field- 
Marshal and first Lord Seaton), i. 
261 ; and the Canadian prisoners, 
i. 293 

Lord, ii. 295 

Collen, Mr., portrait painter, i. 77 ; 
Princess Victoria sits for her 
picture, i. 121, 129 

Colonial policy, i. 398 

Compton, Lady Marianne (after- 
wards Lady Alford), ii. 278 

Confirmation of Princess Victoria, i. 
124-126 

Congleton, Lord, see Parnell, H. B. 

Coningsby, Eton Montem in, i. 336 

Conquest of Granada, The, read by 
Princess Victoria, i. 162, 172, 175 

Conroy, Sir John, Comptroller to the 
Duchess of Kent, Princess Vic- 
toria's dislike for, i. 13, 25, 27, 28, 
32 ; at Alton Towers, i. 57 ; made 
a Doctor of Civil Law, i. 59 ; at 
Kensington Palace, i. 61, 64-70, 
88-90 ; dinner party for Duke of 
Orleans, i. 74 ; birthday presents 
to Princess Victoria, i. 76, 117, 180 ; 
a birthday ball, i. 77 ; goes to the 
opera, i. 79, 93, 94, 96, 97; at 
Norris Castle, i. 80-85 ; lecture on 
physics, i. 89 ; Madame Vestris's 
Olympic, i. 148 

Lady (wife of the above), at 

Kensington Palace, i. 64 ; opera 
and theatres, i. 65, 70, 90, 93 ; 
rides with Princess Victoria, i. 67 ; 
dinner parties, i. 69, 74 ; birthday 
presents to Princess Victoria, i. 
76, 118 ; at Norris Castle, i. 80-86 ; 



lecture on physics, i. 89 ; the 
Royal procession, i. 100 ; at St. 
Leonards, i. 103 ; at Ramsgate, 
i. 136 ; Christmas at Claremont, i. 
197 ; ball at St. James's, i. 190 ; 

Conroy, Miss Victoire (daughter of 
above), at Plas Newydd, i. 48 ; 
at Kensington, i. 61 ; theatres and 
operas, i. 64 ; rides with Princess 
Victoria, i. 66, 67, 82 ; a present, 
i. 76 ; at Norris Castle, i. 81-83 ; at 
Portsmouth, i. 86 ; at St. Leonards, 
i. 103, 104 ; Eton Montem, i. 119 ; 
a dinner party, i. 137 ; Christmas 
at Claremont, i. 179, 180 ; the 
drawing-room, i. 189 

Miss Jane, goes to the play, i. 

64 ; birthday presents, i. 76, 118 ; 
at Norris Castle, i. 81-83 ; at 
Portsmouth, i. 86 ; at St. Leon- 
ard's, i. 103, 104 ; dinner party, 
i. 158 

Edward, birthday presents, i. 

76 ; visit to the Victory, i. 83 

Henry, birthday presents, i. 

76 ; at Southampton, i. 81 ; ride 
with Princess Victoria, i. 82 ; 
visit to the Victory, i. 83 ; at St. 
Leonards, i. 103, 104 

Stephen, birthday presents, i. 

76 ; at St. Leonard's, i. 103, 104 

Consort, Prince, see Albert, Prince 

Constant, Benjamin, his psycholo- 
gical novel Adolphe, ii. 61, 62 

Constantinople, defence of, ii. 258 

Conyngham, Francis, second Mar- 
quess, Lord Chamberlain at Wind- 
sor Castle, i. 98 ; Confirmation 
of Princess Victoria, i. 125 ; 
announces the King's death to 
Queen Victoria, i. 183, 196 ; au- 
dience with the Queen, i. 201, 238 ; 
procession in state, 209 ; the 
Queen's arrival at Windsor, i. 221 ; 
rides with the Queen, i. 222, 292, 
293, 298 ; a game of chess, i. 225 ; 
Lord Mayor's dinner, i. 233 ; the 
House of Lords, i. 237 ; Drury 
Lane Theatre, i. 265, 271 ; visit 
to Eton, i. 342 ; Coronation 
ceremony, i. 355, 357 ; the opera, 
i. 372 ; work at Eton, ii. 56 ; 



INDEX 



835 



on thieving at school, ii. 66 ; the 
Queen's appreciation of his chil- 
dren, ii. 75 ; Sir F. Grant's pic- 
ture, ii. 222 

Conyngham, Marchioness (wife of 
above), at Windsor Castle, i. 98 ; 
picture of George IV., ii. 91 

Lady Elizabeth, see Aboyne 

Cooke, T. P., in The Innkeeper's 
Daughter, i. 88 

Cooper, Mr., at Chatsworth, i. 54, 56 

Copley, Lady Charlotte, at Windsor, 
i. 221 ; rides with the Queen, i. 222 

Copyright Bill, ii. 155 

Corbett, Mr., Mrs., and Miss, i. 58 

Cork, Countess of, and Lord Mel- 
bourne, i. 394 

Corn Laws, ii. 104, 105 

Corneille's tragedies, ii. 32 

Cornwallis On the Sacrament, i. 159 

Coronation of Queen Victoria, 
preparations for, i. 291, 294, 302, 
313, 321 ; honours, i. 335, 353 ; 
the ceremony, i. 336, 355-363 ; 
homage at, i. 337 

Costa, Michael (afterwards Sir 
Michael), conductor of Co vent 
Garden Orchestra, at Windsor, i. 
114, 116 

Cosway, Mr., his picture of Lord 
Melbourne, ii. 82 

Cottenham, first Lord, Lord Chan- 
cellor, Lord Melbourne on, i. 282, 
ii. 119 ; and Council, ii. 44, 45 ; 
resignation of the Ministry, ii. 163 ; 
Household appointments, ii. 174, 
176 ; precedence question for 
Prince Albert, ii. 283 

Coulon, Mr., in La Sonnambula, i. 
67 ; in Nathalie, i. 75 

Court etiquette, i. 288 

Covent Garden, Princess Victoria 
sees Oustavus and the Masqued 
Ball, i. 90; Werner and Fra 
Diavolo, i. 236, 237 ; King Lear, 
ii. 121 

Coventry, Princess Victoria passes 
through, i. 44 

Coventry, Countess of (formerly Miss 
Gunning (wife of sixth Earl), i. 378 

Countess of (wife of eighth 

Earl), i. 315 



Cowan, John, Lord Mayor, dinner to 
the Queen, i. 233, 234 

Co wen, Mr., a landscape painter, i. 
153 

Cowes, Princess Victoria at, i. 81 

Cowley, first Lord, ii. 205 

Lady, see Wellesley 

Cowper, fifth Earl (1799-1837), i. 
242 ; portrait of, ii. 95 ; Lord 
Melbourne on, ii. 296 

Countess (wife of above, sister 

of Lord Melbourne), i. 221 ; and 
her grandchildren, i. 243 ; State 
ball, i. 332 ; and Lord Brougham, 
i. 382; a review, ii. 24; her 
travelling requirements, ii. 79 ; 
picture of George IV., ii. 91 ; her 
brother's portrait, ii. 95, 96 ; the 
State ball, ii. 175 ; State dinner 
at Windsor, ii. 187 ; Virginia 
Water, ii. 234 ; marriage to Lord 
Palmerston, ii. 260, 274, 275 

sixth Earl, Lord Melbourne on, 

i. 256 ; his shy manner, i. 297, 
318 ; portrait of, i. 316 ; review, 
ii. 23, 24 

Countess (wife of sixth Earl), 

i. 285, ii. 128 

Lady Emily, see Ashley, Lady 

Lady Fanny (daughter of fifth 

Earl, afterwards Lady Jocelyn, 
and Lady of the Bedchamber to 
the Queen), presentation, i. 188 ; 
her charms and beauty, i. 191, 
192, 240, 318, 360, 375, ii. 225 ; 
Brocket Hall, i. 221 ; her politics, 
i. 276, 279 ; and her sister-in-law, 
i. 285; State ball, i. 318, 319; 
trainbearer at Coronation and 
wedding, i. 357, 363, ii. 319; a 
reception, i. 375 ; and acting, ii. 
90; State ball, ii. 175; State 
dinner, ii. 187 ; her education, 
ii. 225 ; at Windsor Castle, ii. 
234 ; her possible marriage, ii. 
277 ; appointment, ii. 278 ; Christ- 
mas service, ii. 285 

Hon. Spencer (son of fifth 

Earl), at Windsor, i. 221 ; mar- 
riage, i. 242 ; and Lord Palmerston, 
ii. 79 
Hon. Wm. (son of fifth Earl), 



386 



INDEX 



Groom-in- Waiting to the Queen, 
i. 218; at Windsor, i. 221, 234, 
247 ; Lord Mayor's dinner, i. 
235 ; and Lord Melbourne, i. 243, 
248, 256, 303 ; the opera, i. 372 ; 
and Bulwer, ii. 127 ; victory for 
the Government, ii. 154 ; a ride, 
ii. 155 ; a possible appointment, 
ii. 161 ; the Queen's speech, ii. 
238; and Prince Albert, ii. 269, 
271 ; his mother's marriage, ii. 
296 

Cowper, Life of, by Southey, i. 395 

Cox, Mr., Life of Walpole, i. 351, 
352 

Crabbe, Rev. George, Gipsies' Ad- 
vocate, i. 182 

Cranmer, Archbishop, Hallam on, ii. 
285 

Craven, Countess of (wife of first 
Earl), an actress, i. 256 

Cremorne, Lord, ii. 266 

Croker, Rt. Hon. John Wilson, 
Secretary to the Admiralty, i. 178 

Cromwell, Oliver, his descendants, i. 
314 

Crown jewels, ii. 33 

Cumberland, Ernest Augustus, Duke 
of (fifth son of George III.), 
allegiance to Queen Victoria, i. 
31 ; dinner to William IV., i. 68 ; 
birthday present, i. 76 ; Eton 
Montem, i. 119-121 ; Confirmation 
ceremony, i. 125 ; his character 
and succession as King of Han- 
over, i. 197 

Duchess of (wife of above), i. 76 

Henry Frederick, Duke of (bro- 
ther of George III.), i. 376, ii. 307 ; 
his secret marriage, i. 390 

William Augustus, Duke of 

(son of George II.), ii. 78, 294 ; his 
character, ii. 307 

Gust, Sir Edward, Master of the 
Ceremonies to the Queen, i. 69 

Lady (wife of above), dinner to 

William IV., i. 69; Somerset 
House Exhibition, i. 70 ; birth- 
day present to the Queen, i. 76, 
118 ; a drawing-room, i. 192 

Lady Sophia, at Windsor, i. 

112 ; Eton Montem, i. 119, 120 



DALLING, Lord, see Bulwer, Sir Henry 

Dalmatie, Due de, see Soult, Marshal 

Marquis de (son of above), i. 

354, 355 

Damoreau, Mme. Cinti, in Cener en- 
tola, i. 70 

Daniel, Mr., Somerset House Ex- 
hibition, i. 71 

Dardanelles, closed by the Treaty of 
Unkiar Skelessi, ii. 257-259 

Darling, Grace, her bravery in 
saving life, ii. 35 

Darlington, Earl of, see Cleveland, 
Duke of 

Darmstadt, Princess Mary of, her 
intended marriage, ii. 212 

Darnley, Lord, Lord Melbourne on, 
ii. 219 ; his murder, ii. 300 

Dam's History of Venice, i. 263 

Darwin, Charles, at Shrewsbury 
School, i. 6 

" Dash," a favourite dog, i. 67, 80, 
84, 110, 161, 212, ii. 95 

David, Mile., i. 119 

Davis, Dr., Provost of Eton College, 
ii. 81 

Miss, portrait of, i. 51 

Davys, the Very Rev. George, Dean 
of Chester (afterwards Bishop of 
Peterborough), tutor to Princess 
Victoria, i. 17, 19, 27, 61, 64-67, 
69, 93-95, 109, 121, 129, 144, 145, 
158, 172, 185, 187, ii. 50 ; birthday 
presents to Princess Victoria, i. 
75 ; death of his daughter, i. 78 ; 
lectures on physics and mechanics, 
i. 89, 90 ; his sermons, i. 92, 117, 
153, 184, 195, 207 ; Confirmation 
of Princess Victoria, i. 124 ; and 
First Communion, i. 127 ; Ikon 
Basilike, i. 161 ; Life of Colonel 
Hutchinson, i. 172 ; death of 
William IV., i. 203; and Lord 
Melbourne, ii. 133 ; his appoint- 
ment, ii. 156-159, 161 

Miss (daughter of above), i. 

212 ; at Windsor, i. 247 ; Eton 
Montem, i. 342 ; review in Hyde 
Park, i. 365 

Debt, imprisonment for, i. 241 

de Delmar, Mme., Hayter's picture 
of, i. 71 



INDEX 



337 



Deerbrook, by Miss Martineau, ii. 305 

De Grey, first Earl, Lord Lieutenant 
of Ireland, the proposed Cabinet, 
ii. 169 ; account of, ii. 306 

De Lisle, Lady, see Sidney, Lady 
Sophia 

De Lolme, On the English Constitution, 
i. 194 

Denbigh, seventh Earl of, Chamber- 
lain to Queen Adelaide, i. 99, 113 ; 
Eton Montem, i. 119, 120 

Countess of (wife of above), 

Eton Montem, i. 119, 120 ; Con- 
firmation of Princess Victoria, i. 125 

Denmark, Prince George of, ii. 273 ; 
created Earl of Kendal and Duke 
of Cumberland, ii. 276 ; naturali- 
zation of, ii. 280 

Denominations of the Christian World, 
A Sketch of, by Dr. John Evans, 
ii. 55 

Derby, twelfth Earl of, i. 370 

Countess of (wife of above), 

formerly Elizabeth Farren, an 
actress, i. 256 

fourteenth Earl of, three times 

Prime Minister, i. 369, 369 

d'Erdody, Count Antoine Charles 
Palffy, Chamberlain to Emperor 
of Austria, ii. 12 

De Ros, Olivia, and Lord Melbourne, 
ii. 266 

Desborow, Sir Edward, a descendant 
of Oliver Cromwell, i. 314 

Desmond, Countess of (wife of 
twelfth Earl), her remarkable age, 
i. 274 

Dessaix, General, killed at Marengo, 
i. 396 

Devonshire, William Spencer, sixth 
Duke of, receives Princess Victoria 
at Chateworth, i. 53-58 ; dinner to 
William IV., i. 68 ; audience with 
the Queen, i. 215 ; Coronation 
preparations, i. 321 ; State ball, 
i. 332 ; a reception, i. 375 

seventh Duke of, see Cavendish, 

Lord Wm. 

eighth Duke of, see Hartington 

Georgiana, Duchess of (wife of 

fifth Duke), the famous beauty, i. 
53, ii. 29 



Devonshire, House, i. 53 

Dickens, Charles, the Queen on 
Oliver Twist, ii. 86, 89, 91, 144 

Dickson, Major-General Sir A., 
Director-General of Field-train De- 
partment, i. 296 

Diddear, Mr., in King John, i. 88 

Dietz, M., Governor to Prince 
Ferdinand, i. 151, 297 

Dillon, Hon. Miss Louisa (afterwards 
Lady Ponsonby Fane), Maid-of- 
Honour to the Queen, i. 211, 232 ; 
at Windsor, i. 247 ; a ride, i. 328 ; 
Eton Montem, i. 342 

Miss Margaret, see Hamilton, 

Mrs. 

Dino, Duchesse de, niece of Prince 
Talleyrand, i. 72 

Disraeli, Benjamin (afterwards Earl 
of Beaconsfield), i. 18 ; Henry 
Sidney, i. 68 ; at Gore House, i. 
186 ; Eton Montem in Con- 
ingsby, i. 336 ; and the Garter, 
i. 354 

Dolgorouki, Prince, Aide-de-Camp to 
the Emperor of Russia, accom- 
panies the Grand Duke to England, 
ii. 157 ; the State ball, ii. 175 ; 
State dinner at Windsor, ii. 187 

Domenichino's original drawings at 
Cumberland Lodge, ii. 10 

Doncaster, a very pretty town, i. 131 

Donizelli, Signer, opera singer, hi 
II Barbiere di Siviglia, i. 66, 67 ; in 
Cenerentola, i. 70 ; in Medea, i. 74 

Donizetti, Signer, composer, i. 133 ; 
L'Elisire d'Amore, i. 156, 164, 188 ; 
Lucrezia Borgia, ii. 203 

Don Juan, by Byron, i. 5 

Doria Pamphilj Landi, Prince, mar- 
riage with Lady Mary Talbot, ii. 
40 

D'Orsay, Count, and Lady Bles- 
sington, i. 186 ; and Lord 
Brougham's reported death, ii. 272 

Countess (wife of above), i. 186 ; 

second marriage, i. 242 

Dorset, third Duke of, and Lady 
Hamilton, i. 370 

fifth Duke of, Master of the 

Horse, at Windsor, i. 98 ; Ascot 
Races, i. 99, 100 



338 



INDEX 



Dost Mohammed, Ameer of Afghan- 
istan, ii. 63, 146 

Douglas, the last Duke of, ii. 98 

Mrs., and Lord North's letters, 

i. 392 

Douro, Marquess of (second Duke of 
Wellington), i. 191 ; a State ball, 
i. 318 ; marriage to Lady Eliza- 
beth Hay, ii. 122, 123 

Marchioness of, see Hay, Lady 

Elizabeth 

Dover, Lady, i. 69 

D'Oyley, George, Chaplain to the 
Archbishop of Canterbury, ii. 73 

Dropmore, Lady Grenville's resid- 
ence, ii. 16 

Drury, Harry, and his schoolmaster, 
ii. 38 

Drury Lane Theatre, The Barber of 
Seville, i. 65, 66 ; King John and 
The Innkeeper's Daughter, i. 88 ; 
Hamlet, i. 263 ; Richard III., i. 271 

Duchenois, Catherine Josephine, a 
French actress, ii. 32 

Dudley, Lord, and Cardinal Bor- 
romeo's tomb, ii. 37 

Duelling, Lord Melbourne on, ii. 141 

Duncannon, Lord (afterwards fourth 
Earl of Bessborough and Lord Lieu- 
tenant of Ireland), i. 73 ; Lord 
Brougham's attacks, i. 244 ; the 
Queen's opinion of, i. 254 ; illness, 
i. 320, 321 ; and Lord Shelburne's 
marriage, i. 373 ; ministerial 
troubles, ii. 61, 114 ; and Lord 
Durham, ii. 100 ; his residence, ii. 
128 ; and Lord Brougham, i. 136, 
278 ; and Household appoint- 
ments, ii. 174 ; and Russell's 
conduct, ii. 200 ; Lord's debate 
on Ireland, ii. 227 ; and Lord 
Lurgan, ii. 228 ; concerning trees, 
ii. 230; and Lady Holland, ii. 
295 ; the opening of Parliament, 
ii. 297 ; precedence for Prince 
Albert, ii. 311 

Duncombe, Mr., victory for the 
Government, ii. 154 

Dundas, Lord (afterwards first Earl 
of Zetland), and the Queen, i. 307 ; 
Coronation honours, i. 335, 353 

Lady Charlotte (daughter of 



above), Lady of the Bedchamber 
to the Duchess of Kent, ii. 237, 268 

Dunfermline, Lord, see Aberoromby 

Dunraven, second Earl of, and Wil- 
liam IV., i. 282 

Dunstable, fair at, i. 43 

Dupin, M., President of Chamber of 
Deputies, ii. 138 

Duprez, Gilbert Louis, opera singer, 
ii. 140 

Durham, first Baron (afterwards 
first Earl of), Ambassador at St. 
Petersburg, i. 81 ; his return and 
audience with the Queen, i. 205, 
206 ; a dinner party, i. 216 ; and 
Canada, i. 253 ; appointed Gover- 
nor-General of Canada, i. 258 ; 
requires more troops in Canada, i. 
275 ; and Duke of Wellington, i. 
278 ; on learning Latin, i. 280 ; 
on the King of Greece, i. 286 ; the 
Queen's opinion of, i. 291 ; his 
children, i. 311 ; goes to Canada, 
L 337; his despatch, ii. 3, 4; 
returns home, ii. 77 ; his inten- 
tions, ii. 100 

Countess of (wife of above), i. 

216 ; and de Barante, i. 278 ; on 
public-school education, i. 280 ; 
history of, i. 284 ; the Queen's 
kindness to, i. 291, 299; letter 
to the Queen, ii. 100 

Bishop of, see Maltby, Rev. E. 

Duroc, his terrible sufferings, i. 281 



EASTLAKE, SIB CHARLES, President 
of Royal Academy, Somerset 
House Exhibition, i. 71 

Eaton Hall, Princess Victoria's visit 
to Duke of Westminster at, i. 49 

Ebrington, Lord (afterwards second 
Earl Fortescue), Lord Lieutenant 
of Ireland, i. 73 ; Government 
difficulties, i. 270 ; Lord Melbourne 
on, i. 274 ; and the Queen, i. 
367, ii. 233 

Ebury, Lord and Lady, see Grosvenor, 
Lord and Lady Robert 

Eden, Hon. Emily (sister of second 
Lord Auckland), at Windsor, i. 
99 ; Eton Montem, i. 119, 120 ; 



INDEX 



889 



rescues a child from drowning, ii. 
308 

Edgeworth, Miss, her writings, ii. 86 

Edinburgh Review, The, on Mme. de 
Sevign6, i. 173 ; attack on 
George IV., ii. 40, 58; on Sir 
Wm. Temple, ii. 58 

Education, mothers and character, 
i. 246 ; compulsory and volun- 
tary, ii. 117, 118 ; normal schools, 
ii. 122, 212 ; and morality, ii. 148 ; 
new scheme for national, ii. 187, 
211, 212; Dr. Kay on treating 
the poor, ii. 209, 210; Lord 
Melbourne on, ii. 303 

Edward II., the first Prince of 
Wales, ii. 56 ; his fate, ii. 218 

Edward III., his seven sons, ii. 218 

Edward VI., Lord Melbourne on, ii. 
158 ; death of his mother, ii. 218 ; 
and Queen Mary, ii. 284 

Edward VII., i. 41 ; and the Mar- 
riage laws, i. 351 ; Coronation of, 
i. 360 ; diplomatic skill of, ii. 22 ; 
accorded precedence to office of 
Prime Minister, ii. 192 

Egerton, Lord Francis (afterwards 
Earl of Ellesmere), on the army, i. 
261 ; a dinner party, i. 278 ; the 
Queen's opinion of, i. 284 

Lady Francis (afterwards Coun- 
tess of Ellesmere), i. 278 ; the 
Queen's opinion of, i. 284 

Lady (wife of Sir Philip Grey 

Egerton), i. 50 

Ensign, Princess Victoria pre- 
sents colours to the 49th Regi- 
ment, i. 85 

Eglinton, thirteenth Earl of, his 
famous tournament, ii. 212, 231, 
242 

Egremont, third Earl of, and Lord 
Munster, i. 325 ; Lord Melbourne 
on, i. 326 ; on Society, i. 346 ; on 
the trial of Queen Caroline, i. 395 

Egypt, Mehemet Ali, i. 379; Wil- 
kinson's book on Egyptians, ii. 
103 ; and Turkey, ii. 224 ; and 
England, ii. 289 

Elcho, Lord, see Charteris, F. 

Eldon, Earl of, on the King of 
England, ii. 80 



Elections Bill, i. 272, 326 

Eliot, Lady Harriet (sister of W. Pitt), 
ii. 58 

Elisire d'Amore, see Donizetti 

Elizabeth, Queen, troubles of her 
childhood, i. 2 ; her pride in 
England, i. 8 ; her mother, i. 306 ; 
sulphur monopolies, ii. 19 ; her 
picture, ii. 96 ; and Henry VEIL, 
ii. 158 ; her tyranny, ii. 219, 290 ; 
Lord Melbourne on, ii. 257, 290, 
300 

Princess, the Landgravine 

(daughter of George III.), i. 112 ; 
birthday present, i. 118 

Ellenborough, Lord, Governor-Gen- 
eral of India, on the Canada Bill, 
i. 276 ; proposed Cabinet, ii. 169 

Ellice, Mr. ("Bear"), Secretary at 
War, i. 73, 74 

Master, Page-of-Honour, i. 

209 ; and Marshal Soult, i. 367 

Elphinstone, Miss (afterwards Vis- 
countess Hawarden), i. 319, 373 

Elsler, Mile. Fanny, her dancing, i. 
75, 80, 94, 97, 373, ii. 218 

Mile. Theresa, her dancing, i. 

94, 97, ii. 218 

Elton, Edgar William, as Beause"ant, 
i. 292 ; in King Lear, ii. 121 

Ely, Marquess of, see Loftus, Lord 

Marchioness of (wife of second 

Marquess), i. 151 

Emerald, Princess Victoria on, i. 
49, 80, 81, 83 ; accident to, i. 84, 
85 

Emlyn, Lord (afterwards second Earl 
Cawdor), i. 78 

Endymion, i. 6 

England, see Great Britain 

England, Constitutional History of, see 
Hallam 

History of, by Hume, i. 263 

English Annual for 1837, i. 180 

Constitution, On the, by De 

Lolme, i. 194 

Erroll, eighteenth Earl of, State 
dinner at Windsor, ii. 187 ; the 
Queen's wedding day, ii. 318 

Countess of, and Charles Fox, 

ii. 49 

Essex, fifth Earl of, i. 374 



840 



INDEX 



Essex, Countess of (wife of above), 
and Princess Victoria, i. 374 

Earl of (Queen Elizabeth's fav- 
ourite), Lord Melbourne on, ii. 300 

Esterhazy, Prince Paul, the Austrian 
Ambassador, receives Order of 
the Bath, i. 210 ; at a reception, 
i. 375, 376 ; and Belgium, ii. 36 ; 
and the King of Naples, ii. 39 ; 
audience with the Queen, ii. 197, 
201, 202, 268 ; and France, ii. 
201, 202 ; on Sir R. Peel, ii. 206 

Prince Nicholas (son of above), 

i. 77, 190 ; State ball, i. 317 

Eton College, Princess Victoria at 
"Montem," i. 119, 120, 123, 
342-348 ; Lord Melbourne on, i. 
333, 339, 346, 347, ii. 30, 31, 
56, 64, 65; customs, i. 334; in 
Coningsby, i. 336 ; education at, 
i. 347, ii. 38 ; Marshal Soult at, 
i. 367; and Dr. Keate, i. 393; 
pocket-money at, ii. 64 ; school- 
boy morality, ii. 65, 66 ; the 
clock, ii. 100 ; "a nest of Tories," 
ii. 251 

Eugene Aram, by Bulwer-Lytton, ii. 
83 

Euston, Countess of (wife of second 
Duke of Graf ton), i. 304 

Euthanasia, i. 281 

Evans, Dr. John, A Sketch of the 
Denominations of the Christian 
World, ii. 55 

Excursion, The, i. 6 

Exeter, second Marquess of; Princess 
Victoria's visit to, i. 25 

Exposition of the Gospel of St. 
Matthew, by the Bishop of Chester, 
see Sumner, J. B. 



FAGNIANI, MME., see Hertford, Mar- 
chioness of, i. 311 

Fair Maid of Perth, The, by Walter 
Scott, i. 260 

Falkland, ninth Viscount, rides with 
the Queen, ii. 13 ; a review, ii. 
23 ; at Windsor, ii. 264 

Viscountess, daughter of Wil- 
liam IV. (wife of tenth Viscount), 
i. 113, 262 



Falkland, Captain, Flag-Captain, i. 84 

Farren, Wm., the actor, in The 
Nervous Man, i. 65 

Faucit, Mrs., in King John, i. 88 

Faucit, Helen (daughter of above, 
afterwards Lady Martin), the ac- 
tress, Princess Victoria's opinion 
of, i. 147, 148 ; in King Lear, ii. 121 

Fauconberg, Lady, daughter of 
Oliver Cromwell, i. 314 

Feodora, Princess, see Leiningen 

Ferdinand I., see Austria, Emperor of 

Ferdinand VII. of Spain, death of, 
i. 87 

Ferdinand, Prince, see Saxe-Coburg 

Ferguson, Mr. Cutlar, Judge-Advo- 
cate-General, and the O'Connor 
trial, i. 201 

Fidelio, i. 67 

Fieschi, attempted assassination of 
King Louis Philippe, i. 145 

Finden's Tableaux, i. 180 

Fingall, ninth Earl of, Lord-in- 
Waiting to the Queen, review hi 
Hyde Park, i. 365 ; rides with the 
Queen, ii. 120 ; at Woolwich, ii. 248 

Fioravente, "Con pazienza suppor- 
tiamo," i. 116 

Fisher, Kitty, painted by Reynolds, 
ii. 97 

Fitzalan, Lord (afterwards fourteenth 
Duke of Norfolk), dances with 
Princess Victoria, i. 190, 318 ; his 
marriage, ii. 234 

Lady (wife of above), ii. 234 

Fitzclarence, Lord Adolphus, his 
pension, i. 261 

Lord Frederick (second son of 

William IV. and Mrs. Jordan), at 
Ascot Races, i. 99 ; Eton Montem, 
i. 119, 120 ; his pension, i. 325 

Lady Frederick (wife of above), 

i. 99, 119 

Lady Eliza, see Erroll, Countess 

of 

Lady Sophia, see Sidney, Lady 

Fitzgerald, Lord, and Lord Mel- 
bourne, ii. 184 

FitzHarris, Lady, wife of James 
Howard (afterwards third Earl 
of Malmesbury), and Brougham, 
i. 307 



INDEX 



341 






Fitzherbert, Mrs., and George IV., 
i. 312, 315 ; her history, ii. 87 

FitzJames, Due de, ii. 61 

Fitzroy, Lord Charles, Vice-Cham- 
berlain, i. 205 ; the ballot ques- 
tion, i. 273 ; the State ball, ii. 188 

Fitzsimon, Mr., i. 287 

Fitzwilliam, fifth Earl, Princess Vic- 
toria's visit to, i. 25 ; the Canada 
Bill, i. 277 ; the Queen's kindness, 
i. 307; and Bishop of Peter- 
borough, ii. 156, 158 

Lady Anne, i. 367 

Flahaut, Comte de (once French Am- 
bassador in London), i. 31 1 

Fleetwood, Sir Peter Hesketh, M.P. 
for Preston, motion for extension 
of suffrage, it 195, 198, 199 

Fleischmann, General, i. 122 

Fletcher's plays, ii. 122 

Flore et Zephyr, ballet, i. 70 

Foley, fourth Lord, presents an 
address to Princess Victoria, i. 192 

Folkestone, Lord (afterwards fourth 
Earl of Radnor), i. 60; and the 
Queen, i. 318 

Follett, Sir Wm., Solicitor-General, 
and afterwards Attorney-General, 
and Lord Melbourne, i. 301, ii. 238 

Fontenoy, Battle of, ii. 78 

Forbes, Lady, rides with the Queen, 
i. 328, ii. 13, 24 

Foster, Miss, hi Old Mother Hubbard 
and her Dog, i. 90 

Fox, Charles James, and George IV., 
i. 10 ; on Hamlet, i. 266 ; and 
Lord Melbourne, i. 287, ii. 239, 
256 ; the singing of birds, i. 324 ; 
and Lord Derby, i. 369 ; and 
George III., i. 392, ii. 6-8, 184, 
277 ; coalition with Lord North, 
ii. 6-8 ; and Wilberforce, ii. 52 ; 
his fondness for poetry and 
literature, ii. 256 

Mrs. (wife of above), i. 287 ; 
her great age, ii. 231 
Miss (niece of above), i. 300, 
ii. 239 

General Charles Richard, Re- 
ceiver-General of Duchy of Lan- 
caster, his love affairs, ii. 49, 97 ; 
and Lady Holland, ii. 74 

H28 



Fox, Lady Mary (wife of above), ii. 
49, 74 

Henry, first Baron Holland, 

ii. 76 

Henry (afterwards fourth and 

last Baron Holland), i. 314, ii. 
74 

Lady Augusta, and Lord Mel- 
bourne, i. 315 

Lady Caroline, ii. 77 

Fox-Strangways,Lady Caroline (after- 
wards Lady C. Kerrison), i. 240 

Lady Susan, i. 378 ; carried 

Queen Charlotte's train, ii. 274 

Lady Theresa (afterwards Lady 

Digby), and Princess Victoria, i. 
92, 93 ; goes to the opera, i. 94, 
95, 121, 186; birthday present, 
i. 118 ; dinner party, i. 146 ; a 
stormy journey, i. 177 ; Eton 
Montem, i. 342 ; a Norman, ii. 153 

Fozard, Mr., rides with Princess 
Victoria, i. 219, 222, 292 

Fra Diavolo at Covent Garden, i. 237 

France, the Revolution, i. 21, 91, 
ii. 8 ; and Mexico, i. 394 ; litera- 
ture, ii. 9, 92 ; and Russia, ii. 
22, 23, 236, 258, 289 ; in Algiers, 
ii. 25 ; the Quadruple Alliance of 
1834, ii. 31 ; the stage, ii. 32 ; 
episodes in history of, ii. 93 ; 
politics, ii. 99, 143 ; and England, 
ii. 138 ; cookery, ii. 179 ; and 
Austria, ii. 201 ; and Turkey, ii. 
257, 258 

Francis I., "King of the Two Sicilies," 
ii. 39 ; and the art of cookery, 
ii. 179 ; a print of, ii. 196 

Franking, the end of, penny postage 
starts, ii. 291 

Frederick the Great, print of, ii. 196 

Frederick, Prince of Wales, ii. 110 

Fremantle, Colonel, ii. 23 

French, King of the, see Louis 
Philippe 

Queen of the, presents to 

Princess Victoria, i. 72, 130; her 
health, i. 143 ; the rising under 
Louis Napoleon, i. 176 

Friendship's Offering, i. 180 

Fulham Palace, ii. 133 

Furstenberg, M., i. 376 



342 



INDEX 



GAGE, HON. HENRY EDWARD HALL, 
i. 60 

Gainsborough, Earl of, see Barham, 
Lord 

Gainsborough's portrait of " Per- 
dita," ii. 97 

Gaisford, Dr. Thomas, Dean of 
Christ Church, i. 59 

Gallery of Portraits, i. 305 

Garcia, Manuel, i. 168 

Gardiner, General Sir Robert, Equerry 
to Prince Leopold of Saxe-Coburg, 
birthday presents to Princess 
Victoria, i. 75, 117 

Lady, (wife of above), birthday 

present to Princess Victoria, i. 117 ; 
at Brighton, i. 230, 232; a re- 
view, ii, 24 

Henry Lynedoch (son of above), 

Equerry in Ordinary to the Queen, 
i. 80 

Victoria and Emily (sisters of 

above), birthday presents to Prin- 
cess Victoria, i. 75, 179 

Gardner, Alan Legge, third Lord, on 
duelling, ii. 141 

Garrick, David, the famous actor, 
i. 148 ; on Johnson's poetry, i. 
379; ancestors of, ii. 90; and 
Mrs. Mary Robinson, ii. 97 ; anec- 
dote of, ii. 140 

Garter, Chapter of the, i. 215 

Garth, Sir Samuel, an eminent 
physician, his poetry, i. 313 

Gay, Mr., wrote The Beggars' Opera, 
i. 330, ii. 91, 92 

George I., his character, ii. 40, 94 

George II. and the Peerage Bill, i. 
352 

George II., Memoirs of the Last Ten 
Years of the Reign of, by Horace 
Walpole, ii. 40, 44 

George III., England under, i. 1 ; 
and Pitt, i. 8, 392 ; his character, 
i. 8 ; treatment of his son 
George IV., i. 9, ii. 30; no 
private papers of, i. 41 ; pensioned 
the Due de Biron's daughters, i. 
287, 288 ; Lord Melbourne's des- 
cription of, i. 304, ii. 203 ; Lord 
Brougham on, i. 308, 309, ii. 40 ; 
and Dukedoms, i. 369 ; his sons, i. 



376 ; his illnesses, i. 376, 377 ; 
his statue, i. 381 ; his strong dis- 
likes, i. 392 ; handwriting, i. 393 ; 
and Lady Cork, i. 394 ; and his 
ministers, i. 397, ii. 7 ; severe 
etiquette, ii. 2, 110 ; fond of the 
Arts, ii. 11 ; churchgoing, ii. 27 ; 
his collection of drawings, ii. 37 ; 
miniature of, ii. 54 ; his blindness, 
ii. 58 ; and Queen Charlotte, ii. 
70 ; and Louis XVIII., ii. 74 ; a 
hard rider, ii. 80 ; preference for 
West over Reynolds as portrait 
painter, ii. 82, 83 ; and Mrs. 
Fitzherbert, ii. 87 ; dinner eti- 
quette, ii. 94 ; his bitter mot, ii. 
109 ; and Sir H. Taylor, ii. 143 ; 
etiquette as to receiving members 
of the Opposition, ii. 147, 148 ; 
and his Household appointments, 
ii. 184 ; his living at Windsor, ii. 
221; love for Handel, ii. 229; 
and Lord Sidmouth, ii. 235, 236 ; 
played commap, ii. 259 ; his 
Declaration to the Council of his 
marriage, ii. 270, 273, 281 ; his 
marriage, ii. 277, 279 ; the re- 
ligious question, ii. 281 ; law as to 
Sovereign's wills, ii. 283 ; hostile 
speeches against, ii. 295 

George III., History of, by Adol- 
phus, i. 262 

George III. and George IV., Remarks 
on an Article for the "Edinburgh 
Review " on the Times of, by General 
Sir H. Taylor, i. 394, ii. 40, 58 

George IV. (Prince of Wales and 
Prince Regent), his character, i. 
1. 8-12 ; artistic tastes, i. 11 ; his 
private papers, i. 41 ; building of 
Buckingham Palace, i. 213 ; and 
Princess Charlotte, i. 278 ; anec- 
dote of, i. 284, 285 ; and O'Connell, 
i. 288 ; and Catholic Emancipa- 
tion, i. 288 ; Lord Melbourne on, 
i. 312, 390, 397, ii. 5, 6, 27, 29, 
30, 74 ; and Mrs. Fitzherbert, i. 
312, 315, ii. 87 ; his favourites, i. 
315 ; the FitzClarence pensions, 
i. 325, 326 ; his Coronation honours, 
i. 335 ; the Order of the Bath, 1 i. 
352 ; and the Church, i. 376 ; 



INDEX 



343 



reminiscences of, i. 390-394, ii. 
29, 30, 39, 91, 110, 283 ; and Lord 
North, i. 391, 392 ; compared with 
George III., i. 397 ; his will, ii. 
32 ; The Edinburgh Review, ii. 
40, 58 ; and Lord Brougham, ii. 
40 ; and Queen Caroline, ii. 58, 
101 ; and Brighton, ii. 59 ; and 
Lord Anglesey, ii. 66 ; picture by 
Gainsborough, ii. 67 ; by Rey- 
nolds, ii. 82, 100; and Mrs. 
Jordan, ii. 84 ; his high spirits, ii. 
97 ; and Lady Holland, ii. 99 ; 
and Sir H. Taylor, ii. 143 ; and 
William VI., ii. 194; and Lord 
Moira, ii. 202 ; independence of 
the South American States, ii. 247 ; 
and his dislikes, ii. 290 ; origin of 
his names, ii. 306, 307 

George IV., Diary of the Reign of, i. 
310 

George V., and Buckingham Palace, 
i. 37 ; annual service for the 
Order of the Bath, i. 352 

Georges, The Four, i. 11 

George of Denmark, Prince, i. 313 

of Hanover, Prince, history of, 

i. 332 

German literature, ii. 9 

Gilley, Lieutenant, drowned in saving 
life, i. 108 

Giovanni, Don, i. 338 

Gipsies' Advocate, by Rev. G. Crabbe, 
i. 182 

Gipsy encampment, a, i. 180, 181, 184 

Gitana, La, a ballet, ii. 204 

Giubilei, Madame Proche, her acting 
in Kenilworth, i. 65 ; and La 
Sonnarribula, i. 67 

Gladstone, W. E., and the Queen, 
i. 39 ; on Lord Melbourne, ii. 322 

Glenbervie, Lady, daughter of Lord 
North, i. 392 

Glencoe massacre and William III., 
ii. 240 

Glenelg, Charles 'Grant, first and 
only Lord, Secretary for the 
Colonies, i. 200 ; audience with 
the Queen, i. 216, 222, 255, 258, 
ii. 121 ; and Canada, i. 253-255, 
258, 277 ; and the outfit for the 
Queen Dowager, i. 281, 282; his 



present to the Queen, i. 333 ; 
Council meeting, ii. 44 ; rearrange- 
ment of offices, ii. 59, 60, 111-116 ; 
troubles approaching, ii. 61 ; and 
Sir George Grey, ii. 89 ; resigna- 
tion, ii. 115, 116, 121 

Glengall, Countess of, and Countess 
of Mayo, ii. 308 

Gloucester, William Henry, first 
Duke of, Lord Melbourne on, i. 304 

Duchess of (wife of above), 

story of her life, i. 304 

William Frederick, second Duke 

of (son of above), his marriage, i. 
65, 390; dinner to William IV., 
i. 68 ; birthday present to Princess 
Victoria, i. 76 ; history and 
character of, i. 104, 105; his 
death, i. 105 ; a Whig, i. 376, ii. 
294 ; his obstinacy, ii. 114 

Duchess of (wife of above),fourth 

daughter of George III., her char- 
acter, i. 65 ; birthday presents to 
Princess Victoria, i. 76, 118 ; visits 
of Princess Victoria to, i. 79, 94, 
100 ; death of her husband, i. 104, 
105 ; a dinner party, i. 145 ; Lord 
Mayor's dinner, i. 233 ; the House 
of Lords, i. 237 ; offers to hold the 
Queen's train, i. 302 ; the Queen's 
Coronation, i. 360 ; a reception, 
i. 374 ; gives a dance, ii. 150 ; 
the State ball, ii. 174, 182; on 
exchange of Royal houses, ii. 235 

Goblet, General Albert Joseph, 
Count d'Alviella, a distinguished 
Belgian officer, i. 137, 168 

Goderich, Lady, see Ripon, Countess 
of 

Goethe, i. 6 ; Wilhelm Meister, i. 
256 ; and death, ii. 80 

Gold plate, of different periods, ii. 
152 

Goodall, Joseph, Provost of Eton 
College, the Queen visits Eton 
Montem, i. 119, 343, 344; 
anecdotes of, i. 119, 344; Lord 
Melbourne on, i. 346, 347, ii. 81, 
286 

Mrs. (wife of above), enter- 
tains the Queen at Eton, i. 343, 
344 



844 



INDEX 



Gordon, George, fifth and last 
Duke of, history of, i. 68 

Duchess of (wife of above), i. 

68 ; birthday present to Princess 
Victoria, i. 76 

Gore, Hon. Charles Alexander, his- 
tory of, ii, 277 

Gosford, Lord, returns from Canada, 
i. 293 

Goulburn, Right Hon. Henry, candi- 
date for Speaker's chair, ii. 166 

Gould, Rev., assists Princess Victoria 
in carriage accident, i. 104 

Gower, see Leveson-Gower 

Granville, Earl (afterwards 

Marquess of Stafford, K.G., Lord 
Privy Seal), i. 393, 396, 397 

Grafton, George, second Duke of, i. 
304 

third Duke of, and George III., 

i. 393 

George Henry, fourth Duke of, 

i. 98 ; the Royal Procession, i. 100 ; 
and the Coronation of the Queen, 
i. 321 

Graham, Sir James, Ministerial 
levee, ii. 130; and the Queen, 
ii. 162, 205 ; proposed new Cabinet, 
ii. 166, 169 

Granby, Charles, Marquess of (after- 
wards sixth Duke of Rutland, 
K.G.), ball at St. James's, i. 191 

Grandineau, M., teacher of French 
to Princess Victoria, i. 64, 67, 68, 72 

Grant, Charles, account of, ii. 60 

Sir Francis, his picture of Lord 

Melbourne, ii. 222 

Granville, Mr., i. 49 

Granville, first Earl, Ambassador to 
St. Petersburg and at Paris, i. 
73 ; dinner to Prince Albert, i. 
140 ; Mexico and Buenos Ayres, 
ii. 20 ; French politics, ii. 99 ; 
and George III., ii. 184 ; and Lady 
Clanricarde, ii. 261 ; arrival of 
Prince Albert, ii. 262 

Countess (wife of above), i. 73 ; 

Lord Melbourne on, i. 281, ii. 
242 ; arrival of Prince Albert, ii. 262 

Grassini, Mme., famous Italian 

actress, ii. 140, 141 
Gratz, Prince Windisch, ii. 13 



Gray, Thomas, i. 174 

Great Britain, English country life 
in 1819, i. 3, 4 ; a gloomy year, i. 
4, 5 ; war strength in peace, i. 
389 ; and Turkey, ii. 19, 257, 258 ; 
questions of alliance, ii. 22, 23 ; 
Quadruple Alliance of 1834, ii. 31 ; 
and France, ii. 138, 289 ; and 
Russia, ii. 146, 147, 257, 269, 289 

Greece, Otto, King of, i. 286 

Queen of, i. 256 

- State of, i. 265 

Grenville, Lord, first Lord of the 
Treasury, account of, ii. 16 ; 
refusal of office, ii. 202 

Lady (wife of above), Drop- 

more, ii. 16 

Rt. Hon. George, a distinguished 

politician in reigns of George II. and 
George III., and " the Grenville 
Act," i. 326 

Greville, Charles, journal of, i. 16 

Henry, at Chatsworth, i. 54, 56 

Grey, Charles, second Earl, Prime 
Minister, and William IV., i. 12, 
ii. 184 ; Reform Bill crisis, i. 21, 
23 ; dinner to William IV., i. 69 ; 
and the Queen Dowager's outfit, 
i. 282 ; and Lord Howe, i. 289 ; 
and Lord Durham, i. 311 ; his 
portrait at Eton, i. 343 ; Corona- 
tion ceremony of Queen Victoria, 
i. 359 ; and Lord Derby, i. 369 ; 
a reception, i. 375 ; and the 
Queen's Household appointments, 
ii. 173, 184, 202; and Lord 
Ho wick's resignation, ii. 198, 199, 
243, 244, 254 
Countess (wife of above), i. 69 

third Earl, see Howick, Lord 

Colonel Charles (son of second 

Earl), Equerry to the Queen, i. 
247, 265 ; the Queen's wedding 
day, ii. 318 

Lady Jane, Queen Mary's cruelty 



to, ii. 219 ; her two sisters, ii. 289 

Sir George, second Baronet, 

Under-Secretary for Colonies, ac- 
count of, i. 300 ; and Lord Mel- 
bourne, ii. 89, 120, 244 
Griffiths, T., lectures on physics to 
Princess Victoria, i. 89 



INDEX 



345 



Grimston, Lady Mary (afterwards 
Lady Folkestone and Countess of 
Radnor), a drawing-room, i. 189 ; 
State ball, i. 319 ; train-bearer at 
Coronation ceremony and wedding 
procession, i. 357, ii. 319 ; her 
beauty, i. 360, 375 ; one of the 
Queen's ladies, ii. 278 

Grisi, Signora Giulia, the famous 
opera singer : Princess Victoria's 
appreciation of, i. 91, 114, 157, 
169, 186, 187, ii. 221 ; account 
of, i. 93 ; as Anna Boulena, i. 93 ; 
in Otello, i. 94, 111, 112; in 
L'Assiedo di Corrinto, i. 97, 115 ; 
description of, i. 114, 121 ; song 
from Donna del Lago, i. 115 ; in 
/ Puritani, i. 115, 116, 121, 122, 
186, 187, 372; her triumph, i. 
133, 134 ; compared with Malibran, 
i. 157, 169 ; in Lucrezia Borgia, ii. 
203 ; in Norma, ii. 221 

Grosvenor, Sir Gilbert le, statue of, i. 51 

Sir Robert le, statue of, i. 61 
Robert, second Earl, see West- 
minster, Marquess of 

Richard, Lord (son of above), 

Princess Victoria visits Eaton 
Hall, i. 49 

Lady (wife of above), i. 49 ; 

her children, i. 60 

Lord Robert (third son of the 

second Earl, afterwards Lord 
Ebury), i. 50 ; Lady Westminster's 
ball, ii. 211 

Lady Elinor (afterwards Duchess 
of Northumberland) , i. 51 

Sir Thomas, third Baronet, M.P. 
for Chester, i. 51 

Guerinot, Monsieur Theodore, his 

dancing, i. 65, 66, 94 
Guido, his pictures in the British 

Gallery, i. 162 
Guilford, Frederick, second Earl of, 

see North, Lord 

third Earl of (son of above), 
i. 395 

Ouillaume Tell, see Rossini 

Guizot, M., UHistoire de la Revolu- 
tion d'Angleterre, i. 396, ii. 10, 44, 
83, 256, 315 ; and M. Thiers, ii. 
99, 100 

n 28* 



Gunning, John, and his pretty 

daughters, i. 378 
Gwynne, Nell, the actress, Lord 

Melbourne on, ii. 10, 11, 77, 84 



HADDINQTON, LORD, and Canning, ii. 
261 

Haddon Hall, Princess Victoria's 
visit to, i. 55 

Halford, Sir Henry, physician to 
George III., George IV., and Wil- 
liam IV., ii. 102 

Halifax, Viscount, see Wood 

Hallam's Constitutional History of Eng- 
land, ii. 50, 257, 274, 284, 289, 300 

Hamilton, James, sixth Duke of, i 
370 

Duchess of (widow of above, 
afterwards Duchess of Argyll), i. 
215, ii. 274 

- Alexander, tenth Duke of, i. 321 

Lady Anne, Lady-in-Waiting to 

Queen Caroline, and The Secret 
History of the Court, ii. 395 

Lady Elizabeth (daughter of 

sixth Duke), i. 370 

Mrs. (formerly Margaret Dillon), 

ii. 283 

Hamlet, see Shakespeare 

Hampton Court, William III.'s 
death, ii. 240 

Handel's Messiah, Princess Victoria's 
opinion of, i. 133 ; George III.'s 
love for Handel, ii. 229 

Hanover, King of, i. 252 ; and Duke 
of Sussex, i. 314 ; the Queen's 
letters to, i. 320, 332 ; claim to 
the Crown jewels, ii. 33 

Prince George of, account of, i. 

332 

Harcourt, Edward Vernon, Arch- 
bishop of York, Princess Victoria's 
visit to Bishopthorpe, i. 25, 131- 
135 ; account of, i. 131, ii. 130 ; 
dinner parties, i. 145, 158 

Miss (daughter of above), i. 
134 ; a dinner party, i. 145 

George Granville, M.P. for 
Yorkshire (eldest son of above), 
account of, i. 132 ; at Bishop- 
thorpe, i. 132, 136 ; Lord Mel- 



346 



INDEX 



bourne on, ii. 70 ; the State ball, 
u. 188 

Harcourt, Lady Elizabeth (wife of 
above, daughter of second Earl of 
Lucan), i. 132 ; the State ball, ii. 188 

Miss Georgiana (daughter of the 

above), at Bishop thorpe, i. 132, 
135 

Rev. Charles, Canon of Carlisle, 

i. 132, 135 

Egerton, i. 135 

Colonel Francis, at Bishop - 

thorpe, i. 132, 135 ; the Queen's 
Proclamation, i. 199 

Rev. William, Canon of York, 

at Bishopthorpe, i. 132, 135 

Mrs. (wife of above), i. 135 

Hardinge, Sir Henry, and the Queen, 
ii. 162 ; proposed Cabinet, ii. 169 

Hardwioke, fourth Earl of, see 
Yorke, Captain 

Countess of (wife of above), i. 

279 

Hardy, Vice-Admiral Sir Thomas, 
Captain of the Victory at Tra- 
falgar, on the Promotion Com- 
mission, i. 296 ; account of, i. 296 

Harewood, Earl of, and Mrs. Somer- 
ville, ii. 85 

Hargood, Admiral Sir Wm., Com- 
mander of the Belleisle, at Tra- 
falgar, Princess Victoria's visit to 
Plymouth, i. 84, 85 

Harrington, Countess of (wife of 
fourth Earl), i. 256 

Harrow School, i. 171 ; Lord Pal- 
merston at, ii. 31 

Hartington, Marquess of (afterwards 
eighth Duke of Devonshire), ii. 77 

Harvey, Rev., his sermon, i. 171 

Hastings, Princess Victoria's visit to, 
i. 102 

Hastings, Warren, his trial, ii. 389 

Mrs. (wife of above), and Queen 

Charlotte, ii. 389 

Lady Flora (daughter of first 

Marquess), Lady of the Bed- 
chamber to Duchess of Kent, at 
Windsor Castle, i. 97-99, 112, 113, 
151-153, 159, 203, 221 ; a carriage 
accident, i. 103 ; and Princess 
Victoria, i. 104-106, 109, 128, 141 ; 



goes to the opera, i. Ill, 372 ; a 
birthday present, i. 118 ; Eton 
Montem, i. 119, 342; Princess 
Victoria's Confirmation and First 
Communion, i. 124, 126, 127; 
returns home, i. 129, 130 ; arrival 
of King and Queen of the Belgians, 
i. 136 ; dinner with the Archbishop 
of York, i. 158 ; visits the Victoria 
Asylum, i. 162 ; ball at St. James's, 
i. 190 ; a drawing-room, i. 192 ; 
the Proclamation, i. 199 ; Chapter 
of the Garter, i. 214 ; a ride, i. 
328; review in Hyde Park, i. 
365; the "incident," ii. 88; 
account of her father, ii. 202 

Hatchard, bookseller, i. 117 

Hawtrey, Dr., Headmaster of Eton, 
account of, i. 119 ; Princess 
Victoria's visits to Eton Montem, 
i. 119, 343 ; education at Eton, 
i. 347 

Hay, Sir John Williams, see Williams, 
Sir John 

Rear- Admiral Lord John, ac- 
count of, ii. 12 

Lady Elizabeth, marriage to 

Lord Douro, ii. 122 
Lady Ida, train-bearer at the 
Queen's wedding, ii. 319 

Hayimes, Nicolini, the singer, ii. 229 

Hayter, Mr. (afterwards Sir George), 
Painter in Ordinary to the Queen, 
i. 64 ; Princess Victoria's sittings 
to, i. 64, 242 ; Somerset House 
Exhibition, i. 71 ; a present, i. 
117 ; drawing of the Duchess of 
Kent and Princess Victoria, i. 144 ; 
portrait of Lord Melbourne, i. 
316, ii. 311 ; picture of the 
Coronation, i. 368, 386 

Headfort, Marquess of, at the play, 
i. 265, 271 ; rides with the Queen, 
i. 328, ii. 155, 228 ; at the opera, 
i. 372 ; great hurricane at Head- 
fort, ii. 126 

Heath, Dr., Headmaster of Eton 
College, i. 344, ii. 81 

Heath's Picturesque Annual for 1837, 
Ireland, i. 180 

Heber, Bishop, ii. 187 

Henry II., Life of, ii. 42 



INDEX 



347 



Henry IV., i. 105, 261, ii. 56 

Henry V., Lord Melbourne on, ii. 56 ; 
the play, ii. 217, 218 

Henry VI., the play, i. 270 

Henry VII., Lord Melbourne on, 
i. 267 ; his descendants, ii. 50 

Henry VIII., England under, i. 1 ; 
Lord Melbourne on, i. 267, ii. 
158 ; and his wives, ii. 218 ; and 
prorogation of Parliament, ii. 240 

Herat, siege of, ii. 63, 146 

Herbert, Lady Emma (afterwards 
Viscountess de Vesci), i. 77 

Lady Georgiana (afterwards 

Marchioness of Lansdowne), i. 77 

Hereford, palace at, ii. 133 

Herschel, Sir J., the astronomer, ii. 
57 

Hertford, third Marquess of, i. 310, 
311 ; portrayed in Vanity Fair and 
Coningsby, ii. 187 

Marchioness of (Mme. Fag- 

niani, wife of above), i. 311 ; and 
George III., i. 315 

fourth Marquess of, see Yar- 
mouth, Lord 

Hesse-Homburg, Landgravine of, see 
Elizabeth, Princess 

Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeldt, Prince 
Ernest, i. 145 ; at Windsor Castle, 
i. 151, 204, 221 
Prince Gustav, i. 204 

Higgins, Sir Samuel, i. 146 

Hill, Rowland, first Viscount, Com- 
mander-in-Chief, i. 69 ; at Ply- 
mouth, i. 85; a dinner party, i. 
146 ; audience with the Queen, i. 
199, 200, 210 ; a review at 
Windsor, i. 226 ; the Promotion 
Commission, i. 296 ; Reviews in 
Hyde Park, i. 365; ii. 23, 24; 
Lord Melbourne on, ii. 71, 72 ; 
and Lord Howick, ii. 241 ; cen- 
sures Colonel Thomas, ii. 276 

Sir Rowland, originator of the 
Penny Postage, ii. 291 

Captain, Aide-de-Camp to Lord 
Hill, i. 85, ii. 23 

Hilton, William, R.A., Somerset 

House Exhibition, i. 71 
Histoire de la Revolution de VAngle- 

terre, by Guizot, ii, 10 



Historical Doubts, by Horace Wai- 
pole, i. 273 

Hobbes, Thomas, tutor to second Earl 
of Devonshire, i. 305 

Hobhouse, Sir John (afterwards Lord 
Broughton), President of the Board 
of Control, i. 214 ; his Reminis- 
cences, i. 225 ; and the Army, i. 
252 ; the ballot question, i. 273, 
282 ; Lord Melbourne on, i. 
282, ii. 258 ; a Council meeting, 
ii. 44 ; and Persia, ii. 47 ; Judicial 
appointments, ii. 90 ; and the 
Household appointments, ii. 174, 
176 ; and Lord John Russell, ii. 
200 ; Assam tea, ii. 304 

Hoggier, Baron de, i. 159 

Hogvorst, Mme. de, ii. 25 

Hohenlohe - Langenburg, Ernest, 
Prince of, arrival in England, i. 
95, 96 ; the opera, i. 97 ; Ascot 
Races, i. 98, 99 ; and Princess 
Victoria, i. 191, 195, 198 

Feodorowna, Princess of (wife 

of above, afterwards Duchess of 
Schleswig-Holstein), marriage, i. 
16, 27 ; birthday letters, i. 75, 116 ; 
arrival in England, i. 95-97 ; 
Ascot Races, i. 98-100 ; her 
happiness, i. 256 ; present at the 
Queen's Coronation, i. 356, 361- 
364 ; Review in Hyde Park, i. 
365; the Queen on, i. 366, 367; 
the opera, i. 372 ; a reception, i. 
374 

Charles (son of above), arrival 

in England, i. 95 ; Princess 
Victoria on, i. 97 

Eliza, i. 95, 97 

Holland and Belgium, i. 380, 384, 
387, ii. 48 ; King Leopold's 
proposition, ii. 78 ; probable hos- 
tilities, ii. 119 

Holland, King of, King Leopold's 
proposition, ii. 78 ; and England, 
i. 194 

Holland, first Lord, see Fox, Henry 

Lord (nephew of above), and 

the Queen, i. 229; at Eton, i. 
279, ii. 70 ; Lord Melbourne on, 
i. 281, 344, ii. 8, 70, 74, 256; 
and Mrs. JTitzherbert's marriage 



348 



INDEX 



i. 315 ; Landseer's picture, i. 316 ; 
on singing of birds, i. 324 ; his 
portrait at Eton, i. 343 ; a re- 
ception, i. 375 ; anecdotes, ii. 67, 
68 ; the Richmond properties, ii. 
77 ; French politics, ii. 99, 144 ; 
Household appointments dispute, 
ii. 174 ; and Cabinet secrets, ii. 
221 ; likeness to his uncle, ii. 239 ; 
his picture, ii. 244 ; his purchase 
at Calais, ii. 259 

Holland, Lady (formerly Lady Web- 
ster, known as " Old Madagascar "), 
i. 5 ; receives Princess Victoria at 
Battle Abbey, i. 101 ; elopes with 
Lord Holland, i. 101 ; Lord Mel- 
bourne on, i. 281, 300, 301, 339, 
ii. 30, 68, 85, 221, 264, 295 ; and 
Lady Augusta Fox, i. 315 ; afraid 
of thunderstorms, i. 337 ; and 
Senfft, i. 394 ; and Pozzo, i. 
396 ; in Paris, ii. 25 ; an amusing 
letter, ii. 30 ; her religion, ii. 34 ; 
and scented handkerchiefs, ii. 62 ; 
and Monterond, ii. 66 ; anecdote of, 
ii. 68 ; and the Fox family, ii. 
74 ; her amusing journey to 
Bowood, ii. 79 ; her curiosity, ii. 
85 ; not allowed at Court, ii. 99 ; 
and George IV., ii. 99, 100; 
portrait of, ii. 244, 245 ; and the 
Queen's engagement, ii. 269 

Holland House, i. 300 ; built by Sir 
Walter Cope, i. 306 ; picture of, 
ii. 244 

Hook, Dr., i. 394 

Hope, Sir James Archibald, the 
Queen's satisfaction with the re- 
view, ii. 24 

Hope-Johnstone, Miss Mary, mar- 
riage, ii. 314 

Hoppner, John, the painter, Lord 
Melbourne, i. 344, ii. 82 

Horace, read by the Queen, ii. 51 

Horton, Miss P., in King Lear, ii. 121 

Household appointments, i. 202 ; 
dispute as to, ii. 165 et seq. 

Howard, Charles, ii. 228 

Lady Elizabeth, train-bearer 

at the Queen's wedding, ii. 319 

Lady Fanny, at the State ball, 

ii. 188 



Holland, Lady Mary, train-bearer at 
the Queen's wedding, ii. 319 

Henry, Professor of Painting 

to the Academy, i. 71 

James Kenneth (afterwards 

Commissioner of Woods and 
Forests), ii. 79 

Howe, Richard William Penn, 
first Earl, Chamberlain to Queen 
Adelaide, at Windsor Castle, i. 
113, 120; and the Ministry, i. 
289, ii. 181 ; his family, ii. 70 

Mr. (afterwards Sir William), ii. 

70 

Mrs., ii. 70 

Ho wick, Viscount (afterwards third 
Earl Grey), Secretary at War and 
Colonial Secretary, audience with 
the Queen, i. 200, ii. 254, 255 ; 
Canadian affairs, i. 252, 260, 263, 
264, ii. 94 ; and the Army, i. 
254, 255, 259, 387 ; the Pro- 
motion Commission, i. 296 ; Corn 
Laws, ii. 105 ; the Jamaican 
trouble, ii. 108, 109; Lord Mel- 
bourne on, ii. 109, 112, 254 ; 
resignation, ii. 110, 118, 241-244, 
254, 255 ; and Lord John Russell, 
ii. Ill, 113, 195-198; and the 
Household appointments, ii. 174, 
176 ; and Extension of Voting 
Bill, ii. 195-201 

Howley, Archbp. of Canterbury, i. 
25 ; account of, i. 68 ; confirms 
Princess Victoria, i. 107, 125-127 ; 
announces to the Princess her 
succession as Queen, i. 183, 196 ; 
audience with the Queen, i. 198, 
200 ; on Indian worship, i. 299 ; 
the Coronation ceremony, i. 359- 
361 ; his age, ii. 133 

Hudson, Miss, at Windsor, i. 113 ; 
EtonMontem, i. 119 

Hume, David, History of England, i. 
187, 263 

Joseph, anecdote of, ii. 17 ; 

Prince Albert's allowance, ii. 301 

Hunt, Henry, the agitator, attack 
on William Peel, i. 243, 244 

Huntingdon, twelfth Earl of, ii. 269 

Huntly, Marchioness of, see Aboyne. 
Lady 



INDEX 



349 



Hutchinson, Life of Colonel, by his 

wife, i. 172, 263, 395 
Hyde, Anne, her royal marriage, i. 

391, ii. 44 ; her looks, ii. 54 
Park, reviews in, i. 365, ii. 

23,24; building in, ii. 231 



IBRAHIM, PASHA, ii. 258 

Ikon Basilike, i. 161 

Ilchester, third Earl of, i. 94 ; the 
opera, i. 186 

Imprisonment for Debt Bill, i. 241 

India Bill, ii. 6-8 

Inglis, Sir Robert, M.P. for Oxford 
University, i. 389 

Innkeeper's Daughter, The, i. 88 

Ireland, Municipal Corporation Bill, 
i. 185, 241, 269, 282, 328 ; Poor 
Law Bill, i. 274, 315, 323 ; Church 
of, i. 319-321 ; Tithe Bill, i. 324, 
327, 328, 366 ; legal appoint- 
ments, i. 349 ; question of Duke 
of Sussex as Viceroy, ii. 60, 61 ; 
Select Committee for, ii. 88, 131, 
134, 135 ; administration of 
criminal law in, ii. 226-228 ; 
Bank of Ireland Bill, ii. 235 

Ireland, by O'Driscol, i. 263 

Irving, Washington, Tales of the 
Alhambra, i. 131, 132 

Isabella of Spain, Queen, i. 87, 167 

Isabelle, Ste., Order of, presented 
to Princess Victoria, i. 153 

" Islay," a Scotch terrier pet of the 
Queen's, ii. 129, 138, 257/ 278, 
280, 292 

Ivanhoe, i. 5 

Ivanhoff, M., singer, in Anna Boulena, 
i. 93; in Otello, i. 94, 111 ; in 
L'Assiedo di Corrinto, i. 97 ; a 
concert, i. 114, 115 



JACKSON, SIR RICHARD, i. 85 
Jamaica, slavery in, i. 294 ; the 

Bill, ii. 108, 142, 159 
James I., his Coronation, i. 361 ; and 

his son's marriage, ii. 44 ; his 

looks, ii. 54 
James II., anecdote of, i. 313 ; and 

Anne Hyde, ii. 44 ; his looks, ii. 54 



Jenkinson, Lady Catherine (after- 
wards wife of Colonel Francis Har- 
court), i. 46 ; dinner to William IV., 
i. 69 ; Somerset House Exhibition, 
i. 70 ; birthday presents to Prin- 
cess Victoria, i. 76, 118 ; birthday 
ball, i. 77 ; sails to Portsmouth, 
i. 86 ; Eton Montem, i. 119 ; 
Virginia Water, i. 120 ; illness, 
i. 166 ; at Ramsgate, i. 171 ; a 
drawing-room, i. 192 ; at work, 
i. 202 ; hears Thalberg the pianist, 
i. 216 

Lady Louisa (afterwards wife 

of Mr. John Cotes), i. 58, 357 

Lady Selina (afterwards Lady 

Milton), i. 57, 58 

Jersey, fourth Earl of, i. 330 

Countess of (wife of above), i. 

315, 330 

fifth Earl of, see Villiers 

Joan of Arc, Lord Melbourne on, i. 
242, ii. 93 

Jocelyn, Lord, at a State ball, i. 318 

Lady (wife of above), see 

Cowper, Lady Fanny 

John, Archduke, i. 255, 386 

Johnson, Dr., and King Lear, i. 
270 ; his poetry, i. 379 ; Bos- 
well's Life of, i. 185 

Johnston, Miss Hope, at Ascot 
Races, i. 99, 100 

Johnstone, Sir John, at Bishop- 
thorpe, i. 132 

Lady (wife of above), i. 132 

Joinville, Prince de, i. 394 

Jonathan Wild, ii. 145 

Jones. Rev. W., i. 48, 49 

Jonkowski, M., State dinner at 
Windsor, ii. 187 

Jonson, Ben, his plays, ii. 122 

Jordan, Mrs., and William IV., i. 
12, 391, ii. 84, 90 ; her statue, ii. 
101 ; her brother, ii. 102 

Josephine, Les Memoir es de Vlm- 
peratrice, by Mlle.le Normand, i. 194 

Joy, Chief Baron of Ireland, death, 
i. 349 

Judicial appointments, Irish, i. 349 ; 
English, ii. 90 

Junius, Letters of, supposed author of. 
ii. 42, 67 



850 



INDEX 



KABUL, murder of Captain Burnes 
and Macnaghten at, ii. 146 

Kandahar, ruler of, ii. 146 ; our 
Army's journey to, ii. 179 

Karoly, Count, at Chatsworth, i. 
53, 56 

Kauffman, Angelica, picture by, i. 
59 

Kaveline, General, State dinner at 
Windsor, ii. 187 

Kay, Dr. (afterwards Sir J. Kay 
Shuttle worth), on treating the 
poor, ii. 209 

Kean, Charles, ii. 5 ; in Hamlet, ii. 
265 ; in Richard III., ii. 271-273 

Keate, Dr., Headmaster of Eton, 
Lord Melbourne on, i. 393, ii. 81 

Keats, John, Endymion, i. 6 

Kelly, Miss Frances Maria, in The 
Innkeeper's Daughter, i. 88 

Kemble, Charles, in The Separation, 
i. 146 ; Princess Victoria's opinion 
of, i. 147 ; a drawing of, i. 186 

Miss Fanny, see Butler, Mrs. 

John, i. 148, ii. 141 

Kendal, Earl of, see Denmark, 
Prince George of 

Kenilworth, by Sir Walter Scott, 
as a ballet, i. 65 ; one of his best 
novels, i. 260 

Kenney, James, a successful dra- 
matist, i. 395 

Kensington Palace, the residence of 
Princess Victoria, i. 17, 61, 110, 
130 ; George V.'s desire to make 
it the Sovereign's residence, i. 36, 
37 ; changes at, i. 142 ; sentiment 
for, i. 210, 211 

Kent, Duke of, father of Queen 
Victoria, i. 3, 16 ; his debts, i. 17 
- Duchess of (wife of above) : 
birth of Princess Victoria, i 3 ; 
William IV. 's dislike to, i. 13, 
26, 27 ; her two marriages, i. 
16, 17 ; the upbringing of Princess 
Victoria, i. 17-21 ; at Meridon, i. 
44 ; Powis Castle, i. 45 ; visit to 
Carnarvon, i. 46 ; at Baron Hill, 
i. 47 ; at Plas Newydd, i. 48 ; 
visit to Eaton Hall, i. 50, 51 ; at 
Chatsworth, i. 52-57 ; at Wytham 
and Oxford, i. 59, 60 ; back at 



Kensington, i. 61, 66 ; Christmas 
and birthday presents to, i. 62, 75, 
116, 117, 180, ii. 317 ; operas and 
theatres, i. 64, 65, 67, 93, 97, 121, 
372 ; gives a dinner to William IV., 
i. 68, 69 ; and the Duke of Orleans, 
i. 72 ; journey to Portsmouth, i. 
80 ; at Norris Castle, i. 81 ; death 
of the Duke of Wurtemberg, i. 82 ; 
accident to the Emerald, i. 84 ; 
receives an address at Plymouth, 
i. 85 ; visits the Queen of Portugal, 
i. 86 ; Ascot Races, i. 99 ; a 
carriage accident, i. 103 ; Eton 
Montem, i. 119, 342 ; Virginia 
Water, i. 120 ; death of the 
Countess of Mensdorff, i. 122 ; 
Princess Victoria's Confirmation, 
i. 124-127 ; a paroquet, i. 129 ; 
receives an address at Canter- 
bury, i. 135 ; at Ramsgate, i. 
135-142 ; arrival of King and 
Queen of the Belgians, i. 136 ; 
changes at Kensington Palace, i. 
142 ; State ball at Windsor, i. 
150, 151 ; Christmas at Clare- 
mont, i. 179, 180 ; a gipsy en- 
campment, i. 181 ; and Lablache, 
i. 188 ; an address from Lincoln, 
i. 189 ; ball at St. James's, i. 191 ; 
a drawing-room, i. 192 ; City of 
London address, i. 193 ; William 
I V.'s death, i. 196 ; the Procla- 
mation, i. 199 ; Windsor Castle, 
i. 203, 221 et seq., 247, ii. 234, 
264, 291 ; William IV. 's funeral, 
i. 208 ; procession in state, i. 
209 ; Buckingham Palace, i. 211 ; 
Chapter of the Garter, i. 214, 215 ; 
trying horses, i. 220 ; riding, i. 
222, 223, 328, ii. 24, 25 ; Review 
at Windsor, i. 226, 227 ; Queen 
Adelaide, i. 228 ; the question of 
the Queen's marriage, i. 290 ; a 
State ball, i. 318 ; the Queen's 
Coronation, i. 356 et seq. ; reviews 
in Hyde Park, i. 365, ii. 24 ; a 
reception, i. 374-376 ; and King 
Leopold, ii. 4 ; and Lord Mel- 
bourne, ii. 179 ; Royal houses, ii. 
235 ; arrival of King Leopold, ii. 
248 ; Christmas service, ii. 285 ; 



INDEX 



851 



the opening of Parliament, ii. 296 ; 
the Queen's wedding, ii. 318-321 

Kenyon, George, second Lord, ii. 180 

Keppel, General William, Comman- 
der-in-Chief in Ireland, anecdote 
of, ii. 80 

Major (afterwards sixth Earl 

of Albemarle), Groom-in-Waiting 
to the Queen, ii. 5, 120 

Kerry, Countess of, and Lord Shel- 
burne's marriage, i. 373 

Kidderminster, address from, i. 193 

King, Lord, created Earl of Lovelace 
and Viscount Ockham, i. 353, 355 

King John performed at Drury Lane, 
i. 88 

Kinglake, Alexander William, his- 
torian, his description of Dr. Keate 
in Eothen, ii. 81 

King Lear, performances of, i. 256, 
269, ii. 121 

Kinnaird, Lord, at Glasgow Uni- 
versity, ii. 41 ; a Christmas 
service, ii. 285 

Kintore, Earl of, Coronation honours, 
i. 353 

Kleber, General Jean-Baptiste, com- 
pared with Napoleon, i. 396 

Knighton, Sir William, Physician and 
Private Secretary to George IV., 
his memoirs by his wife, i. 308 

Knowles, Sheridan, his plays, ii. 104 

Knox, John, and Mary, Queen of 
Scots, i. 306 

Kokun Dil Khan, ruler of Candahar, 
ii. 146 

Kolowrat, Count, i. 158, 159, 161 

Kdniginnen, by Raumer, i. 185 

LABLAOHE, Lmoi, a celebrated come- 
dian and bass singer, Princess 
Victoria's singing-master, i. 27, 133, 
156, 164-166, 190; in Otello, i. 
Ill ; a concert, i. 114, 115, 116 ; 
account of, i. 114 ; in / Puritani, i. 
121, 122, 186, 187, 372; in the 
Messiah, i. 133 ; Princess Vic- 
toria's opinion of, i. 156, 165, 166 ; 
and Don Giovanni, i. 338 

Lade, Sir John, i. 287 

Lady of Lyons, The, play by Mr. 
Bulwer, i. 292 



Lafayette, death of, i. 91 ; auto- 
graph of, i. 105 

Lafontaine's French fables, ii. 92 

Lamb, Lady Caroline (Lady Caroline 
Ponsonby), her eccentric char- 
acter, i. 250, 251, 284 ; visit to 
Brussels, i. 310 ; King Leopold 
on, ii. 12 ; Lady Lyttelton on, ii. 
64 

Sir Frederick (Lord Melbourne's 

brother, afterwards Lord Beauvale 
and third Viscount Melbourne), 
Ambassador Extraordinary at 
Vienna, account of, i. 253, 255 ; 
at Eton College, ii. 39 ; portrait 
of, ii. 82 ; the Beauvale Peerage, 
ii. 139 ; and his sister's intended 
marriage, ii. 260, 266 

George (Lord Melbourne's 
brother), at Eton College, ii. 39 ; 
portrait of Lord Melbourne, ii. 82 

Lamb, Matthew (afterwards a 

Baronet), ii. 69, 322, 323 
Peniston, conveyancer, bequeaths 

his fortune to his nephew Matthew 

(above), ii. 69, 322, 323 
Peniston, first Viscount (father 

of Lord Melbourne), ii. 69, 322, 323 
Peniston (son of above), i. 

246, 350, ii. 322 
Robert, Dean and afterwards 

Bishop of Peterborough, ii. 69, 322, 

323 

William, see Melbourne, second 
Viscount 

Lambeth Palace, ii. 133 

Lambton, John George, see Durham, 

Earl of 
Lady Mary (afterwards wife 

of eighth Earl of Elgin, Viceroy 

of India), i. 337, ii. 278 
Lancaster, Duchy of, origin of the 

dog in the arms of the seal of, 

i. 316 
Landseer, Sir Edwin, Somerset 

House Exhibition, i. 71 ; his 

pictures, i. 238, 241, 242, 267, 316 ; 

and Daniel Maclise, i. 315, 316 
Lane, Richard James, his portraits, 

i. 755-187 

Langdale, Lord, see Bickersteth 
Langford, Dr., Lord Melbourne's 



852 



INDEX 



tutor, i. 344, ii. 81 ; Lord Mel- 
bourne's portrait, ii. 82 

Lansdowne, third Marquess of, 
Lord President, refused twice to 
be Prime Minister, i. 72 ; the 
Queen's Proclamation, i. 199 ; 
audience with the Queen, i. 210, 
ii. 44, 45 ; at Windsor Castle, i. 
223 ; and Lord Palmerston, i. 267 ; 
the Canada Bill, i. 277 ; and his 
son's marriage, i. 373 ; at Edin- 
burgh University, ii. 41 ; minis- 
terial rearrangement, ii. 112 ; 
Government defeat, ii. 134 ; and 
the Household appointments dis- 
pute, ii. 173 

Marchioness of (wife of above), 

Lady of the Bedchamber to the 
Queen, i. 72, 202, 205, 211, 212, 
375 ; State visits to the House 
of Lords, i. 217, 237 ; Coronation 
ceremony, i. 355, 356 

fourth Marquess, see Shelburne, 

Lord 

Laporte, M., manager of the opera, 
i. 67 ; his benefit nights, i. 80, 97 

Lascelles, Right Hon. Wm., M.P., 
at Chatsworth, i. 53, 56 

Lady Caroline (wife of above), 

at Chatsworth, i. 63, 56 ; and 
Princess Victoria, i. 79 

Miss Georgiana (afterwards Mrs. 

Grenfell), takes part in the Chats- 
worth theatricals, i. 56 ; visit to 
Princess Victoria, i. 79 

Lauderdale, eighth Earl of, and 
Lord Melbourne, ii. 41 

Laure, Mile., i. 284 

Laurence, Dr., and the Annual 
Register, i. 262 

Lauriston, Colonel, Aide-de-Camp 
to Napoleon, his wonderful recep- 
tion in England, i. 366 

Lavradio, Count, i. 144 

Law, Mr., Recorder of London, City 
of London address to the Queen, 
i. 193 

Lawrence, Sir Thomas, historical 
portraits, i. 7 ; in the British 
Gallery, i. 79 ; " my most danger- 
ous rival," Hoppner, ii. 82 ; an 
early sketch by, ii. 132 



Leader, Mr., and the reported 
accident to Lord Brougham, ii. 271 

Lebrun, M., third Consul in Consti- 
tution of 1799, ii. 8 

Leczinska, Marie, autograph of, i. 106 

Lee, George, a pensioner of George 
IV. 's, i. 287 

Miss, in Old Mother Hulbard 

and her Dog, i. 90 

Leeds, seventh Duke of, see Car- 
marthen 

Legge, Lady Caroline, i. 146 

Lehzen, Baroness, governess to Prin- 
cess Victoria, her deep affection for, 
i. 27, 28, 32, 175, 198, ii. 160, 186 ; 
account of, i. 48 ; visit to Eaton 
Hall, i. 51 ; at Alton Towers, i. 57 ; 
a hunting episode, i. 58 ; presents, 
i. 62, 75, 116, 180, ii. 318 ; operas 
and theatres, i. 65, 70, 74, 93, 
94, 97, 111, 121, 148, 236 ; riding, 
i. 66, 67, 219, 293, 328, ii. 13 ; a 
birthday ball, i. 77 ; visits ex- 
hibitions of pictures, i. 79, 162 ; 
journey to Portsmouth and Ply- 
mouth, i. 80-86 ; a lecture on 
physics, i. 89 ; visit to Windsor, 
i. 98 ; Ascot Races, i. 100 ; a 
carriage accident, i. 103, 104 ; 
Windsor Castle, i. 112, 151-153, 
221, 247 ; Virginia Water, i. 120 ; 
confirmation of Princess Victoria, 
i. 124-128 ; arrival of King and 
Queen of the Belgians, i. 136-138 ; 
episode at Ramsgate, i. 141 ; how 
she tells Princess Victoria that she 
will be Queen, i. 160 ; a stormy 
journey, i. 177, 178 ; Christmas at 
Claremont, i. 179 ; ball at St. 
James's, i. 190 ; a drawing-room, 
i. 192; William IV.'s death, i. 
196 ; goes to Buckingham Palace, 
i. 211 ; and Lord Melbourne, i. 
231, ii. 144 ; the Queen's speech, 
i. 238 ; the Queen as a child, i. 
280 ; the Coronation ceremony, i. 
359 ; a review, ii. 24 ; questions 
of Royal marriages, ii. 43 

Leibnitz, Baron, the German philo- 
sopher, i. 306, 306, ii. 110 

Leicester, Earl of, Princess Victoria's 
visit to, i. 25 



INDEX 



853 



Leicester, second Earl of, see Coke 

Leiningen-Dachburg-Hadenburg, 
Prince of, Duchess of Kent's first 
husband, i. 16 

Prince Charles (son of above), 
i. 16 ; a sea-officer, i. 27 ; a 
birthday ball, i. 77 ; the opera, 
i. 79, 96, 97, 186 ; journey to 
Portsmouth, i. 80 ; his looks, i. 
95 ; presents, i. 117 ; Eton 
Montem, i. 119 ; Virginia Water, 
i. 120 ; at Windsor Castle, 
i. 151-153, 168, 159, 203; his 
departure, i. 161 ; his wife, i. 
189 ; attends funeral of Wil- 
liam IV., i. 208 ; procession in 
state, i. 209 ; receives the Order 
of the Garter, i. 214, 215 ; Corona- 
tion Day, i. 356, 362 

Feodorowna (sister of above), 

see Hohenlohe, Princess of 

Leinster, Duchess of, her beauty, ii. 
77 

Lennox, Lord Fitzroy, i. 78 

Lady Caroline, train-bearer at 

the Queen's Coronation, i. 357 ; 
her beauty, ii. 77 ; at the Queen's 
wedding, ii. 278, 319 

Lady Sarah, and George III., 

i. 377, ii. 277 ; her marriages, i. 
377, 378; and Mr. Fox, ii. 7, 
277 ; Life and Letters of, by Lady 
Ilchester and Lord Stavordale, ii. 
7 ; her beauty, ii. 77 ; train- 
bearer to Queen Charlotte, ii. 274 

Leopold, King of the Belgians, 
assists the Duchess of Kent, i. 17 ; 
preparing Princess Victoria for the 
Throne, i. 29, 32, 107, 140, 154, 
155 ; his wedding day, i. 46 ; 
some autographs, i. 105, 107 ; 
presents to Princess Victoria, i. 
106, 180 ; arrival at Ramsgate, i. 
135, 136 ; a party, i. 137 ; his 
views on Princess Victoria's mar- 
riage, i. 140, 290, 291, ii. 88, 153, 
193, 207, 246 ; and the Queen of 
Portugal, i. 144 ; his Directions 
and Advices, i. 154, 155 ; Belgium's 
debt to, i. 156 ; trouble in Portu- 
gal, i. 167 ; Princess Victoria's 
appreciation of, i. J38, 224, 26, 



229 ; Louis Napoleon at Stras- 
burg, i. 176 ; Baron Stockmar, i. 
193 ; arrives at Windsor Castle, 
i. 223 ; question as to his presence 
at the Queen's Coronation, i. 291 ; 
and Prince Ferdinand, i. 297 ; and 
Lord Melbourne, i. 310, ii. 29 ; 
his position, i. 344, 345 ; Belgium 
and Holland, i. 384, 388 ; and the 
Duchess of Kent, ii. 4 ; and Duke 
of Wellington, ii. 11, 241 ; ques- 
tions of alliance, ii. 22, 23 ; a 
review, ii. 23, 24 ; the French 
in Algiers, ii. 25 ; a joke, ii. 30 ; 
and Luxembourg, ii. 36, 46, 78 ; 
troubles in Belgium, ii. 46, 48, 
76, 151 ; etiquette at dinners in 
Brussels, ii. 53 ; and Princess 
Charlotte, ii. 103, 279, 290; 
annoyed with the British Govern- 
ment, ii. 151, 164 ; and the visit 
of the King of the French to 
England, ii. 232, 238 ; visit to 
England, ii. 248-251 ; the Queen's 
engagement to Prince Albert, ii. 
269 ; the Peerage question, ii. 
276 ; Royal marriage precedents, 
ii. 279 ; illness, ii. 293 ; on char- 
acter, ii. 296 ; Prince Albert's 
allowance, ii. 301 

"Leopold," a favourite horse, i. 226, 
227, ii. 23-25 

Leroux, Mile. Pauline in Kenilworth, 
i. 65 ; in La Sonnambula, i. 67 

Leslie, Charles Robert, painter, ii. 
96 ; Holland House, ii. 244 

Leuchtenberg, Augustus, Duke of, 
his marriage, i. 86 ; death, i. 110 
Maximilian, Duke of, marriage, 
ii. 214 

Leveson, Lord (afterwards Lord 
Granville and Foreign Secretary), 
i. 60, 281 ; a State ball, i. 332 ; 
Virginia Water, ii. 234 

Lady Elizabeth (afterwards 

Duchess of Argyll), ii. 213 

Lady Evelyn (afterwards Lady 



Blantyre), ii. 213 
Lady Constance (afterwards 

Duchess of Westminster), ii. 213 

Lord Frederick, ii. 213 

Lewis, Matthew Gregory ("Monk 



354 



INDEX 



Lewis"), an intimate associate of 
Byron, Ambrosio or the Monk, ii. 84 

Lichfield, first Earl of and second 
Viscount Anson, i. 73 

Countess of (wife of above), 

Hayter's picture of, i. 71 

Lichtenstein, Prince Equerry to the 
Queen, Review at Windsor, i. 226, 
227 

Lieven, Prince de, Russian Ambassa- 
dor in London, i. 77 

Princess de (wife of above), i. 

77 ; leaves London, i. 91 ; her 
impression of the Queen, i. 249 ; 
Russian etiquette as to Royal 
portraits, ii. 91 

Prince George de (son of above), 

a birthday ball, i. 77 

Baron, visits England, ii. 157 ; 

State dinner at Windsor, ii. 187 

Mme. de, on Francis I., ii. 196 

Ligne, Prince de, i. 349 

Ligonier, first Earl, a celebrated 
soldier, ii. 78 

Lilford, third Lord, visits Eton Mon- 
tem, i. 342 ; a long ride with the 
Queen, i. 372 ; and Lord Mel- 
bourne, ii. 306 

Lady (wife of above), i. 281, 300 

Lincoln, address from, i. 189 

Bishop of, his report on Prin- 
cess Victoria's education, i. 18 

Earl of, afterwards fifth Duke 

of Newcastle, i. 145 

Countess of (wife of above), i. 

145 ; Princess Victoria's opinion 
of, i. 146 

Lindsay, Lady Charlotte, i. 392 ; 
at the trial of Queen Caroline, i. 
395 

Lingard, Dr., on Henry VIII., ii. 168 

Linley, Miss (afterwards Mrs. Brins- 
ley Sheridan), lovely portrait of 
her by Gainsborough, i. 371 ; her 
death, ii. 151 

Lion taming, show by Van Amburgh, 
ii. 105, 106 

Lisle, Lady de, see Sidney, Lady 
Sophia 

Lismore, Viscount, Coronation hon- 
our, i. 353 

litany service at Coronations, i. 361 



Liverpool, Earl of, i. 61, 69 ; dinner 
parties, i. 130, 216 ; audience with 
Princess Victoria, i. 194 ; the 
Household difficulty, ii. 171 

Lodge's " Portraits," i. 305 ; Peerage, 
i. 340 

Loftus, Lord, afterwards third Mar- 
quess of Ely, i. 60 

London, address from the City of, i. 
193 

Bishop of, see Blomfield, Dr. 

Londonderry, third Marquess of, i. 
323 

Longley, Dr., Master of Harrow, 
Princess Victoria's appreciation of 
his sermon, i. 171, 172 

Longueville,Mme. de, andGeorgelll., 
i. 287, 288 

Lorton, Viscount, and the Catholic 
Emancipation Bill, i. 239 

Lothian, seventh Marquess of, and 
Lady S. Lennox, i, 378 

Louis XIV., ii. 17 ; and Prince of 
Orange, ii. 62 ; his appetite, ii. 
130 ; and William III., ii. 240 

Louis XV., autograph of, i. 106 

Louis XVIII. and George IV., ii. 74 

Louis, Archduke, i. 386 

Louis, an attached attendant to 
Princess Victoria, presents from, 
i. 62, 179; her death, i. 308, 
331 

Louis Philippe, King of the French : 
Louis Napoleon at Strasburg, i. 
176 ; the Duchesse de Broglie, i. 
306 ; Lord Brougham's strange- 
ness in Paris, i. 307 ; and Talley- 
rand, i. 330 ; and the Queen, i. 
364 ; Mexico and Buenos Ayres, 
ii. 20 ; question of alliances, ii. 
22, 23 ; the French in Algiers, ii. 
25 ; and Spain, ii. 31 ; the French 
stage, ii. 32 ; and Monterond, ii. 
66 ; Belgian difficulties, ii. 76 ; and 
his new Minister, ii. 88 ; politics, 
ii. 99 ; and Thiers, ii. 143 ; and 
Lord Palmerston, ii. 149, 232, 233 ; 
and Russia, ii. 190, 252; his 
proposed visit to England, ii. 238, 
241, 246 

Louise, Queen of the Belgians, 
presents to Princess Victoria, i. 72, 



INDEX 



855 



ii. 61 ; visits to England, i. 135, 
136, 223-226, ii. 11, 246, 248 ; a 
party, i. 137 ; Princess Victoria's 
fondness for, i. 138, 143, 153, 158, 
174, 206, 225, 226; and Prince 
Ferdinand, i. 151 ; sketch of, i. 
179 ; a runaway horse, i. 224 ; 
and the Queen's Coronation, i. 
291 ; review in Hyde Park, ii. 
24 ; etiquette at Brussels, ii. 53 

Louth, address from borough of, i. 192 

Lovelace, Earl of, see King, Lord 

Lucas, John Seymour, his portrait 
of Lord Cowper, i. 316 

Lucrezia Borgia, by Donizetti, ii. 203 

Lumley, General Sir W., G.C.B., 
Aide-de-Camp to Duke of Wel- 
lington, in Peninsular War, ii. 23 

Lupus, Hugh, Earl of Chester, i. 61, 
52 

Lurgan, Lord, Lord Melbourne on, ii. 
228 

Luttrell, Mrs., marriage to Duke of 
Cumberland, i. 390 

Luxembourg, dispute as to, ii. 36, 
46,78 

Lymlhurst, Lord, Lord Chancellor, 
dispute as to the Crown jewels, ii. 
33 ; and Sir R. Peel, ii. 166, 169 ; 
and the Queen, ii. 170, 208 ; the 
Attorney-General on, ii. 238 ; and 
the Declaration, ii. 281, 312 

Lyons, Sir Edmund (afterwards first 
Baron), Minister Plenipotentiary at 
Athens, his despatches, i. 368 

Lyttelton, George, first Lord, Chan- 
cellor of the Exchequer, ii. 42 

Thomas, second Lord (" the 

wicked Lord Lyttelton"), his 
books, ii. 42 

third Lord, 208 ; his death, 
fi. 42 

Lady (wife of above), Lady of 
the Bedchamber to the Queen, i. 
208, ii. 38 ; etiquette, ii. 41 ; 
Queen's opinion of, ii. 42, 64 ; 
arrival of Prince Ferdinand, ii. 
198 ; dinner at Stafford House, 
ii. 237 ; journey to Woolwich, ii. 
248 ; on teaching Greek, ii. 303 ; 
on Deerbroke, by Miss Martineau, 
ii. 305 



Lyttelton, fourth Lord, account of, 

ii. 42 
Lytton, Bulwer, see Bulwer-Lytton 



MAOAULAY, THOMAS BABINGTON, 
historian, ii. 8 ; on Sir Win. 
Temple, ii. 58 ; Under-Secretary 
for India, ii. 193 ; Secretary at 
War, ii. 193, 217 ; audience with 
the Queen, ii. 218 ; and Lord Mel- 
bourne, ii. 242, 253, 255, 258, 259 

Macay, Captain, on board the Re- 
venge, i. 84 

Macbeth, i. 256 

Macdonald, Sir John, Adjutant- 
General at Plymouth, i. 85 

Mackintosh, Life of Sir James, in The 
Edinburgh Review, i. 173 

McLeod, General Donald, his in- 
vestiture, i. 295 

Maclise, Daniel, the painter, Land- 
seer's praise of, i. 315, 316 

MacNeill, Mr. (afterwards Sir John), 
Envoy to Teheran, his despatches, 
i. 385 ; and the Afghans, ii. 63 

Macready, William Charles, the 
actor, in King John, i. 88 ; and C. 
Kemble, i. 147, 186; in The 
Lady of Lyons, i. 292 ; in King 
Lear, ii. 121 

Magnetism, i. 245 

Mahmud II., Sultan, description of, 
i. 286 ; appeals to the Powers for 
protection, ii. 257, 258 

Maine, State of, difficulties with 
Great Britain, ii. 21 

Maitland, Rear- Admiral Sir Frederick 
Lewis, commanded the Bettero- 
phon, i. 83 

Lady (wife of above), Princess 

Victoria's visit to the Victory, i. 83 

Malcolm, Sir John, Life of Clive, i. 
185 

Malibran, Mme. (afterwards Mme. de 
Beriot), in Norma, i. 79 ; a Royal 
concert, i. 115, 116 ; sad death of, 
i. 168-171 

Maltby, Edward, Bishop of Durham, 
the Queen's Coronation, i. 357 

Mandelsloh, Count, i. 222 

Mansfield, Earl of, and the Canada 



INDEX 



Bill, i. 277; in "Lodge's 
Portraits," i. 305 ; the Douglas 
case, ii. 98 

Mant, Richard, Bishop of Killaloe, 
ii. 73 

March, Earl (afterwards sixth Duke 
of Richmond and first Duke of 
Gordon), i. 78 ; the State ball, ii. 
176 

Maria, Donna, see Portugal, Queen of 

Theresa, Empress, i. 105 

Marie of Orleans, see Orleans, Prin- 
cess of 

Mario, the singer and actor, in 
Lucrezia Borgia, ii. 203, 204; in 
Norma, ii. 221 

Marlborough, Duke of, autograph 
of, i. 105 

Marriage Act, Royal, i. 333, 390, 
391, ii. 43 

Marshall, Mrs., an actress, ii. 84 

Martineau, Miss, her novels, ii. 305 

Mary I., Queen of England and 
Ireland, her cruelty, ii. 158 ; her 
religion, ii. 218 ; and Jane Grey, 
ii. 219 ; marriage, ii. 279-281 ; and 
Edward VI., ii. 284 ; her marriage 
treaty, ii. 301 

Mary II.. Queen of Great Britain 
and Ireland, wife of William III., 
" the most beautiful woman in 
Europe," ii. 54 ; and William III., 
ii. 293, 299 

Mary, Grand-Duchess, ii. 213 ; mar- 
riage to Duke Maximilian of 
Leuchtenberg, ii. 214 

Mary, Queen of Scots, her execution, 
ii. 219 ; Hallam on, ii. 300 

Masters, Mrs., engraving of, ii. 97 

Mathews, Charles, the actor, his 
marriage, i. 148 ; Princess Vic- 
toria's appreciation of, i. 149 

Maton, Wm. George, Physician 
Extraordinary to the Duchess of 
Kent and Princess Victoria, i. 76 

Matthew, Exposition of the Gospel of 
St., see Chester, Bishop of 

Maude, Hon. Isabella, the State ball, 
i. 319 

Mauley, Baron de (Hon. Wm. S. S. 
Ponsonby), Coronation honour, i. 
353 



Maundy Thursday, ii. 139 

Mayhew, Mr., i. 175 

Mayo, Countess of (wife of fourth 
Earl), Lady-in-Waiting to Queen 
Adelaide, i. 77 ; and Lady Glengall, 
ii. 308 

Mazarin, Cardinal, i. 261, 330 

Mazzini, Giuseppe, Italian patriot, i. 
7 

Meadows, Drinkwater, an actor in 
The Lady of Lyons, i. 292 

Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Grand Duke 
of, marriage, ii. 150 

Grand Duchess, see Cambridge, 

Princess Augusta 

Medea, an opera, i. 74 

Mehemet Ali, the Pasha, and the 
Porte, i. 379 ; and Alexandria, ii. 
224; defeats the Turks, ii. 257, 
258 

Melanchthon, Philip, German re- 
former, in " Lodge's Portraits," 
i. 305 

Melbourne, Peniston, first Viscount, 
ii. 69 

Viscountess of (wife of above), 

i. 246 ; Duke of Sutherland on, i. 
250 ; King Leopold on, ii. 11, 
12 

Melbourne, William Lamb, second 
Viscount, influence over Queen 
Victoria, i. 31-36 ; forms Govern- 
ment, i. 91 ; a threatened Ministry, 
i. 107 ; interview with the Queen 
on her Accession, i. 197, 199-201, 
207 ; general election, i. 213, 219 ; 
and King Leopold, i. 224, 345, 380, 
ii. 11 ; the Queen's appreciation 
of, i. 229, 231, 251, 254, 324, 331, 
ii. 135, 160, 289; the Queen's 
speech, i. 236 ; debate in the 
Commons, i. 239 ; pensions, i. 
240 ; Imprisonment for Debt Bill 
and others, i. 241 ; on education, 
i. 241, 258, 280, ii. 103, 148, 225, 
303 ; anecdotes of various people, 
i. 243, 284-286, 393, ii. 67, 68; 
Lord Brougham's attacks on, i. 
244 ; on mothers and character, i. 
246 ; characteristics, i. 248 ; atti- 
tude towards the Queen, i. 249 ; 
and his wife, Lady Caroline Lamb, 



INDEX 



357 



i. 250, 284, 310, ii. 64 ; Canadian 
affairs, see Canada ; on music, i. 
253 ; Army administration, i. 
254, 259 ; state of Greece, i. 255 ; 
and Duke of Wellington, i. 257 ; on 
punishments, i. 258 ; books and 
reading, i. 260, 262, 263, 265-267, 
269, 270, 273, 274, 395, ii. 10, 11, 
19, 28, 51, 52, 57, 83, 85, 91, 92, 
102, 274, 289, 300 ; on recommen- 
dations, i. 265 ; Government diffi- 
culties, i. 270 ; Ballot question, i. 
272-274, 283; on Lord Ellen- 
borough, i. 276 ; and the Duchess 
of Sutherland, i. 279 ; education at 
Eton, i. 279, 339, 343-348, ii. 30, 
37, 38, 56, 64-66, 81 ; euthanasia, i. 
281 ; William IV. 's dislikes, i. 282 ; 
children, i. 285 ; pensions, i. 287 ; 
Lord Howe's resignation, i. 289 ; 
Poor Laws, i. 295 ; Promotion 
Commission, i. 296 ; Belgian ques- 
tion, i. 297 ; Prime Minister's rank, 
i. 299, ii. 47 ; on Lady Holland, i. 
300, 396, ii. 30, 62, 99 ; railways 
and steam-carriages, i. 302 ; Lady 
Burghersh, i. 302, 303; Lord 
Byron, i. 303 ; George III. and 
others, i. 304 ; Lord Brougham's 
strangeness, i. 307 ; the Royal 
Family, i. 309 ; and Marshal 
Soult, i. 309, 310, 355, 367, 368 ; 
Lord Durham, i. 311 ; Count Fla- 
haut, i. 311, 312 ; Court factions, 
i. 312 ; on Queen Anne, i. 313 ; on 
Prince George of Denmark, i. 313 ; 
on Cromwell's descendants, i. 314 ; 
George IV.'s favourites, i. 315 ; 
Irish Poor Law Bill, i. 315 ; Sir 
George Hayter, i. 316 ; the Church 
of Ireland, i. 319, 322, 323 ; illness, 
i. 319-323, 364; Irish Tithes, i. 
325, 328, 366 ; Election Committee 
Bill, i. 326 ; Portugal and slavery, 
i. 327 ; a dinner mistake, i. 329 ; 
on Eton customs, i. 333 ; on New 
Zealand, i. 338, 339; and Lady 
Holland, i. 339, 340, ii. 79, 87, 221 ; 
Lord Barham's pedigree, i. 340 ; 
Miss Cha worth and Byron, i. 341 ; 
household, i. 342 ; King Leopold's 
position, i. 345 ; Irish legal ap- 

1124 



pointments, i. 349 ; Coronation 
honours, i. 353 ; refuses the 
Garter, i. 354 ; the Coronation, i. 
355-364; Peerages, i. 362, 369; 
the Sheridan family, i. 370, 371 ; 
Lord Shelburne's marriage, i. 373 ; 
George III.'s sons and illnesses, i. 
376, 377 ; Sir F. Ponsonby, i. 379 ; 
Mehemet AH, i. 379 ; Belgian 
affairs, i. 379, 380 ; Baron Stock- 
mar on, i. 380 ; the Queen's 
Speech, i. 381 ; Lord Brougham's 
dislike for, i. 382 ; end of the ses- 
sion, i. 383 ; Belgium and Holland, 
i. 384, 387, 388; and Pozzo di 
Borgo, i. 383, 384, 386 ; and Lord 
Howick, i. 387 ; war strength in 
peace, i. 389 ; reminiscences of 
George IV., i. 390; Royal mar- 
riages, i. 391 ; Lord North's 
letters, i. 391, 392 ; the French and 
Mexico, i. 394 ; Lady Cork, i. 394 ; 
George III. and his Ministers, i. 
397, ii. 6, 7 ; colonial policy, i. 398 ; 
character and intellect, ii. 1 ; Lord 
Durham's despatch, ii. 3 ; ances- 
tors, ii. 5, 69, 322, 323 ; animals, ii. 
6 ; Indian customs and caste, ii. 
8 ; French and German literature, 
ii. 9, 10 ; and Sir George Villiers, 
ii. 15 ; and Sir C. Metcalfe, ii. 16 ; 
estimates in Parliament, ii. 17 ; 
Church questions, ii. 18, 27, 56, 57, 
72; treaty with Turkey, ii. 19; 
Lord J. Russell and resignation, ii. 
20 ; Canadian boundary question, 
ii. 21 ; questions of alliance, ii. 22, 
23 ; the French in Algiers, ii. 25 ; 
the Spaniards and slavery, ii. 28, 
31 ; recollections of George IV., 
ii. 29 ; the French stage, ii. 32 ; 
claim to the Crown jewels, ii. 33 ; 
Mme. de Sta81, ii. 33, 34 ; religion 
and death, ii. 35 ; communication 
with the Pope, ii. 36 ; concerning 
flowers and farming, ii. 39 ; the 
Royal Georges, ii. 40 ; Scottish 
universities, ii. 41 ; Court etiquette, 
ii. 41 ; the Lyttelton family, ii. 42 ; 
questions of Royal marriage, ii. 
43-45 ; probable fall of his Govern- 
ment, ii. 46 ; no expedition into 



858 



INDEX 



Persia, ii. 47 ; Belgian affairs, ii. 
48, 76, 78 ; on Charles Fox's love- 
affairs, ii. 49 ; Royal family titles, 
ii. 50 ; revenue, ii. 51 ; on the 
Stuart looks, ii. 54; George IV. 
and Queen Caroline, ii. 58 ; ap- 
proaching Government troubles, 
ii. 59, 60-62, 73; Afghan and 
Persian crisis, ii. 63 ; Lord J. Russell 
and resignation, ii. 67, 111-113, 
118 ; the Howe family, ii. 70 ; 
Army purchase and discipline, ii. 
71 ; the Richmond properties, ii. 
77 ; Lord Brougham's attack on 
the Ministers, ii. 80 ; the Provost 
of Eton, ii. 81 ; and William IV., 
ii. 81 ; his family portraits, ii. 82 ; 
on novel reading, ii. 83 ; actresses, 
ii. 84 ; women writers, ii. 85 ; 
ministerial changes, ii. 89 ; judicial 
appointments, ii. 90 ; sedan chairs, 
ii. 95 ; his house, ii. 96 ; George 
IV.'s high spirits, ii. 97 ; the 
Douglas case, ii. 98 ; French 
politics, ii. 99 ; Lord Durham's 
intentions, ii. 100 ; Mrs. Jordan's 
statue, ii. 101 ; Cabinet difficulties, 
ii. 105 et seq. ; Jamaican trouble, 
ii. 108 ; Lord Howick's resigna- 
tion, ii. 110 ; Lord Glenelg's in- 
capacity and resignation, ii. 111- 
116, 121 ; Royal obstinacy, ii. 114 ; 
compulsory and voluntary educa- 
tion, ii. 117, 122 ; music, ii. 123 ; 
a remarkable marriage, ii. 125 ; 
his birthday, ii. 128 ; ministerial 
levies, ii. 130; Lord Roden's 
motion, ii. 131 ; introduction of 
the Metropolitan Police, ii. 132 ; 
bishops and episcopal palaces, ii. 
133 ; Government defeat, ii. 134- 
137, 142; French policy and 
England, ii. 138 ; the Beau vale 
Peerage, ii. 139 ; opera singers, ii. 
140 ; literature, ii. 144 ; India 
and Afghanistan, ii. 146, 147 ; and 
Queen Adelaide, ii. 147 ; the vote 
of confidence, ii. 149 ; Lord Stan- 
ley, ii. 150 ; gold plate, ii. 152 ; 
the Queen's marriage, ii. 153 ; 
victory for the Government, ii. 154; 
bishopric of Peterborough, ii. 156 ; 



resignation decided on, ii. 159 et 
seq. ; Sir R. Peel's interviews with 
the Queen, ii. 165-167, 169-173; 
Household difficulty, ii. 167 et seq. ; 
the Cabinet minute, ii. 176 ; Lord 
Howe's conduct, ii. 181 ; question 
of precedence, ii. 192 ; back in 
office, ii. 193 ; extension of suf- 
frage, ii. 195, 198, 199; Lord 
Howick and Lord J. Russell, ii. 
195, 196, 200; on secrecy in 
voting, ii. 204 ; his governess, ii. 
206 ; and Dr. Kay on treating the 
poor, ii. 209 ; Lord Winchilsea's 
fight, ii. 212 ; servants, ii. 214 ; 
ministerial changes, ii. 217 ; Tur- 
key and Egypt, ii. 224 ; Lords' 
debate on Ireland, ii. 227, 228 ; 
Parliamentary business, ii. 233 ; 
Lyndhurst and Follett, ii. 238 ; on 
William III., ii. 240 ; Lord Ho- 
wick's resignation, ii. 241-243 ; 
and Brunow, ii. 252 ; Lord Grey's 
hostility to, ii. 254 ; Ministers at 
Windsor, ii. 255; Turkish diffi- 
culties, ii. 258 ; Pitt and Canning, 
ii. 261 ; Prince Albert, ii. 265, 267, 
299 ; the Queen's engagement, ii. 
268, 269 ; Lord Brougham's re- 
ported death, ii. 272 ; Royal mar- 
riage precedents, ii. 273, 274, 279, 
280, 283 ; his reception at Lord 
Mayor's dinner, ii. 275 ; Prince 
Albert and a Peerage, ii. 276 ; the 
Solicitor-Generalship, ii. 277 ; the 
marriage treaty, ii. 282, 301 ; Dr. 
Goodall, ii. 286 ; position after the 
Queen's marriage, ii. 288 ; George 
IV. and his dislikes, ii. 290 ; the end 
of franking, ii. 291 ; new penny 
postage, ii. 294 ; Baron Stockmar, 
ii. 296 ; opening of Parliament, ii. 
297 ; Yarde-Buller's motion, ii. 
299 ; health, ii. 301 ; monarchy 
and unity, ii. 304 ; and the middle 
classes, ii. 305 ; precedence ques- 
tion, ii. 310, 312, 313 ; the Queen's 
wedding, ii. 318-321 

Melbourne House, history of, ii. 96, 
97 

Memoires de V Imperatrice Josephine, 
Les, by Mme. le Normand, i. 194 



INDEX 



859 



Menai Bridge, Princess Victoria 
crosses the, i. 46 

Mendelssohn- Bartholdy, Felix, Ger- 
man musical composer, i. 7 ; a 
pupil of, i. 145 

Mensdorff, Count Alexander, ii. 198, 
203 ; departure of, ii. 247 

Mensdorff-Pouilly, Emmanuel, Count 
(father of above), i. 95 ; death of 
his wife, i. 122-124 
Countess of (wife of above, 
formerly Sophia of Saxe-Coburg), 
sad details of her death, i. 
122-124 

Mercadante, Saverio, Italian operatic 
composer, // Posto abbandonato, i. 
164 

Meridon, Princess Victoria sleeps at, 
i. 44 

Merode, Comtesse Henri de, Dame 
d'Honneur to the Queen of the 
Belgians, i. 137, 225 

Messiah, The, Handel's oratorio, at 
York Minster, i. 135 

Metcalfe, Sir Charles, Indian ad- 
ministrator, account of, ii. 14 ; 
and King Leopold, ii. 16 ; and 
Lord Melbourne, ii. 222 

Methuen, Paul (afterwards Baron), 
Coronation honour, i. 353 

Metropolitan Police, instituted, ii. 132 

Metternich, Count Clemens (after- 
wards Prince), Chief Minister of 
Austria, i. 5 ; and the expulsion of 
Archbishop of Cologne, i. 253 ; 
and Lord Melbourne, ii. 22 

Mexico and the French, i. 394 

Micklethwait, Mr. (afterwards Sir 
Sotherton Peckham-), assists Prin- 
cess Victoria in a carriage accident, 
i. 104 ; Coronation honour, i. 355 

Midleton, Sir Charles (afterwards 
first Lord Barham), First Lord 
of the Admiralty, account of, 
i. 340 

Miguel, Don, ii. 31 

Milbanke, Miss, see Byron, Lady 
Miles, Ensign, of the 89th Regiment, 

presentation of colours to, i. 85 
Milton, Lord (afterwards sixth Earl 
Fitzwilliam, K.G., and Aide-de- 
Camp to the Queen), i. 332 



Milton, Lady, see Jenkinson, Lady 

Selina 

Minto, second Earl of, First Lord 
of the Admiralty, audience with 
the Queen, i. 200; and Wil- 
liam IV., i. 283 ; Promotion Com- 
mission, i. 296 ; and naval strength, 
i. 389, ii. 277 ; and Lord Durham, 
ii. 77 ; Household appointments 
difficulty, ii. 174, 176 ; ministerial 
changes, ii. 217 ; and Lady Hol- 
land, ii. 295 

Mohammed, Dost, Ameer of Af- 
ghanistan, see Dost Mohammed 

Moira, Lord (formerly Colonel Raw- 
don Hastings and afterwards first 
Marquess of Hastings), Com- 
mander-in-Chief of Indian Army, 
ii. 202 

Mole, Count, Louis Philippe's Prime 
Minister, ii. 20 ; Lady Holland's 
description of, ii. 30 ; French 
politics, ii. 99, 143 

Molesworth, Sir Wm., M.P., account 
of, ii. 200 

Moliere, ii. 92 

Moncorvo, Baron, trouble in Portu- 
gal, i. 166 ; and the Queen 
Dowager, ii. 220 

Moniteur Universel, Louis Napoleon 
at Strasburg, i. 176 

Monmouth, Duke of, ii. 11 

Montagu, Duke of, i. 369 

Montefiore, Sir Moses, his generosity 
and kindness, i. 234 ; knighted at 
the Lord Mayor's dinner, i. 234 

Monterond, M., and King Louis 
Philippe, ii. 66 

Moore, Vice-Admiral Sir Graham, 
account of, i. 83 

Lady (wife of above), Princess 
Victoria's visit to the Victory, i. 
83 
, Thomas, poet, i. 5, 338, 395 

Moral Philosophy, by Paley, ii. 57 

More, Hannah, poetical and ethical 
writer, ii. 85 

Morella (in Valencia), captured by 
Carlists, ii. 12 

Morley, John, first Earl of, ii. 86 ; 
and Canning, ii. 261 ; Life of Glad- 
stone, ii. 322 



360 



INDEX 



Morning Chronicle, Lord Brougham's 
reported death, ii. 272 

Morning Post, account of Mme. 
Malibran's death, i. 168 ; Lord 
Brougham's reported death, ii. 272 

Morpeth, Viscount (afterwards 
seventh Earl of Carlisle), a pro- 
minent Whig: at Chatsworth, i. 
54 ; dinner to Duke of Orleans, 
i. 73 ; and Colonel Verner, i. 241 ; 
State ball, i. 318 ; Irish tithes, i. 
326 ; Household appointments dis- 
cussion, ii. 176 ; and the Horti- 
cultural Society, ii. 185 ; at 
Windsor Castle, ii. 234 ; his good 
nature, ii. 239 

Moses, Miss, i. 315 

Mountain, Mrs. Rosoman, in The 
Beggars' Opera, ii. 183, 184 

Mount-Charles, Earl of (afterwards 
third Marquess Conyngham), i. 363 

Mount Edgoumbe, i. 84 

Richard, second Earl, 

Lord Lieutenant of Cornwall, i. 84 

Mount Temple, see Temple 

Mozart, Austrian musical composer: 
Laudate Dominum, i. 133 ; Don 
Giovanni, i. 338 

Mulgrave, second Earl of (afterwards 
first Marquess of Normanby), his 
appointments, i. 205, 206 ; au- 
dience with the Queen, i. 210 ; 
Sigismund Thalberg, i. 216; a 
Coronation honour, i. 334, 353 ; 
possible official changes, ii. 60, 
112 ; and Lord Melbourne, ii. 86, 
136 ; as to his leaving Ireland, ii. 
116, 119, 120 ; and Lord Roden's 
motion, ii. 131, 134-136 ; House- 
hold appointments difficulty, ii. 
174, 176; Home Secretary, ii. 
193 ; and Lord John Russell, ii. 
200 ; and Lord Brougham, ii. 226 ; 
Lords' debate on Ireland, ii. 226- 
228 ; and Lord Melbourne, ii. 233, 
269 ; arrival of Prince Albert, ii. 
262 ; on keeping secret the 
Queen's engagement, ii. 269 ; and 
Colonel Thomas, ii. 276 ; a Christ- 
mas service, ii. 285 

Countess of (wife of above, 

afterwards Marchioness of Nor- 



manby), i. 216 ; the Queen goes 
in state to the House of Lords, i. 
217 ; and the Queen, i. 230, 232, 
235, 240, 251, 381, ii. 5, 104 ; on 
children, i. 244, 245 ; at Windsor 
Castle, i. 247 ; June 4th at Eton, 
i. 333 ; and New Zealanders, i. 
338, 339; Eton " Montem," i. 
342, 347 ; the Coronation cere- 
mony, i. 356 ; walking on the 
Terrace, ii. 4 ; and Lord Douro, 
ii. 123 ; and Mr. Vizard, ii. 139 ; 
and Grassini, ii. 141 ; and Lord 
Melbourne, ii. 155 ; arrival of 
the Grand Duke, ii. 157 ; and Sir 
R. Peel, ii. 171 ; Lady West- 
minster's ball, ii. 210 ; and Sir 
C. Metcalfe, ii. 222, 223 ; a Christ- 
mas service, ii. 285 

Mulgrave, Earl of (afterwards second 
Marquess of Normanby), the State 
ball, ii. 176 

Munchausen, Baron Alexander von, 
a Hanoverian diplomatist, i. 266 

Miinchengratz, Treaty of, ii. 31 

Municipal Corporation Bill (Ireland), 
i. 241, 269, 328 

Munn, Mr., drawings by, i. 180 

Munster, first Earl of, and George IV., 
i. 325, 326 ; and the Queen, ii. 9 ; 
Mrs. Jordan's statue, ii. 101 

Countess of, i. 325 

Murillo, Spanish painter, pictures in 
the British Gallery, i. 162 ; Lord 
Melbourne on, i. 306 

Murray, Lady Augusta, her mar- 
riage with Duke of Sussex de- 
clared void, i. 197, 391, ii. 314 

Lord George, Bishop of St. 

David's, i. 162 

Lady (wife of above), founder 

of the Children's Friend Society, 
i. 162 

Miss (daughter of above), her 



orphanage, i. 162-164, ii. 117; re- 
view at Windsor, i. 227 ; rides 
with the Queen, i. 228, ii. 120 ; 
schools and education, ii. 122, 
148 ; a Norman, ii. 153 
Hon. Charles Augustus, diplo- 
matist and author, Extra Groom 
in Waiting and Master of the 



INDEX 



861 



Household: review at Windsor, 
i. 227, 228 ; rides with the Queen, 
i. 328 ; on English ways in foreign 
countries, i. 339 ; Eton Montem, 
i. 342 ; the Coronation ceremony, 
i. 359 ; review in Hyde Park, i. 
365 ; prints at Cumberland Lodge, 
ii. 10 ; lighting and warming 
expenses, ii. 53 ; account of, ii. 
94 ; and Lord John Russell, ii. 200 ; 
arrival of Prince Albert, ii. 262 

Murray, John, publisher, and Byron, 
i. 5 

Music, pleasure in, ii. 123 

Musters, Mr., marriage to Miss 
Chaworth, i. 341 

Mutiny at the Nore, i. 340 



NAPIER, CHARLES (afterwards Ad- 
miral Sir Charles, K.C.B.), ii. 265 

Naples, King of, see Francis I. 

Napoleon, Emperor, and George III. 
i. 8 ; anecdotes of, i. 281, ii. 145 
and Mme. de Stael, i. 306, ii. 33 
and Flahaut, i. 312 ; his attrac 
tion, i. 396 ; anecdote of Cam- 
bac^res, ii. 8, 9 ; and Grassini, ii. 
140 

Louis (afterwards Napoleon 
III.), at Strasburg, i. 176 

Nathalie, a ballet, i. 74 

Natural Theology, by Paley, ii. 57 

Navy, the, Promotion Commission, 
i. 296 ; war strength in peace, i. 
389, ii. 277 ; mutiny at the Nore, 
i. 340 ; compared with the Army, 
ii. 71 

Nelson, Horatio, Viscount, Princess 
Victoria visits the Victory, i. 83 ; 
and the St. Joseph, i. 85 

Nelson, Life of, by Southey, i. 395 

Nemours, Due de, visit to Kensing- 
ton Palace, i. 130 ; a party, i. 137, 
138 ; account of, i. 361 ; engage- 
ment to Princess Victoire, ii. 307 

Nervous Man, The, i. 65 

Ness, Mrs., an actress in Charles II. 's 
reign, ii. 84 

Netherlands, Prince Henry of the, 
State dinner at Windsor, ii. 187, 
188 ; departure, ii. 191 

1124* 



Newark (Notts), Princess Victoria 
passes through, i. 130, 131 

New Brunswick, dispute as to 
frontier line of, ii. 21 

Newburgh, Thomas, seventh Earl 
of, at Chatsworth, i. 53, 56 
Countess of (wife of above), i. 53 

Newcastle, Henry, fourth Duke of, 
and the Catholic Emancipation 
Bill, i. 239 ; and George III., i. 
397 ; his levees depicted by 
Smollett, ii. 130 

Newcastle, fifth Duke of, see Lincoln, 
Earl of 

New College (Oxford), Princess Vic- 
toria's visit to, i. 60 

Newport, Sir John, Comptroller of 
the Irish Exchequer, ii. 69 

New Zealand, Lord Melbourne on, 
i. 338, 339 

New Zealand and of the Church Mis- 
sionary Society's Mission to the 
Northern Island, Account of, by 
Rev. W. Yates, ii. 53 

Nicholas I., see Russia, Emperor of 

Noel, Roden Berkeley Wriothesley 
(afterwards Groom of the Privy 
Chamber), ii. 107 

Norfolk, Duke of (Sir John Howard), 
" the Jockey of Norfolk," killed 
at Bosworth, ii. 37 

Bernard Edward, twelfth Duke 

of, K.G., Earl Marshal, dinner to 
King William IV., i. 68; the 
Queen's Proclamation, i. 199 ; 
Sigismund Thalberg, i. 216 ; the 
Coronation, i. 356, 357 ; the 
Queen's marriage, ii. 320 

Norma, Mme. Pasta in, i. 79 ; Grisi 
in, i. 221 

Normanby, Marquess and Marchion- 
ess of, see Mulgrave, Earl and 
Countess of 

Norreys, Montagu, Lord (afterwards 
sixth Earl of Abingdon), M.P. for 
Oxfordshire, i. 132 ; a violent 
ultra-Tory, ii. 71 

Lady (wife of above), at 

Bishopthorpe, i. 132, 133 ; State 
ball, i. 318 

Norris Castle (Isle of Wight), Prin- 
cess Victoria at, i. 81 



362 



INDEX 



North, Brownlow, Bishop of Lich- 
field, Worcester, and Winchester, 
i. 392 

Lord (afterwards second Earl 

of Guilford), Prime Minister to 
George III. : letters of George III., 
i. 391-3 ; George III.'s confidence 
in, i. 397 ; loss of the United 
Provinces, ii. 6 ; anecdote of, ii. 
50 ; and Sir Matthew Lamb, ii. 
69 ; and his tutor, i. 294 

Northumberland, Duke of, at Eton 
Montem, i. 119; Virginia Water, 
i. 120 ; Confirmation of Princess 
Victoria, i. 125 ; and George III., 
i. 369 

Duchess of (wife of above), 

official governess to Princess Vic- 
toria, i. 27 ; at Kensington Palace, 
i. 66-70, 93-95 ; Somerset House 
Exhibition, i. 70 ; presents to 
Princess Victoria, i. 76, 118 ; a 
birthday ball, i. 77 ; exhibition 
of water-colours, i. 79 ; at Windsor 
Castle, i. 98, 112, 113, 161 ; Ascot 
Races, i. 99 ; Eton Montem, i. 
119; Virginia Water, i. 120; 
Confirmation of Princess Victoria, 
i. 125 ; at Bishopthorpe, i. 132 ; 
ball at St. James's, i. 190; a 
drawing-room, i. 192 ; City of 
London address, i. 193 ; a recep- 
tion, i. 376 

Norton, Mrs. (Miss Sheridan), a 
great beauty : her novel, Stuart 
of Dunleath, i. 192 ; the Queen's 
opinion of, i. 218, 219 ; and Lord 
Melbourne, ii. 226 

Nourrit, Louis, French musician and 
composer, ii. 140 



O'BRIEN, NELLY, portraits by Rey- 
nolds, ii. 97 

Ockham, Viscount, see King, Sir 
Peter 

O'Connell, Daniel, " the Liberator," 
Irish politician, attends levies, 
i. 286, ii. 201 ; his sons, i. 287 ; 
and George IV., i. 288 ; Irish 
legal appointments, i. 349 ; Irish 
tithes, i. 366 ; and Lord Nor- 



manby, ii. 116 ; Household ap- 
pointments difficulty, ii. 167 ; 
violent speech of, ii. 286 ; the 
opening of Parliament, ii. 297 

Octavius, Prince, son of George III., 
his early death, i. 309, 377 

O'Driscol's Ireland, i. 263 

Oldenbourg, Grand Duchess of, i. 220 

Old Mortality, by Walter Scott, i. 260 

Old Mother Hubbard and her Dog, a 
pantomime, i. 90 

Olga, Grand Duchess, ii. 213 

Oliver Twist, by Charles Dickens, 
read by the Queen, ii. 86, 89, 91, 
144 

O'Loghlen, Sir Michael, Master of 
the Rolls, i. 349 ; Lord Brougham's 
attack on, ii. 227 

One Hour, or the Carnival Ball, a 
burletta, Charles Mathews in, i. 
149 

Operas attended by the Queen : II 
Barbiere di Siviglia, i. 66 ; Fidelio, 
i. 67 ; Anna Boulena, i. 67, 93 ; 
Cenerentola, i. 70 ; Medea, i. 74 ; 
Norma, i. 79, ii. 221 ; Otello, i. 79, 
94, 111 ; UAssiedo di Corrinto, i. 
97 ; La Sylphide, i. 97 ; / Puri- 
tani, i. 121, 186, 372 ; Lucrezia 
Borgia, ii. 203 

Orange, Prince of, and the question 
of Princess Victoria's marriage, i. 
140, 290, ii. 126 

Princess of (wife of above), ii. 

156 

Prince Henry of (second son of 

above), a candidate for the Queen's 
hand, i. 140 ; visit to England, i. 
290 ; introduction to the Queen, 
ii. 156, 157 ; attends the State 
ball, ii. 174, 175 

Prince William of (elder brother 

of above), visit to England, i. 
290 ; his marriage, ii. 156 

Oriental Annual, i. 180 

Orleans, Duke of, visit to England, 
and account of, i. 72-75 ; his 
brother the Due de Nemours, i. 
130 ; illness, i. 143 

Duchess of (" Madame Luci- 
fer"), ii. 62 

Princess Marie of, i. 78, 230 



INDEX 



363 



Orloff, Count Alexis, famous General 
and diplomatist, account of, i. 218 ; 
visits England with the Grand 
Duke, ii. 174-191 ; State ball and 
dinner, ii. 174, 187 ; on Louis 
Philippe, ii. 190 

Osborne, i. 25 ; Princess Victoria's 
first sight of, i. 63 

Osborne, Baron, see Carmarthen 

Otetto, see Rossini 

Otway, Sir Robert, ii. 248 

Oude, King of, sends shawls to 
Queen Adelaide, i. 390 

Ovid, Lord Melbourne on, i. 51 

Oxford, Princess Victoria at, i. 58, 59 



PAGANINI, SIQNOB, i. 79 

Paget, Lady . Adelaide (afterwards 

Lady Adelaide Cadogan), i. 319, 

349 ; train-bearer at Coronation, i. 

357 ; and at the Queen's wedding, 

ii. 319 

Lord Alfred, Equerry to the 
Queen, account of, i. 226 ; review 
at Windsor, i. 226, 227 ; Covent 
Garden, i. 236 ; rides with the 
Queen, i. 328, ii. 120, 155 ; visits 
battlefield of Waterloo, i. 378 ; 
his dog, ii. 93 ; State ball, ii. 188 ; 
and Lord John Russell, ii. 200 

Lord Clarence, state ball, ii. 
188 ; at Calais, ii. 314 

Lady Eleanora, train- bearer at 
the Queen's wedding, ii. 319 

Lord George (sixth son of 
Lord Anglesey), account of, i. 
332 ; Lord Melbourne on, ii. 66 

Lady Mary (afterwards Lady 
Sandwich), sings to the Queen, i. 
349, 350 ; at Windsor, ii. 264 ; 
her child, ii. 266 

Miss Matilda, Maid-of -Honour 

to the Queen, account of, i. 230 ; 

Eton Montem, i. 342 ; a review, 

ii. 24 ; State ball, ii. 188 ; and 

Lord Melbourne, ii. 294 
- Lord (eldest son of Lord Ux- 

bridge), Lord Melbourne's page, 

i. 363, ii. 294 
family, the, Lord Melbourne on, 

ii. 66, 271, 294, 308 



Pakenham, Mrs., gift to Princess 
Victoria, i. 117 

Palaces, episcopal, ii. 133 

Palatine, Archduke, i. 386 

Paley, Frederick Apthorp, his works, 
ii. 57 

Palmerston, third Viscount, Prime 
Minister, account of, i. 73 ; Lisbon 
affairs, i. 176, 177 ; audiences 
with the Queen, i. 200, 206, 215, 
216, 218, 229, 236, 295, ii. 44; 
addresses from Parliament, i. 205 ; 
and King Leopold, i. 223, ii. 154 ; 
a game of chess, i. 225 ; review 
at Windsor, i. 227 ; rides with the 
Queen, i. 228, ii. 13, 24 ; Canadian 
affairs, i. 252 ; education and 
punishments, i. 258 ; and Baron 
Munchausen, i. 266 ; his politics, 
i. 267, 268 ; and William IV., i. 
282 ; the Queen and the Whig 
party, i. 291 ; the Belgian ques- 
tion, i. 297, 345, 379, 380, 384, 386, 
387 ; and Prince de Ligne, i. 349 ; 
and Van de Weyer, i. 365, 380 ; 
and Pozzo di Borgo, i. 384, 386 ; 
the French and Mexico, i. 394 ; 
and Lord John Hay, ii. 12 ; anec- 
dotes of Tierney, ii. 17 ; Life of, 
ii. 22 ; and King Louis Philippe, 
ii. 23 ; Spanish and Portuguese 
affairs, ii. 31 ; Belgian difficulties, 
ii. 36, 48, 76, 119 ; at Edinburgh 
University, ii. 41 ; and Russia, ii. 
47 ; troubles approaching, ii. 61 ; 
and Lord Clanricarde, ii. 75, 76 ; 
his correspondence, ii. 79 ; French 
politics, ii. 99 ; ministerial re- 
arrangement, ii. 112 ; and Lord 
Ho wick, ii. 113 ; more Govern- 
ment difficulties, ii. 118 ; and 
Prince Henry of Orange, ii. 156, 
191 ; resignation decided on, ii. 
163 ; Household appointments 
difficulty, ii. 176 ; on power, ii. 
178 ; Grand Duke's departure, ii. 
190, 191 ; and Sir R. Peel, ii. 
219 ; proposed visit of King 
Louis Philippe, ii. 232, 233; his 
despatches, ii. 242 ; his marriage 
with Lady Cowper, ii. 260; ill- 
, ii. 270 



364 



INDEX 



Paradise Lost, by Milton, i. 145 

Parliament, old Houses of, destroyed 
by fire, i. 91 

Parliamentary Elections Bill, i. 272 

Parnell, Henry Brooke (afterwards 
Lord Congleton), M.P. for Dundee, 
i. 275 

Parr, Catherine, sixth wife of 
Henry VIII., ii. 218 

Partridge, John, his portrait of the 
Queen, i. 328 

Passy, M., President of the Chamber 
of Deputies, ii. 143 

Pasta, Mme. in Medea, ii. 74 ; in 
Norma, ii. 79 

Patkul, M., one of the Grand Duke's 
suite, arrival in England, ii. 157 ; 
State dinner at Windsor, ii. 187 ; 
State ball, ii. 189 ; departure from 
England, ii. 190 

Payne, W. H., in Kenilworth, i. 66 ; 
in Old Mother Hubbard and her 
Dog, i. 90 

Pease, Joseph, M.P. for South 
Durham, Emancipation for Ap- 
prentices Bill, i. 300 

Pedro I., Emperor of Brazil, account 
of, i. 86 ; death, i. 101 

Peel, Sir Robert, Prime Minister, 
Reform Bill crisis, i. 23 ; and the 
Queen, i. 31, 36, 275, ii. 88, 142, 
150, 154, 162, 163, 165-173, 182, 
184, 186, 205, 206; and Lord 
Melbourne, i. 34, ii. 149, 180 ; his 
short-lived administration, i. 91 ; 
Whig doctrine, i. 264 ; and Wil- 
liam IV., i. 283 ; dinner to his 
party, i. 323, 325 ; Election 
Committee Bill, i. 326; and the 
Irish Bills, i. 328, 366; the 
Speaker's levee, ii. 130 ; and Louis 
Philippe, ii. 149 ; and the Peers' 
prerogatives, ii. 149, 154 ; and 
Lord Stanley, ii. 150 ; interview 
with the Queen on resignation of 
Whig Ministry, ii. 165-174 ; his 
peremptory and harsh manner, 
ii. 167 ; the Household difficulty, 
ii. 167, 168 ; proposed Cabinet, ii. 
169 ; the Queen's answer to Sir 
R. Peel, ii. 173, 180; the State 
ball, ii. 175 ; his statement in 



Parliament, ii. 183 ; absence from 
the levee, ii. 185 ; and Esterhazy, 
ii. 201 ; the Household only a 
pretext, ii. 202, 203 ; Lord Pal- 
merston on, ii. 219 

Peel, Lady (wife of above) a dinner 
party at Kensington Palace, i. 
146 ; and the Queen, ii. 201 

Peerages, discussions as to, i. 352, 
353, 362, 369 

Pembroke, Countess of, and George 
III., i. 377 

Pennant, Lady Emma, ii. 292 

Pennington, Mr. James, of the 
Treasury, ii. 281 

Pensions, i. 287 

Penthievre, Due de, ii. 62 

Pepys' Memoirs, ii. 84 

Percy, Miss Louisa (afterwards Mrs. 
Bagot), i. 189 

"Perdita," the famous Mrs. Mary 
Robinson, portrait of, ii. 97 

Perrot, M., i. 94 

Persia and Afghanistan, ii. 47, 63, 
76 ; threatened attack on Herat, 
u!46 

Philip II., his marriage with Queen 
Mary, ii. 279-281 

Philip IV., King of Spain, anecdote 
of, ii. 67 

Philipps, Mr., in The Barber of 
Seville, i. 65 

Physics, lecture on, by T. Griffiths, 
i. 89 

Pickersgill, Henry William, portrait 
painter, i. 71 

Picturesque Annual, i. 180 

Pitt, Hon. Harriet Elizabeth 
(afterwards Mrs. Bruce), Maid-of- 
Honour to the Queen, i. 211 ; 
description of, i. 212 ; Drury 
Lane Theatre, i. 271 ; and her 
brother-in-law, i. 350 ; review 
in Hyde Park, i. 365; and her 
brothers, ii. 287 

Lady Harriet (afterwards Lady 

Harriet Eliot), ii. 58 

Lady Hester (afterwards Lady 

Stanhope), ii. 58 

-William (formerly Prime Min- 
ister, afterwards Lord Chatham), 
and George III., i. 8, 397, 398; 



INDEX 



365 



print of, i. 305 ; and the India Bill, 

ii. 6 ; Minister for eighteen years, 

ii. 7 ; death, ii. 8 ; and Tierney, 

ii. 17 ; precedence of Prime 

Minister, ii. 47 ; his dislike for 

music, ii. 51 ; his power of 

speaking, ii. 59 ; his dress, ii. 86 ; 

held no levees, ii. 130 ; and Lord 

Sidmouth, ii. 236 ; and Canning, 

ii. 261 

Pittman, Rev., preaches before Prin- 
cess Victoria, i. 78 
Plas Newydd, Princess Victoria at, 

i. 48 
Plunkett, William Conyngham, first 

Lord, Irish Lord Chancellor, ii. 

83 ; Lords' debate on Ireland, ii. 

227 

Pluralities Bill, i. 269 
Plymouth, Princess Victoria's visit 

to, i. 84, 85 

Poland and Russia, ii. 23 
Police, Metropolitan, introduction 

of, ii. 132 
Polyeucte, read by Princess Victoria, 

i. 185 
Ponsonby, Hon. Charles (afterwards 

second Lord de Mauley), ii. 306 
General Sir F. C., K.C.B., 

wounded at Waterloo, i. 310, 378 
John, and Lady Mary Lambton, 

i. 338 
Viscount, i. 389, ii. 139 ; and 

William IV., ii. 248 
Hon. Wm. S. C., see Mauley, 

Baron de 
Poole, Miss, in King John, i. 88 ; 

in Old Mother Hubbard and her 

Dog, i. 90 
Poor Laws, i. 295 ; Lord Brougham's 

speech on, i. 296 ; Irish Bill, i. 315 
Pope, communication with the, ii. 36 
Pope, Rev., sermon by, i. 128 
Person, Richard, English scholar, 
. portrait of, i. 305 
Porteus, Beilby, Bishop of Chester 

and London, and George III., 

ii. 259, 260 
Portman, Edward Berkeley, Lord, 

rides with the Queen, i. 372, ii. 

13, 24; a review, ii. 23, 24; 

his riches, ii. 26 



Portman, Lady (wife of above), Lady 
of the Bedchamber to the Queen, i. 
217, 262; sees Hamlet, i. 265; 
and Richard III., i. 271 ; wages 
in Dorsetshire, i. 302 ; rides with 
the Queen, i. 372, ii. 24 ; Queen's 
appreciation of, ii. 104 

Portraits, Lodge's, i. 305 

of the Female Aristocracy, i. 338 

Portsmouth, Princess Victoria's jour- 
ney to, i. 80-82, 86 

Portsmouth, Duchess of (Louise 
Renee de Querouaille), her wealth, 
ii. 68 ; and Lord Holland's grand- 
father, ii. 76 ; and Nell Gwynn, 
ii. 77 

Portugal, trouble in, i. 167, 169, 
184, 185, 213, 297, ii. 46, 149; 
and slavery, i. 327 ; and Spam, 
ii. 31 

King of, see Saxe-Coburg 

Maria de Gloria, Queen of, 

Princess Victoria's visit to, i. 86 ; 
her marriage, i. 86 ; her acces- 
sion, i. 101 ; death of her husband, 
i. 110 ; marriage to Prince Ferdi- 
nand, i. 144, 145, 155 ; presents 
the Order of Ste. Isabelle to Prin- 
cess Victoria, i. 153 ; revolution 
in Portugal, i. 167, 170, 176, 177. 
184, 185 ; her courage, i. 295 ; the 
Quadruple Alliance, ii. 31 

Postage, Penny, inauguration of, ii. 
291, 294 

Potoska, Countess Alexandrine, at the 
State ball at Windsor, ii. 188, 189 

Pottinger, Eldred, his bravery at 
siege of Herat, ii. 146 

Power, Mr., in The Nervous Man, i. 65 

Powerscourt, Viscountess, at the 
State ball, i. 319 

Powis Castle, Princess Victoria's 
visit to, i. 45, 46 

Powis, Edward, first Earl of, receives 
Princess Victoria, i. 45 

Pozzo di Borgo, Count, Russian 
Ambassador, account of, i. 145 ; 
and the Queen, i. 218 ; and the 
Pasha of Egypt, i. 379 ; and Lord 
Palmerston, i. 384, ii. 47 ;] and 
Lord Melbourne, i. 386 ; his 
French, ii. 34 ; and a Dutch 



366 



INDEX 



alliance, ii. 126 ; and the peace 
of Europe, ii. 14?, 144 ; visit of 
Grand Duke, ii. 156 ; and the 
Coburg family, ii. 290 
Pozzo di Borgo, Countess, and the 

Queen, i. 145, 218 
Praet, Jules Van, Secretary of 

Belgian Legation, ii. 78 
Precedence, questions of, ii. 47, 192 ; 

of Prince Albert, ii. 310, 313 
Prime Minister, precedence of, ii. 47 
Pritchard, Mr., in The Separation, 

i. 146 

Proclamation, the Queen's, i. 199 
Prometheus, by Shelley, i. 6 
Promotion Commission, i. 296 
Provost of Bruges, The, i. 148 
Prussia and the Rhine, ii. 23 ; 
Treaty of Miinchengratz, ii. 31 ; 
withdraws her Minister from Brus- 
sels, ii. 119 ; treaty with Turkey, 
ii. 258 
Public schools, Lord Melbourne on, 

i. 279 

Punjaub, history of the, ii. 64 
Puritani, /, i. 115, 116, 121, 164, 
186, 372 

QUADRUPLE ALLIANCE, THE, of 1834, 
ii. 31 

Queensberry, Duke of, i. 311 

Duchess of, account of, ii. 92 

Quentin, Sir George, rides with the 
Queen, i. 219, 222, 292, 303; a 
review, ii. 23 ; Sir F. Grant's por- 
trait of, ii. 222 

Miss, rides with the Queen, i. 

298, 328, 372 

Quentin Durward, by Walter Scott, i. 
260 

Querouaille, Louise Renee de, see 
Portsmouth, Duchess of 

RACER, a sloop-of-war, launch of, i. 83 
Radnor, Earl of, see Folkestone, Lord 
Radstock, Granville George, second 

Lord, Vice-Admiral of the Red, i. 

175 

Lady, i. 175 

Raglan, Lord, see Somerset, Lord 

Fitzroy 



Railways, i. 302, 303 

Rainer, Archduke, i. 386 

Raleigh, Sir W., portrait in "Lodge's 
Portraits," i. 305 

Ramsgate, Princess Victoria's visit 
to, i. 135, 171 

Randolph, Rev., Princess Victoria's 
appreciation of his sermons, i. 104, 
105 

Ranjit Singh, " The Lion of the Pun- 
jab," account of, ii. 64 ; Lord 
Auckland's visit to, ii. 131 ; treaty 
with, ii. 146 ; his death, ii. 254 

Raumer's Koniginnen, i. 185 

Redesdale, first Earl of, i. 326 

Reform Bill, i. 21-23, ii. 195, 305 

Reichstadt, Duke of, a print of, ii. 
196 

Reisehach, Baron, review at Wind- 
sor, i. 226, 227 

Reschid, Pasha, Turkish Ambassador 
in London, ii. 197 

Reuss, Prince, i. 79 

Revenge, H.M.S., i. 84, 85 

Revenue, i. 328, ii. 51 

Revolution de I Angleterre, by Guizot, 
ii. 83 

Reynolds, Sir Joshua, his works in 
the British Gallery, i. 79 ; por- 
trait of Lord Melbourne, ii. 82 ; 
portraits of women, ii. 97 

Ricardo, Mr. and Mrs., i. 83 

Rich, Mr., i. 222, 236 

Richard II. and Edward II., ii. 218 

Richard III., Shakespeare's play, i. 
267, 270-273 

Richelieu, Bulwer's play, ii. 127, 141 

Richmond, second Duke of, ii. 77 
Duchess of (wife of above), ii. 77 
-Charles, fifth Duke of, i. 98; 
Ascot Races, i. 99 ; Coronation 
ceremony, i. 357 ; the Richmond 
properties, ii. 77 ; Household 
appointments dispute, ii. 174 

Duchess of (wife of above), i. 98 ; 

Ascot Races, i. 99 ; the Queen's 
Coronation, i. 361 

Ripon, Earl of, formerly Prime 
Minister, ii. 109 ; account of, ii. 
Ill, 128 

Countess of (wife of above), 

account of, ii. 128 



INDEX 



367 



Rivers, sixth Lord, ii. 287 

Rizzio, Darnley's brutality about, ii. 

219 
Robinson, Frederick, and Lady 

Ashley, ii. 49 

Mrs. Mary, portrait of, ii. 97 
Roby, Mr., his insulting speech, ii. 

276 

Rochester, i. 142, 178 
Rockingham, Charles Watson-Went- 

worth, second Marquess of, ii. 6 
Roden, Lord, his motion on crime 

in Ireland, ii. 88, 131, 133, 134, 

227 
Rodney, Lord, his arrest for debt 

in Paris, i. 287, 288 
'Roebuck, John Arthur (afterwards 

Rt. Hon.), his bitter speech, i. 272 ; 

description of, i, 276 
Rogers, Samuel, his breakfasts, i. 5 
Rohan, Madame de, reason for her 

pension, i. 287 

Rokeby, by Walter Scott, i. 175 
Rolle, Lord, his accident at the Coro- 
nation ceremony, i. 358 
Rollin, ii. 103 
Rosa, Princess Victoria's pony, i. 

64-69 
Rosebery, Earl of, K.G., i. 188 ; 

and the right to wear the " Windsor 

uniform," i. 351 

Rossi, Signor, in Kenilworth, i. 65 
Rossini, Signor, his opera Cenerentola, 

i. 70 ; UAssiedo di Corrinto, i. 97, 

115 ; Otello, i. Ill, 165 ; // Bar- 

biere, i. 165 
Rossmore, Lord, created Baron at 

the Coronation, i. 353 
Rowley, Dr., Vice-Chancellor of 

Oxford, i. 59 
Roxburgh, James, sixth Duke of, i. 

321 

Royal marriages, see Marriages 
Rubini, Signor, song from Anna 

Boulena, i. 67 ; in the Medea, i. 

74 ; in Otdlo, i. 94, 111, 112 ; in 

L'Assiedo di Corrinto, i. 97, 115 ; 

in / Puritani, i. 116, 121, 186, 187 ; 

and Mario, ii. 204 
Russell, Lord John, and the Queen, 

i. 183, 198, 200-202, 205-207, 210, 

233, 239, 268, ii. 44, 127, 236, 311 ; 



Irish Corporation Bill, i. 185, 241 
328 ; Lord Mayor's dinner, i. 234 '> 
Army difficulties, i. 252, 259 ; 
Canada Bill, i. 263, 269, ii. 21 5 
and the Ballot question, i. 271- 
275, 282, 283, ii. 208 ; the Church 
of Ireland, i. 319, 320, 328; 
Government difficulties, i. 323 ; 
Irish Tithes Bill, i. 324, 327, 328 ; 
the Queen's speech, i. 381 ; Bel- 
gian business, i. 388 ; on Wilber- 
force's Life, ii. 19 ; possible resig- 
nation, ii. 20, 67, 73, 107, 108, 
110, 113, 114, 182 ; at Edinburgh 
University, ii. 41 ; death of his 
wife, ii. 46, 67 ; Government 
difficulties, ii. 60, 61, 112, 118 ; 
Sir George Grey, ii. 89 ; and the 
Metropolitan Police, ii. 132 ; and 
William IV., ii. 148 ; the vote of 
confidence, ii. 149, 151 ; Govern- 
ment nearly defeated, ii. 159 ; 
Government decide to resign, ii. 
160-163 ; Household appointments 
dispute, ii. 174, 176 ; and National 
Education, ii. 186, 187 ; becomes 
Secretary for the Colonies, ii. 193, 
216, 241 ; and the suffrage to 10 
holders, ii. 195, 201 ; and Lord 
Howick, ii. 243 ; and the Tories, ii. 
253 ; and the Queen's engage- 
ment, ii. 268, 269 ; and the Solici- 
tor-Generalship, ii. 277 ; and Lady 
Holland, ii. 295 ; and the Queen's 
Address, ii. 298 

Lady John (wife of above), the 



Queen's Coronation, i. 359 ; death 
of, ii. 46 ; her influence over her 
husband, ii. 67 

Lord William, British Minister 
at Berlin, ii. 287 

Lady William (wife of above), 
ii. 287 

Russia, a strange custom, i. 285 ; and 
Turkey, i. 379, ii. 257, 259; 
her inaccessibility, ii. 21 ; and 
France, ii. 22, 252, 289 ; questions 
of alliance, ii. 23 ; Treaty of 
Miinchengratz, ii. 31 ; India, 
and Afghanistan, ii. 47, 146, 147 ; 
reply to Lord Palmerston's des- 
patch, ii. 117 ; Lady Clanricarde 



868 



INDEX 



on, ii. 213 ; Treaty of Unkiar 
Skelessi, ii. 257 ; her proposition 
to England, ii. 259 

Russia, Emperor of, and the Queen, i. 
218 ; his health, i. 255 ; anecdote 
of, i. 286 ; power of fascination, ii. 
75 ; and Persia, ii. 76 ; and his 
portrait, ii. 91 ; and King Leopold, 
ii. 151 ; his visit to England, ii. 
197 ; Lady Clanricarde on, ii. 
213, 214 ; a present to the Queen, 
ii. 236, 247 ; and the French, ii. 
236, 252 

Empress of, sends the Queen the 

Order of St. Catherine, i. 218 ; her 
portrait, ii. 91 

Hereditary Grand Duke of 

(afterwards Alexander II.), visit to 
England, ii. 156-192 ; State balls, 
ii. 174, 175, 188 ; and the Queen, 
ii. 178, 189, 190, 191, 197, 207 ; 
State dinner at Windsor, ii. 187 ; 
departure, ii. 190 ; his gift to 
English charities, ii. 195, 196; 
intended marriage, ii. 212 

Rutland, Duchess of (wife of fourth 

Duke), a great beauty, ii. 87 

- fifth Duke of, K.G. (son of 

above), Princess Victoria's visit to, 

i. 25 ; dinner to William IV., i. 68 

ST. ALBANS, Duke of, son of Nell 
G wynne, ii. 11, 77 

St. Albans, Princess Victoria at, i. 43 

St. Catherine, Order of, presented to 
the Queen, i. 218 

St. James's Palace, William IV.'s 
children's party at, i. 63 ; ball at, 
i. 190, 191 

St. Joseph, taken by Lord Nelson 
from the Spanish, i. 85 

St. Leonards, Lord, see Sugden 

St. Leonards, Princess Victoria at, 
i. 101-109 

St. Maur, Lady Charlotte (afterwards 
Lady Charlotte Blount), i. 66; 
dinner to the King, i. 69 ; Somer- 
set House Exhibition, i. 70 ; din- 
ner for Duke of Orleans, i. 74 ; 
birthday presents to Princess Vic- 
toria, i. 76, 118 ; visit to the Vic- 
tory, i. 83 



Saldanha, Marshal, and the Lisbon 
trouble, i. 176, 177 

Sale, John Bernard, organist, i. 61 

Salisbury, third Marquess of, K.G., 
right to wear the " Windsor uni- 
form," i. 35 1 

Marchioness of (wife of second 
Marquess), i. 218 

Sandes, Dr. S. C., Bishop of Cashel, 
ii. 120 

Sandwich, seventh Earl of (after- 
wards Master of Buckhounds), 
dances with Princess Victoria, i. 
191 ; and William IV., ii. 184 
Countess of (wife of above), see 



Paget, Lady Mary 

Saunders, Mr., accident to the 
Emerald, i. 84 

Savage, Mr., his fight with Lord 
Winchilsea, ii. 212 

Saxe-Coburg, see Adelaide 

see Albert, Prince of 

Augustus, Prince of, i. 144, 145 ; 

visits to England, i. 150-154, ii. 
198 ; and Princess Victoria's 
affection for, i. 153, 154, 160 

Ernest, Duke of (father of Prince 

Albert), i. 95 ; visits to England, 
i. 157-161, 356 et seq., ii, 316-321 ; 
at the Queen's Coronation, i. 356, 
361, 362 ; and Marshal Soult, i. 
366 ; and King Leopold, ii. 29 ; 
question of the Queen's marriage, 
ii. 153, 282 ; marriage of his son 
to the Queen, ii. 317-321 

Ernest, Prince of (eldest son of 

above), visits England, i. 26, 157- 
161, 262 et seq., ii. 315-321 ; Princess 
Victoria's appreciation of, i. 159- 
161 ; his brother Prince Albert's 
marriage, ii. 317-321 

Ferdinand, Prince of (uncle of 

Prince Albert), visits England, i. 
95, 150-154, ii. 198; and hia 
son's marriage, ii. 144, 145 ; 
State ball at Windsor, i. 150 ; the 
Queen's appreciation of, i. 161 ; 
and the Order of the Bath, ii. 197 

Ferdinand, Prince of (son of 

above), visit to England, i. 144, 
154 ; marriage to the Queen of 
Portugal, i. 145 ; his character 



INDEX 



and charms, i. 145, 152, 153, 177, 
184 ; State ball at Windsor, i. 150 ; 
Princess Victoria's appreciation 
of, 151-153, 160, 177; trouble 
in Portugal, i. 167, 170, 177, 184, 
297 ; and the slave trade, i. 327, 
345 ; and Prince George of Cam- 
bridge, ii. 49 

Saxe-Coburg, Leopold, Prince of, 
visits England, ii. 198, 247, 249 
- Victoire, Princess of, visits Eng- 
land, ii. 198 ; description of, ii. 
198 ; and Lord Melbourne, ii. 
203 ; dinner at Stafford House, 
ii. 237, 238; and the Queen, ii. 
239, 244, 247-249; marriage to 
Due de Nemours, ii. 307 

Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, see Sophia, Prin- 
cess 

Saxe-Weimar, Charles Frederick, 
Hereditary Grand Duke of, i. 125, 
219 

Duchess of (wife of above), 

at Princess Victoria's Confirmation, 
i. 125 

Ida, Duchess of (wife of Duke 

Bernard of Saxe-Weimar), visits 
her sister Queen Adelaide, i. 219, 
228 

Charles, Hereditary Grand Duke 



of, ii. 197 

Prince Edward of, visits Eton, 



i. 343 

Scarthing Moor, i. 130, 131 

Schiller's Thirty Years' War, ii. 9 

Schlegel, August Wilhelm von, Ger- 
man critic and author, on Shake- 
speare, i. 256 ; and Mme. de 
Stael, i. 256, ii. 34 

Schleswig-Holstein, Duchess of, see 
Hohenlohe 

Scholefield, Mr., ii. 306 

Sohwartzenberg, Prince, in England, 
ii. 13 

Princess, in England, i. 375, 376 

Scotland, History of, by Sir Walter 
Scott, i. 263 

Scottish Universities, ii. 41 

Scott, Sir Walter, and King Leopold, 
i. 5 ; and George IV, i. 11 ; the 
Queen's appreciation of, i. 175, 
189, 195, 395 ; and music, i. 253 ; 



his novels, i. 260, 261 ; History of 
Scotland, i. 263 ; sketch of, i. 315 ; 
and Lord Alvanley, ii. 63 ; and the 
poor, ii. 122, 209 

Seaford, Lord, ii. 261 

Seaton, first Lord, see Colborne, Sir 
John 

Sebastiani, M., French ambassador 
in London, i. 379, 396, ii. 144, 315 

Mme., ii. 250 

Sedan chairs, ii. 95 

Sefton, William Philip, second Earl 
of, i. 73 

Countess of, i. 73 

Seguin, Mr., in The Barber of Seville, 
i. 65 

Mrs. E., in Anna Boulena, i. 93 

Senfft Pilsach, Count von, Austrian 
Plenipotentiary at London Con- 
ference, i. 388, ii. 76, 144 ; and 
Lady Holland, i. 394 

Separation, The, by Miss J. Baillie, i. 
146 

Seton, SirH., i. 372 

Sevign6, Marquise de, her letters, 
i. 129, 173, 174, 194, ii. 132 ; and 
Nell G wynne, ii. 11 ; Lord Mel- 
bourne on, ii. 85 

Seymour, Lord, i. 371 

Lady, one of the Sheridan 

sisters, i. 192 ; her beauty, i. 218, 
318, 371, ii. 151, 211 ; Queen of 
the Lists in Eglinton Tournament, 
u. 212, 231, 242 

Sir Hamilton, Envoy Extraor- 



dinary at the Belgian Court, ii. 84 
Sir Horace, i. 304 



Lady Hugh, i. 304 

Jane, Lord Melbourne on, ii. 

155, 218 
Shaftesbury, seventh Earl of, see 

Ashley, Lord 
Countess of, see Cowper, Lady 

Emily 
Shafto, Mr., and reported death of 

Lord Brougham, ii. 271, 272 
Shakespeare, William, his plays, i. 

256, 265-267 ; King Lear, i. 269, 

ii. 121, 122 ; Lord Melbourne on, 

i. 276 ; Richard III., i. 270-272 
Shee, Sir Martin, President of the 

Academy, Somerset House Ex- 



370 



INDEX 



hibition, i. 70, 71 ; and the Queen, 
i. 316 

Sheffield, Lady, i. 392 

Shelburne, Lord (afterwards fourth 
Marquess of Lansdowne), his mar- 
riage, i. 373 ; and George III., ii. 
6, 7 

Shelley, Percy Bysshe, his poetry, i. 6 

Sheridan, Charles, i. 370, 371 

Frank, ii. 277 

R. B., i. 10; his granddaughters, 

i. 192 ; Lord Melbourne on, i. 371 

Sheridan sisters, the beautiful, i. 192 

Thomas, actor and lecturer, i. 

372 

Shiel, R. L., Vice-President of Board 
of Trade, ii. 243 

Shrewsbury, Earl of, fatal duel with 
Duke of Buckingham, ii. 16 

Countess of (wife of above), ii. 16 

sixteenth Earl of, Premier Earl 

of England, at Chatsworth, i. 56 ; 
his speech, i. 317 ; and mistake of 
Lord Melbourne's, i. 329 

Shuttleworth, Dr. P. N. (afterwards 
Bishop of Chichester), i. 60 

Sibthorp, Colonel, presents an address 
to Princess Victoria, i. 189 ; and 
Prince Albert's income, ii. 301 

Siddons, Mrs., the famous actress, 
i. 5, ii. 141, 183 

Sidmouth, Viscount, ii. 235 

Sidney, Lady Sophia (afterwards 
Lady de Lisle ; daughter of William 
IV.), i. 99, 112 ; Eton Montem, 
i. 119, 120 ; her death, i. 187 

Sismondi, J. C. L. de, Swiss historian, 
i. 263 

Sittingbourne, Princess Victoria at, 
i. 142; hurricane at, i. 177 

Slave trade under Portuguese Gov- 
ernment, i. 327 ; and Spaniards, 
ii. 28 

Smith, Sir Edward, a hunting epi- 
sode, i. 57 

Sir Lionel, Governor of Jamaica, 

ii. 108 

Rev. Sydney, and the Archbishop 

of Canterbury, ii. 132, 133 

Smollett, T. B., ii. 130 

Sneed, Mr., Warden of All Souls', 
Oxford, i. 60 



Snuffbox presented by the Queen 
to Colonel Harcourt, i. 135 

Somerset, eleventh Duke of, i. 68 ; 
at the Queen's Coronation, i. 321 

Duchess of (wife of above), at 

Lady Westminster's ball,ii. 211,212 

Lady Augusta, one of the Queen's 

ladies, ii. 278 

Lord Fitzroy (afterwards first 

Lord Raglan), account of, ii. 71 

Somerset House Exhibition, i. 71 

Somerville, Mrs., account of, ii. 85 

Sonnambula, La, i. 67, 157, 164 

Sooja, Shah, Ameer of Afghanistan, 
driven into exile, ii. 63 ; restoration 
of, ii. 146 

Sophia, Princess Augusta (daughter 
of George III.), "Aunt Augusta," 
i. 61, 200, 228 

Princess (daughter of Georgelll. ), 

"Aunt Sophia," i. 61, 62, 64; 
birthday presents to Princess Vic- 
toria, i. 76, 188 ; a concert, i. 114, 
116 ; Confirmation of Princess 
Victoria, i. 125 ; her birthday, i. 
127 

Matilda, Princess (sister of Duke 

of Gloucester), birthday present 
to Princess Victoria, i. 76 ; her 
brother's death, i. 105 ; a con- 
cert, i. 216 ; and George III.'s 
illnesses, i. 376 ; the Queen's mar- 
riage, ii. 320 

Soult, Marshal, Duke of Dalmatia, 
Ambassador at Queen's Corona- 
tion, i. 309, 354, 355, 361, 365, 
366, ii. 61, 315 ; reception at 
Eton College, i. 367 ; and Napo- 
leon, i. 396 ; and King Louis 
Philippe, ii. 88, 143: President 
of the Council, ii. 99 

Southampton, Princess Victoria at, 
i. 81 

Southey, Robert, Poet Laureate, i. 6 

South Sea Islands, A Narrative of 
Missionary Enterprise in the, by 
John Williams, ii. 52 

South Sea scheme, i. 351 

Souza, Mme. de, ii. 34 

Spain, misery of monks and nuns 
in, ii. 15 ; and slave traffic, ii. 28 ; 
and Portugal, ii. 31 ; and King 



INDEX 



871 



Louis Philippe, ii. 32, 149 ; Lord 

Clarendon on, ii. 138 
Spain, Infanta of, and Charles I., ii. 43 
Queen Regent of, i. 92 ; and King 

Louis Philippe, ii. 31, 48 

Queen Isabel of (daughter of 
above), i. 92, ii. 155 

Spath, Baroness, Lady-in-Waiting 
to Duchess of Kent : birthday 
presents to Princess Victoria, i. 
75, 117 ; the Queen's Coronation, 
i. 359 ; review in Hyde Park, i. 
365 

Spectator, The, i. 129 

Spencer, second Earl of, death of, 
i. 91 

third Earl, see Althorp, Lord 

Lady Charles, ii. 87, 98 

Lady Elizabeth, see Pembroke, 
Lady 

Spitzemberg, Baron, i. 222 

Spring Rice, Rt. Hon., Chancellor of 
the Exchequer : the Queen's Pro- 
clamation, i. 199 ; audience with 
the Queen, i. 203, 206, 207, 237 ; 
Canadian affairs, i. 252 ; and 
William IV., i. 282 ; on revenue, 
i. 328, ii. 51 ; possible official 
changes, ii. 60, 61 ; resignation of 
the Government, ii. 163 ; House- 
hold appointments dispute, ii. 173, 
176 ; ministerial changes, ii, 217 ; 
and Bank of Ireland Bill, ii. 235 
- Miss (eldest daughter of 
above), Maid-of -Honour to the 
Queen, i. 211, 212 ; review in 
Hyde Park, i. 365 

Stael, Mme. de, French authoress, i. 
256, 306 ; Lord Melbourne on, ii. 
33, 34, 85 

Stafford, second Marquess of, see 
Sutherland, first Duke of 

third Marquess of, see Suther- 
land, second Duke of 

Marchioness of, see Sutherland, 
Duchess of 

Marquess of (son of above, after- 
wards third Duke of Sutherland), 
page at the Queen's Coronation, i. 
363 

Stafford House, account of, i. 279 ; 
dinner at, ii. 237 



Stamford, ii. 130 

Stamfordham, Lord, see Bigge, Sir 
A. 

Stanhope, third Earl, his speeches, 
i. 295, ii. 59; account of, ii. 58 

fourth Earl, ii. 68 

Lady Wilhelmina (daughter of 

above), account of, i. 188 ; and the 
Queen, i. 240, 299, ii. 45, 152 ; 
State ball, i. 318 ; train-bearer 
at the Queen's Coronation and 
wedding, i. 357, ii. 319, 360, 363 ; 
a reception, i. 375 ; one of the 
Queen's Ladies, ii. 278 

Stanley, Edward Geoffrey (after- 
wards Earl of Derby), Secretary for 
the Colonies, account of, i. 73 ; and 
the Irish tithes, i. 324, 325 ; and 
the Corn Laws, ii. 94 ; and the 
Queen, ii. 129, 205 ; Ministerial 
levee, ii. 130 ; and the vote of 
confidence, ii. 149 ; Lord Mel- 
bourne on, ii. 150 ; proposed Cabi- 
net, ii. 166, 169 

Stein, Baroness de, i. 113 

Stevenson, Sir Benjamin : the Queen's 
Coronation, i. 356 

Steward, Thomas, teacher of writing 
and arithmetic to Princess Vic- 
toria, i. 64, 67, 94, 95, 158 

Stewart, Mrs., and the Douglas trial, 
ii. 98 

Stockmar, Baron, and the Queen, i. 
29, 36, 193, 195, 196, 198, 211 
380, ii. 296 ; and King Leopold, 
i. 154, 291, 345; William IV. 's 
death, i. 196 ; and Lord Mel- 
bourne, i. 207, 213, 353, 354, ii. 
221, 303 ; and Prince Albert, 
ii. 88, 153, 269, 292, 293, 295, 
306 ; the marriage treaty, ii. 282, 
301 ; the wedding day, ii. 318 

Stopford, Colonel the Hon. Edward, 
i. 176 

Lady Mary, drawing-room, i. 

188, 192; the Proclamation, i. 
199 ; procession in state, i. 209, 
210 ; and the Queen, i. 222, 298 ; 
leaves Brighton, i. 232, 260 ; illness, 
i. 235 ; goes to Windsor Castle, 
i. 247 ; Hamlet, i. 265 ; a review, 
ii. 24 



872 



INDEX 



Stovin, Sir F., rides with the Queen, 
i. 298 

Strafford, second Earl, see Byng 

Strangways, see Fox-Strangways 

Strasbourg, Louis Napoleon at, i. 176 

Strauss, his playing, i. 375 

Strickland, Sir George, Whig M.P., 
i. 300 

Strode, Mrs., death of, i. 187 

Stroganoff, Countess, i. 376 

Stuart, Dugald, at Edinburgh Uni- 
versity, ii. 41 

Sturt, Lady Charlotte, ii. 292 

Sudeley, Baron (formerly Charles Han- 
bury Tracy), Coronation honour, 
i. 353 

Suffield, fourth Lord, i. 318 

Sugden, Edward (afterwards Lord 
St. Leonards), account of, i. 243 

Sully's Memoirs, i. 107, 127 ; his 
character, i. 261 

Sulphur monopoly, ii. 19 

Sumner, John Bird, Bishop of 
Chester and afterwards Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury, his Exposi- 
tion of the Gospel of St. Matthew, i. 
129, 131, 138, 158; his age, ii. 
125 

Sunderland, Earl of, and the creation 
of Peers, i. 352 

Countess of, " the little Whig," 

ii. 182, 183 

Surrey, Lord (afterwards twelfth 
Duke of Norfolk), i. 360; and the 
Queen, ii. 65, 217, 228 ; Govern- 
ment nearly defeated, ii. 159 ; and 
Lady Fitzalan, ii. 234 ; at Wool- 
wich, ii. 248 ; the Queen's wedding, 
ii. 318 

Sussex, Duke of (fifth son of George 
III.), portrait of, i. 71 ; birthday 
presents to Princess Victoria, i. 76, 
118 ; account of, i. 197 ; a concert, 
i. 216 ; and the Queen, i. 224, 314, 
iii. 309 ; Lord Mayor's dinner, i. 
233 ; moves the Address in House 
of Lords, i. 238 ; Prime Minister's 
rank, i. 299 ; a reception, i. 374, 
375 ; royal marriages, i. 391, ii. 
314 ; and Ireland, ii. 60 ; and Em- 
press of Brazil, ii. 220 ; precedence 
of Prince Albert, ii. 283 ; marriage 



to Lady Cecilia Buggin, ii. 314 ; 
Queen's wedding, ii. 319, 321 

Sutherland, first Duke of, and second 
Marquess of Stafford, i. 68 

Elizabeth, Duchess of, " the 

Duchess Countess," (wife of above), 
i. 68, ii. 68 

second Duke of, and third Mar- 
quess of Stafford, i. 72 ; at Wind- 
sor Castle, i. 247 ; and Lord Mel- 
bourne's mother, i. 250 ; a levee, i. 
286 ; Coronation preparations, i. 
321 ; his dukedom, i. 369 ; dinner 
party, ii. 237 

Harriet Elizabeth, Duchess 

of (wife of above), Mistress of 
Robes to Queen Victoria, i. 72 ; and 
her beauty, i. 176, 191, 204 ; draw- 
ing-room, i. 192 ; procession in 
state, i. 209, 210 ; and the Queen, 
i. 214, 217, ii. 47, 48, 307 ; Lord 
Mayor's dinner, i. 233, 234 ; 
Covent Garden, i. 236 ; the House 
of Lords, i. 237 ; and education, i. 
241 ; at Windsor, i. 247 ; and 
Lady Caroline Lamb, i. 250 ; Ham- 
let, i. 265 ; and Lord Melbourne, i. 
279, ii. 47 ; a levee, i. 286 ; the 
Queen's Coronation, i. 355, 356 ; 
review in Hyde Park, i. 365; a 
reception, i. 376 ; portrait by 
Hayter, i. 386 ; her children, ii. 
47, 48, 213, 229 ; journey to 
France, ii. 53 ; dinner party at 
Stafford House, ii. 237 ; opening 
of Parliament, ii. 297 ; the Queen's 
wedding procession, ii. 319 

third Duke of, see Stafford, Lord 

Sutton, Archbishop Manners, i. 4 

Sweden, Queen of, ii. 194 

Sydenham, Lord, see Thomson, Pou- 
lett 

Sykes, Captain, Queen's kindness to, 
i. 307 

Sylphide, La, i. 80, 97 



TAQLIONI, MLLE. MARIE, a famous 
operatic dancer, in Flore et Zephir, 
i. 70 ; in Nathalie, i. 74 ; in La 
Sylphide, i. 80, 97 ; in La Oitana, 
ii. 204 



INDEX 



373 



Talbot, second Earl, K.G., anecdote 
of, i. 385 ; account of, ii. 74 

Lady Mary, train-bearer at the 

Queen's Coronation, i. 357 ; mar- 
riage to Prince Doria, ii. 60 

Mrs., at Chatsworth, i. 54, 56 

Talfourd, Serjeant (afterwards Sir 
Thomas, Judge of the Common 
Pleas), account of, ii. 155 ; and 
the Copyright Bill, ii. 155, 277 

Talleyrand, Prince, French Ambassa- 
dor in London, account of, i. 72, 
ii. 61 ; leaves London, i. 91 ; 
death, i. 330, 331, ii. 61 ; on 
English public education, i. 347 ; 
at the Queen's Coronation, i. 361, 
362 ; anecdote of the French Revo- 
lution, i. 385 ; and Mme. de Stael, 
ii. 34 

Tambourini, Signor, in II Barbi&re 
di Siviglia, i. 66 ; in Cenerentola, 
i. 70 ; in Anna Boulena, i. 93 ; 
in Otello, i. 94, 111 ; in UAssiedo 
di Corrinto, i. 97, 115 ; in / 
Puritani, i. 116, 121, 186; in 
Lucrezia Borgia, ii. 203 

Tankerville, fifth Earl of, i. 72 

Countess of (wife of above), 

account of, i. 72, 73 ; Lord Mel- 
bourne on, ii. 221 

" Tartar," a favourite horse, i. 251, 
292, 298, 301, 372, ii. 13, 25, 259 

Tavistock, Marquess of, and Lord 
J. Russell, i. 270, 274 

Marchioness of (wife of above), 

Lady of the Bedchamber to the 
Queen, i. 202, 203 ; procession 
in state, i. 209, 210 ; at Windsor 
Castle, i. 221-225 ; Drury Lane 
Theatre, i. 271 

Taylor, General Sir Herbert, secre- 
tary to William IV., i. 74, 282 ; his 
influence with William IV., i. 283, 
289, ii. 81 ; on The Times of 
George III. and George IV., i. 393, 
394, ii. 40, 58 ; account of, i. 394, 
ii. 81 ; Lord Melbourne on, ii. 81, 
178 ; illness, ii. 98 ; and George IV., 
ii. 143 ; and Queen Charlotte, ii. 
147 

Sir Brook, ii. 137 

Tea, new Assam, ii. 131 

XI 25 



Teck, Duchess of, see Cambridge, 
Princess Mary of 

Temple, Archbishop, and King 
Edward's Coronation, i. 360 

Sir William, Macaulay's article 

on, ii. 58 

Templemore, Lord, ii. 174 

Tennyson, Alfred, Lord, i. 6 

Teynham, fourteenth Baron, asks for 
private audience of the Queen, 
i. 330 

Thalberg, Sigismund, famous pianist, 
plays before the Queen, i. 216, 217 

Thames, river nearly frozen over, i. 
257 

Theodore, Monsieur, in La Sylphide, 
i. 97 

Theology, by Smith, i. 129 ; 

Natural, by Paley, ii. 57 

Thirty Years' War, by Schiller, ii. 9 

Thomson, Poulett (afterwards Lord 
Sydenham), audience with the 
Queen, i. 200 ; and Canada, i. 263 ; 
the Ballot question, i. 273 ; and 
William IV., i. 282 ; Cora Laws, 
ii. 105 ; and Lord Melbourne, ii. 
113, 114 ; and the Household ap- 
pointments dispute, ii. 174, 176 ; 
and Lord John Russell, ii. 200 

Thurlow, Lord, Lord Chancellor, i. 391 

Tierney, George, account of, ii. 17 

Times, The, Mme. Malibran's illness 
and death, i. 170 ; and the Corn 
Laws, 1 ii. 94 ; and Lord Brough- 
am's reported death, ii. 272 

Tindal, Chief Justice, and the Crown 
jewels, ii. 33 

Titles borne by the Royal Family, ii. 
50 

Tobin, John, his works, ii. 122 

Tofts, Mrs., ii. 229 

Torrington, seventh Viscount, Lord- 
in- Waiting to the Queen, i. 222 ; 
two reviews, i. 227, 228, ii. 23, 
24 ; rides with the Queen, i. 328 ; 
at Windsor Castle, ii. 4, 5, 234 ; 
State ball, ii. 188 

Tory Party and Lord Melbourne's 
Government, i. 107 ; the Ballot 
question, i. 272-274; Canada 
Bill, i. 275-278 ; Poor Law relief, 
i. 295 ; Promotion Commission! i. 



374 



INDEX 



296; the Church of Ireland, i. 
319-323; Irish Bills, i. 328; and 
The Beggars' Opera, i. 330 ; George 
III. 'a Ministers, i. 397, ii. 6, 7 ; 
resignation of the Whig Govern- 
ment, ii. 160 ; Sir R. Peel's inter- 
views with the Queen, ii. 165-167, 
169-173; the Household diffi- 
culty, ii. 167 et seq. ; proposed 
Cabinet, ii. 169 ; their conduct, 
ii. 242 ; Lord Melbourne on, U. 
253 

Townshend, second Marquess, K.G. 
(formerly Secretary of State), ac- 
count of, i. 330 

Tracey, C. Hanbury, see Sudeley, 
Baron 

Trench, General Sir Frederick, ac- 
count of, i. 117 

Tunbridge Wells, Princess Victoria 
at, i. 127 

Turkey and Egypt, i. 379, ii. 224, 
257 ; treaty with Great Britain, ii. 
19 ; changed attitude of Europe 
to, ii. 257 

Turner, General Sir T. H., account 
of, ii. 10 

Turton, Dr. (afterwards Bishop of 
Ely), ii. 156 



UNIVERSITY COLLEGE (Oxford), Prin- 
cess Victoria's visit to, i. 60 

Unkiar Skelessi, Treaty of, ii. 257, 
258 

Upton, General, i. 146 

Utrecht, Peace of, i. 313 

Uxbridge, Earl of (afterwards second 
Marquess of Anglesey), i. 69 ; rides 
with the Queen, i. 292, 298, 301,328, 
372, ii. 120 ; State balls, i. 318, 
332 ; State dinner at Windsor, ii. 
187 ; Lady Westminster's ball, ii. 
210 ; and Russia, ii. 213 ; Sir F. 
Grant's portrait, ii. 222 ; at Wind- 
sor Castle, ii. 234 ; and Lord 
Brougham's reported accident, ii. 
271 ; and the Queen's address, ii. 
297 ; the wedding procession, ii. 
319 

Countess of (wife of above), ac- 
count of ? ii. 62 ; State dinner at 



Windsor, ii. 187; at Windsor 
Castle, ii. 234 



VACCINATION, the Queen's opinion of, 
ii. 102 

Valen$ay, Due de, i. 72 

Van Amburgh, lion tamer, perform- 
ance before Queen Victoria, ii. 105, 
106 ; Landseer's picture of, ii. 123 

Van de Weyer, Sylvain, Belgian 
Minister at St. James's, account of, 
i. 73 ; the Queen's appreciation of, 
i. 73, 155, ii. 251 ; trouble in 
Lisbon, i. 167, 169, 170, 184 ; and 
Prince Ferdinand, i. 184, 185 ; 
debt between Holland and Belgium^ 
i. 380, ii. 48 ; a review, ii. 24 ; 
and Luxembourg, ii. 36 

Van Dyck, Sir Anthony, Flemish 
portrait painter, his works in the 
British Gallery, i. 162 

Vassall, Miss, see Holland, Lady 

Veillees du Chateau, Lea, i. 195 

Venetian History, The, i. 131, 132, 
138 

Verner, Col., dismissal of, i. 241 

Vernon, Mr. and Mrs., at Bishop - 
thorpe, i. 132, 133 

Vernon-Harcourt, see Harcourt 

Vestris, Mme., account of, i. 148, ii. 
90, 141 

Victoria Asylum, or Children's Friend 
Society, founded by Lady George 
and Miss Murray, i. 162-164 

Victoria, Letters of Queen $\.\302 

Victoria, Princess (afterwards Queen), 
early life, i. 1 et seq. ; journals, i. 
14 et seq. ? education, i. 17-21 ; 
visits and occupations, i. 24, 25, 
42 ; early social life, i. 27 ; pre- 
paring for the Throne, i. 28, 29 ; 
personality, i. 30-32, 40 ; Lord 
Melbourne's influence over, i. 31- 
36 ; life at Kensington Palace, 
i. 36 ; at Windsor Castle, i. 38 ; 
at Buckingham Palace, i. 38, 39 ; 
correspondence, i. 41 ; first know- 
ledge of possible succession, i. 42 ; 

1832 Journey to Powis Castle, i. 
43-45 ;] Carnarvon, i. 46 ; at 
Baron Hill, i. 46, 47; at 



INDEX 



375 



Plas Newydd, i. 48 ; goes out 
riding, i. 48 ; visit to Eaton 
Hall, i. 49-52 ; Chatsworth, i. 
52-56 ; Haddon Hall, i. 55 ; 
Alton Towers, i. 56-58; a 
hunting episode, i. 58 ; visits to 
Wytham Abbey, i. 58 ; and 
Oxford, i. 59, 60 ; lefi at Ken- 
sington Palace, i. 61, 66 
Christmas presents, i. 61, 62 

1833 First sight of Osborne, i. 63 
birthday ball and presents, i 
63, 75, 77, 78 ; sketches, i. 63 
attends operas and theatres, i 
64-67, 70, 74, 79, 80, 88, 90 
goes out riding, i. 66, 67, 82 
dinner parties, i. 68, 69, 72-74 
visits picture exhibitions, i. 70 
71, 79 ; arrival of Princess 
Alexander and Ernst, i. 78-82 
Portsmouth and Southampton, 
i. 80, 81 ; at Norris Castle 
(Cowes), i. 81-85 ; Cowes Re- 
gatta, i. 82 ; visits the Victory , 
i. 83 ; accident on the Emerald, 
i. 84 ; Plymouth, i. 84, 85 ; 
presents colours, i. 85 ; on 
board the St. Joseph, i. 85 ; 
visits Queen of Portugal at 
Portsmouth, i. 86, 87 ; Spanish 
affairs, i. 87 ; lecture on 
physics, i. 89 

1834 Operas and theatres, i. 91, 93, 
94, 97 ; receives Order of Maria 
Louisa, i. 92 ; arrival of 
Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg, 
Charles Prince Leiningen, and 
her sister Feodora, i. 95 ; the 
Hohenlohe family, i. 96 ; visit 
to Windsor and Ascot Races, i. 
98-100 ; death of Dom Pedro, 
i. 101 ; at St. Leonards and 
Battle Abbey, i. 101-109; 
carriage accident, i. 103, 104 ; 
death of Duke of Gloucester, i. 
104, 105 

1835 Lessons and occupations, i. 107, 
109 ; Confirmation, i. 107, 124- 
127 ; King Leopold's influence 
over, i. 107 ; at Kensington 
Palace, i. 110, 130 et seq. ; 
death of Duke of Leuchten- 



berg, i. 110 ; operas and 
theatres, i. Ill, 115, 121 ; life 
at Windsor, i. 112 ; sixteenth 
birthday and presents, i. 116- 
118 ; visits Eton Montem, i. 
119, 120; Virginia Water, i. 
120 ; death of Countess Mens- 
dorff, i. 122, 123 ; books and 
reading, i. 124, 127-129, 131, 
138 ; at Tunbridge Wells, i. 
127-129 ; arrival of Duo de 
Nemours, i. 130, 137, 138; 
journey to Bishopthorpe (York), 
i. 130-134 ; service at York, i. 
133 ; reception at Ramsgate, i. 
135-142 ; arrival of the King 
and Queen of the Belgians, i. 
136 ; a French fisher-boy, i. 
138, 139 

1836 Projects for marriage, i. 140 ; 
returns to Kensington, i. 142 ; 
books and reading, i. 143-145, 
154-156, 159, 161, 162, 172- 
176 ; Queen of Portugal mar- 
ried to her cousin Ferdinand, 
i. 145, 146 ; and Pozzo di 
Borgo, i. 146 ; operas and 
theatres, i. 146-150 ; State ball 
at Windsor, i. 150 ; Prince 
Ferdinand's charms, i. 152, 153, 

160 ; King Leopold's Directions 
and Advices, i. 154, 155 ; sing- 
ing lessons from Lablache, i. 
156, 164-166 ; visit of Princes 
Ernest and Albert, their charms 
and accomplishments, i. 157- 

161 ; exhibition of Old Masters, 
i. 162 ; Miss Murray's orphan- 
age, i. 162-164 ; at Claremont 
with King Leopold, i. 166, 168 ; 
trouble in Portugal, i. 167, 

176, 177 ; sad death of Mali- 
bran, i. 168-170 ; at Ramsgate, 
i. 171 ; letter from Queen 
Louise, i. 174 ; a dinner party, 
i. 175 ; Louis Napoleon at 
Strasburg, i. 176 ; stormy 
journey through Canterbury 
and Rochester to Claremont, i. 

177, 178 ; Christmas and pre- 
sents, i. 179, 180; gipsy 
encampment, i. 180-182, 184 



376 



INDEX 



1837 News from Portugal, i. 184, 185, 
231 ; books and reading, i. 185, 
188, 189, 193-195 ; portrait by 
R. J. Lane, i. 186 ; operas and 
theatres, i. 186, 187 ; death of 
Lady de L'Isle, i. 187 ; draw- 
ing-rooms, i. 188, 192 ; address 
from Lincoln, i. 189 ; eighteenth 
birthday, i. 190 ; ball at St. 
James's,!. 191 ; City of London 
address, i. 193 ; and Baron 
Stockmar, i. 193, 196, 207 ; the 
King's illness and death, i. 
194-196 ; accession as Queen, 
i. 196 ; and Lord Melbourne, i. 
197, 199-201, 207 ; Privy 
Council meeting, i. 198 ; the 
Proclamation, i. 199 ; au- 
diences, i. 200, 201 ; Household 
appointments, i. 202 ; visit to 
Windsor, i. 203 ; and Queen 
Adelaide, i. 204 ; addresses 
from Parliament, i. 205 ; con- 
genial work, i. 206 ; the King's 
funeral, i. 208 ; procession in 
state, i. 209 ; deputations and 
audiences, i. 210 ; leaves Ken- 
sington for Buckingham Palace, 
i. 211 ; and Lord Melbourne, i. 

213, 219, 220, 224, 226, 228 et 
seq. ; and Baron Stockmar, i. 
213 ; chapter of the Garter, i. 

214, 215 ; and Sigismund Thai- 
berg, i. 216 ; in the House of 
Lords, i. 217 ; receives Order 
of St. Catherine, i. 218 ; arrival 
of Duchess of Saxe-Weimar, i. 
219; goes out riding, i. 220- 
223, 228 ; goes to Windsor, i. 
220 ; departure of King of 
Wurtemberg, i. 222 ; visit of 
King and Queen of the Belgians, 
i. 223-225 ; review at Windsor, 
i. 226, 227 ; and Queen Ade- 
laide, i. 228 ; picture of her 
first Council, i. 230 5 returns 
to Buckingham Palace, i. 232 ; 
Lord Mayor's dinner, i, 233- 
235 ; her Speech, i. 236-238 ; 
debate in the Commons, i. 239 ; 
pensions, i. 240 ; magnetism, 
i. 245 ; Household and other 



expenditure, i. 245 ; mothers 
and character, i. 246 ; at 
Windsor, i. 247; Lord Mel- 
bourne's characteristics, i. 248 
1838 A new horse, i. 251 ; and Lord 
Melbourne, i. 251 et seq. ; Cana- 
dian affairs (see Canada) ; 
music, i. 253, 338 ; Army ad- 
ministration, i. 254, 259 ; state 
of Greece, i. 255 ; various con- 
versations, i. 256 ; the Duke 
of Wellington, i. 257 ; on 
punishments, i. 258 ; books 
and reading, i. 260, 262, 263, 
265-267, 269, 270, 273, 274, 
305, 308, 314, 338, 351, 395, 
ii. 9, 10, 19, 28, 51, 52, 67, 
83, 85 ; and the Fitzclarence 
pensions, i. 261 ; and Lady 
Falkland, i. 262; pricking 
Sheriffs, i. 268 ; Government 
difficulties, i. 270 ; appreciation 
of Charles Kean, i. 272 ; the 
Ballot question, i. 272-274, 
283 ; the Duke of Wellington's 
manner, i. 274, 284 ; and the 
Duchess of Sutherland, i. 279 ; 
on education, i. 280 ; euthan- 
asia, i. 281 ; on William IV.'s 
dislikes, i. 282 ; on Lady Francis 
Egerton, i. 284 ; concerning 
children, i. 285 ; and O'Con- 
nell, i. 286, 288 ; pensions, i. 
287 ; Court etiquette, i. 288 ; 
and Lord Howe's resignation, 
i. 289 ; the question of mar- 
riage, i. 290 ; theatres and 
operas, i. 292, 338, 372 ; goes 
out riding, i. 292, 298, 301, 
328, 372, ii. 13, 14 ; Jamaican 
slavery, i. 294 ; an investiture, 
i. 295 ; on Queen Adelaide, i. 
297 ; on Lord Cowper, i. 297 ; 
Belgian affairs, i. 297, ii. 48 ; 
Christian names, i. 298 ; Prime 
Minister's rank, i. 299, ii. 47 ; 
on Lady Holland, i. 300 ; rail- 
ways and steam carriages, i. 
302, 303 ; pays the Duke of 
Kent's debts, i. 307 ; death of 
Louis, a devoted attendant, i. 
308 ; the Royal family, i. 309 ; 



INDEX 



877 



and Marshal Soult, i. 309, 310, 
354, 355. 367, 368 ; on Lord 
Durham, i. 311 ; on Queen 
Anne, i. 313 ; George IV.'s 
favourites, i. 315 ; Sir George 
Hayter, i. 316 ; a State ball, 
i. 317-319; the Church of 
Ireland, i. 319-323 ; Coronation 
preparations, i. 321 ; praise of 
Lord Melbourne, i. 324, 331 ; 
singing of birds, i. 324 ; Fitz- 
clarence pensions, i. 325 ; Por- 
tugal and slavery, i. 327 ; and 
private audiences, i. 330 ; 
Talleyrand's death, i. 330; 
twentieth birthday, i. 331 ; a 
State ball, i. 332; Coronation 
honours, i. 335, 352, 353 ; the 
Coronation, i. 336, 355-364 ; 
Eton Montem, i. 339, 343-345 ; 
King Leopold's position, i. 345 ; 
and Prince de Ligne, i. 349 ; 
Irish legal appointments, i. 
349; a concert, i. 349, 350; 
and Miss Pitt, i. 350; Lord 
Melbourne refuses the Garter, 
i. 354 ; Peerages, i. 362, 369 ; 
review in Hyde Park, i. 365 ; 
and Prince Royal of Bavaria, 
i. 368 ; and the Sheridan 
family, i. 370, 371 ; dinner 
party and reception, i. 374, 
375 ; George III.'s sons and 
illnesses, i. 376, 377 ; takes 
leave of Baron Stockmar, i. 
380 ; Speech, i. 381 ; her 
discretion, i. 387 ; Lord Dur- 
ham's despatch, ii. 3 ; walking 
on the Terrace at Windsor, ii. 
4 ; French and German litera- 
ture, ii. 9, 10 ; thrown from 
her horse, ii. 14 ; and Sir George 
Villiers, ii. 15 ; Estimates in Par- 
liament, ii. 17 ; Church ques- 
tions, ii. 18, 27, 57, 72 ; treaty 
with Turkey, ii. 19 ; Lord John 
Russell and resignation, ii. 20 ; 
Canadian boundary question, 
ii. 21 ; questions of alliance, ii. 
22, 23 ; review at Windsor, 
ii. 23, 24 ; the Spaniards and 
slavery, ii. 28, 31 ; the French 



stage, ii. 32 ; claim to Crown 
jewels, ii. 33 ; religion and 
death, ii. 35 ; on communica- 
tion with the Pope, ii. 36 ; 
question of Royal marriages, 
ii. 43-45 ; a Council, ii. 45 ; 
Prince George's visit to Lisbon, 
ii. 49, 50 ; Royal family titles, 
ii. 50 ; lighting and heating 
expenses, ii. 53 ; dislike of 
Brighton, ii. 59 ; ministerial 
troubles, ii. 59-62 ; Afghan and 
Persian crisis, ii. 63 ; religion 
and Church services, ii. 72 ; 
Cabinet discussions, ii. 73 ; and 
Lady Conyngham's children, ii. 
75 ; King Leopold's proposi- 
tion, ii. 78 ; Lord Brougham's 
attack on the Ministers, ii. 80 
1839 Ministerial changes, ii. 89 ; 
portraits of, ii. 91 ; books and 
reading, ii. 91, 92, 102, 256, 
274, 289, 300, 305; Court 
dinner etiquette, ii. 94 ; Lord 
Durham's intentions, ii. 100 ; 
question of vaccination, ii. 102 ; 
concerning plays, ii. 104, 109, 
110, 121, 122, 127; Cabinet 
difficulties, ii. 105 et seq. ; lion- 
taming performance, ii. 105, 
106 ; and Royal obstinacy, ii. 
114 ; speech-nervousness, ii. 
115 ; goes out riding, ii. 120, 

155, 264 ; question of mar- 
riage, ii. 126, 153, 193; Lord 
Melbourne's birthday, ii. 128 ; 
Government defeat, ii. 134-137, 
142 ; opera singers, ii. 140 ; 
French elections, ii. 143 ; litera- 
ture, ii. 144 ; India and Afghan- 
istan, ii. 146 ; King Leopold's 
troubles, ii. 151, 154 ; visit of 
Grand Duke of Russia, ii. 

156, 187, 189-191, 195; and 
bishopric of Peterborough, ii. 
156 ; on Henry VIII., ii. 159, 
218 ; resignation of Govern- 
ment, ii. 160 et seq. ; on losing 
Lord Melbourne, ii. 160, 162 ; 
interview with Duke of Wel- 
lington, ii. 163-165 ; interview 
with Sir R. Peel, ii. 165-167 ; 



378 



INDEX 



Household difficulty, ii. 167 et 
seq. ; answer to Sir R. Peel, 
ii. 173; State ball, ii. 175; 
Lord Howe's conduct, ii. 181 ; 
Sir R. Peel on her gracious- 
ness, ii. 182 ; Lord J. Russell's 
report, ii. 183; William IV. 
and his Household, ii. 184; 
a Iev6e, ii. 185 ; twentieth 
birthday, ii. 186 ; State dinner 
and ball at Windsor, ii. 187, 
188 ; precedence, ii. 192 ; ex- 
tension of suffrage, ii. 195, 198, 
199 ; arrival of Saxe-Coburg 
family, ii. 198 ; and Lady 
Peel, ii. 201 ; the new opera, 
Lacrezia Borgia, ii. 203 ; feel- 
ings of irritation, ii. 205 ; pro- 
posed visit of Prince Albert, 
ii. 207, 215, 225 ; dislikes, ii. 
208, 209; anniversary of Ac- 
cession day, ii. 210 ; Lady 
Westminster's ball, ii. 211 ; 
Lady Clanricarde on Russia, ii. 
213 ; and the Queen Dowager, 
ii. 220 ; Sir F. Grant's portrait, 
ii. 222 ; concerning teaching, 
ii. 225, 303 ; Italian and English 
voices, ii. 228, 229 ; building 
in Hyde Park, ii. 231 ; the 
Eglinton Tournament, ii. 231, 
242 ; proposed Royal visit, ii. 
232 ; arrival at Windsor, ii. 
234 ; on Royal houses, ii. 235 ; 
present from the Czar, ii. 236, 
247 ; dinner at Stafford House, 
ii. 237 ; arrival of King Leo- 
pold and Queen Louise, ii. 248, 
249 ; Eton " a nest of Tories," 
ii. 251 ; and Lord Howick, ii. 
255 ; and Queen Elizabeth's 
opinions, ii. 257 ; arrival and 
description of Prince Albert, 
ii. 262, 263 ; thoughts on mar- 
riage, ii. 265, 267 ; the pro- 
posal, ii. 268 ; keeping the 
secret, ii. 269 ; concerning the 
Declaration, ii. 270 ; Lord 
Brougham's reported death, ii. 
272 ; Royal marriage prece- 
dents, ii. 273, 274, 279, 280, 
283; Prince Albert and a 



Peerage, ii. 276 ; her ladies, ii. 
279 ; the religious question, ii. 
281 ; the marriage treaty, ii. 
282, 301 ; powers of appoint- 
ment, ii. 284 ; the Christmas 
service, ii. 285 ; Prince Albert's 
character, ii. 287 

1840 Changes at Buckingham Palace, 
ii. 292 ; King Leopold ill, ii. 293 ; 
Prince Albert's Household, ii. 
300 ; Princess Victoire's engage- 
ment, ii. 307 ; Miss Eden's rescue 
of a drowning child, ii. 308; 
" this ill-fated precedence," ii. 
310, 312, 313 ; Prince Albert 
at Dover and Windsor, ii. 315, 
317 ; Scottish account of, ii. 
316 ; the wedding, ii. 318-321 
Victory, The, Princess Victoria's visit 

to, i. 83 

Vienna, Congress of, i. 21, 387 
Villiers, Lady Clementina, birthday 
ball, i. 77 

Sir George (afterwards fourth 

Earl of Clarendon), British Pleni- 
potentiary at Madrid, account of, i. 
229 ; on Spain, ii. 15, 48, 138, 149, 
155 ; possible appointments, ii. 
119-121 ; the Queen's opening of 
Parliament, ii. 297 ; the Queen's 
marriage ceremony, ii. 320 

George Bussy, fourth Earl of 

Jersey and seventh Viscount 
Grandison, account of, ii. 39 

Lady Sarah (afterwards Princess 

Nicholas Esterhazy), i. 77, ii. 278 ; 
train-bearer at the Queen's wed- 
ding, ii. 319 

Lady Theresa, ii. 266 

Vining, Mrs., in Kenilworth, i. 65 
Virginia Water, i. 120, 228 ; the 

Queen's accident, ii. 14 
Virgil, Princess Victoria on, i. 37, 

51 

Vivian, Sir Hussey (afterwards Lord 
Vivian), Lieu tenant- General and 
Master of the Ordnance, i. 199, 
200 ; and the Ballot question, i. 
271, 275 ; Promotion Commission, 
i. 296 ; his wound at Waterloo, i. 
378 
Lady, her thild Lalage, i. 268 



INDEX 



879 



Vizard, Mr., Lord Normanby's at- 
torney, ii. 139 

Voltaire, Frangois de French author, 
his histories, i. 263 ; Zaire and 
Semiramis, ii. 32 

Vyner, Henry, State ball, ii. 188 

Lady Mary, account of, i. 318 ; 

State ball, ii. 188 

WAKLEY, ME., M.P. for Finsbury, 
founder of The Lancet, his attack 
on the Tories, ii. 299 

Waldegrave, seventh Earl, i. 304 

Countess (wife of above), i. 304 

Dowager Countess, her marriage 

with the Duke of Gloucester, i. 390 

Waldstein, Count, ball at St. James's, 
i. 191 ; a drawing-room, i. 193 

Walker, Mr., his lecture, i. 89 

Walmoden, Sophia, " Countess of 
Yarmouth," ii. 70 

Walpole, Edward, i. 304 

Horace, fourth Earl of Orford, 

and Mme. de Sevigne, i. 174; 
Historical Doubts, i. 273 ; anec- 
dote of the Duchess of Gloucester, 
i. 304 ; and Lord Townshend, i. 
330 ; Coxe's Life of, i. 351, 352 ; 
Memoirs of Last Ten Years of Reign 
of George II., ii. 44 

Sir Robert, his resignation, i. 

326 ; Gay's skit on, i. 330 ; and 
George II., ii. 40, 41 ; quarrel with 
Pulteney, ii. 50 ; and Duchess of 
Queensberry, ii. 92 ; and George I., 
ii. 94 

Warner, Mrs., manageress of Sad- 
ler's Wells, ii. 121 

Warren, Mr., Ten Thousand a Year, i. 
326 

Warrender, Sir George, once owner 
of Cliveden, ii. 16 

Water-colour Exhibition, i. 79 

Waterpark, Henry Manners, third 
Lord, at Chatsworth, i. 56 

Lady (wife of above), Lady of 

the Bedchamber to Queen Victoria, 
i. 56 

Waters, Mrs., mother of Duke of 
Monmouth, ii. 11 

Watson, Sir Frederick, Ascot Races, i. 
99 ; and the Queen, i. 214, 217, 219 



Webster, Benjamin, in The Inn- 
keeper's Daughter, i. 88 

Daniel, Secretary of State in 

United States, visit to London, ii. 
212 

Sir Godfrey, elopement of his 

wife, i. 101, 301, ii. 70 

Elizabeth, Lady, see Holland, 

Lady 

Charlotte, Lady (wife of Sir 

Godfrey Vassal Webster, son of 
above), receives Princess Victoria 
at Battle Abbey, i. 101 

Weimar, Grand Duke of, at Lady 
Westminster's ball, ii. 210, 211 

Grand Duchess Marie of, at 

Princess Victoria's Confirmation, 
i. 125 

Wellesley, Marquess, portrait at 
Eton, i. 343 ; and Household ap- 
pointments, ii. 202 ; and Lord 
Anglesey, ii. 309 

Mrs. (afterwards Lady Cowley), 

i. 154 

Wellington, the Duke of, and Sir R. 
Peel, i. 23, 31, 34, ii. 142, 164 et seq. ; 
and Queen Victoria, i. 145, 175, 
240, 284, 352, 375, ii. 142, 163, 
167, 193, 202, 241 ; on the char- 
acters of English, Scotch, and 
Irish, i. 178 ; the Address in the 
Lords, i. 238, 239 ; on Canada, i. 
257, 269, 275, 278 ; his manner, i. 
274, 296 ; and William IV., i. 282 ; 
and Lord Melbourne, i. 286, 296, 
383, ii. 165, 179, 194, 208 ; and Lady 
Burghersh, i. 303 ; and the Corona- 
tion ceremony, i. 359 ; his statue, 
i. 380 ; and the weakness of naval 
force, i. 389 ; and King Leopold, 
ii. 11 ; a review, ii. 23, 24 ; and 
the French at Algiers, ii. 25 ; his 
correspondence, ii. 95 ; improb- 
able Russian rumour, ii. 124 ; and 
Lord Normanby, ii. 134 ; asked 
to form a Government by the Queen, 
ii. 163-174 ; State ball, ii. 175; 
absence from Iev6e, ii. 185 ; and 
the Household appointments, ii. 
202 ; and Lord Cowley, ii. 204 ; 
debate on Ireland, ii. 227 ; and 
the word "Protestant" in the 



880 



INDEX 



Queen's Address, ii. 297, 298 ; 
precedence of Prince Albert, ii. 
310, 312, 313 
Wellington, Duchess of, ii. 208, 209 

second Duke of, see Douro 

Welshpool, Princess Victoria at, i. 45 
Wemyss, Earl of, see Charteris 

Colonel William (afterwards 

Lieutenant-General and Equerry 
to the Queen), i. 178, 218 ; visits 
Eton, i. 342 ; rides with the Queen, 
ii. 13, 120 ; at Woolwich, ii. 248 
Werner, by Lord Byron, i. 237 
Wesley, John, portrait of, i. 305 
Wesleyan Methodists, ii. 55 
West, Benjamin, President of Royal 
Academy, i. 79 ; account of, ii. 83 

Lady Elizabeth, train-bearer at 

the Queen's wedding, ii. 319 
Westall, Richard, R.A., and Prin- 
cess Victoria, i. 61, 65, 69, 121 ; 
Somerset House Exhibition, i. 70 
Westminster, Robert, first Marquess 
of (Earl Grosvenor) : Princess Vic- 
toria's visit to Eaton Hall, i. 49-52 ; 
a ball, ii. 210-21 

Marchioness of (wife of above), 

Royal visit to Eaton Hall, i. 49- 
52 ; a dinner to William IV., i. 69 ; 
Princess Victoria attends her ball, 
ii., 210-212 

Wetherall, General Sir Frederick, 
Equerry to Duke of Kent, i. 69 ; 
birthday presents to Princess Vic- 
toria, i. 76, 118 

Wharncliffe, first Lord, at Chats- 
worth, i. 54 ; account of, i. 199 ; 
as a speaker, i. 269 ; debate on 
Ireland, ii. 227 

Lady (wife of above), at Chats- 
worth, i. 54 

Wheatley, Sir Henry, private sec- 
retary to William IV., i. 201 ; 
the Queen's Privy Purse, i. 206, 
214, 221, 228; and the private 
papers of William IV., ii. 282 
Whig party, see Melbourne, Lord 
Whippingham Church, i. 25 
White Doe of Rylston, The, by Words- 
worth, i. 6 

Wilberforce, William, Lifeof, ii. 19,28, 
52, 58 j Lord Melbourne on, ii, 55 



Wilde, Serjeant, Solicitor-General 
(afterwards Lord Chancellor Truro), 
ii. 307 

Wildman, Colonel, owner of New- 
stead Abbey, i. 132 

Wilhelm Meister, by Goethe, i. 256 

Wilkes, Mr. ,indictment against, i. 
330 

Wilkie, Sir David, Scottish painter : 
Somerset House Exhibition, i. 71 ; 
the Queen's portrait, i. 230 

Wilkinson, Sir J. G., explorer and 
Egyptologist, ii. 103 

William the Conqueror, builder of 
Battle Abbey, i. 101 

William I., see Wiirtemberg, King of 

William III., i. 102, 311, 398 ; his 
death, ii. 240 ; and Queen Mary, 
ii. 281, 293 ; Lord Melbourne on, 
ii. 299 

William IV., and Whig Ministers, i. 1 ; 
education and character, i. 11-13 ; 
Reform Bill crisis, i. 22-24 ; ques- 
tion of Princess Victoria's mar- 
riage, i. 26, 140, 290, ii. 126; 
jealousy and dislike of Duchess 
of Kent, i. 26, 27, 140; private 
papers of, i. 41, ii. 282 ; Duchess 
of Kent's dinner to, i. 68 ; gives 
birthday ball for Princess Vic- 
toria, i. 77, 78 ; Princess Victoria's 
visits to Windsor Castle, i. 98-120, 
150 ; birthday presents, i. 117, 
126, Eton Montem, i. 119 ; Prin- 
cess Victoria's Confirmation, i. 125 ; 
Mme. de Se>ign6 on, i. 174 ; a 
drawing-room, i. 188; illness and 
death, i. 190, 194-196, 204; funeral, 
i. 208 ; Buckingham Palace, i. 213 ; 
dislikes, i. 282 ; Lord Melbourne 
on, i. 282, 283, ii. 148, 186; 
court etiquette, i. 289, 352 ; seal 
of Duchy of Lancaster, i. 316 ; 
his creation of Peers, i. 335 ; Lord 
North's letters, i. 392 ; and Lord 
Jersey, ii. 13 ; rudeness to, ii. 26 ; 
and the Provost of Eton, ii. 81 ; 
Mrs. Jordan's statue, ii. 101 ; and 
his Household, ii. 184 ; his archi- 
tectural ideas, ii. 231 

William VI., the old Stadtholder, ii ? 
194 



INDEX 



381 



Williams, Sir John (afterwards Sir 
John Williams -Hay), present to 
Princess Victoria, i. 49 

Lady (wife of above), i. 47 ; visit 

to the Victory, i. 83 

John, " the martyr of Erro- 

manga," A Narrative of Missionary 
Enterprise in the South Sea Islands, 
ii. 52 

Admiral, Sir Thomas, account 

of, i. 80 ; Princess Victoria's visit 
to Portsmouth, i. 80 

Willoughby, Lord, the Queen's Coro- 
nation, i. 359 

Wilson, Miss, i. 99, 119 

Wilton, Lady, Princess Victoria 
visits Eaton Hall, i. 49, 50 

Winchester, thirteenth Marquess of, 
ii. 178 

Winchilsea, Lord, and Catholic 
Emancipation Act, i. 239 ; his 
fight at a meeting, ii. 212 

Windsor Castle, i. 38 ; Princess Vic- 
toria's visits to, i. 112 et seq., 
150 et seq., 203 ; as Queen, i. 220 
et seq. t 247, ii. 4, 264 ; reviews at, 
i. 229, ii. 24 ; lighting and heat- 
ing, expenses of, ii. 53 ; George III. 
at, ii. 221 

Wombwell, Lady Anne, ii. 139 

Wood, Charles (afterwards first Vis- 
count Halifax), Secretary to the Ad- 
miralty, account of, i. 99 ; portrait 
at Eton of, i. 343 ; resignation, ii. 
241, 243 

Wood, Colonel, i. 201 

Woods, Sir John, Garter King at 
Arms, i. 199 

Sir William, Clarenceux King 

at Arms, afterward Garter: the 
Queen's Coronation, i. 356 ; the 
Queen's marriage procedure, ii. 
279, 280, 309 

Woolwich, the Queen at, ii. 249 

Wordsworth, William, the poet, i. 6, 
ii. 155 

Woronzow, Count and Countess, 
State dinner at Windsor, ii. 187 

Wortley, Lady Emmeline, i. 396 

Woulffe, Stephen, chief Baron, i. 349 

Wren, Sir Christopher, builder of 
Divinity College, Oxford, i. 59 

1126 



Wrottesley, Sir John, created Baron, 

i. 353 
Wiirtemberg, Frederick Charles, 

King of, his marriage, ii. 280 
William I., King of (son of 



above), at Windsor Castle, i. 222 
Alexander, Duke of, death of, i. 



82 

Duchess of (wife of above), her 
illness, ii. 62 

Prince Alexander and Prince 



Ernest (sons of above), visit Eng- 
land, i. 78-83 ; Princess Victoria's 

appreciation of, i. 82 
Wyattville (formerly Wyatt), Sir 

Jeffrey, the architect, account of, 

i. 226, ii. 54 
Wyatt, Richard James, sculptor, i. 

381 
Wyndham, Miss Fanny, in Scara- 

muccia, i. 186 
Wynford, first Lord (Sir William 

Draper Best), i. 199 
Wynn, Miss, i. 118, 189 
Wynne, Thomas, marriage, i. 314 
Wyon, William, chief engraver at 

Mint, i. 70 
Wytham Abbey, seat of Lord Abing- 

don, Princess Victoria's visit to, 

i. 58 

YABDE-BULLEB, SIB JOHN, want of 

confidence motion, ii. 298, 31 1 
Yarmouth, Lord (afterwards fourth 

Marquess of Hertford), account of, 

i. 311 

Countess of, see Walmoden 

Yates, Rev. William, Account of 

New Zealand and of the Church 

Mission to the Northern Island, ii. 

53 

Mrs., the actress, ii. 84 

York, Archbishop of, see Harcourt 

Colonel, at Bishopthorpe, i. 132 

Edward, Duke of, i. 376 

Duke of, Lord Brougham on, i. 

308 ; his marriage, i. 309 ; his 

death, ii. 27 ; Albany House, ii. 

97 ; Lord Melbourne on, ii. 114, 294 ; 

and the King of Holland, ii. 194 
Yorke, Captain (afterwards fourth 

Earl of Hardwicke), i. 84 



382 



INDEX 



Young, Charles Mayne, the actor, i. 

147, 148 

Young Divine, The, i. 161 
Youriewitch, M., ii. 187 

ZAVADOWSKI, MME., her beauty, i. 37g 

Zealand, Sketches of the People and 

Country of (he Island of, i. 338, 339 



Zetland, Earl of, see Dundas 
Zichy, Count and Countess, i. 192 

Count Eugene, State ball, i. 332 

Zourievitch, M., Aide-de-Camp of the 

Emperor of Russia, ii. 157 
Zucarelli, the painter, ii. 11 
Zuchelli, Signor, in Cenerentola, i. 70 ; 

in Otello, i. 94 



Printed by Hazell, Watson & Viney, Ld., London and Aylesbury. 






DA 
552 
G5 
v.2 



Victoria, Queen of Great 
Britain 

The girlhood of Queen 
Victoria 




UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO LIBRARY